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Emancipatory reflection on a nursing practice-based ethical issue about nurses’paternalistic decision-making for patients 预览
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作者 Lian-Lian Tang 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期19-26,共8页
Objective:This study aimed to demonstrate and promote the skill of critical emancipatory reflection through reflecting on a nursing practice-based ethical issue about nurses’paternalistic decision-making for patients... Objective:This study aimed to demonstrate and promote the skill of critical emancipatory reflection through reflecting on a nursing practice-based ethical issue about nurses’paternalistic decision-making for patients.Meanwhile,critical awareness will be developed and the underlying issues of paternalism in nursing decision-making will be analyzed.Then,by applying the procedure,improvement in nursing decision-making practice will be expected.Methods:Taylor’s model of emancipatory reflection with four steps,including construction,deconstruction,confrontation,and reconstruction,is utilized to guide the author’s reflection.Results:Guided by the socialization theory,the author’s personal and professional socialization is seen to be associated with the formation of the value of paternalism.The theory of reflexivity is applied to unearth the related issues,including deeper personal value,work environment,as well as historical and cultural contexts.Moreover,the power derived from policy,work relationship,and nursing administration,which could induce paternalism in the author’s nursing decision-making practice,was critically debated using the hegemony theory.Finally,new insights into paternalism will be achieved,which enable change in terms of how to facilitate patients’autonomous decision-making.Conclusions:The process of refection makes it clear that respecting patients’right and performing patient-centered caring are the bases to change the paternalism existing in the nursing decision-making practice currently.The reconstruction step assists the author in terms of how to value the patients’autonomy and balance patients’safety and choice,rather than being overprotective;carry out risk assessment,and search for strong evidence to counterbalance the positive and negative aspects of risk-taking;communicate with patients appropriately in a manner that they can comprehend;spend more time to explore patients’preference and choice;make every effort to elevate the patients’decision-making capacity;implemen 展开更多
关键词 REFLECTION PATERNALISM critical emancipatory REFLECTION Taylor’s model DECISION-MAKING NURSING ETHICAL ISSUE
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基于不同粗糙度表面反射的液晶屏显示信息泄漏研究 预览
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作者 段存丽 刘王云 +2 位作者 赵鹏程 陈玉娇 张苏娟 《光子学报》 EI CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第3期212-220,共9页
针对不同粗糙度表面反射光泄漏问题,对Torrance-Sparrow模型进行修正,建立了双向反射分布函数数学模型,数值计算了影响双向反射分布函数的各个因素,通过实验对建立的数学模型和数值计算结果进行了验证.结果表明:影响反射信息的主要因素... 针对不同粗糙度表面反射光泄漏问题,对Torrance-Sparrow模型进行修正,建立了双向反射分布函数数学模型,数值计算了影响双向反射分布函数的各个因素,通过实验对建立的数学模型和数值计算结果进行了验证.结果表明:影响反射信息的主要因素有镜面反射,漫反射和介质的吸收,镜面反射包括反射面反射率、反射面上微面元倾斜角概率分布函数、入射光入射到反射面的微面元入射角和反射角引起的遮蔽因子,其中,主要影响因素是镜面反射;若选定入射角和粗糙度,随着反射角从0到π/2变化,反射面双向反射分布函数是以镜面反射角为均值的高斯分布,当反射角大于1.4rad,反射面双向反射分布函数值急剧增加,高斯分布发生变形;若选定镜面反射角方向接收反射信息,随着反射面粗糙度的增加,反射面双向反射分布函数值单调下降,且变化较快;当粗糙度大于0.3时,双向反射分布函数接近0. 展开更多
关键词 信息泄漏 反射 双向反射分布函数 粗糙度
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曳引式乘客电梯安全评估比对的分析与思考
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作者 刁立军 《中国特种设备安全》 2019年第5期33-35,共3页
