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2018年仁寿县农村中小学生生长发育及营养现况调查分析 预览

Investigation and Analysis on the Growth and Nutrition Status of Rural Primary and Middle School Students in Renshou County in 2018
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摘要 目的了解仁寿县7~19岁农村中小学生生长发育及营养状况,为改善仁寿农村中小学生生长发育和营养状况提供科学依据。方法采用分层随机整群抽样法,分别在仁寿县60个镇(乡)辖区各随机抽取1所小学和1所(包括初中和高中)或1所九年制学校中学,对所有学生进行身高、体重测量,数据运用SPSS 21.0软件进行统计分析,身高、体重情况采用t检验、生长发育状况采用描述性统计、低体重、超重和肥胖检出情况采用χ2检验,检验水准α=0.05,并与2014年全国学生体质健康调研进行对比分析。结果本次调查7~19岁男生、7~15岁及19岁女生平均身高均低于全国平均水平;7~19岁男生、7~14岁女生平均体重均低于全国平均水平;低体重检出率为3.3%、超重检出率为9.7%、肥胖检出率为6.2%;小学肥胖检出率为6.8%,高于初中、高中组(P<0.05),高中超重检出率为13.0%,高于小学、初中组(P<0.05);男生低体重检出率为4.1%,高于女生2.4%(P<0.05),男生超重检出率为8.8%,低于女生10.5%(P<0.05)。结论仁寿县农村中小学生整体生长发育水平落后,低体重和超重肥胖同时存在,应加大农村中小学生营养改善投入力度,重点关注小学生肥胖、高中生超重、男生营养不良情况,共同促进儿童青少年的健康成长。 Objective To understand the growth and nutritional status of rural primary and middle school students aged 7-19 in Renshou County.In order to improve the growth and nutritional status of primary and middle school students in Renshou County.Methods By using the method of stratified random cluster sampling,this study selected a primary and secondary school from each of the 60 towns(township)districts in Renshou County.All the students were measured in height and weight,the data were processed and analyzed by SPSS 21.0,t-test was used for height and weight analysis,descriptive statistics were conducted for growth and development analysis,and chi-square test was performed for low weight,overweight and obesity analysis,withα=0.05.This study also compared the data with the results of 2014 national students’physical health survey.Results The average height of boys aged 7-19,girls aged 7-15 and girls aged 19 were lower than the national average.The average weight of boys aged 7-19 and girls aged 7-14 were lower than the national average.The detection rate of low body weight was 3.3%,that of overweight was 9.7%,and the obesity detection rate was 6.2%.The detection rate of obesity in primary school was 6.8%,higher than that in middle school and high school group(P<0.05),and the high school overweight detection rate was 13.0%,which was higher than that in primary school and middle school group(P<0.05).The detection rate of low body weight for boys was 4.1%,higher than the 2.4%in girls(P<0.05),and the detection rate of overweight for boys was 8.8%,lower than the 10.5%in girls(P<0.05).Conclusion The overall growth and development level of rural primary and middle school students in Renshou County was backward,low body weight and overweight and obesity existed at the same time.It is necessary to increase the investment in nutrition improvement of primary and middle school students in rural areas,focus on the obesity of primary school students,overweight of high school students and malnutrition of boys,and promote the health
作者 周羽莎 邓春梅 吴宗达 黄河 但军 ZHOU Yusha;DENG Chunmei;WU Zongda;HUANG He;DAN Jun(Renshou County Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Meishan 620599,Sichuan Province,China)
出处 《职业卫生与病伤》 2019年第3期162-166,共5页 Journal of Occupational Health and Damage
关键词 农村中小学生 生长发育 营养状况 rural primary and middle school students growth and development nutritional status
作者简介 周羽莎(1995-),女,本科,预防医学;通信作者:邓春梅(1990-),女,医师,本科,预防医学,E-mail:45966531@qq.com
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