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国内外公立医院公共卫生服务职能分析与政策建议 被引量:1
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作者 严晓玲 李新超 +7 位作者 别凤赛 李树峰 孟月莉 毛阿燕 王坤 王晴 闻海 邱五七 《中华医院管理杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第9期723-727,共5页
医院尤其是公立医院是公共卫生服务体系的重要组成部分。作者通过对美国、英国、澳大利亚、加拿大医疗机构承担公共卫生职能的综述,结合国内公立医院公共卫生服务职能的文献回顾和个案研究,总结出我国二级及以上公立医院承担的8类公共... 医院尤其是公立医院是公共卫生服务体系的重要组成部分。作者通过对美国、英国、澳大利亚、加拿大医疗机构承担公共卫生职能的综述,结合国内公立医院公共卫生服务职能的文献回顾和个案研究,总结出我国二级及以上公立医院承担的8类公共卫生服务职能,并提出促进二级及以上公立医院履行公共卫生服务职能的政策建议,旨在为明确二级及以上公立医院的公共卫生服务职责范围、制定相关卫生政策提供依据。 展开更多
关键词 医院 公立 公共卫生 职能 政策建议
基于系统动力学模型的医院能源站政府与社会资本合作项目分析
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作者 冯丽萍 梁峰 +1 位作者 吕恒勇 杨力萌 《中华医院管理杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第10期872-876,共5页
通过推进医院后勤专业技能服务社会化,可提升后勤保障能力和安全生产监管水平。作者运用系统动力学理论和方法,建立南开医院能源站政府与社会资本合作项目的收益决策模型。进而利用模糊逻辑的数学方法,将决策模型中的定性因素转化为可... 通过推进医院后勤专业技能服务社会化,可提升后勤保障能力和安全生产监管水平。作者运用系统动力学理论和方法,建立南开医院能源站政府与社会资本合作项目的收益决策模型。进而利用模糊逻辑的数学方法,将决策模型中的定性因素转化为可计算的定量因素,并给出南开医院与项目公司协商的合理收费区间。根据收益区间,综合考虑各利益相关者的利益均衡,进行特许期与特许价格的联动调整,为能源站建设项目提供决策与分析参考。 展开更多
关键词 医院 公立 政府和社会资本合作 后勤管理 能源站 系统动力学
The Role of Social Networks as a Public Sphere During the Rise of Chinese Cybernationalism 预览
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作者 Deng Lian Valle de Frutos Sonia 《新闻与大众传媒:英文版》 2019年第4期190-202,共13页
The nationalism is gradually expanding among the Chinese internauts,but few investigations about the Chinese nationalism’s dissemination over social networks have been done.This study focuses on the structure of soci... The nationalism is gradually expanding among the Chinese internauts,but few investigations about the Chinese nationalism’s dissemination over social networks have been done.This study focuses on the structure of social networks used by the Chinese cybernationalists,and their contribution as a public sphere to the Chinese nationalism will be examined,which leads to the understanding of the informational attribute of the Chinese cybernationalism.Also,the communication model showed by the social networks will be defined,so the role of the opinion leaders during the rise of Chinese nationalism can be evaluated. 展开更多
关键词 social networks PUBLIC SPHERE China NATIONALISM cybernationalism international communication CYBERCULTURE digital PUBLIC OPINION
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A Study on Problems of Chinese-English Translation of Public Signs in Dazhou Based on the PRC National Standard 预览
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作者 SU Yan-fei 《美中外语:英文版》 2019年第2期82-90,共9页
Besides having a multitude of functions including prompting,directing,referring,and publicizing and the like,public sign shoulders the responsibility of building city image as well as reflecting a local government’s ... Besides having a multitude of functions including prompting,directing,referring,and publicizing and the like,public sign shoulders the responsibility of building city image as well as reflecting a local government’s capability of public service and governance,playing a critical role in improving city image,and strengthening soft power.Based on the People’s Republic of China National Standard:Guidelines for the Use of English in Public Service Areas,this paper studies the status quo of Chinese-English translation of public signs in downtown areas of Dazhou,a medium-sized city in eastern Sichuan,China,finding a variety of problems,such as understanding,grammar,wording,word-for-word translation,spelling,and so forth;meanwhile,this paper provides suggestions about translation of public signs and revised translation for reference in order to improve translation quality. 展开更多
关键词 Dazhou PUBLIC SIGNS Chinese-English translation the PRC National Standard: Guidelines for the Use of ENGLISH in PUBLIC Service Areas
