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Pragmatic Teaching of the Speech Act of Request 预览
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作者 周瑾序 《海外英语》 2019年第11期279-280,共2页
How to perform the speech act of request has been taught to L2 learners,which proves that classroom instructions can improve their pragmatic competence.
关键词 PRAGMATIC teaching SPEECH ACT REQUEST PRAGMATIC COMPETENCE
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Cultivating Pragmatic Competence of EFL Education in China From Sociolinguistic Perspective 预览
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作者 Niyan Zhang 《校园英语》 2019年第23期67-68,共2页
This paper focuses on cultivating Pragmatic Competence of EFL education in China. First it discusses the nature of EFL education in China, then defines basic two terms: Pragmatic Competence(PC) and Pragmatic Conscious... This paper focuses on cultivating Pragmatic Competence of EFL education in China. First it discusses the nature of EFL education in China, then defines basic two terms: Pragmatic Competence(PC) and Pragmatic Consciousness-Raising(PCR). Thirdly proposes a model on teaching pragmatic competence in China’s EFL context which aims to cultivate EFL learners’ PC. Lastly it draws a brief conclusion on pedagogical implications in China’s EFL educational context. 展开更多
关键词 PRAGMATIC Competence(PC) PRAGMATIC Consciousness-Raising(PCR) a Model on teaching PC PEDAGOGICAL Implications
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认知视角下浙江聋人地名手语造词策略调查 预览
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作者 张帆 卢苇 《北京联合大学学报》 CAS 2019年第2期71-79,共9页
以浙江地名手语为调查对象,通过调查、描述和分析,运用定性和定量相结合的方法,对浙江地名手语的命名策略、认知机制和语用效果进行研究。研究发现,浙江聋人地名手语造词策略主要有两类:一是借用汉语地名,用仿字、书空、仿译、指拼等方... 以浙江地名手语为调查对象,通过调查、描述和分析,运用定性和定量相结合的方法,对浙江地名手语的命名策略、认知机制和语用效果进行研究。研究发现,浙江聋人地名手语造词策略主要有两类:一是借用汉语地名,用仿字、书空、仿译、指拼等方式构成手语词;二是运用“转喻”方式,创造约定俗成的自源性地名手势符号。从认知心理看,转喻是聋人手语基本的意义拓展方式,聋人通过转喻完成地名手语造词的经济性、形象性与理据性表达。转喻机制需要语境的共同参与才能发挥作用,两者合力产生具体形象、通俗易懂、一看便知的语用效果。 展开更多
关键词 地名手语 造词策略 转喻 认知 语用
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Hierarchical Research on Pragmatic Failures of Apology in Public Events Under the Vision of New Media 预览
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作者 Kiwi Zhu Rose Mary 《文学与艺术研究:英文版》 2019年第7期702-706,共5页
Under the new media,the dissemination and the influence of public events are often far more profound than traditional media.Therefore,it has gained a high degree of social attention.We take the apology mistakes in pub... Under the new media,the dissemination and the influence of public events are often far more profound than traditional media.Therefore,it has gained a high degree of social attention.We take the apology mistakes in public events as an example,sort out the types and causes of the mistakes into a context,and propose some relevant strategies. 展开更多
关键词 PUBLIC EVENTS apology PRAGMATIC FAILURE
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“别+引语”格式的引述特征、否定焦点与语用功能 预览
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作者 向艳琼 王荣美 《重庆文理学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第4期83-91,共9页
汉语口语表达中的常用格式“别+引语”有直接引述和辅助引述两种类型,可以否定语音、词和短语,显示出“别+引语”格式较强的引述否定功能。“别+引语”格式针对前一说话人话语的某一部分进行否定,可以达到劝阻对方行为或修正对方话语的... 汉语口语表达中的常用格式“别+引语”有直接引述和辅助引述两种类型,可以否定语音、词和短语,显示出“别+引语”格式较强的引述否定功能。“别+引语”格式针对前一说话人话语的某一部分进行否定,可以达到劝阻对方行为或修正对方话语的目的。 展开更多
