A one-dimension temperature and stress model is proposed based on the beam-target interaction process and thermal-elastic theory for the intense pulsed electron beam treatment. The temperature and stress profiles are derived by the numerical simulation. According to the simulation, the melted layer is about 2000 nm in depth, the rate of rapid heating and cooling reaches 108-109 K/s, the amplitude of quasi-static thermal stress is about several hundreds MPa, the vibratory frequency of thermal stress wave is about 106-108 Hz. The simulation explains satisfactorily the observed experimental phenomena as the surface melting depth and the depth distribution of microhardness.
High Power Laser and Particle Beams