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Production Performance of Chicken under Farmers’ Management and Their Roles at Urban Household Economy in Southern Ethiopia 认领
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作者 Yonas Kejela 《农业科学(英文)》 2020年第2期178-190,共13页
This study was conducted to assess production performance of chicken under farmers’ management and their roles in the household economy of local and exotic chickens reared at Yirgalem and Hawassa towns of Southern Et... This study was conducted to assess production performance of chicken under farmers’ management and their roles in the household economy of local and exotic chickens reared at Yirgalem and Hawassa towns of Southern Ethiopia. Purposive sampling method was used for selecting the respondents. Totally, 180 respondents were selected based on their experience in chicken production. The study indicates that the average number of eggs set for incubation was 10.05 &plusmn;0.81 of which the hatchability was 8.42 &plusmn;1.19 eggs. The age at first egg laying for the native chickens raised at Hawassa and Yirgalem towns was 6.31 &plusmn;0.53 and 6.10 &plusmn;0.30 months respectively with differences recorded both within and between the locations. The age at first egg laying of the Sasso hens was 5.24 &plusmn;0.43 months while the age at first egg lay for Bovans was 5.37 &plusmn;0.49 months. The difference was observed (P 【0.05) across the studied locations. The values were lower when compared to those of the native chickens. It was also observed that the contributions of the exotic chickens to the livelihood and food security of the rearers were insignificant. It was concluded from this study that the exotic chickens in the study areas performed fairly well and could do so further if they are provided with better health care, scientific nutrition and management. 展开更多
关键词 EXOTIC and Local CHICKENS Households’ ECONOMY Performance SOUTHERN Ethiopia
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Different dietary methionine to lysine ratios in the lactation diet:effects on the performance of sows and their offspring and methionine metabolism in lactating sows 认领
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作者 Hongkui Wei Xichen Zhao +5 位作者 Mao Xia Chengquan Tan Jun Gao John KHtoo Chuanhui Xu Jian Peng 《畜牧与生物技术杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第1期121-131,共11页
Background:Over the last decade,the nutritional requirements of lactating modern genotype sows have increased.The current nutritional recommendations might be unable to meet the needs of increased litter size and milk... Background:Over the last decade,the nutritional requirements of lactating modern genotype sows have increased.The current nutritional recommendations might be unable to meet the needs of increased litter size and milk production,and thus the nutritional requirements need to be re-evaluated.The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary methionine to lysine(Met:Lys)ratios on the performance of and methionine metabolism in lactating sows.Results:During the 1st week of lactation,piglets reared on sows in the 0.37 to 0.57 Met:Lys ratio groups grew faster than those reared on sows in the control group(0.27)(P<0.01).The 0.37-ratio group showed increased levels of GSHPx in plasma during lactation(P<0.01)and decreased concentrations of urea nitrogen in the plasma of sows(P<0.05).Compared with the 0.27-ratio group,the levels of T-AOC and GSH-Px in the plasma and homocysteine in the milk of lactating sows were significantly increased in sows in the 0.47-ratio group(P<0.01).In sows fed a 0.57-ratio diet,the levels of glutathione and taurine in the plasma and milk were improved significantly during lactation.However,the content of TBARS in the blood(P<0.05 at day 7 and P=0.06 at weaning day)was increased(P<0.01).Moreover,there were linear increases in the levels of homocysteine in the blood and milk of sows during the lactation period(P<0.01)with increased dietary Met:Lys ratios in the lactation diet.Conclusions:The current study indicated that increasing the dietary Met:Lys ratio(0.37~0.57)in the lactation diet had no significant effect on the overall performance of sows or the colostrum and milk composition,but it increased piglet mean BW and piglet ADG during the first week of lactation.Increasing dietary methionine levels had no significant effect on antioxidant function in lactation sows,even though it increased levels of GSH and GSH-Px in the plasma of sows during lactation.However,the content of homocysteine in the plasma and milk increased during lactation due to a high level of dietary methion 展开更多