关键词 引述 否定 语用
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论鲁迅小说中词语的超常搭配——以《呐喊》为例 预览
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作者 陈静 《金陵科技学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期80-83,共4页
词语的超常搭配是鲁迅语言创新的手法之一。鲁迅小说中词语超常搭配主要有词形改换、词类变用、词彩转变、辞格运用等几种形式,其语义特征表现为局部悖反而整体和谐,其语用价值则在于丰富作品的语言艺术形式、增强修辞效果和提高作者语... 词语的超常搭配是鲁迅语言创新的手法之一。鲁迅小说中词语超常搭配主要有词形改换、词类变用、词彩转变、辞格运用等几种形式,其语义特征表现为局部悖反而整体和谐,其语用价值则在于丰富作品的语言艺术形式、增强修辞效果和提高作者语言的个性标识度。 展开更多
关键词 超常搭配 变异 语义 语用 《呐喊》
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Pragmatics perspective of the Revelation in English Teaching 预览
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作者 王静 《校园英语》 2019年第32期53-54,共2页
With the development of the ne w basic education curriculum reform and globalization,English learning is required to adjust it’s teaching direction.For a long time,foreign language teaching focused more on the learni... With the development of the ne w basic education curriculum reform and globalization,English learning is required to adjust it’s teaching direction.For a long time,foreign language teaching focused more on the learning of language forms,which led to the current high school students bearing too much pressure from various aspects in their scores.In view of this phenomenon,we need to reflect on the mode of English teaching in China,strengthen the practical use of pragmatics theory in English teaching. 展开更多
关键词 PRAGMATICS English TEACHING PRAGMATIC ABILITY
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容县方言的指示词 预览
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作者 封红羽 《现代语文》 2019年第5期75-79,共5页
以容县方言指示词为研究对象,在共时描写的基础上,对容县方言指示词的功能和用法做详尽描写。容县方言指示词的语义特征是距离定位,分为近指、远指和更远指,但是更远指在日常生活中用的机会并不多。句法特征为指示形容词和指示副词,没... 以容县方言指示词为研究对象,在共时描写的基础上,对容县方言指示词的功能和用法做详尽描写。容县方言指示词的语义特征是距离定位,分为近指、远指和更远指,但是更远指在日常生活中用的机会并不多。句法特征为指示形容词和指示副词,没有指示代名词。语用特征为情景指、回指、认同指和篇章指。语法化目标主要是定语标记和直陈式的句末语气词,表近指的指示形容词已经完全虚化成了结构助词,在句子中充当定语标记。 展开更多
关键词 容县方言 指示词 语义 句法 语用
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Linguistic politeness in Japanese and English--Greeting and Acknowledgement 预览
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作者 孙丹宁 《校园英语》 2019年第17期230-231,共2页
This paper focuses on comparison between expression of“greeting and”and“acknowledgments”in English and Japanese in terms of linguistic politeness.As languages can reflect cultures from various perspectives,analyzi... This paper focuses on comparison between expression of“greeting and”and“acknowledgments”in English and Japanese in terms of linguistic politeness.As languages can reflect cultures from various perspectives,analyzing mainly the differences between English and Japanese language of politeness could mirror the cultural differences to some extent.Based on analysis from diversified corpus,this study maintains that,as a general principle,social norm and national consciousness form the base of expressing thanks.English is simple,direct,and usually has no thing to do with status,whereas in Japanese languages are often performed according to the social position and r elationship of the participants.(Xiangdong Liu1,2014)This thesis ends with possibilities for language learners to develop intercultural understanding through the process of correspondences with people from different cultural backgrounds. 展开更多
