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Discussion on the Logical Coordination between Legal Theory and Legal Practice——from the Perspective of the Legal Basis of NPC5s Discussion and Decisiomaking Power on Major Issues 预览
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作者 Yuan Liao 《财经研究杂志(英文)》 2019年第1期72-77,共6页
The decision of local people's congresses to discuss major issues is a basic right granted to local people's congresses by the Chinese Constitution and laws.However,in practice,the implementation of the power ... The decision of local people's congresses to discuss major issues is a basic right granted to local people's congresses by the Chinese Constitution and laws.However,in practice,the implementation of the power of deliberation of major issues by local people's congresses is worrying.By applying the theory of Chinese traditionalism and unity in the theory of law,the theory of"sovereignty in the people"in the social contract theory of Western natural law school,Austin's"legal command theory55 in Western positivist law and Hart's"recognition""Rules theory"to argue that the integrity of rights necessarily involves the dual factors of decision-making and execution.At the same time,the existence and operation of the law always reflects the development of the political system.The realistic political situation requires us to make more precise and meticulous refinement of the external form and specific technical links of the legal system,and to coordinate the rules to make up the legal theory and Conflicts and conflicts in legal practice help to reform social institutions. 展开更多
关键词 DECISION-MAKING power on major issues POLITICAL logic of law THEORY of people's SOVEREIGNTY LEGAL order THEORY Recognition rule THEORY
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Usability perceptions and beliefs about smart thermostats by chi-square test, signal detection theory, and fuzzy detection theory in regions of Mexico
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作者 Pedro PONCE Therese PEFFER Arturo MOLINA 《能源前沿:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第3期522-538,共17页
It is well known that smart thermostats (STs) have become key devices in the implementation of smart homes;thus, they are considered as primary elements for the control of electrical energy consumption in households. ... It is well known that smart thermostats (STs) have become key devices in the implementation of smart homes;thus, they are considered as primary elements for the control of electrical energy consumption in households. Moreover, energy consumption is drastically affected when the end users select unsuitable STs or when they do not use the STs correctly. Furthermore, in future, Mexico will face serious electrical energy challenges that can be considerably resolved if the end users operate the STs in a correct manner. Hence, it is important to carry out an in-depth study and analysis on thermostats, by focusing on social aspects that influence the technological use and performance of the thermostats. This paper proposes the use of a signal detection theory (SDT), fuzzy detection theory (FDT), and chi-square (CS) test in order to understand the perceptions and beliefs of end users about the use of STs in Mexico. This paper extensively shows the perceptions and beliefs about the selected thermostats in Mexico. Besides, it presents an in-depth discussion on the cognitive perceptions and beliefs of end users. Moreover, it shows why the expectations of the end users about STs are not met. It also promotes the technological and social development of STs such that they are relatively more accepted in complex electrical grids such as smart grids. 展开更多
关键词 THERMOSTATS PERCEPTIONS BELIEFS SIGNAL DETECTION THEORY (SDT) fuzzy SIGNAL DETECTION THEORY (FSDT) chi-square (CS) test
“理论”“后理论”的症结及其疗救——对西方理论话语的批判 预览
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作者 马大康 王正中 《社会科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第9期171-181,共11页
“理论”是在西方思想“语言论转向”的基础上兴盛起来的。“后理论”对“理论”的批判性重构并没有放弃语言论,只不过通过更新语言学研究范式来构建小写的、复数的理论。老庄的语言观为我们提供了一个批判“理论”“后理论”思想基础... “理论”是在西方思想“语言论转向”的基础上兴盛起来的。“后理论”对“理论”的批判性重构并没有放弃语言论,只不过通过更新语言学研究范式来构建小写的、复数的理论。老庄的语言观为我们提供了一个批判“理论”“后理论”思想基础和话语方式的“外位性”立场:过分夸大语言的作用,把语言学视为研究人文学科的范式,必定会造成人与世界之复杂关系被简单化、片面化,造成思想的盲视,这正是理论、后理论的症结所在。在人与世界之间并存着两种基本关系:其一,人通过行为语言(行为)来关联世界,建立非对象性关系来体验、直觉、悟解世界;其二,人通过言语行为(语言)与世界建立对象性关系来观察、分析、认识世界。人的所有文学艺术活动和文化活动都建立在这两种符号系统协同作用的基础上。为此,我们提出“新诗学”及“新解释学”就同时包容着言语行为(语言)与行为语言(行为)交互作用的二维张力结构。 展开更多
