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Factors Associated with the Prevalence of Breast Cancer Risk: Perception of Northern Saudi Civic 预览
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作者 Abdelbaset Mohamed Elasbali Elyasa Mustafa Elfakia Mohammed +6 位作者 Ziad Alonzi Haya Ali Atshan Al-Ruwaili Amierah Hail Alsharari Abdulrazaq Alshammari Ali Saad Almansour Abdulwahab Abdulrahman Alsaman Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed 《癌症治疗(英文)》 2019年第3期245-256,共12页
Background: The incidence of breast cancer is increasing in Saudi Arabia, chiefly in distant provinces with cases assigning advanced stages of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge towards e... Background: The incidence of breast cancer is increasing in Saudi Arabia, chiefly in distant provinces with cases assigning advanced stages of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge towards external exposure related to breast cancer risk factors in Qurayyat, Northern Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This descriptive study included 724 Saudi volunteers living in the city of Qurayyat, Northern Saudi Arabia. For females, only those agreeing to participate in the breast self-examination workshop were included and were further investigated for the presence of breast lumps. Results: In comparison of females vs. males, as for the point “Do you know food increases or decreases the risk of BC”, 92 (15%) women stated “Yes (Some prevented BC)” vs. 24 (24%) of the men;78 (12.5%) women stated “Yes (Some caused BC)” vs. 25 (25%) of the men. Referring to the socket “Overweight or obesity increases the risk of BC”, 290 (46.5%) women stated “Yes” vs. 53 (53%) of the men. As for the inquiry “Viruses can increase the risk of BC”, 370 (60%) women stated “Yes” vs. 49 (49%) of the men. Conclusion: There is a lack of breast cancer awareness in Northern Saudi Arabia with the existence of many women with undetected breast lumps. BSE is cost-effective, and it can be implemented in such inaccessible areas. 展开更多
关键词 BREAST Cancer BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION Awareness SAUDI ARABIA Risk FACTORS
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Intraoperative Awareness with Recall Due to Inadvertent Use of Activated Charcoal Filters 预览
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作者 Barry N. Swerdlow 《麻醉学期刊(英文)》 2019年第6期127-132,共6页
A 57-year-old woman underwent abdominal surgery with a subarachnoid block supplemented by “light” general endotracheal anesthesia consisting of a propofol infusion and a sub-MAC concentration of sevoflurane. The pre... A 57-year-old woman underwent abdominal surgery with a subarachnoid block supplemented by “light” general endotracheal anesthesia consisting of a propofol infusion and a sub-MAC concentration of sevoflurane. The previous case in the same operating room had involved a malignant hyperthermia-susceptible patient, and charcoal filters had been placed in the breathing circuit as a precautionary measure. Because it had not been used on the evening beforehand, the circuit with filters was left in situ with a strip of tape indicating that it was clean. The woman’s anesthesiologist assumed that these filters were heat and moisture exchanger filters in an unused circuit and therefore did not remove them. Subsequently, the patient had awareness with intraoperative recall. This case highlights the potential for inadvertent use of activated charcoal filters with potentially catastrophic results. Such unintended utilization of these products likely can be minimized by improved labeling techniques. 展开更多
关键词 AWARENESS Charcoal FILTERS General ANESTHESIA MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA RECALL