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The Influence of Network Public Opinion on the Public Management of Chinese Government 预览
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作者 Yichu Wang 《宏观管理与公共政策(英文)》 2019年第2期41-45,共5页
In the rapid development of science and technology,the Internet has been widely used in the daily life and work of people,which has greatly changed the way people live and work.At this stage,people regard the Internet... In the rapid development of science and technology,the Internet has been widely used in the daily life and work of people,which has greatly changed the way people live and work.At this stage,people regard the Internet as the main way to obtain news information,and they have supervised the news contents[1].Based on this,the article expounds the relevant content of network public opinion,analyzes the role of network public opinion in the public management of Chinese government,and studies the influence of public opinion on the public management of Chinese government. 展开更多
关键词 Network public opinion Government public management INFLUENCE
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Rawls and Catholicism: Towards Reconciliation? 预览
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作者 Antonella Piccinin 《文化与宗教研究:英文版》 2019年第1期50-56,共7页
This paper takes up an ambivalence in Rawls’thought concerning the propriety of religious reason in public discourse.After a general introduction,the second paragraph gives a basic description of the two sides of thi... This paper takes up an ambivalence in Rawls’thought concerning the propriety of religious reason in public discourse.After a general introduction,the second paragraph gives a basic description of the two sides of this ambivalence.In the third paragraph,Joseph Ratzinger is introduced as a potential dialogue partner with Rawls,in as much as one side of Rawls’thought can be interpreted to be congenial to religious reasons that occur with his requirement for public reason.The aim of this paper is,eventually,to open the path towards a possible reconciliation between Rawls’positions and those of the Catholic tradition,as suggested by Joseph Ratzinger.Although some dialectical tensions remain,engaging the Ratzingerian idea of a“mutual correction”might result into a fruitful encounter of different views. 展开更多
关键词 PUBLIC reason religious reasons RELIGION in the PUBLIC sphere CATHOLIC social thought
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公众沟通对核电工程公众理解的建构作用——以大亚湾核电基地为例 预览
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作者 左凯文 文剑波 《工程研究:跨学科视野中的工程》 2019年第4期320-327,共8页
在新的时代背景下,公众认可度和接受度已经成为影响核电等大型工程项目长期稳定运营的重要因素。对“公众理解工程”和“核电公众沟通”之间的联系进行了简要梳理,分析了公众沟通工作的必要性及其对公众理解工程的促进作用。以大亚湾核... 在新的时代背景下,公众认可度和接受度已经成为影响核电等大型工程项目长期稳定运营的重要因素。对“公众理解工程”和“核电公众沟通”之间的联系进行了简要梳理,分析了公众沟通工作的必要性及其对公众理解工程的促进作用。以大亚湾核电基地为具体案例,展现了中国广核集团在公众宣、信息公开、跨区域沟通等方面的实践,并对进一步提升公众理解工程的开展提出了对策建议。 展开更多
关键词 核电项目 公众沟通 公众理解工程 大亚湾
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An Automatic Method to Identify Citations to Journals in News Stories: A Case Study of UK Newspapers Citing Web of Science Journals
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作者 Kayvan Kousha Mike Thelwall 《数据与情报科学学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第3期73-95,共23页
