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新时期强化河湖生态流量管控的总体思路与对策措施

The whole thought and countermeasures to enhance rivers and lakes ecological flow control in the new era
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摘要 河湖生态流量管控是生态文明建设战略的重要任务,是建设造福人民的幸福河的重要基础,是推进水治理体系和治理能力现代化的重要举措,是保障高质量发展的重要方面。我国不同河湖的水文情势、生态保护要求、水资源开发利用程度与调控能力千差万别,给河湖生态流量管控工作带来巨大挑战,科学有序推进河湖生态流量管控,已成为新时期水利改革发展的重要课题之一。在全面分析我国河湖生态流量管控形势与挑战基础上,准确把握我国新时期治水主要矛盾的转变,提出新时期河湖生态流量管控总体思路,从摸清流域水资源“家底”、明确河湖生态保护要求、科学确定生态流量目标、制定行之有效管控措施、明确生态流量管控责任、完善生态流量管控长效机制等方面提出加强河湖生态流量管控对策措施,为全面、科学、系统推进我国河湖生态流量管控提供技术支撑和参考。 The control of rivers and lakes ecological flow is the essential mission of promoting ecological progress strategy,the important basic of building happy river that can benefit the people,the significant measure to push the modernization of water management system and capacity and the crucial side of ensuring high-quality development.The hydrologic features,ecological protection requirements,degree of development and utilization of water resources and regulatory capacity in different rivers and lakes are multifarious,that brings huge challenge to rivers and lakes ecological flow control.Push rivers and lakes ecological flow control scientifically and orderly has become one of the essential topics of water conservancy reform and development.On the basis of roundly analyzing our country's control situation and challenge of rivers and lakes ecological flow in the new era,we need to accurately grasp the transformation of the principal contradiction in water control,arise overall thinking of rivers and lakes ecological flow control,arise measure to enhance rivers and lakes'ecological flow control from aspects of making clear the basin's water resource property and the requirement of rivers and lakes ecological protection,scientific confirming ecological flow goals,scientifically formulating useful control measures,making clear the duty of ecological flow control and completing ecological flow control long-term mechanism,that can provide technical support and reference for pushing our country's rivers and lakes ecological flow control roundly,scientifically and systematically.
作者 李原园 廖文根 赵钟楠 邢子强 张建永 张越 黄锦辉 Li Yuanyuan;Liao Wengen;Zhao Zhongnan;Xing Ziqiang;Zhang Jianyong;Zhang Yue;Huang Jinhui(不详)
出处 《中国水利》 2020年第15期12-14,共3页 China Water Resources
关键词 生态流量 管控 总体思路 对策措施 ecological flow control whole thought countermeasure
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