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International Exchanges by College Nursing Students: “International Comparisons of Awareness and Challenges” 预览
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作者 Yuko Harding 《护理学期刊(英文)》 2019年第7期779-793,共15页
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the extent of awareness of international exchanges among college nursing students in Japan and other countries and to identify strategies to improve awareness. Method: This ... Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the extent of awareness of international exchanges among college nursing students in Japan and other countries and to identify strategies to improve awareness. Method: This is an integrative literature review, consisting of scientific articles published on “Ichushi-Web,” an Internet-based retrieval service by the Japan Medical Abstracts Society (JAMAS) and Google Scholar for domestic documents and, PubMed, Medline, Cochrane library and Google Scholar for foreign documents. We employed search parameters for “the years from 2000 to 2017” in combination with “international educational exchange”, “schools, nursing”, “students, nursing”, “program evaluation”, and “awareness.” Result: The data were extracted from seven documents among a review of 29 retrieved domestic documents written in Japanese, and another seven documents among a review of 111 retrieved foreign documents written in English. All documents from Japan were reports of quantitative studies, and most documents from other countries were qualitative studies. The data from Japanese research reports were classified into four perspectives: interest in international exchange, need to participate in international exchange, understanding of different cultures and awareness of foreign settlers. The data from research reports from other countries were classified into three perspectives: understanding of different cultures, improving expertise in nursing, and awareness of the international community. Conclusions: Strategies that will enhance students’ understanding of diverse cultures are needed to increase their awareness of international exchanges. 展开更多
关键词 INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL Exchange SCHOOLS NURSING Students Program Evaluation AWARENESS
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Awareness and Perception of Drug Trials among Patients with Mental Disorders 预览
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作者 Adebayo Sunday Adebisi Shehu Sale 《精神病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第2期165-178,共14页
Mental disorders are generally characterized by abnormal thoughts, perceptions and emotions. These abnormalities may make an informed consent more difficult to obtain from psychiatric patients. The implementation of d... Mental disorders are generally characterized by abnormal thoughts, perceptions and emotions. These abnormalities may make an informed consent more difficult to obtain from psychiatric patients. The implementation of drug trials is being threatened by the decline in its overall frequency generally, especially in Psychiatry. This foretells a dearth of major breakthroughs in pharmacotherapy for psychiatric patients if they are unwilling to present themselves for drug trials. Insight into patient’s awareness and perception of drug trials will enhance the planning, design and implementation of drug trials among this vulnerable subpopulation. This was a cross-sectional study of one hundred patients attending the follow-up clinic of a tertiary psychiatric hospital. A proforma questionnaire to assess awareness and perception of drug trials was administered to participants. About half (51%) were aware of drug trials and 50% of the participants were not willing to participate in a drug trial. Sixty-five