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Prevalence of migraine among university students at Parakou, Benin: A cross-sectional study 预览

Prevalence of migraine among university students at Parakou, Benin: A cross-sectional study
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摘要 Objective: To determine the prevalence of migraine and its associated factors in students at the University of Parakou. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study carried out from February 1st to April 30th 2011. It included all students registered during the academic year 2010-2011 and selected by systematic random sampling. Migraine was defined according to IHS 2004 criteria. To assess the link between migraine and body mass index we collected height and weight of each student. Multivariate analysis was used to study the factors associated with migraine, odds-ratio and their confidence interval were estimated. SPSS Soft-ware was used to perform statistical analysis. Results: During the study period 1200, students returned their questionnaires. They were 842 males and 358 females. 171 fulfilled migraine criteria, and the overall prevalence of migraine was 14.2% (CI 95%: 11.6% - 17.4%). The main associated factors were the sex with an OR: 2.3 (CI 95%: 1.6 - 3.2) and family history of headache with an OR: 1.6 (CI 95%: 1.1 - 2.4). Migraine with aura was the frequent form (59.1%) and visual aura the frequent form of aura. No association was found between migraine and body mass index but students with obesity had high risk of migraine with aura OR: 3.8 (CI 95%: 1.5 - 9.7) compared with those with normal weight. The main triggering factors were sleeplessness (90.1%) and mental fatigue (85.4%). Conclusion: The results suggest a high prevalence of migraine among students at Parakou University and no association between obesity and migraine. Objective: To determine the prevalence of migraine and its associated factors in students at the University of Parakou. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study carried out from February 1st to April 30th 2011. It included all students registered during the academic year 2010-2011 and selected by systematic random sampling. Migraine was defined according to IHS 2004 criteria. To assess the link between migraine and body mass index we collected height and weight of each student. Multivariate analysis was used to study the factors associated with migraine, odds-ratio and their confidence interval were estimated. SPSS Soft-ware was used to perform statistical analysis. Results: During the study period 1200, students returned their questionnaires. They were 842 males and 358 females. 171 fulfilled migraine criteria, and the overall prevalence of migraine was 14.2% (CI 95%: 11.6% - 17.4%). The main associated factors were the sex with an OR: 2.3 (CI 95%: 1.6 - 3.2) and family history of headache with an OR: 1.6 (CI 95%: 1.1 - 2.4). Migraine with aura was the frequent form (59.1%) and visual aura the frequent form of aura. No association was found between migraine and body mass index but students with obesity had high risk of migraine with aura OR: 3.8 (CI 95%: 1.5 - 9.7) compared with those with normal weight. The main triggering factors were sleeplessness (90.1%) and mental fatigue (85.4%). Conclusion: The results suggest a high prevalence of migraine among students at Parakou University and no association between obesity and migraine.
作者 Thierry Adoukonou Francis Tognon-Tchegnonsi Kouna Philomène Abdias Alabi Dismand Houinato Pierre-Marie Preux Thierry Adoukonou;Francis Tognon-Tchegnonsi;Kouna Philomène;Abdias Alabi;Dismand Houinato;Pierre-Marie Preux(Faculté de Médecine, Université des Sciences de la Santé de Libreville, Libreville, Gabon;Institut d’Epidémiologie Neurologique et de Neurologie Tropicale, Limoges, France;Unité d’Enseignement et de Recherche de Neurologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Parakou, Parakou, Benin;Unité d’Enseignement et de Recherche de Neurologie, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin;Unité de Neurologie du Service de Médecine H?pital de Parakou, Parakou, Benin)
出处 《神经科学国际期刊(英文)》 2014年第1期18-24,共7页 World Journal of Neuroscience
关键词 MIGRAINE PREVALENCE EPIDEMIOLOGY Students OBESITY Migraine Prevalence Epidemiology Students Obesity
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