关键词 Language POLITENESS JAPANESE English PRAGMATIC differences
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从“就”看词义的形成、分项和识别 预览
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作者 左思民 《华东师范大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期44-58,184共16页
词义的形成、分项和识别问题值得关注,对此可用'就'为例开展探讨。研究表明,《现代汉语词典》对'就'的义项划分需要修改,副词'就'的义项可以从8个归并为3个,依据在于被归并的5个义项并非真的词义,而是在句法和... 词义的形成、分项和识别问题值得关注,对此可用'就'为例开展探讨。研究表明,《现代汉语词典》对'就'的义项划分需要修改,副词'就'的义项可以从8个归并为3个,依据在于被归并的5个义项并非真的词义,而是在句法和句义的制约下通过语用推理形成的语用含义。通过这些研究及相关探讨得到如下观点:(1)识别词义较虚的多义词的义项时对句法和句义环境的依赖程度较大。(2)识别词的义项的主要难点是如何解除语用含义的纠缠及确定词的内涵意义。(3)词义的形成、分项和识别这三者彼此紧密相连。总之,在确认词义、辨析词的义项的分合之时,必须把语用含义和真正的词义区分开来,以免损害辞书的释义质量,妨碍对语言单位或言语单位所携意义的结构、性质以及相互关系的正确的、规律性的认识。 展开更多
关键词 词义 义项 语用 含义 “就”
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安定方言人称代词研究 预览
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作者 刘丽霞 《甘肃高师学报》 2019年第3期42-45,共4页
词汇在方言的研究中始终都是一个重要的部分,而安定区方言在词汇方面的研究还是一个未开垦的荒地。人称代词是一个重要而封闭的汉语系统,也是体现语言面貌最基础的部分,而且,该地区的方言也较多的保留了古音和古汉语的词,在语用方面也... 词汇在方言的研究中始终都是一个重要的部分,而安定区方言在词汇方面的研究还是一个未开垦的荒地。人称代词是一个重要而封闭的汉语系统,也是体现语言面貌最基础的部分,而且,该地区的方言也较多的保留了古音和古汉语的词,在语用方面也有其独特性,很有探究意义。希望通过对人称代词的研究引起对该地区词汇系统的重视。文章就该地区的现有人称代词作以介绍,分别从概述、溯源、语用几个层面论述。 展开更多
关键词 安定区方言 人称代词 溯源 语用
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A pragmatic study of Chinese EFL learners’speech act of apology 预览
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作者 任俊超 《校园英语》 2019年第6期202-204,共3页
Pragmatic competence is an important ingredient in Language learners’communicative competence.Making apolog y is one of the speech ac ts that are the mos t face threatening for the spe akers.This s tudy aims t o inve... Pragmatic competence is an important ingredient in Language learners’communicative competence.Making apolog y is one of the speech ac ts that are the mos t face threatening for the spe akers.This s tudy aims t o investigate how Chinese EFL learners,specially,the students of Non-English-Major perform the speech act of apology and to examine whether a Chinese EFL leaner will use different apology strategies in different situations. 展开更多
关键词 PRAGMATIC COMPETENCE CHINESE EFL LEARNERS apology
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The Functions of Discourse Markers in Chinese-English Consecutive Interpreting 预览
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作者 ZHAO Zechao LI Ziang DENG Jianhua 《中美英语教学:英文版》 2019年第2期58-63,共6页
The term “discourse markers”(DMs in short) was raised in the 1970s and 1980s. Fraser, a linguist, believes DMs have no truth-conditional meaning which means DMs do not change the prepositional meaning of the sentenc... The term “discourse markers”(DMs in short) was raised in the 1970s and 1980s. Fraser, a linguist, believes DMs have no truth-conditional meaning which means DMs do not change the prepositional meaning of the sentence. He classifies DMs into three categories: discourse topic markers, discourse activity markers, and message relationship markers. It can be concluded that in conference interpreting, DMs explicit internal structures in three aspects: parallel relation, contractive relation, and elaborative relation based on the analysis of DMs in rendition of Premier Li Keqiang’s press conference from 2014 to 2017. 展开更多
