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An Analysis of the French Rassemblement National Transitions and Their Repercussions 预览
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作者 Tian Xiaohui 《现代国际关系:英文版》 2019年第1期54-65,共12页
One of the most influential European far-right political parties,the French National Front(FN),~1 changed its name to Rassemblement National in June 2018. In fact, this was an important component of the transitional p... One of the most influential European far-right political parties,the French National Front(FN),~1 changed its name to Rassemblement National in June 2018. In fact, this was an important component of the transitional policies of the FN after the ascension of Marine Le Pen to the presidency of the party in 2011. Facing a sluggish recovery after the European Sovereign Debt Crisis, in addition to other complicated domestic problems, Marine Le Pen proposed a series of policies and tactics including anti-integration, anti-Islamism, de-demonization and networked practice. The National Front sprang to prominence during the 2017 French presidential election, and had a negative impact on the French and European political ecology. Although there is little likelihood that the National Front will advance any further in the immediate future, in the long run the increasing influence of the European populist parties seems to be irrefutable. 展开更多
关键词 the Rassemblement NATIONAL the NATIONAL FRONT the FRENCH populist PARTY TRANSITION
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Great Times Call for Great Works 2019 Excellent Notionol Stage Art Drama and National Opera Performance 预览
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作者 Hu Wengyin 《中外文化交流:英文版》 2019年第3期14-15,共2页
From March 2 to 31, the 2019 Excellent National Stage Art Drama and National Opera Performance sponsored by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China is held in Beijing.The theme of the... From March 2 to 31, the 2019 Excellent National Stage Art Drama and National Opera Performance sponsored by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China is held in Beijing.The theme of the performance activity is to celebrate the 70^th anniversary of the founding of the People s Republic of China. A total of 20 plays will be performed 39 times in major theaters around Beijing. 展开更多
关键词 EXCELLENT NATIONAL NATIONAL Stage ANNIVERSARY
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National Ecological Civilization Pilot Zone(Hainan) Implementation Scheme Released
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作者 Qian Fang(译) 《城市规划:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期4-5,共2页
On May 12,2019,the CPC Central Committee and the State Council released the National Ecological Civilization Pilot Zone(Hainan)Implementation Scheme(shortened into the Implementation Scheme in the following part).Acco... On May 12,2019,the CPC Central Committee and the State Council released the National Ecological Civilization Pilot Zone(Hainan)Implementation Scheme(shortened into the Implementation Scheme in the following part).According to the Implementation Scheme,by2020,the proportion of area within the ecological protection red line on land area of Hainan should be no less than 27.3%,and the proportion of area within the ecological protection red line in the offshore area in the total offshore area of Hainan should be no less than 35.1%. 展开更多
关键词 HAINAN Implementation Scheme RELEASED NATIONAL Ecological CIVILIZATION PILOT ZONE
REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL ANNUAL ACADEMIC CONFERENCE OF THE CRIMINAL LAW IN 2018
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作者 Li Jiesi (translated) 《中国法学:英文版》 2019年第2期159-160,共2页
On December 16,the National Annual Academic Conference of the Criminal Law was held in Nanning. Wang Lequan. President of the China Law Society attended the opening ceremony and delivered an important speech. Huang Sh... On December 16,the National Annual Academic Conference of the Criminal Law was held in Nanning. Wang Lequan. President of the China Law Society attended the opening ceremony and delivered an important speech. Huang Shiyong. Member of the Standing Committee of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regional Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Secretary of the Political and Legal Committee, attended and made a speech. Zhang Wenxian, Member of the Party Group, Vice President and Director of the Academic Committee of China Law Society. Zhu Xiaoqing. former Deputy Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme People s Procuratorate, Lcmg Sheng, former Deputy Director of the Law Committee of the National People s Congress, Huang Hailong, President of the High People s Court of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Jia Yu. Chief Prosecutor of Zhejiang Provincial People s Procuratorate, Wen Kahua. President of the Law Society of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Zhao Yueyu, Principal of Guangxi University, Professor Zhao Bingzhi. President of China Criminal Law Research Institute attended the conference. The opening ceremony was presided over by Prof. Chen Zexian. Executive Vice President of the China Criminal Law Research Institute. 展开更多