关键词 LACTATION METHIONINE Met to Lys ratios Oxidative stress PIGLET growth PERFORMANCE SOW PERFORMANCE
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Effect of Supplemental Calcium Levels on Feedlot Growth Performance and Dietary Net Energy Utilization during the Receiving Feeding Period of Calf-Fed Holstein Steers 认领
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作者 L. Buenabad B. C. Latack R. A. Zinn 《动物科学期刊(英文)》 2020年第1期1-9,共9页
Ninety-six calf-fed Holstein steer (127 kg) were used to evaluate the influence of supplemental dietary calcium (Ca) on growth-performance, and dietary net energy (NE) utilization during the initial 112-d of receiving... Ninety-six calf-fed Holstein steer (127 kg) were used to evaluate the influence of supplemental dietary calcium (Ca) on growth-performance, and dietary net energy (NE) utilization during the initial 112-d of receiving period. Treatments consisted of steam flake corn-based growing-finishing diets supplemented with limestone to achieve 0.60%, 0.70%, 0.80%, or 0.90% dietary Ca (DM basis). Morbidity was low (6.3%) and it was not affected (P > 0.87) by dietary treatments. During the initial 84-d period (181 kg average BW), increasing dietary Ca did not influence (P > 0.10) DMI, ADG, gain efficiency or observed/expected DMI. Observed DMI was 19% greater than expected based on diet formulation and growth. Estimated metabolizable protein and methionine supply during the initial 84-d period averaged 92% and 79% of the required, respectively. The apparent decrease in efficiency of energy utilization in the present study is in close agreement with previous studies involving calf-fed Holstein steers in the early growing phase fed conventional growing-finishing diet that is otherwise deficient in metabolizable amino acids. Thus, it is considered that the anticipated growth-performance responses to dietary Ca treatments may have been masked by expected inefficiencies due to metabolizable amino acid deficiency. During the final 28-d period (256 kg of average BW), increasing supplemental Ca reduced feed intake (linear effect, P = 0.04) and enhanced gain efficiency (linear effect, P = 0.03). During this period, predicted ([1] Level 1) metabolizable protein and methionine supply were 110% and 94% of the required, respectively. Nevertheless, improvements in gain efficiency during the final 28-d period with increasing levels of supplemental Ca were not sufficient to influence (P > 0.10) overall 112-d growth-performance. It is concluded dietary Ca requirements of calf-fed Holstein steers during the initial 112-d feeding period appear to be secondary to deficiencies of conventional steam-flaked corn-based diets in meeting metabolizabl 展开更多
关键词 HOLSTEIN FEEDLOT Performance Calcium
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Effect of Natural Phytogenic Extract Herbs on Physiological Status and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chickens 认领
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作者 A. M. Abd El-Hady Ghada Mostafa El Ashry O. A. H. El-Ghalid 《动物科学期刊(英文)》 2020年第1期134-151,共18页
This paper was conducted to monitor the effect of mixed essential oils (AROMIX&#64;) as phytogenic extract herbs administration in drinking water on growth performance, hematological, biochemical, immunological st... This paper was conducted to monitor the effect of mixed essential oils (AROMIX&#64;) as phytogenic extract herbs administration in drinking water on growth performance, hematological, biochemical, immunological statuses and carcass traits of broiler chickens. A total number of 240 unsexed broiler chicks (Cobb-500) strain, were randomly divided to four equal groups, 60 chicks each at seven days of age. The first group drank tap water (control), the second, third and fourth group were drank the same water, adding 1 ml AROMIX&#64;per 5, 10 and 15 liter tap water, respectively for 5 week of age. It was cleared from the results that there was a significant improve in feed conversion ratio, red and white blood cell counts, total protein, albumin, globulin, calcium, inorganic phosphorus and a relative reduction in the liver enzymes but in the normal range. However, it was observed that mix essential oils have no significant impact on carcass organs. High levels of the vital parameters, low levels of hepatic enzymes showed that birds health was good and relative improvement in immune system. The relative improvement of the absorption of minerals such as calcium and inorganic phosphorus to the positive role of essential oils. Administration in drank water was occasion, a regular activity of hepatic enzymes which can evidence safety and hepato-protective nature of these oils. Therefore, it is cleared from the results that the addition of these extract herbs in drinking water enhances the health meat, performance and physiological status of broiler chicks, which helps to obtain healthy meat and suitable for human consumption. 展开更多