percent considered it highly risky to participate. Females were more likely to be unsure whether informed consent will be needed for drug trials. The married were more likely to be unaware of drug trials in clinical research. The unmarried were more likely to be informed about drug trials through the media. Findings are likely to have been influenced by the socio-cultural environment of this study setting. Drug trials among this population require an approach that will create an initial drug trial disorder—sensitive awareness and a design that will ensure that the consent process will take into cognizance the vulnerability of these patients;especially among females. 展开更多
关键词 AWARENESS DRUG Trials MENTAL DISORDERS PERCEPTION
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Awareness of Chronic Kidney Disease among Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh 预览
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作者 Ferdous Jahan A. K. M. Shahidur Rahman +5 位作者 Tania Mahbub Mesbah Uddin Noman Yeasmin Akter Mohammed Mizanur Rahaman K. B. M. Hadiuzzaman M. A. Jalil Chowdhury 《生物科学与医学(英文)》 2019年第8期106-118,共13页
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of morbidity & mortality. Educational interventions aimed at empowering patients are successful in chronic disease management including ... Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of morbidity & mortality. Educational interventions aimed at empowering patients are successful in chronic disease management including CKD. Objective: To explore the awareness regarding CKD among patients attending in a tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh. Methodology: This was a descriptive observational study, which includes 100 adult patients attending the department of Medicine in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2013 to June 2013. Data were collected on a pre-tested questionnaire by face-to-face interview to investigate awareness toward: 1) basic knowledge of personal health;2) perceptions of factors increasing the risk of CKD;3) knowledge of therapies to slow CKD progression;4) perceptions of CKD increasing the risk of other medical conditions and 5) demographic information. Main outcome variables were demographic parameters, socio-economic status and awareness about chronic kidney disease. Data were analyzed and compared by statistical tests. Results: Almost one third (32.0%) respondents were in 3rd decade and male to female ratio was 1:1.5. Majority (43.0%) patients came from lower-middle income family. In all age groups, the majority (60%) respondents had low knowledge of CKD. Among the study population, 44.0% believe that smoking increases risk of CKD;42.0% believe that restricting salt intake reduces the progression of CKD;34.0% mention that CKD increases the risk for hypertension and 82.0% mention that renal transplantation is the treatment of choice in CKD. Among the participants, 32.8% had knowledge of increasing risk factor of CKD, 30.8% had knowledge of the method of slow progression of CKD, 30.3% had knowledge of conditions for increase risk of CKD and 41.7% respondent had knowledge of treatment of CKD. Conclusion: Most of the study participants had inadequate knowledge of CKD. Lack of CKD screening and educational programs have contributed to the inadequate patient kn 展开更多
关键词 AWARENESS Chronic KIDNEY Disease PATIENT KNOWLEDGE PATIENT PERCEPTION
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Awareness of Breast Cancer in Lower Socioeconomic Status Women Attending the Surgery Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Teaching Institution 预览
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作者 S. Keerthana Arcot Rekha 《临床医学病理报告(英文)》 2019年第8期205-215,共11页