在测试曳引式乘客电梯安全评估[1]准确性的比对中,电梯评估组采用同一仪器及方法进行现场测试及事后风险划分[2]判定电梯风险等级,但最终结果存在较大差异。通过分析结果表明,评估人员对评估项目的理解不同是此次比对结果差异较大的主... 在测试曳引式乘客电梯安全评估[1]准确性的比对中,电梯评估组采用同一仪器及方法进行现场测试及事后风险划分[2]判定电梯风险等级,但最终结果存在较大差异。通过分析结果表明,评估人员对评估项目的理解不同是此次比对结果差异较大的主要原因,该结果引发对电梯安全评估合理判定的分析与思考。 展开更多
关键词 电梯安全评估比对 差异 分析 思考
依法申请行政强制执行兽药案的思考 预览
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作者 拉毛吉 丁国义 《中国动物检疫》 CAS 2019年第2期39-41,共3页
2017年,甘肃省夏河县农牧林业局对一起经营假兽药的违法行为进行了依法立案查处。在行政处罚决定书送达后当事人拒不履行行政处罚决定义务,执法机关申请人民法院进行了强制执行,案件执行完毕。本文通过对案件来源、查处过程和申请强制... 2017年,甘肃省夏河县农牧林业局对一起经营假兽药的违法行为进行了依法立案查处。在行政处罚决定书送达后当事人拒不履行行政处罚决定义务,执法机关申请人民法院进行了强制执行,案件执行完毕。本文通过对案件来源、查处过程和申请强制执行情况进行了讨论,梳理了假兽药认定和违法所得核算的相关依据,明确了申请强制执行的业务流程,为切实加强农业行政处罚管理,严格落实行政处罚措施提供参考。 展开更多
关键词 申请 行政强制执行 兽药案 思考
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Reflection on Notre Dame Cathedral Fire:Protecting Cultural Relics Themselves is More Important Than Digitization 预览
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作者 Li Zhengwei 《中外文化交流:英文版》 2019年第5期40-41,共2页
According to people in the museum industry, subject to a variety of conditions, no country in the world has completed the digital recording ot all their cultural relics including buildings. When it comes to the diffic... According to people in the museum industry, subject to a variety of conditions, no country in the world has completed the digital recording ot all their cultural relics including buildings. When it comes to the difficulties, they hold that raising awarencss is the top priority. Recognizing the importance of digitization is the most important and difficult task. 展开更多
关键词 REFLECTION DIGITIZATION buildings
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Advancing the quality of care and nursing practice through emancipatory reflection 预览
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作者 Hong-Jing Yu Dong-Lan Ling Jia-Le Hu 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期1-4,共4页
Reflection is a fundamental skill of health-care professionals and plays an important role in ensuring the quality of care in health-care practice.It is believed that undertaking reflection in practice can help nurses... Reflection is a fundamental skill of health-care professionals and plays an important role in ensuring the quality of care in health-care practice.It is believed that undertaking reflection in practice can help nurses develop an awareness of a sense of personal power and agency,cultivate their critical thinking ability and help them promote their professional development.However,reflection has not been introduced widely as a nursing curriculum in China,and literature shows that some clinical nurses lack critical thinking skills and critical reflective practice skills by reason of not receiving systematic education on reflection when they were at nursing college.Therefore,we present a series of seven articles focused on prevalent and interesting practice-based events to reflect on in this special issue.The main aim is to disseminate reflective methodology and techniques and present examples of reflective writing for nurses.It is expected that these articles will help to lead Chinese nurses to adopt critical emancipatory reflective processes to bring about transformative actions. 展开更多
关键词 Smyth’s FRAMEWORK CRITICAL emancipatory REFLECTION QUALITY of CARE NURSING practice
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以关键词研究开创中国文论新局——李建中教授中华元典关键词研究述评 预览
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作者 孙盼盼 《天中学刊》 2019年第3期7-14,共8页
李建中教授对中华元典关键词的研究,主要是从路径、义理和价值三个维度展开的:通过对元典关键词之词根性、坐标性、转义性的理论考察,以及对汉字批评之追根、问境、致用的批评实践,说明元典关键词肇始之初的创生路径;通过概括元典关键... 李建中教授对中华元典关键词的研究,主要是从路径、义理和价值三个维度展开的:通过对元典关键词之词根性、坐标性、转义性的理论考察,以及对汉字批评之追根、问境、致用的批评实践,说明元典关键词肇始之初的创生路径;通过概括元典关键词的义理基础,涵泳无限丰富的“大观念”,探索传统文化的“新释”与“激活”,以修正中国文化的“阐释焦虑”与“路径错位”;通过“后现代”对“前学科”的回返,元典关键词提供了关涉学科范畴的前沿思考,探索了由“方术”而返“道术”的阐释空间,揭示了中国文化元典关键词研究的学术价值。 展开更多