关键词 理论 后理论 言语行为 行为语言 新诗学 新解释学
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Polymetrical Analysis as Universal System of Formalization the Knowledge 预览
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作者 Petro P.Trokhimchuck 《数学和系统科学:英文版》 2019年第3期71-85,共15页
Problem of search of universal system of formalization the knowledge is discussed.Philisophical,mathematical,cybernetic and computing aspects of its problem are analyzed.Foundation of polymetrical analysis as variant ... Problem of search of universal system of formalization the knowledge is discussed.Philisophical,mathematical,cybernetic and computing aspects of its problem are analyzed.Foundation of polymetrical analysis as variant of resolution of this problem is represented.We show that this system allowed resolving S.Beer centurial problem in cybernetics.Also it allowed creating the natural(operational)approach in the foundation of mathematics and system concept of computing science. 展开更多
关键词 Polymetrical ANALYSIS S.Beer centurial problem TRIPLE optimization hybrid THEORY of systems THEORY of information calculations foundation of mathematics variable HIERARCHY metascience
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Subtitle Translation of The Big Bang Theory Based on the Functional Equivalence Theory 预览
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作者 WANG Jie ZOU Jianling 《美中外语:英文版》 2019年第5期219-225,共7页
Since The Big Bang Theory was introduced to our country, it has been warmly welcomed. It is its unique contents, characters of distinctive personalities, and humorous dialogues that enable it to be one of the most pop... Since The Big Bang Theory was introduced to our country, it has been warmly welcomed. It is its unique contents, characters of distinctive personalities, and humorous dialogues that enable it to be one of the most popular sitcoms now. The success of The Big Bang Theory is not only because of its own artistic charm but also because of its skillful and accurate subtitle translation. Chinese audience can learn about social values of foreign countries and also improve their oral English through subtitle translation. Therefore, subtitle translation is especially important. The thesis takes the subtitle translation of The Big Bang Theory as the example to analyze how subtitle translation helps audience to understand and enjoy the humorous dialogues from the perspective of Functional Equivalence Theory. Based on exemplification, the thesis discusses the principles and procedures in the subtitle translation from the aspects of linguistic, stylistic, and cultural equivalence to help people to better understand the subtitle translation and promote Chinese-English cultural communication. 展开更多
关键词 The BIG Bang THEORY SUBTITLE TRANSLATION Functional EQUIVALENCE THEORY SITCOM
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历史研究为什么需要“理论”?——与青年学生谈治学 预览
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作者 王学典 《思想战线》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期53-63,共11页
“理论”在近几十年成为史学界谈虎色变的一个话题,在有些人那里甚至被视为瘟疫,避之唯恐不及,这与乾嘉学派的深远影响与20世纪时事变迁高度相关。民国时代,学术界就存在着“新汉学”与“新史学”两种治史路径的对抗。轻视理论的倾向,... “理论”在近几十年成为史学界谈虎色变的一个话题,在有些人那里甚至被视为瘟疫,避之唯恐不及,这与乾嘉学派的深远影响与20世纪时事变迁高度相关。民国时代,学术界就存在着“新汉学”与“新史学”两种治史路径的对抗。轻视理论的倾向,与不能正确认识理论在历史研究中的地位与职能有关。历史研究有两大任务,一是发现和清理事实,二是说明和解释事实。而任何对事实的解释和说明,必须依托理论,甚至某些重要事实的发现和清理本身也离不开理论。历史研究离不开理论,如同历史研究离不开史料一样。健康的史学界必须在“史料”与“史观”之间保持必要的平衡。 展开更多
关键词 理论 新史学 新汉学 历史理论 20世纪史学
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Modern Research of Tibetan Medicine
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作者 Shuang-Jie Yang Zhi-Yin Wang +1 位作者 Hui-Hui Zhao Xiao-Qiao Ren 《世界中医药杂志:英文版》 2019年第2期131-138,共8页
Tibetan medicine is one of the important components of our national medicine. In recent years, research on Tibetan medicine has gradually deepened from quality control, formulation research,chemical composition, and p... Tibetan medicine is one of the important components of our national medicine. In recent years, research on Tibetan medicine has gradually deepened from quality control, formulation research,chemical composition, and pharmacological effects.In addition, clinical application and experimental research have made great progress.This paper summarizes the latest developments in Tibetan medicine theory and experimental research,in order to provide reference for the development and clinical application of Tibetan medicine in the future. 展开更多