关键词 Essential OILS EXTRACT HERBS Performance CARCASS IMMUNE BROILERS
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Near infrared molybdenum oxide quantum dots with high photoluminescence and photothermal performance 认领
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作者 Xiaoxiao Dong Hong Zhao +5 位作者 Yuanyuan Mi Yao Liu Yida Zhang Ya Liu Yusheng Chen Quan Xu 《中国化学快报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期1616-1619,共4页
The synthesized near infrared molybdenum oxide quantum dots perform excellent red fluorescence imaging performance and photothermal performance,which have 600,650 and 700 nm three unique peaks excited at 540 nm,with a... The synthesized near infrared molybdenum oxide quantum dots perform excellent red fluorescence imaging performance and photothermal performance,which have 600,650 and 700 nm three unique peaks excited at 540 nm,with a high quantum yield around 20%.Meanwhile,with 808 nm NIR laser excitation,10 mg/mL modified Molybdenum oxide quantum dots can increase temperature up to 72.2℃within 150 s and 77.7℃within 270 s,respectively. 展开更多
关键词 Molybdenum oxide quantum dots Fluorescence imaging performance Photothermal performance Carbon dots Near infrared
Lessons Learned from Optimizing the Sunway Storage System for Higher Application I/O Performance 认领
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作者 Qi Chen Kang Chen +5 位作者 Zuo-Ning Chen Fellow CCF Wei Xue Xu Ji Bin Yang 《计算机科学技术学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2020年第1期47-60,共14页
It is hard for applications to make full utilization of the peak bandwidth of the storage system in highperformance computers because of I/O interferences,storage resource misallocations and complex long I/O paths.We ... It is hard for applications to make full utilization of the peak bandwidth of the storage system in highperformance computers because of I/O interferences,storage resource misallocations and complex long I/O paths.We performed several studies to bridge this gap in the Sunway storage system,which serves the supercomputer Sunway TaihuLight.To locate these issues and connections between them,an end-to-end performance monitoring and diagnosis tool was developed to understand I/O behaviors of applications and the system.With the help of the tool,we were about to find out the root causes of such performance barriers at the I/O forwarding layer and the parallel file system layer.An application-aware I/O forwarding allocation framework was used to address the I/O interferences and resource misallocations at the I/O forwarding layer.A performance-aware data placement mechanism was proposed to mitigate the impact of I/O interferences and performance variations of storage devices in the PFS.Together,applications obtained much better I/O performance.During the process,we also proposed a lightweight storage stack to shorten the I/O path of applications with N-N I/O pattern.This paper summarizes these studies and presents the lessons learned from the process. 展开更多
关键词 high PERFORMANCE COMPUTING I/O INTERFERENCE parallel file system PERFORMANCE optimization resource misallocation
Mutual Funds Performance(A Case of Pakistan Open Ended Mutual Funds) 认领
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作者 Yasir Khan Mukharif Shah 《工商管理研究(英文)》 2020年第1期14-18,共5页
Mutual Funds through its professional managers enable small investors to enjoy benefits of capital market with small amount.This study with special focus on Performance-Chasing Behavior and Mutual Funds in an Emerging... Mutual Funds through its professional managers enable small investors to enjoy benefits of capital market with small amount.This study with special focus on Performance-Chasing Behavior and Mutual Funds in an Emerging Economy like Pakistan.The data of 100 open-end Mutual Funds,for the period 2013 to 2018 was collected from Mutual Fund Association of Pakistan;while the risk free rates data was collected from State Bank of Pakistan and Stock data from Pakistan Stock Exchange for predicting the results,Ratio and models were used to understand its suitability.The study has certain implications for the investors in knowing which funds perform better and which kind of funds are ideal for investment. 展开更多