关键词 李建中 中国文化 创生路径 义理基础 前沿思考
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教育专硕的专业成长路径初探 预览
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作者 胡晓雅 《科教导刊》 2019年第18期5-6,共2页
随着专业硕士被社会的接受程度逐渐增加,教育专硕报考人数也在增长。现代社会对中小学教师的能力也提出了更高的要求,在此背景下教育专硕如何通过研究生阶段的学习达到准教师门槛成为很多人关注的地方。笔者就教育专硕的专业成长路径进... 随着专业硕士被社会的接受程度逐渐增加,教育专硕报考人数也在增长。现代社会对中小学教师的能力也提出了更高的要求,在此背景下教育专硕如何通过研究生阶段的学习达到准教师门槛成为很多人关注的地方。笔者就教育专硕的专业成长路径进行了初步探索和分析,提出从调整心态开始,通过学习、实践和反思等途径实现专业化成长。 展开更多
关键词 教育专硕 专业成长 反思
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Critical emancipatory reflection on a practice-based issue in relation to the working relationship between doctors and nurses in China 预览
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作者 Dong-Lan Ling Hong-Jing Yu 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期5-11,共7页
Objective:Reflection is viewed as the most significant skill and should be advocated for lifelong learning.In order to grasp the process of reflection and embrace the reflective skill,one of the authors of this paper ... Objective:Reflection is viewed as the most significant skill and should be advocated for lifelong learning.In order to grasp the process of reflection and embrace the reflective skill,one of the authors of this paper reflects on a practice-based issue in relation to the communication between doctors and nurses,to gain new understanding and thus improve the authors’clinical practice.Methods:Smyth’s framework with four stages is utilized as an ideal framework to guide the author’s reflection on the practice-based issue to free the author from her entrenched assumptions and the oppressive forces that limit her practice.Results:The espoused and enacted theory,together with the critical reflection theory,are used to explore the values and beliefs that essentially govern the author’s practice and how these are distinct from the author’s worldviews.Following this,critical emancipatory reflection is undertaken to explore the dominant power structures within the author’s workplace.Furthermore,given the hegemonic and chaotic working context of this issue,hegemony and symbolic interaction theory are applied to unearth the various hidden constraining and oppressive forces.Additionally,socialization theory is utilized to help the author achieve professional identity.Conclusions:Reconstructing the practice-based issue empowers the author to realize that in the future,she should act as a reflective practitioner,creating a daily habit,staying alert to practice,seeing things freshly,finding support systems,improving communication skills,conducting reflective research,and reifying reflective practice.Ultimately,the author will be sufficiently equipped to be able to transform her practice and change its outcomes. 展开更多
关键词 reflective skill CRITICAL emancipatory REFLECTION Smyth’s framework HEGEMONY SOCIALIZATION theory transformative PRACTICE
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小学语文教科书的量化与质性分析--以小学三年级《语文·上册》为例 预览
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作者 吴枝南 杨通知 王海福 《湖南第一师范学院学报》 2019年第3期53-55,79共4页
小学语文教科书“统编本”是对“实验版”的继承和发展。两种不同版本的小学三年级《语文·上册》在单元主题、选文篇目及其价值取向上的差异,可知“统编本”的隐性价值主要体现在三个方面:一是为了更好地体现小学语文教科书与自然... 小学语文教科书“统编本”是对“实验版”的继承和发展。两种不同版本的小学三年级《语文·上册》在单元主题、选文篇目及其价值取向上的差异,可知“统编本”的隐性价值主要体现在三个方面:一是为了更好地体现小学语文教科书与自然的关联性、学生生活的贴合性和时代的适切性;二是为了更好地弘扬中华民族优秀传统文化、培育学生审美素养、激发学生爱国之情和传递美好品德与价值观念;三是为了更好地发挥语文教科书的育人功能、贯彻核心素养为导向的课改精神和落实立德树人的根本任务。 展开更多
关键词 小学语文教科书 统编本 实验版 选文比较 反思
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A critical reflection on improving effective team communication 预览