Background: Worldwide breast cancer represents nearly a quarter (25%) of all cancers and is the most common female cancer. Objective: The present study was conducted to check the awareness of breast cancer warning sig... Background: Worldwide breast cancer represents nearly a quarter (25%) of all cancers and is the most common female cancer. Objective: The present study was conducted to check the awareness of breast cancer warning signs & symptoms, available investigations and treatment options among women of a suburban area in Chennai, Tamilnadu (India). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted amongst women attending the surgery outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching institution in Chennai, Tamilnadu (India), using a semi-structured questionnaire. The questionnaires were administered during one to one interview by trained research assistants. Results: The study population showed poor awareness of warning signs like changes in position of nipple, pulling in of nipple, nipple rash, changes in size of nipple, puckering/dimpling of breast skin colour changes in breast skin, lump under armpit, changes in size and shape of breast. Conclusion: The observations indicated that the level of awareness and knowledge about the presentation and management of breast cancer is suboptimal among women in Thandalam (suburban Chennai). 展开更多
关键词 BREAST Cancer AWARENESS QUESTIONNAIRE MAMMOGRAM Barriers Screening CHENNAI Tamilnadu India
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Farmers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Pesticide Safety: A Case Study of Vegetable Farmers in Mount-Bamboutos Agricultural Area, Cameroon 预览
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作者 Sonchieu Jean Fointama Emmanuel +1 位作者 Akono Nantia Edouard Serri Brownlinda 《农业科学(英文)》 2019年第8期1039-1055,共17页
Pesticides are commonly used in Cameroon for farming purposes, especially in the Mount-Bamboutos agricultural area. This study aimed to evaluate the basic knowledge, attitude and practices among pesticide users in the... Pesticides are commonly used in Cameroon for farming purposes, especially in the Mount-Bamboutos agricultural area. This study aimed to evaluate the basic knowledge, attitude and practices among pesticide users in the said area in view of assessing the level of safety and health risks due to pesticide exposures or contaminations. Data was collected through survey study on pesticide knowledge, marketing, attitude and practices on spraying skills, toxicity, health issues, management, first aids and literacy of operators. Results revealed that both male and female were involved in agricultural practices with their ages varying from 21 to 60 years. The farmers were generally of low education level. The main crops cultivated are leafy and fruit vegetables, tubers, cereals, roots and fruits. Half the participants purchased pesticides from the neighborhood. Ethylene bis-dithiocarbamate (EBDC) and cypermethrin were the two main pesticides used by the farmers. Seventy percent (70%) of pesticide containers were thrown in the environment after usage. A certain portion of the sprayers (12%) did not know the existence of residues after application while, as routes of penetration up to 42% pointed the mouth as the route for pesticides into human body. Very few respondents (3%) identified the intervention hospital in case of pesticide poisoning. This study highlights poor knowledge on the use and handling of pesticides in Mount-Bamboutos agricultural area. Sensitization campaigns should be put in place, involving different stakeholders, to train farmers in pesticide risks and management. 展开更多
关键词 PEST Management Ability AWARENESS PESTICIDES Handling
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成都市某医学院大学生艾滋病风险意识和应对能力调查及干预效果评估