Purpose: Communicating scientific results to the public is essential to inspire future researchers and ensure that discoveries are exploited. News stories about research are a key communication pathway for this and ha... Purpose: Communicating scientific results to the public is essential to inspire future researchers and ensure that discoveries are exploited. News stories about research are a key communication pathway for this and have been manually monitored to assess the extent of press coverage of scholarship.Design/methodology/Approach: To make larger scale studies practical, this paper introduces an automatic method to extract citations from newspaper stories to large sets of academic journals. Curated ProQuest queries were used to search for citations to 9,639 Science and3,412 Social Science Web of Science(WoS) journals from eight UK daily newspapers during2006–2015. False matches were automatically filtered out by a new program, with 94% of the remaining stories meaningfully citing research.Findings: Most Science(95%) and Social Science(94%) journals were never cited by these newspapers. Half of the cited Science journals covered medical or health-related topics,whereas 43% of the Social Sciences journals were related to psychiatry or psychology. From the citing news stories, 60% described research extensively and 53% used multiple sources,but few commented on research quality.Research Limitations: The method has only been tested in English and from the ProQuest Newspapers database.Practical implications: Others can use the new method to systematically harvest press coverage of research.Originality/value: An automatic method was introduced and tested to extract citations from newspaper stories to large sets of academic journals. 展开更多
关键词 Citation analysis NEWS STORIES PUBLIC engagement PUBLIC impact UK NEWSPAPERS Web of Science JOURNALS
浙江省公立医院公共卫生服务补偿现况分析 被引量:2
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作者 尚晓鹏 徐校平 +3 位作者 杨清 邱银伟 赵艳荣 汪炜 《中华医院管理杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第1期5-9,共5页
目的了解浙江省公立医院公共卫生服务补偿现状,并以此为基础,探讨补偿策略。方法于2017年7-10月,在浙江省7个地市23家公立医院开展调查,通过访谈了解目前浙江省各级公立医院开展公共卫生工作的财政补偿现状,并收集2016年各公立医院的收... 目的了解浙江省公立医院公共卫生服务补偿现状,并以此为基础,探讨补偿策略。方法于2017年7-10月,在浙江省7个地市23家公立医院开展调查,通过访谈了解目前浙江省各级公立医院开展公共卫生工作的财政补偿现状,并收集2016年各公立医院的收支状况。数据采用描述性统计学方法。结果23家公立医院2016年财政补助占医院总收入的平均比例为6.29%,其中,财政补助中公共卫生专项补助占医院总收入的0.44%。23家医院中,2016年收支有结余的仅有9家,占39.13%。 结论浙江省公立医院公共卫生工作补偿机制尚不完善。政府部门应根据公共卫生任务书,综合多种补偿方法,从省级层面上统筹制定财政补偿政策,并建立长效考核机制,确保公立医院积极开展公共卫生服务。 展开更多
关键词 医院 公立 公共卫生服务 财政补偿 策略 浙江省
Analysis of Chinese-English Translation of Public Signs From Across-cultural Communication Per spective 预览
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作者 Chen Jingru 《校园英语》 2019年第18期214-215,共2页
Under the tide of globalization and with the further deepening of reform and opening-up in China,our country is increasingly in line with internationalization in many aspects.In this link,the role of public signs cann... Under the tide of globalization and with the further deepening of reform and opening-up in China,our country is increasingly in line with internationalization in many aspects.In this link,the role of public signs cannot be underestimated.It is indispensable in pr opaganda,marking and communication.Based on previous research results,this paper will focus on three categories:hospital,university and transportation.Each part includes three aspects:research significance,translation and existing problems,and finds that there are grammatical errors and pragmatic failures in translation. 展开更多
关键词 PUBLIC SIGNS CROSS-CULTURE TRANSLATION
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略论私人藏品在博物馆展览中的使用
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作者 裴宇 《博物院》 2019年第2期119-124,共6页
私人藏品中有一部分属于文化遗产范畴,具有很强的公共化价值与潜力。私人藏品运用于博物馆展览可充分体现其价值,从而促进其公共化进程。博物馆展览利用私人藏品有助于提高博物馆藏品的利用率,进而促进博物馆功能的实现。博物馆利用私... 私人藏品中有一部分属于文化遗产范畴,具有很强的公共化价值与潜力。私人藏品运用于博物馆展览可充分体现其价值,从而促进其公共化进程。博物馆展览利用私人藏品有助于提高博物馆藏品的利用率,进而促进博物馆功能的实现。博物馆利用私人藏品办展是博物馆加强与私人收藏者合作的一种直接、有效的方式。这种合作扩大了博物馆的社会交往,为其可持续发展注入了活力,同时也可以帮助私人收藏者克服其个人化目的,引导其走向公益之路。 展开更多
关键词 博物馆展览 私人藏品 公共化
A Study on the Theory and Approach of Environmental Impact Assessment in General Land Use Planning 预览
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作者 Qin Jianqiao Jiang Xiaohong 《气象与环境研究:英文版》 CAS 2019年第5期31-37,共7页