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作者 Hua Yang 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期13-18,共6页
Objective:This paper aims at critically reflecting on the author’s personal experience in the context of communication within a nursing team and exploring relevant existing constraints with a view to improving practi... Objective:This paper aims at critically reflecting on the author’s personal experience in the context of communication within a nursing team and exploring relevant existing constraints with a view to improving practice and achieving more effective outcomes in team communication.Methods:Critical emancipatory reflection is used to evaluate and interpret the author’s practice.Smyth’s model serves as a framework to guide critical reflection step by step in this paper.Relevant theoretical perspectives help to make sense of the author’s performance in terms of team communication.Results:It is identified via emancipatory reflection that the author endorses the ideas of equality,respect,trust,and collaboration,which were formed and established during the process of professional socialization.However,different constraints,such as sociocultural,historical,political,and personal factors,impede the author from performing more effectively in terms of team communication.Reconstruction provides the author opportunities to take actions to rectify constraints and avoid the reemergence of previous situations in the future.Conclusions:Reflection is an effective way to gather knowledge and develop comprehensive understanding of practice.Alternative actions for effective team communication are recommended,including formulating ground rules for discussion,guiding nurses in the correct way,transforming conflicts within a team,being an active and reflective listener,and motivating nurses to actively create. 展开更多
关键词 CRITICAL emancipatory REFLECTION Smyth’s model TEAM communication CRITICAL social theory professional SOCIALIZATION CONSTRAINTS
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宋代宗族史研究的回顾与思考 预览
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作者 马秋菊 《西南林业大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第1期40-44,共5页
通过对宋代平民化宗族形成和发展的影响因素、宋代宗族经济与伦理的互动关系研究认为,有关影响平民化宗族形成和发展的各种因素,学术界已有较为深入的探讨,特别是有关科举、婚姻、宗族与地方、国家的互动关系等方面的研究非常透彻。宗... 通过对宋代平民化宗族形成和发展的影响因素、宋代宗族经济与伦理的互动关系研究认为,有关影响平民化宗族形成和发展的各种因素,学术界已有较为深入的探讨,特别是有关科举、婚姻、宗族与地方、国家的互动关系等方面的研究非常透彻。宗族伦理方面的研究相对薄弱,且多是在宋明理学发展的框架下进行探讨,稍显狭隘,有待进一步发掘。进入二十一世纪以后,宋代宗族史研究再一次出现了较大的转向,可能还存在着一些各个层面的研究值得进一步推进,不断有学者开始由点到线再到整体的发展、重新回归到宋代宗族的整体性研究,并从横向纵向全面把握宋代宗族的发展脉络。 展开更多
关键词 宋代 宗族史 回顾 思考
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五星教学原理在二外日语教学中的运用——以格助词“に”“で”的教学为例 预览
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作者 吴辻 《科教文汇》 2019年第17期178-180,共3页
梅里尔教授从一组有效的教学原理和模式中提炼出了五星教学原理。该原理以聚焦解决问题为宗旨,通过激活旧知、示证新知、应用新知和融会贯通这四大教学循环圈来提高教学效率。本论文以在五星教学原理指导下的“二外日语提示场所格助词... 梅里尔教授从一组有效的教学原理和模式中提炼出了五星教学原理。该原理以聚焦解决问题为宗旨,通过激活旧知、示证新知、应用新知和融会贯通这四大教学循环圈来提高教学效率。本论文以在五星教学原理指导下的“二外日语提示场所格助词‘に’‘で’”的课堂设计为例,检测五星教学原理在课堂中的教学效果并对其结果进行反思,以求提高二外日语课堂的教学效率。 展开更多
关键词 场所格助词 五星教学原理 课堂设计 反思
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吴澄对宋末元初“宗唐复古”的反思与超越 预览
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作者 包亚峰 《黑龙江工业学院学报:综合版》 2019年第9期126-130,共5页
以戴表元和袁桷为代表的宋末元初时期“宗唐复古”派批驳宋诗的重理、重文的诗学观点,他们认为宋诗丧失了诗之蕴藉,企图回归含蓄蕴藉的盛唐诗风,掀起了宋末元初的复古诗潮。而吴澄反思这一复古潮流,认为复古之诗已落入复制、模拟他人情... 以戴表元和袁桷为代表的宋末元初时期“宗唐复古”派批驳宋诗的重理、重文的诗学观点,他们认为宋诗丧失了诗之蕴藉,企图回归含蓄蕴藉的盛唐诗风,掀起了宋末元初的复古诗潮。而吴澄反思这一复古潮流,认为复古之诗已落入复制、模拟他人情感之窠臼,忽略了宋诗的变革价值,成为了死板的诗学理论。因此,吴澄回归到理学思想之中,从哲学性情的角度为个人性情找到论说的依据,超越了尊唐复古所带来的局限。 展开更多
关键词 吴澄 宋末元初 宗唐复古 反思 超越
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关于黑龙江省乡村绿化建设的思考 预览