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作者 彭胜寒 练建 +5 位作者 唐春琳 周敏 薛榆 毛皓月 刘芳 朱彦锋 《职业与健康》 CAS 2019年第2期242-245,249共5页
目的了解高校大学生对艾滋病的认知、风险意识、应对能力,并实施干预措施,评估干预效果,为高校开展艾滋病防控提供科学依据。方法以成都市某医学高校一至三年级随机抽取的12个班级为研究对象,开展以专题讲座为主要方式的健康教育,干预... 目的了解高校大学生对艾滋病的认知、风险意识、应对能力,并实施干预措施,评估干预效果,为高校开展艾滋病防控提供科学依据。方法以成都市某医学高校一至三年级随机抽取的12个班级为研究对象,开展以专题讲座为主要方式的健康教育,干预前后进行学生自填式纸质基线调查和终末调查,评估干预效果。结果被调查的500余名学生,艾滋病总知晓率由84.2%提升到97.9%。艾滋病风险意识水平较基线有了显著提升。其中对"性病会增加感染风险"、"发生高危行为后需及时检测"的风险意识的提升率最为明显,分别由干预前的59.10%和11.40%增加至96.57%和56.78%。认为"自己不可能感染艾滋病"的人数由干预前的56.20%减至48.89%。同时艾滋病风险应对能力较基线有了较大提升。"安全套的正确佩戴时间"的知晓率从基线调查的57.03%提升到92.28%。安全套的佩戴方法的知晓率提升也尤为明显,从干预前的38.97%提升到89.28%。结论实施的干预措施可有效提高成都高校大学生艾滋病知晓水平、风险意识及应对能力。因此,针对大学生应开展长期系统的、将艾滋病理论教育与行为教育相结合的艾滋病防治相关知识的教育,以达到在大学生群体中预防艾滋病的目的。 展开更多
关键词 大学生 艾滋病 知晓情况 风险意识 风险应对 干预前后效果评价
Awareness and Practice of Proper Health Seeking Behaviour and Determinant of Self-Medication among Physicians and Nurses in a Tertiary Hospital in Southwest Nigeria 预览
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作者 Kayode Rasaq Adewoye Shuaib Kayode Aremu +3 位作者 Tope Michael Ipinnimo Idris Adedayo Salawu Tesleem Olayinka Orewole Adewumi Bakare 《流行病学期刊(英文)》 2019年第1期36-49,共14页
Background: There is generally a lack of good health-seeking practices among health professionals due to a variety of factors, including the intensity of the medical practice itself. Doctors and nurses are perceived t... Background: There is generally a lack of good health-seeking practices among health professionals due to a variety of factors, including the intensity of the medical practice itself. Doctors and nurses are perceived to have a good knowledge of ideal health-seeking behaviors and as such, it is important to determine the level of their awareness and estimate whether this knowledge is put into practice. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the level of awareness and practices of proper health-seeking behavior and to identify the factors responsible for self-medication among doctors and nurses in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between April and may 2018 among 106 doctors and 164 nurses in a tertiary health facility in Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Southwestern Nigeria. A simple random sampling technique by balloting was performed from the list of doctors and nurses in the hospital to select doctors and nurses that participated in the study. A pretested semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was designed and used to collect data. The data were entered into the computer software and analyzed using SPSS version 20. P ≤ 0.05 was taken as significant. Result: Out of 106 doctors and 164 nurses recruited, only 102 doctors and 143 nurses filled the questionnaire completely and returned for analysis. One hundred and four respondents (42.4%) fall within the ages of 31 - 40 years with a male to female ratio of 1:1.23. Awareness of proper health seeking behavior among both doctors and nurses was high among the two groups with no statistically significant difference between them. Twenty-nine (28.0%) doctors compared with thirty-four (23.8%) nurses go for a regular medical check-up with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.411). Out of these, 5 (17.2%) doctors and 7 (23.8%) nurses visit at an interval of less than 6 month (p = 0.736). There is a statistically significant difference in the number of doctors (60.8%) compared wi 展开更多
关键词 Health Seeking Behavior SELF-MEDICATION AWARENESS DOCTORS Nurses
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Hong Kong female’s breast cancer awareness measure: Crosssectional survey 预览
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作者 May Pui Shan Yeung Emily Ying Yang Chan +2 位作者 Samuel Yeung Shan Wong Benjamin Hon Kei Yip Polly Suk-Yee Cheung 《世界临床肿瘤学杂志(英文版)》 2019年第2期98-109,共12页