In this paper,the theory and approach of environmental impact assessment in general land use planning are studied from different aspects.First,starting from the content and concept of general land use planning,the nec... In this paper,the theory and approach of environmental impact assessment in general land use planning are studied from different aspects.First,starting from the content and concept of general land use planning,the necessity of environmental impact assessment in general land use planning is illustrated.On the basis of its evaluation theories and methodologies,it attempts to establish index system of environmental impact assessment in general land use planning,and point outs that current general land use planning requires public participation. 展开更多
关键词 General LAND use PLANNING ENVIRONMENTAL impact assessment PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
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中国城市公共游憩空间研究重要进展与展望
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作者 余玲 刘家明 李涛 《地理学报:英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第11期1923-1946,共24页
As the main sites of urban residents’ recreational activity in a mass leisure era,urban public recreational space (UPRS) is the primary component of urban public spatial systems.To satisfy current demands for the con... As the main sites of urban residents’ recreational activity in a mass leisure era,urban public recreational space (UPRS) is the primary component of urban public spatial systems.To satisfy current demands for the construction of livable cities and to meet the challenges of UPRS development in an urbanizing context,a scientific and systematic review of the latest developments in UPRS research is important for developing this field.Based on 1264 papers from the China National Knowledge Internet and the Web of Science from 1985 to 2018,this study examined research developments on UPRS in China.Through a quantitative literature analysis,we divided UPRS-related research in China into three stages of development: the starting period (1985–2000),the growth period (2001–2009),and the consolidation period (2010–2018).Next,we identified nine “hot” research topics on UPRS and reviewed developments in each of these.These topics were the classification of UPRS,spatial structure and layout,comprehensive evaluation,planning and development,the impacts of UPRS development,spatial–temporal evolution laws and mechanisms,space imagery features,sustainable utilization,and governmental decision making on UPRS.We also systematically reviewed the research methods and spatial scales used in UPRS-related studies in China.In response to deficiencies in existing research,we put forward several suggestions regarding future research: Chinese UPRS studies should focus on basic theoretical research;construct a new research system that accounts for Chinese characteristics,based on interdisciplinary and multilevel spatial integration;develop a humanistic philosophy and build management systems for UPRS that can lead to the development of world-class cities based on a global vision. 展开更多
关键词 era of mass LEISURE URBAN TOURISM URBAN PUBLIC RECREATIONAL space QUANTITATIVE analysis China
基于PDCA探讨公众心肺复苏培训平台建设 预览
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作者 陈景利 何明丰 +5 位作者 吴智鑫 屈燕飞 邹祎楠 周建仪 吴日钊 袁康 《中国中医急症》 2019年第1期159-161,共3页
目的利用PDCA工具探讨公众心肺复苏培训平台的建设,提高公众急救知识水平以及心肺复苏质量。方法利用PDCA方法调查本地区公众心肺复苏情况,对存在的问题进行分析研究、找出原因、制定改进措施、实施质量改进,并对培训效果进行统计分析,... 目的利用PDCA工具探讨公众心肺复苏培训平台的建设,提高公众急救知识水平以及心肺复苏质量。方法利用PDCA方法调查本地区公众心肺复苏情况,对存在的问题进行分析研究、找出原因、制定改进措施、实施质量改进,并对培训效果进行统计分析,建立公众心肺复苏专业的培训平台。结果公众心肺复苏培训平台的建立可明显提高公众急救知识水平以及心肺复苏质量(P<0.001)。结论公众心肺复苏专业的培训平台可以达到很好的急救科普知识宣传效果,提升市民急救意识以及心肺复苏质量,有利于提高公众参与院前急救的意识和急救服务水平。 展开更多
关键词 PDCA循环 心搏骤停 公众 心肺复苏术 急救知识
