期刊文献+

放松训练对脑电、情绪的影响及与人格特征的关系 预览 被引量:53

Effects of Relaxation on EEG,the Personality and Behavior Pattern of Medical Students
在线阅读 下载PDF
分享 导出
摘要 目的:探讨放松训练对脑电、情绪的影响以及与受试者人格、行为类型的关系.方法:68名医科大学生集体进行放松训练2个月,比较训练前后的焦虑自评量表(SAS)和匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)得分,评估训练前后脑电、肌电、皮肤温度的变化,以及脑电指标改善程度与受试者个性特征的关系.结果:放松训练后受试者SAS、PSQI得分降低,与训练前相比差异有极显著性意义(t=3.7及5.2,P均<0.01).脑电、肌电、皮肤温度改善,脑电指标改善程度与艾森克个性问卷(EPQ)的N纬度得分、A型行为类型问卷的TH分、总分呈正相关(r=0.25~0.46).结论:放松训练可以改善大学生的生理、心理状况,脑电指标改善程度与受试者的人格特征和行为类型相关. Objective:To evaluate the psychosomatic effects of relaxation and the correlation between the effects and the personality and behavior pattern of the subject.Methods:68 medical students were involved in the study. All the subjects received relaxation training for 2 months. They were tested with Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) before and at the end of the study. They were also tested electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyography (EMG) and skin temperature at the above two time-points. The correlation between the personality and the extents of alteration in index of EEG were also studied.Results:After training, the scores of SAS and PSQI in the subjects were significantly lower than those before training. The indexes of EEG, EMG and skin temperature were improved. The extents of alteration in index of EEG were correlated positively with the N-scores of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), the total scores and TH-scores of Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP).Conclusion:Relaxation can improve psychosomatic states of undergraduates. The extents of alteration in index of EEG were correlated with the personality and behavior pattern of the subject.
作者 张燕冰 杨斯环 张莉 张苏范 ZHANG Yanbing, YANG Sihuan, ZHANG Li, et al. Mail box 53, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029
出处 《中国心理卫生杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2004年第1期 21-23,17,共4页 Chinese Mental Health Journal
关键词 放松训练 脑电 情绪 人格特征 行为类型 焦虑自评量表 睡眠质量 clinical psychology relaxation training cross-sectional studies EEG EPQ type A behavior
  • 相关文献

参考文献6

二级参考文献14

共引文献101

同被引文献520

引证文献53

二级引证文献437

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