The Lushan Ms7.0 earthquake, occurred on April 20th, 2013, is another strong earthquake that occurred on Longmen Mountain Faults after the Wenchuan Ms8.0 earthquake. In this paper we construct a finite element model depicting fault frictional mechanism to study the geodynamics of these two strong earthquakes. The locations of the initial rupture points and the dislocation forms of the Wenchuan earthquake and Lushan earthquake are simulated to find out the potential relationship between the two earthquakes. Simulative results show that the elevation, fault geometry, and the different rheological strengths between the Sichuan basin and Tibetan plateau play an important role in the earthquake dynamics. The dynamic simulation shows the initial rupture points are located at Yingxiu county and the rupture process is mainly along the northeast direction for the Wenchuan earthquake. In particular, the different frictional strengths caused by the fluid pressure decrease between the southern and northern segments of Longmenshan faults after the Wenchuan earthquake have affected the initial rupture point and the fault dislocation form of the Lushan earthquake, when considering the thrust of Tibetan plateau to Sichuan basin as the major dynamic source.
National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFC0404901)
Central Publicinterest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund of Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration(DQJB16B11)
Earthquake Industry Research Projects(201408014)
the National Science Foundation of China(41674105).
Corresponding author:Li Liao,E-mail address:firstname.lastname@example.org,Position:Assistant Researcher in institute of Geophysics.China Earthquake Administration.Research field:Numerical simulation of Geodynamics.