BACKGROUND In women worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cancer. Breast cancer accounted for 26.6% of all new cancers in females diagnosed in 2015 in Hong Kong. AIM To examine women’s awareness, perception, kn... BACKGROUND In women worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cancer. Breast cancer accounted for 26.6% of all new cancers in females diagnosed in 2015 in Hong Kong. AIM To examine women’s awareness, perception, knowledge, and screening practice of breast cancer in Hong Kong. METHODS We carried out a population-based survey using random telephone interviews to women aged 18 or above using the United Kingdom Cancer Research Breast Cancer Awareness Measure (United Kingdom CAM). The data was analysed using proportions, chi-square test (χ2-test) and adjusted odds ratios (ORs). RESULTS A total of 1000 participants completed the CAM questionnaire from 1,731 responses (response rate = 57.8%) from September to October 2017. One in five and one in four respondents recalled ≥ 3 early warning signs and ≥ 2 risk factors of breast cancer respectively. The majority (62.6%) reported they were not confident that they would notice a change in their breasts. Among the respondents, 16.8% would have regular mammography at least every two years.In general, 4 in 10 women had tried practices on preventing breast cancer. Respondents with better result in recalling breast cancer signs and symptoms were more likely to seek immediate medical help when noticed a change in their breasts (χ^2-test P = 0.038), and more likely had tried prevention practice (χ^2-test P < 0.001). Respondents received higher education (secondary school or above) had higher breast cancer awareness (OR = 2.83, CI: 1.61-4.97), more frequent screening (OR = 2.64, CI: 1.63-4.26) and more had tried prevention practices (OR = 2.80, CI: 1.96-4.02) when compared to those with lower education. Those in age groups 31- 45 and 46-60 had higher percentages in performing breast self-exam and mammography when compared to the 18-30 and 61 or above age groups. CONCLUSION Population-wide public health initiatives should emphasize on prevention and early detection of breast cancer in women, with targeted strategy for those with low education level and advance in age. 展开更多
关键词 BREAST CANCER CANCER AWARENESS MEASURE AWARENESS Screening practice Behaviour ATTITUDE
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网络安全态势感知通报预警与防御解决方案 预览
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作者 宋雪冬 《信息技术与标准化》 2019年第9期15-17,32共4页
面对新技术背景下被动的安全防御手段难以满足监管单位对网络空间安全管理的困境,提出利用大数据技术建立辖区网络空间安全态势感知平台,分析网络安全监管行业对网络安全管理的主要业务要求,总结出网络安全监管行业态势感知系统包含的... 面对新技术背景下被动的安全防御手段难以满足监管单位对网络空间安全管理的困境,提出利用大数据技术建立辖区网络空间安全态势感知平台,分析网络安全监管行业对网络安全管理的主要业务要求,总结出网络安全监管行业态势感知系统包含的五大要素,概括监管行业态势感知系统的主要应用场景,从而帮助用户理解态势感知采用的有效技术手段和主要应用目的。 展开更多
关键词 态势感知 安全大数据 通报预警 安全数据可视化 威胁情报
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德阳地区高龄孕产妇对孕期保健的认知度调查及影响因素分析
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作者 王景 李小梅 《中国妇幼保健》 CAS 2019年第14期3317-3320,共4页
目的调查四川省德阳地区高龄孕产妇对孕期保健的认知度及影响因素,为高龄孕产妇孕期保健提供参考依据。方法选择2016年11月-2017年11月德阳市人民医院和德阳市妇幼保健院收治的200例高龄孕产妇为研究对象,以是否接受孕期保健为依据,分... 目的调查四川省德阳地区高龄孕产妇对孕期保健的认知度及影响因素,为高龄孕产妇孕期保健提供参考依据。方法选择2016年11月-2017年11月德阳市人民医院和德阳市妇幼保健院收治的200例高龄孕产妇为研究对象,以是否接受孕期保健为依据,分为观察组120例为定期接受孕期保健服务,对照组80例为从未接受检查或不定期检查,对比两组孕产妇基本信息、孕期保健认知度、抑郁自评量表(SDS)评分、焦虑自评量表(SAS)评分以及孕期并发症发生情况等相关指标。结果观察组孕产妇的学历、年收入、居住条件、工作条件等家庭情况明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05),且流产史、初产妇人数明显多于对照组,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05);观察组孕产妇对于孕早期检查、产前检查、产检次数、孕期保健知识等方面的认知情况明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05);两组孕产妇保健前SDS、SAS评分差异无统计学意义(均P>0.05),保健后观察组孕妇SDS、SAS评分明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05);观察组孕产妇妊娠期高血压疾病、妊娠期糖尿病、妊娠期贫血、胎膜早破、产后出血等并发症发生率明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。结论孕期保健服务意义重大,而高龄孕产妇孕期保健认知度差异显著,与其学历、家庭收入、居住条件、产次等密切相关,因此必须加强高龄孕产妇孕期保健认知行为。 展开更多