关键词 NATIONAL ANNUAL ACADEMIC CONFERENCE CRIMINAL LAW
ASAR波模式数据反演参数误差与海浪条纹清晰度的相关性分析 预览
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作者 曹川川 孙建 张文清 《海洋与湖沼》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第4期777-787,共11页
欧洲环境卫星-高级合成孔径雷达(Environmental Satellite-Advanced Synthetic ApertureRadar,Envisat-ASAR)波模式数据提供了全球风、浪要素信息,在海浪模式预报与同化方面有重要作用。该数据合成孔径雷达(Synthetic Aperture Radar,S... 欧洲环境卫星-高级合成孔径雷达(Environmental Satellite-Advanced Synthetic ApertureRadar,Envisat-ASAR)波模式数据提供了全球风、浪要素信息,在海浪模式预报与同化方面有重要作用。该数据合成孔径雷达(Synthetic Aperture Radar,SAR)图像普遍存在海浪条纹清晰度不同的现象,但是否影响数据精度尚无定论。本文通过比较2010年NODC(the National Oceanographic Date Center)浮标观测数据和波模式数据,发现经过官方修正后的海浪参数反而具有更大误差。进而通过对比不同条纹清晰度的SAR图像反演参数误差,揭示了ASAR产品海浪参数与浮标测量值之间的误差与海浪条纹清晰度的关系。结果表明:海浪条纹清晰的SAR图像的主波波长和主波周期的反演误差更小,而条纹不清晰SAR图像的有效波高和风速的反演误差更小。通过分析海浪参数对海浪条纹清晰度的敏感性,证实了有效波高和方位向截断波长对SAR图像条纹清晰度的响应最好,波陡次之,与卫星飞行方位角和入射角无关。因此,在反演和修正SAR波模式数据时,考虑图像的条纹清晰度,将会有效提高反演数据的精度。该研究可为高分三号等卫星的波模式数据波浪要素反演精度的提升提供有价值的参考。 展开更多
关键词 Envisat-ASAR(Environmental Satellite-Advanced Synthetic APERTURE Radar)波模式数据 NODC(the National Oceanographic DATE Center)浮标 图像条纹清晰度 误差分析
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Tree species diversity in relation to environmental variablesand disturbance gradients in a northeastern forest in Bangladesh 预览
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作者 Md Anwar Hossain Muha Abdullah Al Pavel +3 位作者 Kazuhiro Harada Carl Beierkuhnlein Anke Jentsch Mohammad Belal Uddin 《林业研究:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第6期2143-2150,共8页
Biodiversity has become an issue of global attention because of growing awareness of its importance and its rapid depletion worldwide.Diversity of tree species in relation to environmental and disturbance gradients wa... Biodiversity has become an issue of global attention because of growing awareness of its importance and its rapid depletion worldwide.Diversity of tree species in relation to environmental and disturbance gradients was examined in three managed forests.Trees were randomly sampled in a survey of 75 circular plots(radius=13 m)with 5 subplots(radius=1 m).Generalized linear model analysis was used with a Poisson distribution log link function to understand the effects of variables(organic matter,organic carbon,nitrogen,potassium,pH,elevation and disturbance)on tree species richness.Canonical correspondence analysis was used to explore ecological relationships among plots.Our result found that the stand characteristics was an important influencing factor in the three forests.Our result showed that the variables had a highly positive influence on tree species richness in the three forests.In ordination,the selected variables governed the richness of tree species.Our study can help identify the most important factors that drive tree species richness in the three managed forests in Bangladesh and in similar ecosystems and inform forest management decisions for conservation according to ecological importance. 展开更多
关键词 Richness DISTURBANCE FOREST conservation Lawachara National PARK RESERVE FOREST
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Effects of forest management on biomass stocks in Romanian beech forests 预览
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作者 O.Bouriaud A.Don +2 位作者 I.A.Janssens G.Marin E.-D.Schulze 《森林生态系统:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第3期179-193,共15页
Background: Forest management aims at obtaining a sustainable production of wood to be harvested to generate products or energy. However, the quantitative influence of forest management and of removals by harvest on b... Background: Forest management aims at obtaining a sustainable production of wood to be harvested to generate products or energy. However, the quantitative influence of forest management and of removals by harvest on biomass stocks has rarely been analysed on a large scale based on measurements. Two hypotheses prevail: management induces a reduction of wood stocks due to cuttings, versus no impact because of increased growth of the remaining trees. Using data collected for 2840 permanent plots across Romania from the National Forest Inventory representing~2.5 Mha, we have tested to what extent different management types and treatments can influence the biomass stock and productivity of beech forests, and attempt to quantify these effects both on the short and long terms. Three main