关键词 DISCOURSE markers(DMs) conference INTERPRETING PRAGMATIC theory
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An analysis of the translation of pragmatic presupposition in commercial advertisement 预览
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作者 程芳菲 《校园英语》 2019年第6期219-221,共3页
Driven by the pr omotional purpose,commercial advertisements aim at bringing the t argeted consumers the high e xpectation of their pr oducts by using inspiring slog an and brand name.The implicit and explicit meaning... Driven by the pr omotional purpose,commercial advertisements aim at bringing the t argeted consumers the high e xpectation of their pr oducts by using inspiring slog an and brand name.The implicit and explicit meanings are ought to be simultaneously captured in the advertisement in order to stimulate the consuming behavior.Presupposition is one of the most commonly used tactics in commercial advertisement.From pragmatic point of vie w,this p aper would tr y to figure out how t o translate presupposition from English t o Chinese in advertisements slogan while at the same time preserving its original effects. 展开更多
关键词 ADVERTISEMENT TRANSLATION PRAGMATIC PRESUPPOSITION
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招呼语“你好”的演变及其对外语交际教学的启示 预览
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作者 黄辉 《中美英语教学:英文版》 2019年第2期84-90,共7页
本文从日常招呼语“你好”在中国现代社会的语用类型和演变出发,比较了中美汉语使用者说“你好”的不同情境,从语用学、社会语言学、跨文化交际、二语习得等多个角度讨论了外语教学中存在的因真实场景缺失和受母语影响而时常发生的单一... 本文从日常招呼语“你好”在中国现代社会的语用类型和演变出发,比较了中美汉语使用者说“你好”的不同情境,从语用学、社会语言学、跨文化交际、二语习得等多个角度讨论了外语教学中存在的因真实场景缺失和受母语影响而时常发生的单一和过度使用某些表达的现象,对交际教学法的进一步完善有一定启示作用。 展开更多
关键词 “你好” 招呼语 语用 语境 交际教学
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Discussions on real-world acupuncture treatments for chronic low-back pain in older adults
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作者 Arthur Yin Fan Hui Ouyang +7 位作者 Xinru Qian Hui Wei David Dehui Wang Deguang He Haihe Tian Changzhen Gong Amy Matecki Sarah Faggert Alemi 《结合医学学报:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第2期71-76,共6页
Chronic low-back pain(CLBP) is one of the most common pain conditions. Current clinical guidelines for low-back pain recommend acupuncture for CLBP. However, there are very few high-quality acupuncture studies on CLBP... Chronic low-back pain(CLBP) is one of the most common pain conditions. Current clinical guidelines for low-back pain recommend acupuncture for CLBP. However, there are very few high-quality acupuncture studies on CLBP in older adults. Clinical acupuncture experts in the American Traditional Chinese Medicine Association(ATCMA) were interested in the recent grant on CLBP research announced by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. The ATCMA experts held an online discussion on the subject of real-world acupuncture treatments for CLBP in older adults. Seven participants, each with more than 20 years of acupuncture practice, discussed their own unique clinical experience while another participant talked about the potential mechanism of acupuncture in pain management. As a result of the discussion, a picture of a similar treatment strategy emerged across the participants for CLBP in older adults. This discussion shows that acupuncture may have complicated mechanisms in pain management, yet it is effective for the treatment of chronic pain involving maladaptive neuroplasticity;therefore, it should be effective for CLBP in older adults. 展开更多