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Development in China's Ethnic Minority Regions:Progress,Inadequacies and Solutions 预览
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作者 王延中 宁亚芳 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2019年第2期52-65,共14页
Since the dawn of the new era,significant progress has been made in the economic,political,cultural,social and ecological development of China’s ethnic minority regions under the strategy to “build a moderately pros... Since the dawn of the new era,significant progress has been made in the economic,political,cultural,social and ecological development of China’s ethnic minority regions under the strategy to “build a moderately prosperous society in all respects,deepen reform,implement the rule of law,and strengthen Party discipline.” Nevertheless,in order to fully satisfy the growing needs of people in ethnic minority regions,China must continuously promote endogenous development,rural income growth,skills training,urbanization,poverty reduction effectiveness,social governance and the common values of the Chinese nation,and address the issues related to imbalanced and insufficient development.In light of China’s goal to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects for people of all ethnic groups and regions,this paper raises policy recommendations to enhance skills training and vocational education,promote fair access to basic public services,enhance targeted poverty reduction in deeply poor regions,create a public cultural service system involving diverse stakeholders,increase the fairness of ethnic policy for people of different ethnic groups and regions,and balance the relationship between ecological protection and economic development in ethnic minority regions. 展开更多
关键词 new era ETHNIC MINORITY REGIONS a moderately PROSPEROUS society in all respects TARGETED POVERTY reduction public services
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An Improved Ciphertext Retrieval Scheme Based on Fully Homomorphic Encryption
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作者 LI Xinyan MOU Huajian LU Dianjun 《武汉大学学报:自然科学英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第3期218-222,共5页
In order to guarantee the user’s privacy and the integrity of data when retrieving ciphertext in an untrusted cloud environment, an improved ciphertext retrieval scheme was proposed based on full homomorphic encrypti... In order to guarantee the user’s privacy and the integrity of data when retrieving ciphertext in an untrusted cloud environment, an improved ciphertext retrieval scheme was proposed based on full homomorphic encryption. This scheme can encrypt two bits one time and improve the efficiency of retrieval. Moreover, it has small key space and reduces the storage space. Meanwhile, the homomorphic property of this scheme was proved in detail. The experimental results and comparisons show that the proposed scheme is characterized by increased security, high efficiency and low cost. 展开更多
关键词 fully homomorphic ENCRYPTION PUBLIC key size the GREATEST common divisor(GCD) problem CIPHERTEXT RETRIEVAL
Research on University Student Management Informatization Based on Wechat Public Platform 预览
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作者 Chi Haiyang 《计算机科学与技术汇刊:中英文版》 2019年第1期1-4,共4页