types of beech forest management are implemented in Romania with specific objectives: intensive wood production in production forests, protection of ecosystem services (e.g. watersheds, avalanche protection) in protection forests, and protection of the forest and its biodiversity in protected forests. Production forests encompass two treatments differing according to the stand regeneration method: the age class rotation management and the group shelterwood management. Results: We show that forest management had little influence on the biomass stocks at a given stand age. The highest stocks at stand age 100 were observed in production forests (the most intensively managed forests). Consequences of early cuttings were very short-termed because the increase in tree growth rapidly compensated for tree cuttings. The cumulated biomass of production forests exceeded that of protected and protection forests. Regarding the treatment, the group shelterwood forests had a markedly higher production over a full rotation period. The total amount of deadwood was primarily driven by the amount of standing deadwood, and no management effect was detected. Conclusions: Given the relatively low-intensity management in Romania, forest management had no nega 展开更多
关键词 FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST PRODUCTIVITY BIOMASS stocks NATIONAL FOREST INVENTORY
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China-U.S. Trade Balance from the National Income Perspective 预览
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作者 李鑫茹 陈锡康 +1 位作者 段玉婉 祝坤福 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2019年第3期82-97,共16页
This paper calculates the China-U.S. trade balance from the national income perspective based on an input-output model that differentiates domestic and foreign-invested companies. The result shows that due to differen... This paper calculates the China-U.S. trade balance from the national income perspective based on an input-output model that differentiates domestic and foreign-invested companies. The result shows that due to different degrees of dependence of both countries on foreign production factors such as foreign capital for the manufacturing of export goods, only 87.7% of the domestic value-added created by China’s exports to the U.S. in 2012 was China’s national income, whereas 96.2% of value-added in U.S. exports to China was U.S. national income. In the comparison of total export volume and export value-added, the home country’s national income created by exports can more realistically reflect a country’s gains from trade. In 2012, China’s trade surplus with the U.S. stood at 102.8 billion US dollars in national income terms, which is 61% and 22% smaller than the results in gross and value-added terms, respectively. The implication is that the traditional trade balance accounting method seriously exaggerates the China-U.S. trade imbalance. 展开更多
关键词 national INCOME China-U.S. TRADE BALANCE INPUT-OUTPUT model foreign direct INVESTMENT
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Accuracy of an administrative database for pancreatic cancer by international classification of disease 10th codes:A retrospective large-cohort study 预览
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作者 Young-Jae Hwang Seon Mee Park +3 位作者 Soomin Ahn Jong-Chan Lee Young Soo Park Nayoung Kim 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第37期5619-5629,共11页
BACKGROUND Korean National Health Insurance(NHI)claims database provides large-cohort.However,studies regarding accuracy of administrative database for pancreatic cancer(PC)have not been reported.We aimed to identify ... BACKGROUND Korean National Health Insurance(NHI)claims database provides large-cohort.However,studies regarding accuracy of administrative database for pancreatic cancer(PC)have not been reported.We aimed to identify accuracy of NHI database regarding PC classified by international classification of disease(ICD)-10 codes.AIM To identify the accuracy and usefulness of administrative database in PC and the accurate ICD codes for PC with location.METHODS Study and control groups were collected from 2003 to 2016 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital.Cases of PC were identified in NHI database by international classification of diseases,10th revision edition(ICD-10 codes)supported with V codes.V code is issued by medical doctors for covering 95%of medical cost by Korean government.According to pathologic reports,definite or possible diagnoses were defined using medical records,images,and pathology.RESULTS A total of 1846 cases with PC and controls were collected.Among PC,only 410(22.2%)cases were identified as specific cancer sites including head in 234(12.7%)cases,tail in 104(5.6%)cases and body in 72(3.9%)cases.Among PC,910(49.3%)cases were diagnosed by definite criteria.Most of these were adenocarcinoma(98.0%).The rates of definite diagnosis of PC were highest in head(70.1%)followed by body(47.2%)and tail(43.3%).False-positive cases were pancreatic cystic neoplasm and metastasis to the pancreas.In terms of the overall diagnosis of PC,sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value were 99.95%,98.72%,98.70%,and 99.95%,respectively.Diagnostic accuracy was similar both in terms of diagnostic criteria and tumor locations.CONCLUSION Korean NHI claims database collected according to ICD-10 code with V code for PC showed good accuracy. 展开更多