关键词 Mutual FUND PERFORMANCE RELATION Risk adjusted PERFORMANCE MANAGERS SKILLS
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Assessing green management performance of industrial enterprise:A case study of BH Petrochemical Co.,Ltd at the high-efficiency ecological economic zone of the Yellow River Delta 认领
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作者 ZHOU Jiang-tao WANG Hai-bo 《生态经济:英文版》 2020年第1期58-67,共10页
This paper puts forward the connotation of enterprise green management and green management performance evaluation,analyzes the characteristics of enterprise green management performance evaluation and decomposes its ... This paper puts forward the connotation of enterprise green management and green management performance evaluation,analyzes the characteristics of enterprise green management performance evaluation and decomposes its content.Using the triple performance method,the paper constructs the performance evaluation index system of enterprise green management.Taking BH Petrochemical Co.,Ltd.at the high-efficiency ecological economic zone of the Yellow River Delta as an example,by using analytic hierarchy process(AHP)and Matlab programming,this paper determines the weight of each index in the enterprise green management performance evaluation index system,the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is used to evaluate the green management performance evaluation of industrial enterprises.The results show that the performance evaluation index system of enterprise green management constructed by"triple performance method"has important theoretical significance and application value for evaluating and guiding enterprises to strengthen their green management. 展开更多
关键词 enterprise green management green management performance evaluation triple performance method
某超高层建筑结构抗震性能分析与抗震构造措施 认领
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作者 蒋新新 李梦琪 《低温建筑技术》 2020年第6期86-90,共5页
文中以超高层建筑为例,已验证其结构布置的合理性和良好的抗震性能为目的进行分析,该工程采用的分析方法包括弹性分析、弹性时程分析和弹塑性时程分析等。结果表明工程可达到既定的性能目标,为我国超高层建筑的性能化设计提供帮助。
关键词 超高层 性能化 性能目标
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Evaluation of Daylighting and Thermo-EnergeticPerformance in Administrative Building in the South ofBrazil 认领
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作者 Paula Wrague Moura Celina Maria Britto Correa Eduardo Grala da Cunha 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2020年第1期20-36,共17页
Daylight is a fundamental element to obtain built environments that promote environmental comfort and energy efficiency. However, strategies that enhance the building daylight performance can affect its thermal energe... Daylight is a fundamental element to obtain built environments that promote environmental comfort and energy efficiency. However, strategies that enhance the building daylight performance can affect its thermal energetic performance. In this sense, research that addresses these aspects at the same time is considered essential. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the daylighting and thermal-energetic performance of administrative environments in a public institution, and to propose strategies that will enhance the use of daylight and lower energy consumption. Therefore, for future projects, and considering new buildings, and retrofit, this research will be an important reference. The research was developed through a case study of an administrative building model, in which the characteristics of solar orientation, light shelf use, glass type, and light and dark colors in walls were modified and combined, deriving it into models proposed. The daylighting performance evaluations were performed through dynamic simulation with the Rhinoceros for Diva software, and the thermal-energetic performance evaluations with the EnergyPlus software. The results of the work showed that a suitable solar orientation has a great impact on the automation of daylight and the energy consumption of the evaluated models, followed by the type of glass and the use of the light colors in internal walls, and that the use of artificial lighting with dimerization is fundamental as a complement to the daylight autonomy. For the boundary conditions of the study, the use of light shelves modified neither the daylight performance nor the thermal-energetic performance of the evaluated models. 展开更多
关键词 DAYLIGHTING DAYLIGHT PERFORMANCE thermal-energetic PERFORMANCE ADMINISTRATIVE environments.