关键词 MODERN THEORY TIBETAN MEDICINE TRADITIONAL THEORY
The Cognitive Mechanism of Humor―Based on Conceptual Blending Theory and Relevance Theory 预览
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作者 KANG Xinyu GAO Wencheng 《中美英语教学:英文版》 2019年第7期293-299,共7页
Humor, as a form of interesting interaction, often appears in our daily life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the cognitive mechanism of humor. It is found that humor is dependent on people’s relevance and in... Humor, as a form of interesting interaction, often appears in our daily life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the cognitive mechanism of humor. It is found that humor is dependent on people’s relevance and inference in their minds, and also on the conceptual blending with its emergent structure. The authors hold that these two theories are supplementary to each other;the combination has even more powerful interpretation about the workings of humor generation. 展开更多
关键词 HUMOR CONCEPTUAL BLENDING THEORY RELEVANCE THEORY
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Critical reflection on the role of theater nurses in a multidisciplinary team for perioperative care in China 预览
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作者 Xiao Xiao She-Ning Zhu 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期27-33,共7页
Objective:The aim of this article is to reflect on the role of theater nurses in a multidisciplinary team,understand the factors that have influenced theater nurses’practice,and improve the authors’clinical practice... Objective:The aim of this article is to reflect on the role of theater nurses in a multidisciplinary team,understand the factors that have influenced theater nurses’practice,and improve the authors’clinical practice ultimately.Methods:The author used Smyth’s model to guide the process of reflection on the practice issue.Critical reflection,critical emancipatory theory,reflexivity,and critical social theory were used to help the author analyze the factors that have affected theater nurses’practice in the organization.Results:There are gaps between the espoused and enacted theories.A theater nurse’s practice is determined by multiple factors,such as political,structural,social,historical,cultural issues,and so on.The hierarchy of the health context could hinder possible changes in theater nurses’practice.To better understand our practice and implement transformation,we should shape a supportive environment,bear in mind the practice motto of“patient-centered”care,and improve our knowledge and reflection skills.Conclusions:Reflection plays a significant role in the advancing of practice among theater nurses and needs to be combined with clinical practice.To provide the best service of care to perioperative patients,a theater nurse should have an insightful understanding of the factors that have influenced her/his behaviors historically,socially,and culturally.By improving their critical reflection skills,practitioners could gain knowledge from experience. 展开更多
关键词 MULTIDISCIPLINARY team Smyth’s reflective framework REFLEXIVITY CRITICAL reflection CRITICAL emancipatory THEORY CRITICAL social THEORY task-oriented PERSON-CENTERED care
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An Overview and Perspectives On Bidirectional Intelligence:Lmser Duality,Double IA Harmony,and Causal Computation 预览
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作者 Lei Xu 《自动化学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第4期865-893,共29页