关键词 Korean national health insurance ACCURACY Pancreatic cancer INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION of DISEASE Sensitivity SPECIFICITY
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News: JES Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Sciences, to be held at the 10th National Conference on Environmental Chemistry
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《环境科学学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第6期327-328,共2页
A special Journal of Environmental Sciences (JES) Symposium,Recent Advances in Environmental Sciences, will be held at the 10th National Conference on Environmental Chemistry(NCEC), in Tianjin, China, on August 15-19,... A special Journal of Environmental Sciences (JES) Symposium,Recent Advances in Environmental Sciences, will be held at the 10th National Conference on Environmental Chemistry(NCEC), in Tianjin, China, on August 15-19, 2019. Submissions of abstracts on all topics of environmental sciences are welcome. 展开更多
关键词 NATIONAL CONFERENCE on ENVIRONMENTAL Chemistry JES SYMPOSIUM on Recent Advances in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
A New Lander on Mars 预览
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作者 Marcus Woo 《工程(英文)》 2019年第3期355-356,共2页
On 26 November 2018, Mars welcomed a new visitor: the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s InSight lander. After barreling through the Martian atmosphere at 5.5 km·s^-1 and withstanding tempera... On 26 November 2018, Mars welcomed a new visitor: the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s InSight lander. After barreling through the Martian atmosphere at 5.5 km·s^-1 and withstanding temperatures of 1500℃, the capsule containing the lander deployed its parachute. At a distance of 9.2 km from the surface, it released its heat shield, exposing the lander’s legs. A couple of minutes later, the capsule dropped the lander into a free fall. With the aid of pulsed retrorockets, InSight settled onto Elysium Planitia, a flat, moderately barren patch of land 4.5°north of the Martian equator. Over the next few weeks, the spacecraft surveyed its new surroundings, checked its systems, took a selfie (Fig. 1), and got to work. 展开更多
关键词 MARS the NATIONAL AERONAUTICS and SPACE ADMINISTRATION
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Boris and Beijing
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作者 Kerry Brown 《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第33期24-24,25共2页
The internal election of a new British Conservative Party leader at the end of July also meant that the United Kingdom(UK)gota new primeminister.Boris Johnson comes to power therefore via a route with no national elec... The internal election of a new British Conservative Party leader at the end of July also meant that the United Kingdom(UK)gota new primeminister.Boris Johnson comes to power therefore via a route with no national election to legitimize him. He is also, even in his own party, a divisive figure. 展开更多
关键词 NATIONAL ELECTION PARTY leade
The National Library of China Matching with Local Counterparts to Create Cultural Creative Products 预览
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作者 Wang Shipei 《中外文化交流:英文版》 2019年第5期38-39,共2页
In recent years, with museums popularized by various cultural creative products, libraries are unwilling to lag behind. Recently, the National Library Cultural and Creative Artwork Store was officially opened. Meanwhi... In recent years, with museums popularized by various cultural creative products, libraries are unwilling to lag behind. Recently, the National Library Cultural and Creative Artwork Store was officially opened. Meanwhile, the Flagship Store of the National Library Cultural and Creative Union was launched on Tmall. Led by the National Library of China, 116 libraries across the country have "joined hands" to set up online shops, so as to jointly develop cultural creative products. 展开更多
关键词 The NATIONAL LIBRARY COUNTERPARTS CREATIVE products
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Performance Evaluation of Resource Protection and Utilization 预览
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作者 Li Chunyou 《当代农业:中英文版》 2019年第1期6-9,共4页
