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2013—2014年度宝墩遗址出土木炭遗存的初步研究

Preliminary Study of Charcoal Remains Unearthed from Baodun Site in 2013-2014
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摘要 本文根据2013-2014年宝墩遗址出土木炭复原的植被组合,结合目前四川地区植被分布情况,推测宝墩文化早期阶段新津地区气候湿润多雨,气温较现在偏凉。不同树种在遗址中出现的数量与频率体现出这一时期竹子是先民重要的生产生活原材料,较广泛用于建筑、制造生产生活工具,并能用作燃料;栎木可能是重要的薪柴。此外,聚落周围森林里提供的果实、调味品、“蔬菜”等可能是宝墩先民重要的食物来源。 Based on the vegetation assemblage retrieved from charcoal floatation on remains excavated from Baodun site in 2013 and 2014,this paper describes the vegetation distribution in Sichuan and infers that the climate in the Xinjin region was humid with high precipitation rates and temperatures below the current average during the early stage of the Baodun Culture.The number and frequency of the various tree species at the site shows that bamboo was an important resource for people at the time and it was widely used in house construction,for making tools,and as fuel;oak may have been important as fire wood.Additionally,the forest around the site held fruits,spices,“vegetables”and other plants that the Baodun people used for sustenance.
作者 闫雪 王树芝 姜铭 何锟宇 YanXue;Wang Shuzhi;Jiang Ming;HeKunyu(Chengdu Institute of Archaeology;Institute of Archeology,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
出处 《南方民族考古》 2016年第2期311-328,共18页 Southern Ethnology and Archaeology
关键词 宝墩遗址 木炭 环境 食物来源 Baodun Site Charcoal Environment Food Sources
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