关键词 高龄孕妇 孕期保健 认知度 影响因素 调查
高职英语学生跨文化交际意识培养 预览
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作者 王欣蕾 《科教文汇》 2019年第22期177-178,共2页
世界经济迅速发展,各个国家之间、各大跨国企业内部联系越来越多,交往日益密切,商务交流对于英语的依赖日益强烈,对跨文化交际人才的需求更大。高职院校作为英语专业人才培养的重要基地,应有意识地培养英语人才的跨文化交际意识,以提升... 世界经济迅速发展,各个国家之间、各大跨国企业内部联系越来越多,交往日益密切,商务交流对于英语的依赖日益强烈,对跨文化交际人才的需求更大。高职院校作为英语专业人才培养的重要基地,应有意识地培养英语人才的跨文化交际意识,以提升英语学生的职业适应能力。本文立足于高职院校英语教学跨文化交际意识的研究,分析跨文化交际意识对于商务英语专业人才的重要性,提出提升高职英语专业学生跨文化交际意识和能力的有效策略,旨在为高职英语人才综合能力提升研究提供参考资料。 展开更多
关键词 高职 英语 跨文化交际 意识 培养
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Influencing factors of customer satisfaction towards ride-sharing
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作者 YANG Jian-chun CHEN Du-da 《生态经济:英文版》 2019年第2期88-94,共7页
Based on the SOR model, this paper constructs the model of the influence factors of ride-sharing customer satisfaction, and takes Didi Chuxing users as an example for empirical research. The analysis shows that the re... Based on the SOR model, this paper constructs the model of the influence factors of ride-sharing customer satisfaction, and takes Didi Chuxing users as an example for empirical research. The analysis shows that the reference group and interpersonal interaction have significant impacts on customer satisfaction through four dimensions, namely perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived travel risk and perceived service quality, while the impact of perceived platform risk on customer satisfaction is not significant. Meanwhile environmental awareness moderates the relationship between customer perceptions and their satisfaction. 展开更多
关键词 ride-sharing environmental AWARENESS CUSTOMER SATISFACTION SOR model
慢性颈腰痛患者对职业性肌肉骨骼疾患疾病的认知现状调查
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作者 张明霞 沈玲玲 +1 位作者 何丽 李云燕 《工业卫生与职业病》 CAS 2019年第4期275-278,共4页
目的调查分析慢性颈腰痛患者对职业性肌肉骨骼疾患(WMSDs)知晓率及社会支持度。方法收治该院慢性颈腰痛患者188例,调查分析患者的一般资料、WMSDs相关知识调查表、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)。结果慢性颈腰痛患者躯... 目的调查分析慢性颈腰痛患者对职业性肌肉骨骼疾患(WMSDs)知晓率及社会支持度。方法收治该院慢性颈腰痛患者188例,调查分析患者的一般资料、WMSDs相关知识调查表、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)。结果慢性颈腰痛患者躯体化、强迫症状、焦虑、抑郁、敌对、恐怖、偏执、精神病性及总分均明显高于全国常模(P<0.05);SSRS评分为(31.59±3.72)分,47例(25.00%)低度支持,81例(43.09%)一般支持,60例(31.91%)高度支持。患者对WMSDs知识的整体知晓率为45.74%(86/188);文化程度、社会支持度、知识来源是影响WMSDs知识知晓率的独立因素(P<0.05)。结论慢性颈腰痛患者对WMSDs知识知晓率及社会支持度较低,可提高社会支持及改善心理状态等干预。 展开更多
关键词 颈腰痛 职业性肌肉骨骼疾患 知晓率 社会支持
广州市番禺区不同等级医疗机构对慢性阻塞性肺疾病肺康复认知的横断面调查 预览
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作者 郑湘毅 崔俊宇 +1 位作者 李秀萍 何喜子 《中国当代医药》 2019年第4期186-191,共6页
目的了解广州市番禺区各等级医疗机构对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)肺康复认知情况。方法2017年3~10月对该区339名各级医疗机构呼吸专科及社区医务人员进行问卷调查,录入数据并统计分析。结果对COPD气流受限严重程度分级的知晓率比较,三级... 目的了解广州市番禺区各等级医疗机构对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)肺康复认知情况。方法2017年3~10月对该区339名各级医疗机构呼吸专科及社区医务人员进行问卷调查,录入数据并统计分析。结果对COPD气流受限严重程度分级的知晓率比较,三级医院最高(50.0%),社区最低(20.2%)。熟悉GOLD指南的知晓率比较,三级医院最高(22.7%),社区最低(1.6%)。使用规范术语最多的是三级医院(90.9%)。三级医院对肺功能是确诊COPD依据的知晓率最高(86.4%),一级医院最低(58.7%)。三级医院对肺功能了解最多(70.5%),一级医院最低(30.4%)。使用β受体激动剂缓解气促,三级医院最低(34.1%),二级医院最高(60.8%)。三级医院了解常用吸入剂种类和使用最高(52.3%),一级医院最低(8.7%)。各医疗机构对缩唇呼吸和腹式呼吸在各康复锻炼项目中的认识度最高。对于上下肢锻炼、功率自行车、平板运动,三级医院的知晓率均高于其他等级医疗机构。认识呼吸肌肉最多的是三级医院(72.8%),一级医院最低(19.5%)。认识气道廓清技术最多的是三级医院(77.3%),一级医院最低(15.2%)。各医疗机构回访的形式主要以医院复诊(37.1%~84.1%)和电话回访(26.1%~56.8%)为主,社区家访多于其他医疗机构。各医疗机构认为“药费”和“不了解治疗的益处”是影响COPD患者依从性的主要因素。各医疗机构72.7%~82.4%“每次门诊”会劝患者戒烟。药物不足、人力不足、患者依从性差、医护认识不足、设备不足和信息系统落后是影响社区管理COPD的主要原因。结论本地区不同等级医疗机构对COPD肺康复的认知参差,加大对基层医院和社区的培训,需根据情况有所侧重,充分发挥不同医疗机构的作用,共同管理COPD。 展开更多
关键词 慢性阻塞性肺疾病 医疗机构 肺康复 认知 横断面调查