Advances on bidirectional intelligence are overviewed along three threads,with extensions and new perspectives.The first thread is about bidirectional learning architecture,exploring five dualities that enable Lmser s... Advances on bidirectional intelligence are overviewed along three threads,with extensions and new perspectives.The first thread is about bidirectional learning architecture,exploring five dualities that enable Lmser six cognitive functions and provide new perspectives on which a lot of extensions and particularlly flexible Lmser are proposed.Interestingly,either or two of these dualities actually takes an important role in recent models such as U-net,ResNet,and Dense Net.The second thread is about bidirectional learning principles unified by best yIng-yAng(IA)harmony in BYY system.After getting insights on deep bidirectional learning from a bird-viewing on existing typical learning principles from one or both of the inward and outward directions,maximum likelihood,variational principle,and several other learning principles are summarised as exemplars of the BYY learning,with new perspectives on advanced topics.The third thread further proceeds to deep bidirectional intelligence,driven by long term dynamics(LTD)for parameter learning and short term dynamics(STD)for image thinking and rational thinking in harmony.Image thinking deals with information flow of continuously valued arrays and especially image sequence,as if thinking was displayed in the real world,exemplified by the flow from inward encoding/cognition to outward reconstruction/transformation performed in Lmser learning and BYY learning.In contrast,rational thinking handles symbolic strings or discretely valued vectors,performing uncertainty reasoning and problem solving.In particular,a general thesis is proposed for bidirectional intelligence,featured by BYY intelligence potential theory(BYY-IPT)and nine essential dualities in architecture,fundamentals,and implementation,respectively.Then,problems of combinatorial solving and uncertainty reasoning are investigated from this BYY IPT perspective.First,variants and extensions are suggested for AlphaGoZero like searching tasks,such as traveling salesman problem(TSP)and attributed graph matching(AGM)that ar 展开更多
关键词 Autoencoder LMSER DUALITY outward attention associative recall concept formation imagining pattern transformation STD vs LTD RPCL skip connection feedback variational least redundancy Bayesian Ying Yang IA system best HARMONY best MATCHING image THINKING rational THINKING INTELLIGENCE potential theory Alpha-TSP Alpha-AGM graph MATCHING ME Player BYY Follower constraint satisfaction CAUSAL potential theory
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高校思政理论课教学中的“理论”和“论理”——以中华民族优秀传统文化教学为例 预览
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作者 张龙 《辽宁高职学报》 2019年第4期55-59,共5页
思想政治理论课在传统文化教学中主要采用案例教学法、专题教学法为主。传统教学法固然有其合理性,但是在新时代面对新发展、新形势、新学情也出现了固有的不足,在教学实践基础上,结合新时代特点分析现有教学方法的合理性与局限性,从思... 思想政治理论课在传统文化教学中主要采用案例教学法、专题教学法为主。传统教学法固然有其合理性,但是在新时代面对新发展、新形势、新学情也出现了固有的不足,在教学实践基础上,结合新时代特点分析现有教学方法的合理性与局限性,从思政课教学的“论理”特性出发阐述“理论”与“论理”之间的辩证关系,针对思政课中的优秀传统文化构建“项目专题一体化”教学方法,在实践中取得了较好的教学效果,对提升思政课教学水平具有现实意义。 展开更多
关键词 理论 论理 思想政治理论课 项目专题一体化 理论价值
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Flight Safety System Evaluation and Optimal Linear Prediction 预览
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作者 DING Songbin GU Qianqian LIU Jiayu 《南京航空航天大学学报:英文版》 EI CSCD 2019年第2期205-213,共9页
The complexity of flight safety system is usually affected by a variety of uncertainties.The uncertainty of overall security situation of flight safety system are hardly determined.In this work,flight safety assessmen... The complexity of flight safety system is usually affected by a variety of uncertainties.The uncertainty of overall security situation of flight safety system are hardly determined.In this work,flight safety assessment index system is firstly established based on software hardware environment liveware management(SHELM)model.And flight safety assessment is also carried out with matter-element theory algorithm to obtain safety state.According to correlation degree values of each evaluation index,key indexes affected flight safety are obtained.Under the assumption that the flight safety system is a linear dynamic system and combining the above evaluation analysis,Kalman filter algorithm is used to carry out prediction analysis on security situation.A simulation analysis is carried out based on an actual flight safety situation of an airline.The results show that the security state of airline flight safety system in a short period of time can be obtained,and main factors affecting flight safety are found out.This provides a viable way for airlines to further strengthen flight safety management. 展开更多
关键词 FLIGHT SAFETY FLIGHT SAFETY assessment and prediction software HARDWARE environment liveware management(SHELM)model MATTER-ELEMENT THEORY KALMAN filter THEORY