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作者 常杨 《林业勘查设计》 2019年第3期6-7,共2页
对比目前黑龙江省乡村绿化工作现状,结合乡村绿化工作中发现的问题,分析宣传、资金、绿化用地、规划布局、绿化档次和后期管护等问题,针对下一步乡村绿化工作提出一些想法、建议。
关键词 黑龙江省 乡村绿化 思考
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Critical reflection on the role of theater nurses in a multidisciplinary team for perioperative care in China 预览
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作者 Xiao Xiao She-Ning Zhu 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期27-33,共7页
Objective:The aim of this article is to reflect on the role of theater nurses in a multidisciplinary team,understand the factors that have influenced theater nurses’practice,and improve the authors’clinical practice... Objective:The aim of this article is to reflect on the role of theater nurses in a multidisciplinary team,understand the factors that have influenced theater nurses’practice,and improve the authors’clinical practice ultimately.Methods:The author used Smyth’s model to guide the process of reflection on the practice issue.Critical reflection,critical emancipatory theory,reflexivity,and critical social theory were used to help the author analyze the factors that have affected theater nurses’practice in the organization.Results:There are gaps between the espoused and enacted theories.A theater nurse’s practice is determined by multiple factors,such as political,structural,social,historical,cultural issues,and so on.The hierarchy of the health context could hinder possible changes in theater nurses’practice.To better understand our practice and implement transformation,we should shape a supportive environment,bear in mind the practice motto of“patient-centered”care,and improve our knowledge and reflection skills.Conclusions:Reflection plays a significant role in the advancing of practice among theater nurses and needs to be combined with clinical practice.To provide the best service of care to perioperative patients,a theater nurse should have an insightful understanding of the factors that have influenced her/his behaviors historically,socially,and culturally.By improving their critical reflection skills,practitioners could gain knowledge from experience. 展开更多
关键词 MULTIDISCIPLINARY team Smyth’s reflective framework REFLEXIVITY CRITICAL reflection CRITICAL emancipatory THEORY CRITICAL social THEORY task-oriented PERSON-CENTERED care
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Listen and talk to the older patients:a critical emancipatory reflection on the practice of communication issues 预览
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作者 Qiao-Miao Zeng Lian-Xiang He 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期35-40,共6页
Objective:Reflection is a process of deliberating thinking and examining one’s practice in the past and thereby encouraging nurses to make improvements in future care delivery.This work outlines a piece of reflection... Objective:Reflection is a process of deliberating thinking and examining one’s practice in the past and thereby encouraging nurses to make improvements in future care delivery.This work outlines a piece of reflection involving the practice of communication between nurses and the elderly,to emancipate the authors from their constraints,help to find values as practitioners,and gain a greater understanding of the nurse-patient relationship.Methods:Using Smyth’s four-stage model as a guide,as well as empirical and theoretical knowledge on nurse-patient relationships,this paper presents a deep reflection on the relationship that the authors developed with elderly patients and their families,encountered during the practice as a nurse.By applying the four main stages consisting of