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探讨放射影像技术在小儿气管支气管异物诊断中的应用 预览

To Explore the Application of Radiography in the Diagnosis of Tracheobronchial Foreign Body in Children
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摘要 目的观察并探讨放射影像技术在小儿气管支气管异物诊断中的临床应用效果。方法选取134例2016年12月至2018年12月期间我院确诊的小儿气管支气管异物患者,按患儿就诊顺序分为对照组与实验组,人数相同各67例,实验组与对照组患儿分别给予螺旋CT扫描诊断与X线检查,对两组患儿诊断检出率进行观察与对比。结果实验组患儿气管支气管异物检出率为100.00%,与对照组(79.10%)结果比较均显著较高,实验组患儿支气管阻塞、肺不张、肺炎、纵膈位置变化以及肺气肿检出率与对照组结果比较均显著较高,差异具有统计学意义,P<0.05。结论多层螺旋CT扫描能够对小儿气管支气管异物大小、位置以及形态给予准确判断,诊断检出率较高,值得推广应用。 Objective To observe and discuss the clinical effect of radiography in the diagnosis of tracheobronchial foreign body in children.Methods Select 134 cases during December 2016 to December 2018 pediatric patients with tracheal bronchus foreign body confirmed by our institute,in children with medical order is divided into control group and experimental group,the same number of all the 67 cases,children of the experimental group and control group were given spiral CT scanning diagnosis and X-ray,the rate to diagnose children in the two groups were observed and compared.Results The detection rate of tracheobronchial foreign body in children in the experimental group was 100.00%,which was significantly higher than that in the control group(79.10%).The detection rate of bronchial obstruction,atelectasis,pneumonia,mediastinal position and emphysema in children in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion MSCT can accurately determine the size,location and morphology of tracheobronchial foreign body in children,and has a high detection rate.
作者 程磊 CHENG Lei(Department of Imaging,the First Hospital of Qiqihar,Qiqihar,Heilongjiang,China)
出处 《世界最新医学信息文摘(电子版)》 2019年第38期20-20,29共2页 World Latest Medicine
关键词 气管支气管异物 小儿患者 放射影像技术 螺旋CT 诊断检出率 Tracheobronchial foreign body Pediatric patients Radiographic imaging technology Spiral CT Diagnostic detection rate
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