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Teaching people to fish: Research on the Cultivation of Contemporary College Students’ Innovative Entrepreneurship 预览
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作者 Meng Ding 《当代教育研究(百图)》 2019年第4期5-10,共6页
With the rapid development of China’s economy and society,the concept of innovation is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people,and the construction of an innovative country is imminent.As a cradle of cultivating ta... With the rapid development of China’s economy and society,the concept of innovation is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people,and the construction of an innovative country is imminent.As a cradle of cultivating talents,how to effectively enhance college students’awareness of innovation and entrepreneurship,how to effectively improve college students’innovation and entrepreneurship,and how to effectively cultivate college students’ability to innovate and innovate is very important and urgent.Innovative entrepreneurship as a complex social giant system,training contemporary college students’awareness of innovation and entrepreneurship is the key.Based on the idea of"granting people and fishing"and applying practice as the purpose,this paper starts with the analysis of the current situation of the cultivation of college students’innovation and entrepreneurship awareness,the goal of cultivating contemporary college students’awareness of innovation and entrepreneurship,and the basic strategy for cultivating innovation and entrepreneurship awareness. 展开更多
关键词 COLLEGE students innovation and ENTREPRENEURSHIP AWARENESS CULTIVATION
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云南省产妇产后中医护理认知度和需求的调查 预览
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作者 王涛 李燕 +1 位作者 侯晓梅 朱蓓 《中西医结合护理(中英文)》 2019年第1期32-35,共4页
目的调查产妇产后中医护理认知情况、需求项目、获取知识途径和方式,构建适合产妇需求的本土化健康教育方式,改进中医护理临床工作。方法采用简便抽样法抽取2018年5月—10月在云南省某三甲医院分娩的产妇,采用自行设计的问卷进行面对面... 目的调查产妇产后中医护理认知情况、需求项目、获取知识途径和方式,构建适合产妇需求的本土化健康教育方式,改进中医护理临床工作。方法采用简便抽样法抽取2018年5月—10月在云南省某三甲医院分娩的产妇,采用自行设计的问卷进行面对面调查。结果调查共发放问卷220份,回收有效问卷212份,有效率96.36%。其中,139(65.57%)例产妇“没有接触过中医护理”,产妇对中医护理的认知程度评价得分较低。产妇对中医护理技术的需求较高,其中“及早恢复胃肠功能”的需求度最高,需求度评分为(2.70±0.91)。有161(75.94%)例产妇表示希望或很希望学会中医护理操作。产后护理项目中接受程度最高的是耳穴压籽(87.26%)和中药敷贴(87.26%)。不同学历与年龄的产妇获取中医护理知识的途径存在差异,但“医疗机构建立微信平台,定时发布相关信息”的方式是最主要的途径。结论产妇对中医护理的认知程度低,但对产后康复中医护理技术需求高,希望通过更多的途径获取中医护理知识并学会简单的操作。 展开更多
关键词 中医护理 产妇 产后 认知 需求 健康教育 中医康复
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大学生精神卫生知识知晓率调查报告 预览
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作者 秦雨晨 王玉杰 姚丰菊 《医药前沿》 2019年第11期37-39,共3页
目的为了解大学生精神卫生知识知晓情况,为政府制定精神卫生政策提供理论依据.方法采用分层多阶段随机抽样方法.从文史、理工、农林、医学类的专业中,各抽取一个专业,再从各专业中抽取调查对象,共840人.采用卫生部《心理健康知识问卷》... 目的为了解大学生精神卫生知识知晓情况,为政府制定精神卫生政策提供理论依据.方法采用分层多阶段随机抽样方法.从文史、理工、农林、医学类的专业中,各抽取一个专业,再从各专业中抽取调查对象,共840人.采用卫生部《心理健康知识问卷》,和自制《个人基本信息调查表》,对大学生进行入班级调查.结果:大学生心理健康知识知晓率为79.2%.其中女大学生精神卫生知识得分高于男大学生,差异显著(P<0.05);医学生精神卫生知识得分高于其他专业学生,差异显著(P<0.001).结论:大学生心理健康知识知晓率基本达到了《全国精神卫生工作规划(2015~2020年)》(国办发〔2015〕44号)的工作目标要求. 展开更多
关键词 精神卫生知识 知晓率 心理压力 精神疾病
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手足口病微信调查评估分析 预览
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作者 王小丽 林文婕 +1 位作者 周健明 李静媚 《国际感染病学(电子版)》 CAS 2019年第1期15-16,共2页
目的了解微信用户对手足口病的防治知识的掌握水平,为今后开展疾病防控宣传积累经验。方法采用自行设计的调查问卷,依托微信公众号平台从微信用户中随机抽取调查对象进行问卷调查。结果 43.12%的人群知晓手足口的传播途径,73.51%的人知... 目的了解微信用户对手足口病的防治知识的掌握水平,为今后开展疾病防控宣传积累经验。方法采用自行设计的调查问卷,依托微信公众号平台从微信用户中随机抽取调查对象进行问卷调查。结果 43.12%的人群知晓手足口的传播途径,73.51%的人知道手足口病的流行季节,98.2%的人知道手足口病的易感人群,能正确回答手足口病的主要症状及预防措施的人分别占48.77%和52.32%;80.45%的人听说过肠道病毒EV71(手足口)疫苗;85.53%的家长愿意给小孩接种肠道病毒EV71(手足口)疫苗;不愿意/观望的态度的原因是;7.55%的人认为没有必要打;77.74%的人担心疫苗安全性和副作用;18.49%的人疫苗的价格;10.57%的小孩已经得过手足口病;其他原因的占23.77%。结论调查对象对手足口病流行季节和易感人群知晓程度较高,下一步工作中应有针对性的对家长进行疫苗的科普,使其了解疫苗接种的重要性及疫苗的安全性。加强健康教育工作。 展开更多
关键词 手足口 知晓 健康教育
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