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A Device Design for 5 nm Logic FinFET Technology 认领
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作者 Yu Ding Yongfeng Cao +4 位作者 Xin Luo Enming Shang Shaojian Hu Shoumian Chen Yuhang Zhao 《微电子制造学报》 2020年第1期27-32,共6页
With the continuous scaling in conventional CMOS technologies,the planar MOSFET device is limited by the severe short-channel-effect(SCE),Multi-gate FETs(MuG-FET)such as FinFETs and Nanowire,Nanosheet devices have eme... With the continuous scaling in conventional CMOS technologies,the planar MOSFET device is limited by the severe short-channel-effect(SCE),Multi-gate FETs(MuG-FET)such as FinFETs and Nanowire,Nanosheet devices have emerged as the most promising candidates to extend the CMOS scaling beyond sub-22 nm node.The multi-gate structure has better short channel behaviors due to enhanced control from the multiple gates.Due to the relatively more mature process and rich learning of the device physics,the FinFET is still extended to 5 nm technology node.In this paper,we proposed a 5 nm FINFET device,which is based on typical 5 nm logic design rules.To achieve the challenging device performance target,which is around 15%speed gain or 25%power reduction against the 7 nm device,we have performed an optimization on the process parameters and iterate through device simulation with the consideration of current process capability.Based on our preferred device architecture,we provide our brief process flow,key dimensions,and simulated device DC/AC performance,like Vt,Idsat,SS,DIBL and parasitic parameters.As a part of the final evaluation,RO simulation result has been checked,which demonstrates that the Performance Per Area(PPA)is close to industry reference 5 nm performance. 展开更多
关键词 5nm FINFET brief process flow key dimensions SIMULATED DEVICE DC/AC PERFORMANCE RO PPA PERFORMANCE
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Computer comparisons in the presence of performance variation 认领
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作者 Samuel IRVING Bin LI +3 位作者 Shaoming CHEN Lu PENG Weihua ZHANG Lide DUAN 《中国计算机科学前沿:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2020年第1期21-41,共21页
Performance variability,stemming from nondeterministic hardware and software behaviors or deterministic behaviors such as measurement bias,is a well-known phenomenon of computer systems which increases the difficulty ... Performance variability,stemming from nondeterministic hardware and software behaviors or deterministic behaviors such as measurement bias,is a well-known phenomenon of computer systems which increases the difficulty of comparing computer performance metrics and is slated to become even more of a concern as interest in Big Data analytic increases.Conventional methods use various measures(such as geometric mean)to quantify the performance of different benchmarks to compare computers without considering this variability which may lead to wrong conclusions.In