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2017年泉州市洛江区食源性疾病病例分析

Analysis on foodborne disease cases,Luojiang district,Quanzhou city,2017
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摘要 目的了解泉州市洛江区食源性疾病发病和流行趋势,为提高食品安全隐患的早期识别、预警和防控能力提供科学依据。方法对泉州市洛江区2017年哨点医院上报的所有食源性疾病病例信息进行统计分析。结果 2017年洛江区哨点医院共上报食源性疾病病例375例,男性207例(55.20%)、女性168例(44.80%);病例以25~岁组(93例、24.80%)最多,其次是0~岁组(73例、19.47%);病例主要集中在第3季度(130例、34.67%)和第2季度(107例、28.53%);职业分布以农民最多(108例、28.80%);可疑暴露食品主要是肉与肉制品(128例、34.13%)、水产动物及其制品(64例、17.08%);进食场所前3位为家庭(299例、79.73%)、街头(46例、12.27%)、饭店(18例、4.80%)。结论泉州市洛江区食源性疾病发病以青年、儿童为主,呈明显的夏秋季高峰。 Objective To understand the incidence and prevalence of foodborne diseases in Luojiang district,so as to provide scientific basis for improving the ability of early identification,early warning and in turn prevention and control of food safety hazards.Methods Statistical analysis was made on data of all foodborne diseases cases reported by sentinel hospitals in Luojiang district in 2017.Results A total of 375 cases of foodborne diseases were reported by sentinel hospitals in Luojiang district in 2017.There were 207(55.20%)male cases and 168(44.80%)female cases.The highest number of cases occurred in the age group of 25-34(24.80%),followed by 0-4 years(19.47%).The cases were mainly concentrated in the third(130 cases,34.67%)and second(107 cases,28.53%)quarters.Most cases were farmers(28.80%).The main suspected food were meat and meat products(128 cases,34.13%)and aquatic animals and products(64 cases,17.08%).The top 3 eating places were families(299 cases,79.73%),streets(46 cases,12.27%))and restaurants(18 cases,4.80%).Conclusion The patients of foodborne disease are mainly youth and children,and the incidence peaks in summer and autumn in Luojiang district,Quanzhou city.
作者 黄咏梅 HUANG Yong-mei(Luojiang District Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Quanzhou,Fujian,362011,China)
出处 《预防医学论坛》 2019年第1期37-38,41共3页 Preventive Medicine Tribune
关键词 食源性疾病 监测 流行特征 Foodborne diseases Surveillance Epidemiological characteristics
作者简介 黄咏梅(1970~),女,本科,主任医师,研究方向:公共卫生
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