describe,inform,confront,and reconstruct,this model enabled the authors to frame,describe the practice issue,and explore the meaning behind it,which helps to facilitate a structured reflection.Results:Critical emancipatory reflection,in association with the Espoused theory and Theory-in-use,as well as reflexivity,critical social theory,and hegemony,was applied to uncover the various power relationships and constraining forces in the authors’practice involved in communicating with the elderly,such as the underlying false consciousness,hegemony,hidden assumptions,influential values,and dominant power structure,which are subtle and persuasive.By applying this process of critical reflection,transformative practice could be achieved.Conclusions:The process of critical reflection facilitated the development of the abilities required to develop and maintain the nursepatient relationship.It helps to enhance the care of old patients and their families,which illuminates the future nursing practice. 展开更多
关键词 emancipatory REFLECTION OLDER patients communication nurse-patient relationship PERSON-CENTERED care
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大数据时代的中医药小数据研究探讨
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作者 石康乐 谢晴宇 孟庆刚 《中华中医药学刊》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第2期372-377,共6页
历经三次技术革命,人类生产生活的复杂程度不断增高,人类社会数据的产生方式、体量、速度、类型及存储和处理能力也随之成长,时至今日,大数据时代已经到来。如何利用大数据的思维、方法与技术,对学科领域浩繁数据进行挖掘利用,这成为包... 历经三次技术革命,人类生产生活的复杂程度不断增高,人类社会数据的产生方式、体量、速度、类型及存储和处理能力也随之成长,时至今日,大数据时代已经到来。如何利用大数据的思维、方法与技术,对学科领域浩繁数据进行挖掘利用,这成为包括医学在内,当下各学科领域的重要议题。而在中医药领域中,如何充分利用广泛可用的主动化与自动化数据,根据健康管理的需求,从中提取知识,并将其应用到具体的医学实践之中,应是中医药大数据研究真正的核心命题。就此,引入小数据(Small Data)的理念,在阐释其本源的基础上,对其给出更加广义的再定义--小数据是能够外化一个系统完整性能与功能的数据集合。以期通过小数据研究,为中医药健康管理、知识发现、疗效评价、机制探索提供新的思路与方法。并期待对众多小数据开展综合分析,由个性走向共性,由个体走向尊重个体的群体,由小数据走向大数据。 展开更多
关键词 小数据 大数据 中医药 精准医学 健康管理 数据系统 映射
Critical emancipatory reflection on a practice-based issue in relation to nurses’communicative role with unsatisfied clients in Chinese hospitals 预览
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作者 Chun-Mei Lyu Li Zhang 《护理前沿(英文)》 CAS 2019年第1期41-45,共5页
Objective:This study aims to use reflective theory and critical emancipatory theory to explore nurses’communicative role with unsatisfied clients.Methods:This paper begins with the broad issue,and the analysis will e... Objective:This study aims to use reflective theory and critical emancipatory theory to explore nurses’communicative role with unsatisfied clients.Methods:This paper begins with the broad issue,and the analysis will engage Smyth’s cycle,which includes describing,analyzing,exploring,and reconstructing.Results:Critical emancipatory reflection is essential to make changes in the professional practice of nursing,because it is of primary importance for the professional learning and development of a nurse.Conclusions:Critical emancipatory reflection helps a nurse to analyze the constraints,including historical,sociocultural,political,and personal aspects. 展开更多
关键词 REFLECTIVE SKILL CRITICAL emancipatory REFLECTION Smyth’s framework communication unsatisfied clients
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新闻学的春天与冬天:对中国新闻学的再反思
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作者 李彬 《山西大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期20-24,共5页
党的十八大以来,随着中国特色社会主义进入新时代,中国新闻学面临着前所未有的发展机遇即所谓"春天",同时也不得不面对突出的危机即所谓"冬天",特别是失地、失人、失魂的困境。为此,需要确立道路自信与学术自信,确... 党的十八大以来,随着中国特色社会主义进入新时代,中国新闻学面临着前所未有的发展机遇即所谓"春天",同时也不得不面对突出的危机即所谓"冬天",特别是失地、失人、失魂的困境。为此,需要确立道路自信与学术自信,确立马克思主义的立场、观点和方法,确立新中国的研究主体地位,将新中国新闻学七十年的历史功业与学科遗产转换为一整套实践与逻辑有机统一的思想、理论与学说,从而真正迎来中国新闻学的春天。 展开更多
关键词 中国新闻学 学术 反思
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