At present, the overall level of China's resource development and utilization performance is not high and the provincial differences are significant. This poses a serious threat to the sustainable development of o... At present, the overall level of China's resource development and utilization performance is not high and the provincial differences are significant. This poses a serious threat to the sustainable development of our national economy. As the biggest resource consumer and pollution source, resource-based enterprises should shoulder more responsibilities of saving resources, protecting and harnessing the environment. With the rapid progress of industrialization and the vigorous development of national economy, the strategic position of resources will become increasingly prominent. The scientific outlook on development is our consensus on development. Comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development has become the most important goal of China's development. In today's economically developed, product-rich today. People will need and rely more on resources than ever before, and the role of resources in the economy is more important than ever. The classified indicator system is a system for evaluating the integration of different resources and different regions, and it can solve the problem of integration differences. 展开更多
关键词 RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE NATIONAL ECONOMY
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News: Environmental scientists receive National Science and Technology Awards
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《环境科学学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第5期367-368,共2页
China’s major achievements in science and technology were publically recognized and celebrated at a recent National Science and Technology Award Conference, held in Beijing on January 8,2019. The National Preeminent ... China’s major achievements in science and technology were publically recognized and celebrated at a recent National Science and Technology Award Conference, held in Beijing on January 8,2019. The National Preeminent Science and Technology Award,the top award, was presented by President Xi Jinping to two outstanding scientists. 展开更多
关键词 ENVIRONMENTAL scientists RECEIVE NATIONAL SCIENCE and Technology AWARDS
Association between measles antibodies in vaccinated and naturally infected mothers with protective antibodies and the occurrence of measles in their children:A cross-sectional study in the Bavi district of Hanoi
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作者 Cam Nhat Nguyen Quynh Ngoc Nguyen +1 位作者 Than Huu Dao Le Thi Quynh Mai 《亚太热带医药杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第9期404-408,共5页
Objective:To determine the concentration and rate of decay of maternal IgG antibodies against measles prevalence in infants of vaccinated or naturally infected mothers and study initial measles immunization occurs in ... Objective:To determine the concentration and rate of decay of maternal IgG antibodies against measles prevalence in infants of vaccinated or naturally infected mothers and study initial measles immunization occurs in nine-month-old children.Methods:In total,401 pregnant women and the same number of their subsequent newborns were recruited in the Bavi district of Hanoi in 2016-2017;they were divided into two groups:Older women(born before 1985,n=201)and younger women(born after 1990,n=200).Samples were collected at five time-points;week 36 of pregnancy,birth(cord),and 3,6,and 9 months after birth.Measles-specific IgG antibody levels were recorded.Results:In total,77.06% of the 401 pregnant women were seropositive for measles-specific IgG antibodies.A significantly greater proportion of mothers aged 30 and older(88.06%)and their newborn(93.53%)were seropositive compared to the mothers aged 25 and younger(66.00%),and their newborn(72.00%)(P<0.001).The infants of older mothers had significantly higher geometric mean titres(GMT)of measles IgG antibodies than the infants of younger mothers(P<0.001)at all time-points of the study period.The proportion of measles IgG antibodies together with GMT decreased from 82.97%(506.96)at the age of three months to 23.19%(45.22)at the age of nine months.Conclusions:This study provides a profile of maternal antibodies against measles in Vietnamese infants and investigates the early susceptibility to measles in both the infants of vaccinated mothers and mothers with naturally acquired immunity.These data suggest that determining the appropriate age for measles vaccination is paramount for the elimination of measles in Vietnam. 展开更多
关键词 INFANT MEASLES SEROPOSITIVE National Expanded Program of IMMUNIZATION Vietnam
Performance of risk stratification systems for gastrointestinal stromal tumors: A multicenter study 预览
