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雾霾污染对城市居民健康支出的影响分析 被引量:5

The Impacts Analysis of Haze Pollution on the Resident’s Expenditures of Health Care
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摘要 目的:研究雾霾污染对城市居民医疗保健支出的影响。方法:基于中国2001—2010年省际PM2.5面板数据,利用动态面板系统GMM估计方法。结果:(1)雾霾污染增加了城市居民医疗健康支出;(2)雾霾污染对老年和少儿两个群体的健康支出影响更明显;(3)收入水平提高了居民的健康需求,而政府卫生经费投入没有减轻居民医疗支出负担。结论:为减轻居民的医疗支出负担,要完善老年和少儿的医疗保险制度,同时加大雾霾污染治理力度。 Objective:To explore the impacts of haze pollution on the household health care expenditures.Methods:Based on 2000-2010 regional panel data of PM2.5,the method of dynamic panel S-GMM was applied.Results:(1) The haze pollution increased the expenditures of health care;(2) the health care expenditures of the elderly and the children were more obvious;(3)the income level promoted resident's health demand, while the government expenditure on health did not release the residents' expenditure burden on health.Conclusion:To release the residents' expenditure burden on health and improve the medical insurance system for the elderly and the children,while increasing haze pollution control.
作者 李根生 韩民春 LI Gen-sheng;HAN Min-chun;School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
出处 《中国卫生经济》 北大核心 2015年第7期74-76,共3页 Chinese Health Economics
关键词 雾霾污染 健康支出 人口结构 haze pollution expenditure on health demographic structure
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