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13岁前吸烟饮酒与中学生多种危害健康行为的关系 预览 被引量:59

Relationship Between onset of Cigarette Smoking or Alcohol Use in Early Age and Multiple Health-risk Behaviors Among Middle School Students in Hefei
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摘要 目的 探讨13岁前吸烟、饮酒行为与中学时期多种危害健康行为的关系.以便为制定青少年危害健康行为的早期干预措施提供参考依据。方法 采用修订的美国疾病控制中心(CDC)青少年危险行为监测问卷(YBBS)对3127名合肥市城乡中学生进行无记名调查,问卷包括34项危害健康行为和9项社会人口统计学变量。结果 中学生13岁以前吸烟率为9.7%.13岁以前的饮酒率为45.7%。13岁前吸烟的中学生,打架、自杀意念,每天吸烟、1a内喝过酒、大基饮酒、上网时间过长、见过毒品、曾有性行为8项危害健康行为报告率高于对照组,差异有显著意义;13岁前饮酒中学生的打架、自杀意念、每天吸烟、1a内喝过酒、大量饮酒、少食蔬菜、上网时间过长、见过毒品、曾有性行为等9项危害健康行为报告率高于对照组,差异有显著性。结论 13岁之前有吸烟或饮酒行为的中学生同时存在其他多种危害健康行为.避免儿童青少年早期接触烟酒对预防青少年时期多种危害健康行为有积极意义。 Objective To determine the relationship between onset of cigarette smoking or alcohol use in early age and engaging in multiple health risk behaviors among middle school students and to provide basis for the correlated intervention. Methods A self administered questionnair modified from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey was conducted in a sample of 3 127 middle school students in Hefei anonymously. Thirty four items of health risk behaviors and 9 items social demographic characteristics consisted of the survey instrument. Results The percentage of the students who reported cigarette smoking and alcohol use before age of 13 years was 9.7% and 45.7% respectively. The incidence of health risk behaviors among cigarette smoking and alcohol use students was higher than the control group in fighting, suicidal ideation, smoking everyday, drinking, indulging in internet, having seen drugs and experienced sexual behaviors,etc. Conclusion Multiple health risk behaviors of youth can be controlled through avoiding cigarette smoking and alcohol use in early age.
作者 陶芳标 高茗 马淑芳 李婉 张金霞 王敏 苏普玉 TAO Fang biao,Gao Ming,MA Shu fang, et al. Department of Child & Maternal Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei(230032),China
出处 《中国学校卫生》 CAS 北大核心 2004年第1期 12-14,共3页 Chinese Journal of School Health
关键词 吸烟 饮酒 危害行为 学生 Smoking Alcohol drinking Dangerous behavior Students
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