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粤语构式“X到喊”演变的机制与动因 预览

The Mechanisms and Motivations of the Construction of “X daohan”(X到喊)in Cantonese
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摘要 “X到喊”是粤语中广泛使用的一个构式,具有实义和虚化义两种用法,不同的用法导致X及其语义特征以及构式的句法功能都有所区别。在重新分析和扩展两种机制的交互作用下,构式由实义发展出虚化义,并且“X到喊”与“X到死”的句法环境相同,基于象似性原则两者发生平行虚化。这一过程中,“到喊”逐渐凝固化,构式由结果补语演变为表极性义的程度补语。构式的虚化受到主观化、具象化与经济性的平衡以及语义色彩等的驱动。 "X daohan"(到喊)is used extensively in Cantonese which has both notional meaning and grammatical meaning.With these two different meanings, the component and the semantic features of X and the syntactical functions of "X daohan"(到喊)are different.The grammatical meaning of the construction has derived from the notional meaning through the interaction of reanalysis and analogy.The same syntax position of "X daohan"(到喊) and "X daosi"(到死)has led their paralleled grammar revolution.In this process, "dao"(到)and"han"(喊)have begun to fuse together, thus "X daohan"(到喊)has developed from result complement to high degree complement. The semantic and grammatical changes are motivated by by subjectivisation,balances of economy and representation,and pragmatic meaning.
作者 曹春静 吴春相 Cao Chunjing;Wu Chunxiang(Hangzhou Dianzi University;Shanghai International Studies University)
出处 《励耘语言学刊》 CSSCI 2018年第2期328-341,共14页 Li Yun Academie Journal (Language Volume)
基金 教育部人文社科项目(15YJA740044) 上海市重点学科髙峰建设项目的研究成果之一一.
关键词 “X到喊” 重新分析 扩展 平行虚化 动因 “X daohan " (到喊) reanalysis analogy paralleled grammar revolution motivation
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