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作者 Tao Chen Liang-Ying Ye +11 位作者 Xing-Yu Feng Hai-Bo Qiu Peng Zhang Yi-Xin Luo Li-Yi Yuan Xin-Hua Chen Yan-Feng Hu Hao Liu Yong Li Kai-Xiong Tao Jiang Yu Guo-Xin Li 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第10期1238-1247,共10页
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumor type in the gastrointestinal system. Presently, various classification systems to prognosticate GISTs have been proposed.AIM To e... BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumor type in the gastrointestinal system. Presently, various classification systems to prognosticate GISTs have been proposed.AIM To evaluate the application value of four different risk stratification systems for GISTs.METHODS Patients who were diagnosed with GISTs and underwent surgical resection at four hospitals from 1998 to 2015 were identified from a database. Risk of recurrence was stratified by the modified National Institute of Health(NIH)criteria, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology(AFIP) criteria, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center(MSKCC) prognostic nomogram, and the contour maps. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curves were established to compare the four abovementioned risk stratification systems based on the area under the curve(AUC).RESULTS A total of 1303 patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 55.77 ± 13.70 yr;52.3% of the patients were male. The mean follow-up period was 64.91 ± 35.79 mo. Approximately 67.0% the tumors were located in the stomach, and 59.5% were smaller than 5 cm;67.3% of the patients had a mitotic count ≤ 5/50 high-power fields(HPFs). Thirty-four tumors ruptured before and during surgery. Univariate analysis demonstrated that tumor size > 5 cm(P <0.05), mitotic count > 5/50 HPFs(P < 0.05), non-gastric location(P < 0.05), and tumor rupture(P < 0.05) were significantly associated with increased recurrence rates. According to the ROC curve, the AFIP criteria showed the largest AUC(0.754).CONCLUSION According to our data, the AFIP criteria were associated with a larger AUC than the NIH modified criteria, the MSKCC nomogram, and the contour maps, which might indicate that the AFIP criteria have better accuracy to support therapeutic decision-making for patients with GISTs. 展开更多
关键词 GASTROINTESTINAL stromal TUMORS Risk STRATIFICATION Prognosis Modified National Institute of Health CRITERIA Armed Forces Institute of Pathology CRITERIA MEMORIAL Sloan Kettering Cancer Center prognostic NOMOGRAM Contour maps GASTROINTESTINAL TUMORS
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Altitudinal Effect on Diversity and Distribution of Araceae in Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, Chiang Mai Province in Thailand 预览
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作者 Oraphan Sungkajanttranon Dokrak Marod +4 位作者 Sahanat Petchsri Kritsiam Kongsatree Anothai Peankonchong Thunthicha Chotpiseksit Benjawan Supnuam 《农业科学与技术:B》 2019年第1期49-59,共11页
The relationships between Araceae diversity and altitude gradients in mountain ecosystem at Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, Chiang Mai Province in Thailand, were studied during January 2016-March 2018. The strip-plots, ... The relationships between Araceae diversity and altitude gradients in mountain ecosystem at Doi Suthep-Pui National Park, Chiang Mai Province in Thailand, were studied during January 2016-March 2018. The strip-plots, 10 m × 1,000 m along the five nature trails, were established from 300-500, 501-800, 801-1,100, 1,101-1,400, 1,401-1,685 m above mean sea level (amsl). Twenty species of 11 genera were found. Alocasia navicularis and Lemna sp. were found at 300-500 m amsl, wild taro (Colocasia esculenta) was at 300-800 m amsl, A. acuminata was at 300-1,400 m amsl, while Amorphophallus krausei, Hapaline benthamiana, Lasia spinosa, Rhaphidophora chevalieri and R. megaphylla were at 501-800 m amsl, but dwarf taro (C. affinis) was at 501-1,400 m amsl, Homalomena aromatica was at 801-1,100 m amsl, A. fuscus, A. thaiensis were at 801-1,685 m amsl, A. yunnanensis was at 1,101-1,685 m amsl, only five species, Arisaema consanguineum, A. kerrii, Remusatia hookeriana, R. peepla and Sauromatum horsfieldii were found at 1,401-1,685 m amsl. Species diversity in the rainy season was the highest (1.75), the top five dominant species were dwarf taro (C. affinis), wild taro (C. esculenta), A. fuscus, A. acuminata and A. thaiensis (importance value index (IVI%): 61.54, 24.13, 17.12, 16.52 and 9.60, respectively). In dry season, the dominant species was wild taro. The altitude gradients showed the main effect on diversity and distribution of Araceae. 展开更多
关键词 ARACEAE ALTITUDE gradients DOI Suthep-Pui National Park mountain ecosystem.