Compared with the traditional methods of University Students' education management, the new media Wechat public platform has the characteristics of simplicity, rapidity, accuracy and students' willingness to a... Compared with the traditional methods of University Students' education management, the new media Wechat public platform has the characteristics of simplicity, rapidity, accuracy and students' willingness to accept. At present, it has played an important role in the life and study of College students. As the research object of new media, Wechat Public Platform has the advantages of mass communication and interpersonal communication. Therefore, it can maximize the interaction of interpersonal communication and integrate the advantages of various media in presentation. The introduction of Wechat public platform into the information transmission mechanism of university student management will help to improve the efficiency of information transmission and improve the timeliness of information transmission. Through the WeChat public platform to timely carry out student work and timely solve the students' practical problems, college student workers can communicate with students through the platform, and the counselors can upload healthy thought content at any time, thus comprehensively improving the supervision ability of college students in China. 展开更多
关键词 Wechat PUBLIC PLATFORM COLLEGES and UNIVERSITIES STUDENT MANAGEMENT Information
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Research on the Reform of the Reverse Construction Model of the Practical Teaching System of Higher Vocational Public Courses 预览
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作者 Liu Guimei 《计算机科学与技术汇刊:中英文版》 2019年第1期14-18,共5页
According to the characteristics of practical teaching of higher vocational basic courses, the connotation, types, goals and significance of practical teaching of higher vocational basic courses are discussed, and the... According to the characteristics of practical teaching of higher vocational basic courses, the connotation, types, goals and significance of practical teaching of higher vocational basic courses are discussed, and the teaching status of higher vocational basic courses is analyzed. The practical curriculum system is reverse engineering. According to the training objectives, the reverse design graduation requirements, establish the relationship between training objectives, graduation requirements and practical curriculum system;on the basis of the reverse design of the practical curriculum system, establish a new relationship between the practical curriculum system and the theoretical curriculum system Finally, according to the graduation requirements, the basic curriculum, professional basic courses and professional courses are reversed. Construct a multi-dimensional and three-dimensional practical teaching mode that combines theory with practice, takes practice teaching as the main body, and combines practice inside and outside the classroom. 展开更多
关键词 Higher VOCATIONAL Education Public Foundation Course Practical TEACHING TEACHING Mode REVERSE CONSTRUCTION
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三级公立医院医疗新技术准入指标体系研究
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作者 林夏 吕兰婷 +3 位作者 金盾 滕永军 李娜 白飞 《中华医院管理杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第5期384-387,共4页
目的尝试建立一套科学、全面的三级公立医院新技术准入评估指标体系,以期为医院新技术准入管理制度提供工具。方法本研究收集了全国8个省份30家三级公立医院的医疗新技术准入申请表,对申请表的评估维度进行归类整理,同时参考欧盟以及丹... 目的尝试建立一套科学、全面的三级公立医院新技术准入评估指标体系,以期为医院新技术准入管理制度提供工具。方法本研究收集了全国8个省份30家三级公立医院的医疗新技术准入申请表,对申请表的评估维度进行归类整理,同时参考欧盟以及丹麦、加拿大的医院卫生技术评估申请表,形成初始条目,并进行两轮德尔菲专家咨询。结果初步形成了我国二级公立医院医疗新技术准入指标体系,包括5个一级指标和24个二级指标二结论两轮专家咨询意见均具有高度的一致性,说明指标较为符合我国医院管理实际情况,但仍需要在实践过程中不断完善。 展开更多
关键词 医院 公立 新技术 准入 德尔菲 指标体系
公办养老机构转制发展现状及对策研究 预览 被引量:1
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作者 王莉莉 《兰州学刊》 CSSCI 2019年第2期192-208,共17页
为了进一步推动老龄服务市场的健康发展,国家开始大力推进公办养老机构转制进程。文章以公办养老机构转制试点为研究对象,深入分析了各地公办养老机构转制的主要类型及经验,并针对目前转制过程中的突出问题,认为未来公办养老机构转制应... 为了进一步推动老龄服务市场的健康发展,国家开始大力推进公办养老机构转制进程。文章以公办养老机构转制试点为研究对象,深入分析了各地公办养老机构转制的主要类型及经验,并针对目前转制过程中的突出问题,认为未来公办养老机构转制应着重加强公办养老机构转制的顶层设计、精准分类、统筹推进、多元方式,以及进一步完善转制过程中的价格形成机制、国有资产管理机制、招投标机制以及合同管理机制。 展开更多
关键词 公办 养老机构 转制
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