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On Annotation in Subtitle Translation Under Relevance Translation Theory —A Case Study of The Big Bang Theory Season One to Four 预览
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作者 竺琦玫 《海外英语》 2019年第5期164-165,共2页
Annotations in the subtitle translation of The Big Bang Theory season one to four can be categorized into cultural and linguistic phenomena. Guided by relevance translation theory, translation should achieve the bigge... Annotations in the subtitle translation of The Big Bang Theory season one to four can be categorized into cultural and linguistic phenomena. Guided by relevance translation theory, translation should achieve the biggest contextual effects with the least processing efforts by audience. It is argued that annotations intensify contextual effects by providing information and characterization. Nevertheless, it is uncertain whether these annotations reduce the audience’s efforts to comprehend. 展开更多
关键词 ANNOTATION SUBTITLE TRANSLATION relevance TRANSLATION THEORY The Big Bang THEORY CONTEXTUAL effects processing EFFORTS
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Nonlinear free vibration of piezoelectric cylindrical nanoshells 预览
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作者 Yanqing WANG Yunfei LIU J. W. ZU 《应用数学和力学:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第5期601-620,共20页
The nonlinear vibration characteristics of the piezoelectric circular cylindri- cal nanoshells resting on an elastic foundation are analyzed. The small scale effect and thermo-electro-mechanical loading are taken into... The nonlinear vibration characteristics of the piezoelectric circular cylindri- cal nanoshells resting on an elastic foundation are analyzed. The small scale effect and thermo-electro-mechanical loading are taken into account. Based on the nonlocal elastic- ity theory and Donnell’s nonlinear shell theory, the nonlinear governing equations and the corresponding boundary conditions are derived by employing Hamilton’s principle. Then, the Galerkin method is used to transform the governing equations into a set of ordinary differential equations, and subsequently, the multiple-scale method is used to obtain an approximate analytical solution. Finally, an extensive parametric study is conducted to examine the effects of the nonlocal parameter, the external electric potential, the temperature rise, and the Winkler-Pasternak foundation parameters on the nonlinear vibration characteristics of circular cylindrical piezoelectric nanoshells. 展开更多
关键词 PIEZOELECTRIC CYLINDRICAL NANOSHELL NONLINEAR vibration Donnell's NONLINEAR shell THEORY nonlocal elasticity THEORY multiple-scale method size effect
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The Study on Metaphors in Robert Frost’s Poems 预览
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作者 张卓萍 《海外英语》 2019年第1期222-223,225共3页
Abstract:In this paper,Robert Frost’s poetry is the main object of study.The thesis studies metaphor using the CIT and CMT.The thesis is to offer a new perspective for Frost’s poetry interpretation and to prove that... Abstract:In this paper,Robert Frost’s poetry is the main object of study.The thesis studies metaphor using the CIT and CMT.The thesis is to offer a new perspective for Frost’s poetry interpretation and to prove that the cognitive mechanism of CMT and CIT can work as effective tools in the interpretation of his poems.This study analyzes The Pasture,After Apple-Picking,Fire and Ice,Come in.And the following conclusions are drawn:first and foremost,in Frost’s poems,nature is an essential image.Frost uses many images.Second,metaphor in Frost’s poems comes from the basic conceptual metaphor in our daily life.Metaphor plays a very important role in understanding the poem.Metaphor used in his poems is from his physical and mental feelings. 展开更多
关键词 METAPHOR CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR THEORY CONCEPTUAL Integration THEORY Robert FROST
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Bending Solutions of FGM Reddy-Bickford Beams in Terms of Those of the Homogenous Euler-Bernoulli Beams
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作者 You-Ming Xia Shi-Rong Li Ze-Qing Wan 《固体力学学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第4期499-516,共18页