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What’s in a word?Language and self-assessed health in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 预览
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作者 Meredith Van Natta Zachary Zimmer 《国际人口学期刊》 2019年第1期1-12,共12页
This study examines the extent to which the Spanish language influences the way in which respondents report health using the ubiquitous self-assessed health(SAH)outcome.We account for citizenship status,ethnicity,and ... This study examines the extent to which the Spanish language influences the way in which respondents report health using the ubiquitous self-assessed health(SAH)outcome.We account for citizenship status,ethnicity,and a series of other covariates.The study uses the 2003-2016 national health and nutrition examination survey(NHANES)(n=39,107).Analyses treat SAH as non-ordered categorical and employ multinomial regressions.Results indicate that those answering in Spanish are considerably and significantly more likely to rate health as“fair/regular”ceteris paribus.Non-U.S.citizens and naturalized citizens are significantly more likely to rate their health favorably in comparison to U.S.-born;those identifying as Hispanic,Black,and other/multiracial are likely to rate health less favorably than others regardless of citizenship or interview language.A model that examines only foreign-born and accounts for years lived in the U.S.shows Spanish language still strongly predicted SAH outcomes,but years spent in the U.S.did not,a finding that does not support notions of acculturation.The study concludes that there is a language bias in the standard SAH measure typically used national-level health surveys and national-level surveys such as NHANES should adjust the question translation to better understand the health of immigrants. 展开更多
关键词 self-assessed HEALTH citizenship status immigrant HEALTH NATIONAL HEALTH and NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY SURVEY LANGUAGE
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Retrospective review of total neoadjuvant therapy 预览
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作者 Laila Babar Veli Bakalov +7 位作者 Stephen Abel Obaid Ashraf Gene Grant Finley Moses S Raj Kristina Lundeen Dulabh K Monga Alexander V Kirichenko Rodney E Wegner 《世界胃肠肿瘤学杂志:英文版(电子版)》 CAS 2019年第10期857-865,共9页
BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(nCRT)followed by resection and postoperative multi-agent chemotherapy(maChT)is the standard of care for locally advanced rectal cancer.Using this approach,maChT administration ... BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(nCRT)followed by resection and postoperative multi-agent chemotherapy(maChT)is the standard of care for locally advanced rectal cancer.Using this approach,maChT administration can be delayed for several months,leading to concern for distant metastases.To counteract this,a novel treatment approach known as total neoadjuvant therapy(TNT)has gained popularity,in which patients receive both maChT and nCRT prior to resection.We utilized the National Cancer Database to examine temporal trends in TNT usage,and any potential effect on survival.AIM To study the temporal trends in the usage of TNT and evaluate its efficacy compared to neoadjuvant chemoradiation.METHODS We queried the National Cancer Database for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer,Stage II-III,from 2004-2015 treated with nCRT or TNT.TNT was defined as maChT initiated≥90 d prior to nCRT initiation.Overall survival was calculated from the date of diagnosis to the date of last contact or death using Kaplan-Meier curves to present the cumulative probability of survival,with logrank statistics to assess significance.Multivariable cox regression was used to identify predictors of survival and propensity score analysis accounted for bias.RESULTS We identified 9066 eligible patients,with 8812 and 254 patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by maChT and TNT,respectively.Nodal involvement,stage III disease,and treatment in recent years were predictive of TNT use.There was greater use of TNT with more advanced stage,specifically>1 node involved(odds ratio[OR]=2.88,95%confidence interval[CI]:2.11-3.93,P<0.01)and stage III disease(OR=2.88,95%CI:2.11-3.93,P<0.01).From 2010 to 2012 the use of TNT increased(OR=2.41,95%CI:1.27-4.56,P<0.01)with a greater increase from 2013 to 2015(OR=6.62,95%CI:3.57-12.25,P<0.01).Both the TNT and neoadjuvant chemoradiation arms had a similar 5-year survival at 76%and 78%respectively.Multivariable analysis with propensity score demonstrated that increased age,high comorbidity 展开更多
关键词 Total NEOADJUVANT therapy NEOADJUVANT CHEMORADIATION Multi-agent chemotherapy Locally advanced rectal CANCER National CANCER database Colorectal CANCER RETROSPECTIVE review Gastrointestinal ONCOLOGY Temporal trends Surgical EXCISION
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