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Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Semi-Urban Population of Guéoul in Senegal 认领
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作者 Mame Madjiguène Ka Serigne Cheikh Tidiane Ndao +9 位作者 Kana Sonia Babaka Abu Bakr Fafa Cissé Abdallah Ould Béchir Isabelle Kouamé Malick Ndiaye Dior Diagne Sow Moussa Kane Bouna Diack Alassane Mbaye Abdoul Kane 《心血管病(英文)》 2021年第1期69-81,共13页
<strong><em>Introduction</em></strong><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Cardiovascular dise... <strong><em>Introduction</em></strong><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Cardiovascular disease is a global public health problem. In Africa, they are increasingly common, however, data on the control of cardiovascular risk factors in the general Senegalese population are rare. The aim of this work was to assess the level of control of cardiovascular risk factors in semi-urban areas in the municipality of Guéoul in Senegal.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Patients and methods</span></i></b><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and exhaustive survey carried out from 3 November to 3 December 2012 among the population aged at least 35 years and living for more than 6 months in the commune of Gueoul. It was conducted using the WHO STEPS approach to study the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and assess their level of control. We looked at clinical history, lifestyle, and anthropometric data. Blood pressure was measured at both arms and fasting blood samples were taken for blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results</span></i></b><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">We examined 1.411 subjects (1052 women) averaging 48.5 ± 12.7 years of age. The main cardiovascular risk factors were dyslipidemia (61%), sedentary (56%), abdominal obesity (53.9%), high blood pressure (46.4%) and diabetes (7.2%). Dyslipidemia was known in 22 subjects, 6 of whom were on treatment with dyslipidemia control in 1 subject (16.7%). Hypertension was known in 266 subjects. Of these, 205 subjects were prescribed medical treatment, 26 of whom were well controlled (12.7%). The level of hypertension control was lower in subjects at high cardiovascular risk (p = 0.0001) and those with a family history o 展开更多
关键词 Cardiovascular Risk Factors CONTROL HYPERTENSION AFRICA
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