In this paper, correspondence relations between the solutions of the static bending of functionally graded material (FGM) Reddy-Bickford beams (RBBs) and those of the corresponding homogenous Euler-Bernoulli beams are... In this paper, correspondence relations between the solutions of the static bending of functionally graded material (FGM) Reddy-Bickford beams (RBBs) and those of the corresponding homogenous Euler-Bernoulli beams are presented. The effective material properties of the FGM beams are assumed to vary continuously in the thickness direction. Governing equations for the titled problem are formulated via the principle of virtual displacements based on the third-order shear deformation beam theory, in which the higher-order shear force and bending moment are included. General solutions of the displacements and the stress resultants of the FGM RBBs are derived analytically in terms of the deflection of the reference homogenous Euler- Bernoulli beam with the same geometry, loadings and end conditions, which realize a classical and homogenized expression of the bending response of the shear deformable non-homogeneous FGM beams. Particular solutions for the FGM RBBs under specified end constraints and load conditions are given to validate the theory and methodology. The key merit of this work is to be capable of obtaining the high-accuracy solutions of thick FGM beams in terms of the classical beam theory solutions without dealing with the solution of the complicated coupling differential equations with boundary conditions of the problem. 展开更多
关键词 Functionally graded material BEAMS Reddy-Bickford BEAM THEORY Euler- Bernoulli BEAM THEORY BENDING solution Shear deformation
Pull-in Instability Analysis of Nanoelectromechanical Rectangular Plates Including the Intermolecular, Hydrostatic, and Thermal Actuations Using an Analytical Solution Methodology
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作者 F.Samadani R.Ansari +1 位作者 K.Hosseini A.Zabihi 《理论物理通讯:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期349-356,共8页
The current paper presents a thorough study on the pull-in instability of nanoelectromechanical rectangular plates under intermolecular, hydrostatic, and thermal actuations. Based on the Kirchhoff theory along with Er... The current paper presents a thorough study on the pull-in instability of nanoelectromechanical rectangular plates under intermolecular, hydrostatic, and thermal actuations. Based on the Kirchhoff theory along with Eringen’s nonlocal elasticity theory, a nonclassical model is developed. Using the Galerkin method(GM), the governing equation which is a nonlinear partial differential equation(NLPDE) of the fourth order is converted to a nonlinear ordinary differential equation(NLODE) in the time domain. Then, the reduced NLODE is solved analytically by means of the homotopy analysis method. At the end, the effects of model parameters as well as the nonlocal parameter on the deflection, nonlinear frequency, and dynamic pull-in voltage are explored. 展开更多
关键词 Nanoelectromechanical rectangular plates PULL-IN instability Kirchhoff THEORY Eringen's nonlocal elasticity THEORY HOMOTOPY ANALYSIS method
Theoretical Researches on the Charge Transport Properties of Humic Acid Coordinating with Fe^3+\Cu^2+\Al^3+ Metal Ions 预览
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作者 罗惠 陈晓 +3 位作者 刘柳斜 张明 李来才 田安明 《结构化学》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期439-447,共9页
Humic acid is a key component of extracellular electron acceptor. Experimental study elucidates that humic acid molecular ligand with different metal elements has different abilities to accept electrons. By using dens... Humic acid is a key component of extracellular electron acceptor. Experimental study elucidates that humic acid molecular ligand with different metal elements has different abilities to accept electrons. By using density functional theory, this article selected the leonardite humic acid(LHA) organic macromolecule as ligand to study interactions between the ligand and different metals. At the same time, the calculation of binding energy, the analysis of characteristics for the complex structure and the distribution of frontier molecular orbital were also completed. On the basis of Marcus theory, the reorganization energy, matrix element and charge transport rate constant were calculated. The results show that the order of the charge transfer rates is Fe^3+>Cu^2+>Al^3+ for different metal complexes, and are in good agreement with the experimental ones. 展开更多