this paper,we propose three resampling methods for performance evaluation and comparison:a randomization test for a general performance comparison between two computers,bootstrapping confidence estimation,and an empirical distribution and five-number-summary for performance evaluation.The results show that for both PARSEC and highvariance BigDataBench benchmarks 1)the randomization test substantially improves our chance to identify the difference between performance comparisons when the difference is not large;2)bootstrapping confidence estimation provides an accurate confidence interval for the performance comparison measure(e.g.,ratio of geometric means);and 3)when the difference is very small,a single test is often not enough to reveal the nature of the computer performance due to the variability of computer systems.We further propose using empirical distribution to evaluate computer performance and a five-number-summary to summarize computer performance.We use published SPEC 2006 results to investigate the sources of performance variation by predicting performance and relative variation for 8,236 machines.We achieve a correlation of predicted performances of 0.992 and a correlation of predicted and measured relative variation of 0.5.Finally,we propose the utilization of a novel biplotting technique to visualize the effectiveness of benchmarks and cluster machines by behavior.We illustrate the results and conclusion through detailed Monte Carlo simulation st 展开更多
关键词 PERFORMANCE of SYSTEMS VARIATION PERFORMANCE attributes measurement evaluation modeling simulation of multiple-processor SYSTEMS experimental design BIG Data
复合酶制剂对伊犁鹅生产性能、血清生化指标及盲肠内容物代谢组的影响 认领
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作者 王俊花 杨开伦 +8 位作者 古丽娜·巴克 彭箫 赵晓钰 吴盈萍 方书宝 段玉青 梅志勇 李海英 陈国宏 《动物营养学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第4期1693-1703,共11页
本试验旨在研究饲粮中添加复合酶制剂(主要成分为蛋白酶、木聚糖酶、纤维素酶、甘露聚糖酶、α-淀粉酶和普罗兰酶)对伊犁鹅生产性能、血清生化指标及盲肠内容物代谢组的影响。试验选取健康状况良好、体重相近的4岁伊犁鹅200只,随机分为4... 本试验旨在研究饲粮中添加复合酶制剂(主要成分为蛋白酶、木聚糖酶、纤维素酶、甘露聚糖酶、α-淀粉酶和普罗兰酶)对伊犁鹅生产性能、血清生化指标及盲肠内容物代谢组的影响。试验选取健康状况良好、体重相近的4岁伊犁鹅200只,随机分为4组,每组10个重复,每个重复5只伊犁鹅(1公4母)。对照组饲喂玉米-豆粕型饲粮,试验Ⅰ、Ⅱ和Ⅲ组在对照组饲粮的基础上分别添加0.2、0.3和0.4 g/kg的复合酶制剂。预试期7 d,正试期38 d。结果显示:1)在生产性能方面,与对照组相比,试验Ⅱ组的产蛋率提高25.78%(P<0.05),料蛋比降低21.72%(P<0.05)。2)在血清生化指标方面,与对照组相比,试验Ⅱ组的总蛋白和球蛋白含量分别提高21.51%(P<0.05)、30.61%(P<0.05);试验Ⅰ、Ⅱ和Ⅲ组的谷草转氨酶活性分别提高69.85%(P<0.05)、41.26%(P<0.05)和49.02%(P<0.05),谷丙转氨酶活性分别提高34.78%(P<0.05)、33.78%(P<0.05)和40.80%(P<0.05);试验Ⅰ、Ⅱ和Ⅲ组的葡萄糖含量分别提高55.61%(P<0.01)、55.81%(P<0.01)和38.02%(P<0.01);试验Ⅱ组的总胆固醇含量降低15.97%(P<0.05);试验Ⅱ和Ⅲ组的低密度脂蛋白含量分别降低37.66%(P<0.05)和37.01%(P<0.05)。3)在盲肠内容物代谢组方面,对照组和复合酶制剂组(即试验Ⅱ组)共检测到5530种代谢物,筛选出21种差异代谢物,其中N-乙酰基-L-瓜氨酸、孕烯醇酮硫酸盐和L-瓜氨酸等12种代谢物的相对含量显著上调(P<0.05),N2-(D-1羧乙基)-L-赖氨酸、5-甲氧基吲哚乙酸酯和(R)-乳酸等9种代谢物的相对含量显著下调(P<0.05)。综上所述,在产蛋期伊犁鹅饲粮中添加0.3 g/kg复合酶制剂,可调控伊犁鹅血清中葡萄糖、总蛋白含量和蛋白质代谢相关酶活性,改善脂代谢能力,并可引起伊犁鹅体内21种代谢物及相关代谢途径发生显著变化,同时增强了伊犁鹅肠道的代谢活动,提高了营养物质利用率,从而提高了伊犁鹅的生产性能。 展开更多
关键词 伊犁鹅 复合酶制剂 生产性能 血清生化指标 差异代谢物
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循环系统疾病整体化一站式管理模式 认领
