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我国流动儿童生存质量的现状及因素影响——基于文献综述 预览

Current Situation and Influencing Factors of the Quality of Life of Migrant Children in China:Based on Literature Review
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摘要 流动儿童的生存质量关乎流动儿童的健康成长,影响国家和民族的未来。国内有关流动儿童生存质量的研究还不多。通过梳理现有文献可见,流动儿童生存质量偏低,与城市本地儿童相比存在明显差距;流动儿童心理社会领域得分较生理领域得分低,心理健康问题较为突出;流动儿童生存质量存在年级、性别差异;就读于公办学校的流动儿童在心理状况、社会融入方面的问题可能较外来工子弟学校的流动儿童更加突出;流动儿童的生存质量主要受到流动性、家庭因素、社会支持因素及流动儿童自身心理因素等因素的影响。应高度重视流动儿童生存质量问题,制定和实施有针对性的政策措施,改善流动儿童生存和发展环境,提高流动儿童生存质量。 The quality of life of migrant children is related to the healthy growth of migrant children and affects the future of the country and the nation.There are not many studies on the quality of life of migrant children in China.By combing the existing literature,it can be seen that the quality of life of migrant children is low,and there is a significant gap compared with local children in urban areas.The scores of migrant children in the psychosocial field are lower than those in the physiological field,and the mental health problems are more prominent.There are grade and gender differences in the quality of life of migrant children.Problems of migrant children attending public schools may be more prominent in terms of psychological status and social integration than that of migrant children in migrant schools.The quality of life of migrant children is mainly affected by factors such as mobility,family factors,social support factors and the psychological factors of migrant children.We should attach great importance to the quality of life of migrant children,formulate and implement targeted policy measures,improve the living and development environment of migrant children,and improve the quality of life of migrant children.
作者 王红艺 WANG Hong-yi(Department of Sociology,Nanchang University,Nanchang 330031)
出处 《江南大学学报:人文社会科学版》 2019年第2期42-49,78共9页 Journal of Jiangnan University(Humanities & Social Sciences)
基金 江西省社会科学“十二五”规划项目“社会工作视角下农民工随迁子女的城市社会融入研究”(项目编号:12SH13).
关键词 流动儿童 生存质量 现状 影响因素 migrant children quality of life current Situation influencing factors
作者简介 王红艺(1963-),女,江西上饶人,副教授,研究方向:社会工作,家庭社会学。
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