关键词 Acupuncture PRAGMATIC clinical trials as TOPIC REAL world Treatment strategies Low-back PAIN OLDER ADULTS Discussion
古今汉语“副+名”结构对比研究 预览
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作者 曾妮 《黑龙江工业学院学报:综合版》 2019年第6期150-154,共5页
“副+名”这一结构古已有之,自二十世纪六十年代起,就有学者对这一现象进行研究。在古代汉语中,涉及“副+名”结构的副词主要有情态副词、否定副词、范围副词这三类,名词是以具体名词为主。在现代汉语中,涉及“副+名”结构的副词主要有... “副+名”这一结构古已有之,自二十世纪六十年代起,就有学者对这一现象进行研究。在古代汉语中,涉及“副+名”结构的副词主要有情态副词、否定副词、范围副词这三类,名词是以具体名词为主。在现代汉语中,涉及“副+名”结构的副词主要有情态副词、否定副词、范围副词、时间副词、程度副词这五类,名词是以抽象名词为主。古代汉语中的副名结构语义单一,而现代汉语中的副名结构语义更加丰富、灵活,符合语言表达的经济性原则。将从语义、类型、语用三个方面,对“副+名”结构做一个纵向对比研究,表明自己的观点。 展开更多
关键词 “副+名” 古今对比 语义 类型 语用
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A Study of Pragmatic Failure in Cross-cultural Communication 预览
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作者 刘利杰 《海外英语》 2019年第9期225-226,共2页
Nowadays cross-cultural communication plays a more and more important role.It is obvious that English teachers' respon? sibility is to cultivate the students' communicative ability in English teaching. But in ... Nowadays cross-cultural communication plays a more and more important role.It is obvious that English teachers' respon? sibility is to cultivate the students' communicative ability in English teaching. But in communicationmany students have various kinds of problems of pragmatic failure. This article will focus on the study of pragmatic failure in term of verbal communication fail? ure, which mainly includes two kinds of pragmatic failures;one is pragmalinguistic failure and the other is sociopragmatic failure. 展开更多
关键词 CROSS CULTURAL communication PRAGMATIC FAILURE REASONS measures
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维特根斯坦的“反私人语言论证”及其消解 预览
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作者 张峰 《重庆理工大学学报:社会科学》 CAS 2019年第3期13-17,共5页
借助对'心中的痛'和'甲虫装置'的分析,维特根斯坦给出一个'反私人语言论证',否定私人语言的存在。这一立场遭到艾耶尔等哲学家的反驳。而从格莱斯对于自然语言语义的解释来看,一个语言表达式的意义有规约含义... 借助对'心中的痛'和'甲虫装置'的分析,维特根斯坦给出一个'反私人语言论证',否定私人语言的存在。这一立场遭到艾耶尔等哲学家的反驳。而从格莱斯对于自然语言语义的解释来看,一个语言表达式的意义有规约含义与会话含义之分,私人语言存在于会话含义维度;当日常语言被说话者赋予私人意向性活动的心理指称内容时,私人语言便作为心理语言从日常语言中衍生出来。接受塞尔对格莱斯意义理论的修正,可以进一步肯定私人语言的存在,认为私人语言是通过规约含义与会话含义的契合实现其语用功能的。 展开更多
关键词 私人语言 会话含义 规约含义 语用
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党政话语中模糊限制语的语用阐释--基于十九大报告汉英版本的对比研究 预览
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作者 姜倩倩 于翠红 龚卫东 《洛阳师范学院学报》 2019年第7期90-94,共5页
党政话语是基于对政治、政策、事实的全面分析而做出的表述,语言要求严谨、准确、真实,但模糊限制语作为自然语言的一个内在属性并非政治语篇的禁区,不仅使用频繁,而且对主旨表达具有明显的积极意义。以批评话语分析理论为指导,对十九... 党政话语是基于对政治、政策、事实的全面分析而做出的表述,语言要求严谨、准确、真实,但模糊限制语作为自然语言的一个内在属性并非政治语篇的禁区,不仅使用频繁,而且对主旨表达具有明显的积极意义。以批评话语分析理论为指导,对十九大报告汉英版本中的模糊限制语的汉英表征进行对比分析,发现中央编译局在模糊限制语的翻译上进行了多种技巧化处理,主要有在尽可能礼貌、严谨、周密的前提下,根据具体内容采用不同的操作规范,以对等翻译为主,以省译和增译为辅,展示出了独立自主、求同存异、积极向上、和平发展的国家形象。 展开更多
关键词 模糊限制语 党政话语 语用 批评话语分析
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