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作者 黄丛春 陈霞 +4 位作者 雷震 曹钰锟 李悦 宋维 张红超 《解放军医院管理杂志》 2020年第4期335-338,共4页
目的循环系统疾病整体化管理是近年来许多医院的趋势,成立心血管疾病中心的医院越来越多。文章总体回顾其发展趋势,并以空军总医院心脏中心抽样数据分析循环系统疾病整体化一站式管理的特点。方法在总结国内外心血管系统疾病整体一站式... 目的循环系统疾病整体化管理是近年来许多医院的趋势,成立心血管疾病中心的医院越来越多。文章总体回顾其发展趋势,并以空军总医院心脏中心抽样数据分析循环系统疾病整体化一站式管理的特点。方法在总结国内外心血管系统疾病整体一站式管理的经验基础上,分别随机抽样150例接受过单次和2次2个病种治疗的患者进行比较,按照病种、治疗手段、效益分析进行分析。结果结果发现接受一站式治疗的患者住院日、CCU(冠心病监护病房)留住日、平均花费明显有优势,服务满意率、费用满意率、门诊复诊率同样有优势。结论循环系统疾病整体化一站式管理的模式患者受益大、医疗效率高,但是,要求管理的精准度要同步提高。 展开更多
关键词 循环系统疾病 一站式管理 绩效
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碳化钢渣集料制备透水混凝土 认领
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作者 吴昊泽 徐东宇 《水泥工程》 CAS 2020年第3期90-92,共3页
研究用碳化集料代替普通集料,制备透水混凝土。测试碳化钢渣集料的表观密度、堆积密度、压碎指标、针片状含量、孔隙率和吸水率等性能指标,并利用XRD和SEM观测集料表面的矿物组成和微观形貌。按照相应国家标准,设计碳化钢渣集料透水混... 研究用碳化集料代替普通集料,制备透水混凝土。测试碳化钢渣集料的表观密度、堆积密度、压碎指标、针片状含量、孔隙率和吸水率等性能指标,并利用XRD和SEM观测集料表面的矿物组成和微观形貌。按照相应国家标准,设计碳化钢渣集料透水混凝土配比,测试碳化钢渣集料对透水混凝土的抗压强度、孔隙率、透水率及抗冻性的影响,探讨碳化集料在透水混凝土中的适宜替代量。 展开更多
关键词 碳化 钢渣集料 透水混凝土 性能
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关键审计事项与公司业绩 认领
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作者 朱敏 《财务与金融》 2020年第2期61-66,共6页
在审计报告中增加关键审计事项段落,丰富了审计报告的信息含量,提升了审计报告作为桥梁的沟通价值。本文利用2017年上市公司年报审计的相关数据,研究披露关键审计事项对于公司业绩的影响,并进一步探究股权性质和内部控制质量在二者关系... 在审计报告中增加关键审计事项段落,丰富了审计报告的信息含量,提升了审计报告作为桥梁的沟通价值。本文利用2017年上市公司年报审计的相关数据,研究披露关键审计事项对于公司业绩的影响,并进一步探究股权性质和内部控制质量在二者关系中的作用。本文研究发现,披露关键事项越多,公司业绩越差,由于国有企业具有更多的政策扶持和资源优势,披露关键事项与公司业绩的负相关关系较弱,高质量的内部控制水平可以提高公司的风险防控水平和决策质量,提升投资者的信任程度,因此披露关键审计事项与公司业绩之间的负相关程度较弱。 展开更多
关键词 关键审计事项 业绩 产权性质 内部控制
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浅论新时代国有企业职工代表履职能力的培养与提升--以安徽省为例 认领
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作者 王慧 《北京市工会干部学院学报》 2020年第1期39-43,38,共6页
职工代表选自于职工,代表了广大职工的意愿和心声,是职工联系企业的桥梁和纽带。然而,目前国有企业职工代表普遍存在职代会前基层调研不充分、会中讨论发言不积极、会后日常活动参与少的问题。本文从安徽省国有企业职工代表履职能力的... 职工代表选自于职工,代表了广大职工的意愿和心声,是职工联系企业的桥梁和纽带。然而,目前国有企业职工代表普遍存在职代会前基层调研不充分、会中讨论发言不积极、会后日常活动参与少的问题。本文从安徽省国有企业职工代表履职能力的现状入手,通过对职工代表履职能力培养与提升面临的主要问题进行分析,提出了优化职工代表民主选举程序、加强职工代表业务知识培训、健全职工代表动态考核和激励机制等提高国有企业职工代表履职能力的措施。 展开更多
关键词 新时代 国有企业 职工代表 履职能力 培养提升
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基于流程的企业物流管理绩效指标评估模型研究 认领
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作者 文勇 《宁夏师范学院学报》 2020年第4期95-100,共6页
为了提高企业物流管理绩效指标评估能力,提出基于流程的企业物流管理绩效指标评估模型.构建企业物流管理绩效数据模型,提取企业物流管理绩效指标关联特征信息,采用流程优化控制方法、描述性统计分析方法以及分区线性统计和流程优化调度... 为了提高企业物流管理绩效指标评估能力,提出基于流程的企业物流管理绩效指标评估模型.构建企业物流管理绩效数据模型,提取企业物流管理绩效指标关联特征信息,采用流程优化控制方法、描述性统计分析方法以及分区线性统计和流程优化调度方法,提高评估准确性.实证分析结果表明,采用该方法进行企业物流管理绩效指标评估的准确性较高,自适应性较好,置信度水平较高,评估结果准确可靠,提高了企业物流管理绩效指标的量化分析能力. 展开更多
关键词 流程 企业 物流 管理 绩效 指标评估
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Novel water-based nanolubricant with superior tribological performance in hot steel rolling 认领
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作者 Hui Wu Fanghui Jia +7 位作者 Zhou Li Fei Lin Mingshuai Huo Shuiquan Huang Sepidar Sayyar Sihai Jiao Han Huang Zhengyi Jiang 《极端制造(英文)》 2020年第2期102-112,共11页
