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Prophylaxis against hepatitis B virus recurrence after liver transplantation: A registry study 预览 被引量:2
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作者 ShuShen LiJiang +7 位作者 Guang-QinXiao Lu-NanYan Jia-YinYang Tian-FuWen BoLi Wen-TaoWang Ming-QingXu Yong-GangWei 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2015年第2期584-592,共9页
AIM: To evaluate the prophylactic efficacy of hepatitis B immunoglobulin(HBIG) in combination with different nucleos(t)ide analogues.METHODS: A total of 5333 hepatitis B surface antigenpositive patients from the China... AIM: To evaluate the prophylactic efficacy of hepatitis B immunoglobulin(HBIG) in combination with different nucleos(t)ide analogues.METHODS: A total of 5333 hepatitis B surface antigenpositive patients from the China Liver Transplant Registry database were enrolled between January 2000 and December 2009. Low-dose intramuscular(im) HBIG combined with one nucleos(t)ide analogue has been shown to be very cost-effective in recent reports. Hepatitis B virus(HBV) prophylactic outcomes were compared based on their posttransplant prophylactic protocols [group A(n = 4684): im HBIG plus lamivudine; group B(n = 491): im HBIG plus entecavir; group C(n = 158): im HBIG plus adefovir dipivoxil]. We compared the related baseline characteristics among the three groups, including the age, male sex, Meld score at the time of transplantation, Child-Pugh score at the time of transplantation, HCC, pre-transplantation hepatitis B e antigen positivity, pre-transplantation HBV deoxyribonucleic acid(HBV DNA) positivity, HBV DNA at the time of transplantation, pre-transplantation antiviral therapy, and the duration of antiviral therapy before transplantation of the patients. We also calculated the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates and HBV recurrence rates according to the different groups. All potential risk factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses.RESULTS: The mean follow-up duration was 42.1 ± 30.3 mo. The 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were lower in group A than in groups B(86.2% vs 94.4%, 76.9% vs 86.6%, 73.7% vs 82.4%, respectively, P < 0.001) and C(86.2% vs 92.5%, 76.9% vs 73.7%, 87.0% vs 81.6%, respectively, P < 0.001). The 1-, 3-and 5-year posttransplant HBV recurrence rates were significantly higher in group A than in group B(1.7% vs 0.5%, 3.5% vs 1.5%, 4.7% vs 1.5%, respectively, P = 0.023). No significant difference existed between groups A and C and between groups B and C with respect to the 1-, 3- and 5-year HBV recurrence rates. Pretransplant hepatocellular carcinoma, high viral load and posttranspl 展开更多
关键词 VIRAL HEPATITIS RECURRENCE HEPATITIS B immunoglobu
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