关键词 charge transport density functional THEORY HUMIC acid MARCUS THEORY
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Chiral Extrapolation of Lattice Data of Λ_b→Λ_c Form Factors
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作者 李瑞成 郭新恒 《理论物理通讯:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第2期175-191,共17页
An extrapolation to the physical limit for the lattice data of Λ_b →Λ_c form factors computed in the nonphysical region is made in this work through a class of fitting functions proposed by us with nonlinear depend... An extrapolation to the physical limit for the lattice data of Λ_b →Λ_c form factors computed in the nonphysical region is made in this work through a class of fitting functions proposed by us with nonlinear dependence on m2/π derived in the chiral perturbative theory(ChPT) and the heavy quark effective theory(HQET) framework. Then the results are applied to calculate the differential and integrated Λ_b →Λ_c semileptonic decay rates. Meanwhile, a comparison between our results and those obtained through the extrapolation functions with naive linear dependenceon m2/π is made.It is shown that the difference between the extrapolated central values of these two cases is about 5%.The total uncertainties(depending on the momentum transfer q~2) in the linear case are about 5% ~10%(caused by the uncertainties of lattice data) and those in the nonlinear case are about 10% ~ 20%(caused by the uncertainties of both lattice data and input parameters in Ch PT and HQET). More accurate lattice data and parameters in ChPT and HQET are needed to reduce the uncertainties of the extrapolated results. 展开更多
关键词 HEAVY BARYON form factors LATTICE QCD CHIRAL perturbative THEORY HEAVY quark effective THEORY
Justification and System Arrangement of Virtual Property Rights — Comments on Article No. 127 of General Provisions of the Civil Law 预览
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作者 Li Yan Ge Hongquan 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第2期1-20,共20页
In the process of formulating the General Provisions of the Civil Law of P. R. China, the attribute of virtual property rights has changed from real rights to non-real rights. Article No. 127 thereof does not clarify ... In the process of formulating the General Provisions of the Civil Law of P. R. China, the attribute of virtual property rights has changed from real rights to non-real rights. Article No. 127 thereof does not clarify the nature of virtual property rights after all, and the place where virtual property is put in the “Civil Rights” chapter of General Provisions of the Civil Law makes the concept even more complex and confusing. The “relationships paradigm” protection of virtual property does not have a definite classification criterion, nor stands opposite to the “rights paradigm.” There are two different ways to justify the “theory of virtual property as a real right” under the “rights paradigm” protection, namely, essentialism and consequentialism. The former resulted from utilizing features in a demonstration and identifying disposal rights with real rights, while the latter resulted from adherence to the dichotomy system of property rights comprising real rights and creditor’s rights. From the perspective of larceny in Criminal Law and virtual property insurance in The Social Insurance Law, the attribute of virtual property rights is irrelevant to creditor’s rights. The attribute of virtual property rights shall be defined as virtual property rights so that it can be included in the system of civil rights. The uniqueness of virtual property is enough to become an object of emerging civil rights;intangible property rights as a superordinate theoretical concept cannot reflect the essence of virtual property rights. The legislative frame of virtual property rights shall be comprised of the subject, object, exercise, publication and change of the rights. 展开更多
关键词 VIRTUAL PROPERTY THEORY of VIRTUAL PROPERTY as a real RIGHT THEORY of VIRTUAL PROPERTY as a creditor's RIGHT intangible PROPERTY RIGHTS VIRTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
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