Novel water-based nanolubricants using TiO2 nanoparticles(NPs)were synthesised by adding sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate(SDBS)and glycerol,which exhibited excellent dispersion stability and wettability.The tribologic... Novel water-based nanolubricants using TiO2 nanoparticles(NPs)were synthesised by adding sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate(SDBS)and glycerol,which exhibited excellent dispersion stability and wettability.The tribological performance of the synthesised nanolubricants was investigated using an Rtec ball-on-disk tribometer,and their application in hot steel rolling was evaluated on a 2-high Hille 100 experimental rolling mill,in comparison to those without SDBS.The water-based nanolubricant containing 4 wt%TiO2 and 0.4 wt%SDBS demonstrated superior tribological performance by decreasing coefficient of friction and ball wear up to 70.5%and 84.3%,respectively,compared to those of pure water.In addition to the lubrication effect,the suspensions also had significant effect on polishing of the work roll surface.The resultant surface improvement thus enabled the decrease in rolling force up to 8.3%under a workpiece reduction of 30%at a rolling temperature of 850◦C.The lubrication mechanisms were primarily ascribed to the formation of lubricating film and ball-bearing effect of the TiO2 NPs. 展开更多
关键词 water-based nanolubricant TiO2 nanoparticle tribological performance hot steel rolling
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饲粮中添加复合植物精油对58周龄海兰褐壳蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质和肠道菌群结构的影响 认领
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作者 杨建平 王笑笑 +3 位作者 李新锋 段海涛 李梦云 姚国佳 《动物营养学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第6期2869-2879,共11页
本试验旨在探讨饲粮中添加复合植物精油(八角茴香精油和百里香精油)对58周龄海兰褐壳蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质和肠道菌群结构的影响。选用产蛋率和体重相近的58周龄海兰褐壳蛋鸡360只,随机分为对照组和试验组2个组,每组6个重复,每个重复30... 本试验旨在探讨饲粮中添加复合植物精油(八角茴香精油和百里香精油)对58周龄海兰褐壳蛋鸡生产性能、蛋品质和肠道菌群结构的影响。选用产蛋率和体重相近的58周龄海兰褐壳蛋鸡360只,随机分为对照组和试验组2个组,每组6个重复,每个重复30只鸡。对照组饲喂基础饲粮,试验组饲喂基础饲粮+150 mg/kg复合植物精油。试验期49 d。结果表明:1)与对照组相比,试验组蛋鸡的产蛋率显著升高(P<0.05),料蛋比和破蛋率显著降低(P<0.05),平均日采食量和死淘率无显著差异(P>0.05)。2)与对照组相比,试验组蛋鸡的蛋黄色泽、蛋白重量显著升高(P<0.05),其他蛋品质指标差异无显著差异(P>0.05)。3)与对照组相比,试验组的Shannon指数显著降低(P<0.05),Chao1指数、ACE指数和Simpson指数无显著差异(P>0.05)。4)在门水平上,2组盲肠菌群主要为厚壁菌门(Firmicutes)、拟杆菌门(Bacteroidetes)、梭杆菌门(Fusobacteria)、变形菌门(Proteobacteria)和放线菌门(Actinobacteria)。与对照组相比,试验组拟杆菌门的相对丰度显著升高(P<0.05),厚壁菌门和梭杆菌门的相对丰度显著降低(P<0.05)。5)在属水平上,与对照组相比,试验组的拟杆菌属(Bacteroides)和unidentified_Ruminococcaceae的相对丰度显著升高(P<0.05),梭形杆菌属(Fusobacterium)、瘤胃球菌科_UCG-005属(Ruminococcaceae_UCG-005)、厌氧球菌属(Anaerotruncus)的相对丰度显著降低(P<0.05),瘤胃球菌科_UCG-014属(Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014)和克里斯滕森菌科_R-7族群(Christensenellaceae_R-7_group)的相对丰度有降低趋势(P=0. 060)。由此可见,在本试验条件下,饲粮中添加150 mg/kg复合植物精油能够改善58周龄海兰褐蛋鸡的生产性能,加深蛋黄颜色,提高盲肠拟杆菌门的相对丰度,降低盲肠厚壁菌门和梭杆菌门的相对丰度,改善盲肠肠道菌群结构。 展开更多
关键词 复合植物精油 蛋鸡 生产性能 蛋品质 盲肠菌群结构
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