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正交下穿盾构开挖面失稳的离散元分析

Discrete Element Analysis for Instability of Undercrossing Shield Tunnel Face
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摘要 基于上海轨道交通工程实践,采用离散元软件PFC2D模拟盾构隧道的正交下穿施工,分析了存在既有隧道情况下盾构开挖面塌陷失稳破坏的失稳模式、地表沉降及支护压力比,并与现场监测数据进行比较验证,沿开挖纵向进行关于开挖面塌陷失稳影响的普适性规律研究.结果表明,当开挖面距离既有隧道较近且未穿越时,既有隧道对失稳模式存在显著影响,表现为烟囱状失稳区扩大、地表沉降槽不连续、极限支护压力比减小;当开挖面穿越既有隧道后,有既有隧道开挖的失稳模式基本与无既有隧道开挖一致.模拟过程中测得2种工况极限支护压力比分布为0.4~0.6,其中下穿工况极限支护压力比较小,即较不容易发生塌陷破坏.综合对模拟结果的分析,当开挖面位于既有隧道前2倍隧道直径范围内时,开挖面的失稳模式将受到既有隧道的影响. Based on the tunneling case for Shanghai railway transportation line,undercrossing tunneling simulation was performed by using the DEM(discrete element method)software PFC2 D.The instability mode,surface subsidence and support pressure ratio were investigated to analyze the coverage from existing tunnel to the instabilities of the shield tunnel face,and were compared with the monitoring of the surface subsidence,to discuss the universal law of the face collapse along the longitudinal excavation.The consequences of DEM simulation showed the instability mode was varied when the tunnel face was close to the existing tunnel before crossing,performing the expansion of the chimney,the discontinuity of the surface subsidence tank and the decrease of the limiting support pressure ratio.When the tunnel face passed through the existing tunnel,it had very little influence on the instability mode.The limiting support pressure ratio lied between 0.4and 0.6in both situations of single shield tunnel and undercrossing shield tunnel.And the ratios in the undercrossing were lower than the one in the single so that it was more difficult to collapse in the undercrossing.According to the comprehensive analysis of simulation results,the existing tunnel had a significant impact on the instability mode when the tunnel face was in the range of twice the tunnel diameter in front of the existing tunnel.
作者 张孟喜 张梓升 王维 吕岩 韩佳尧 金琦 ZHANG Mengxi;ZHANG Zisheng;WANG Wei;Lv Yan;HAN Jiayao;JIN Qi(Department of Civil Engineering,Shanghai University,Shanghai 200444,China;China Railway 20th Bureau Group,Guangzhou 511400,China)
出处 《上海交通大学学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2018年第12期1594-1602,共9页 Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University
基金 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41172238) 中铁二十局集团有限公司技术开发课题.
关键词 下穿盾构 开挖面失稳 离散元 数值模拟 undercrossing shield tunnel face instability discrete element method(DEM) numerical simulation
作者简介 张孟喜(1963-),男,山西省万荣县人,教授,主要从事岩土工程方向的研究工作.电话(Tel.):021-66133115;E-mail:mxzhang@i.shu.edu.cn.
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