期刊文献+

2012年重庆市居民健康素养监测结果 预览 被引量:3

Surveillance results of health literacy of Chongqing residents in 2012
在线阅读 下载PDF
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 目的了解重庆市居民健康素养水平及其影响因素。方法采用多阶段整群抽样及PPS抽样选取调查对象,利用单因素和多因素统计方法分析结果,并根据国家统一方法进行标化。结果 2012年共调查1511人,用于本次分析的有1368人。城市监测点共调查782人,占57.16%,农村监测点共调查586人,占42.84%;主城地区200人,占14.62%,郊区(县)1168人,占85.38%;男性713人,占52.12%,女性655人,占47.88%,男女性别比为1.09∶1。2012年重庆市居民健康素养水平为4.94%。在健康素养的3个方面中,基本知识和理念素养水平为9.51%、健康生活方式和行为素养水平为5.16%、基本技能素养水平为5.99%。具备6类健康问题素养的比例从高到低依次为安全与急救素养22.26%、科学健康观素养20.76%、传染病防治素养10.79%、健康信息素养9.97%、基本医疗素养5.55%、慢性病防治素养4.39%。结论重庆市健康素养水平较低,通过分析也印证了健康素养受文化程度、家庭收入、地理位置等多因素的制约,要提高健康素养水平需要多部门努力加大对健康教育持续性的投入和政策的保障。 Objective To understand the health literacy status of Chongqing residents and its influencing factors. Methods Multistage cluster sampling and PPS sampling method was adopted to select survey respondents,the results were analyzed by single-factor and multi-factor statistical method and standardized according to the national unified method. Results In total 1511 of residents participated in the survey in 2012,1368 valid data was used in the analysis. There were 782( 57. 16%) urban participants and 586( 42. 84%) rural ones; there were 200( 14. 62%) main city participants and 1168( 85. 38%) suburbs( county) ones; the number of male and female participants was 713( 52. 12%) and 655( 47. 88%) respectively and the ratio is 1. 09 ∶ 1. The overall level of adjusted health literacy( AHL) among Chongqing residents in 2012 was 4. 94%. The AHL rates in the three aspects of health literacy,basic health concept and knowledge,healthy lifestyle and behaviors,and health related skills were 9. 51%,5. 16% and 5. 99%,respectively. The AHL rate of6 health issues as to safety and first aid,scientific attitude towards health,infectious diseases prevention,health information literacy,basic medical care,and chronic diseases prevention among Chongqing residents was 22. 26%,20. 76%,10. 79%,9. 97%,5. 55% and 4. 39%,respectively. Conclusion The health literacy level of Chongqing residents is low,the analysis verified that health literacy was limited and influenced by educational level,family income,geographic position and other factors; it requires multi-section’s effort on increasing sustained investment of health education and the guarantee of policy to improve the health literacy level.
作者 郭田 黄浩 段渝波 赵瑜 赖维云 GUO Tian;HUANG Hao;DUAN Yu-bo;ZHAO Yu;LAI Wei-yun;Chongqing Institute for Health Education
出处 《中国健康教育》 北大核心 2015年第2期160-163 183,共5页 Chinese Journal of Health Education
基金 2012年中央补助地方健康素养促进行动项目
关键词 重庆 健康素养 监测 Chongqing Health literacy Surveillance
  • 相关文献

参考文献3

共引文献268

同被引文献27

引证文献3

二级引证文献13

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