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辽宁省2010—2012年成年居民吸烟行为调查分析 认领
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作者 李欣 栾德春 +5 位作者 任时 崔玉丰 刘钟梅 于欣 马成鑫 李绥晶 《中国慢性病预防与控制》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第1期32-37,共6页
目的了解辽宁省成年居民的吸烟行为现况,为开展有效的控烟干预措施提供科学依据。方法本研究数据来自2010—2012年中国居民营养与健康状况监测资料,采用多阶段分层与人口规模成比例的概率抽样(PPS)方法筛选4609名18岁及以上居民作为本... 目的了解辽宁省成年居民的吸烟行为现况,为开展有效的控烟干预措施提供科学依据。方法本研究数据来自2010—2012年中国居民营养与健康状况监测资料,采用多阶段分层与人口规模成比例的概率抽样(PPS)方法筛选4609名18岁及以上居民作为本次研究对象,问卷调查基本信息、现在是否吸烟、开始吸烟年龄、吸烟量、被动吸烟情况及戒烟等内容。采用SAS 9.4统计软件进行t检验、方差分析、Wilcoxon秩和检验、χ^2检验和MHχ^2检验。结果2010—2012年辽宁省成年居民现在吸烟率为26.4%(男性为52.8%,女性为6.4%;农村为32.2%,城市为22.2%),现在吸烟者中每日吸烟率为24.5%(其中男性为49.7%,女性为5.3%;农村为30.2%,城市为20.2%),男性高于女性,农村高于城市,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。现在吸烟者平均开始吸烟年龄中位数为22.0岁(P25~P75:18.0~24.0岁),其中男性大多在18岁前和18~24岁开始吸烟,所占比例分别为30.7%和49.4%。现在吸烟者日均机制卷烟吸烟量为14.5支,日均吸烟量≥20支者比例为44.2%。吸烟者中戒烟率为16.7%,女性(33.1%)高于男性(13.4%),城市(22.8%)高于农村(10.2%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。非吸烟者中二手烟暴露率为49.1%,女性(52.3%)高于男性(40.6%),农村(56.3%)高于城市(44.4%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论辽宁省成年居民吸烟水平和二手烟暴露率较高,且戒烟率较低,尤其成年男性和农村居民吸烟状况不容乐观。应针对不同目标人群,采取有效控烟措施,减少吸烟行为所造成的疾病、社会和经济负担。 展开更多
关键词 成年居民 吸烟 二手烟暴露 戒烟率
吸烟对某地区居民血尿酸水平的影响研究 认领
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作者 万晋迪 仲怀琴 +2 位作者 关国跃 王志清 陶琦 《中国预防医学杂志》 CAS CSCD 2020年第3期245-248,共4页
目的探究吸烟对某地区居民血尿酸水平的影响。方法选取2017年1月至2018年12月于华东疗养院接受常规检查的上海地区218例居民为研究对象,统计并记录研究对象的临床资料、吸烟史以及血尿酸水平,比较不同吸烟状态、不同吸烟年限、不同吸烟... 目的探究吸烟对某地区居民血尿酸水平的影响。方法选取2017年1月至2018年12月于华东疗养院接受常规检查的上海地区218例居民为研究对象,统计并记录研究对象的临床资料、吸烟史以及血尿酸水平,比较不同吸烟状态、不同吸烟年限、不同吸烟支数研究对象的血尿酸水平。结果218例研究对象中,吸烟状态为从不吸烟共127例,血尿酸水平为(251.27±20.61)μmol/L,吸烟状态为过去吸烟共24例,血尿酸水平为(321.39±30.88)μmol/L,吸烟状态为现在吸烟共67例,血尿酸水平为(389.62±50.29)μmol/L,差异有统计学意义(F=4.214,P=0.042);吸烟年限<10年共46例,血尿酸水平为(330.28±27.61)μmol/L,吸烟年限为10~20年共25例,血尿酸水平为(360.84±26.55)μmol/L,吸烟年限>20年共20例,血尿酸水平为(404.93±30.16)μmol/L,差异有统计学意义(F=4.876,P=0.032);每日吸烟支数<5支共51例,血尿酸水平为(338.29±30.04)μmol/L,每日吸烟支数为5~10支共28例,血尿酸水平为(366.14±35.41)μmol/L,每日吸烟支数>10支共12例,血尿酸水平为(411.29±29.78)μmol/L,差异有统计学意义(F=5.024,P=0.025)。结论居民血尿酸水平受吸烟状态影响,吸烟年限和每日吸烟支数越高,居民的血尿酸水平越高,临床上应该加以重视。 展开更多
关键词 吸烟 吸烟年限 吸烟支数 血尿酸水平
杭州市15岁及以上居民吸烟情况调查 认领
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作者 彭洪 王勐 +2 位作者 何晓燕 张琼 黄阳梅 《预防医学》 2020年第3期253-257,共5页
目的了解杭州市15岁及以上常住居民吸烟情况,为开展居民控烟工作提供依据。方法于2017年3—6月采用多阶段随机抽样方法,按县(市、区)、乡镇(街道)、村(居委会)和村(居)民小组逐级抽取杭州市≥15岁常住居民,采用全球成人烟草调查(中国)... 目的了解杭州市15岁及以上常住居民吸烟情况,为开展居民控烟工作提供依据。方法于2017年3—6月采用多阶段随机抽样方法,按县(市、区)、乡镇(街道)、村(居委会)和村(居)民小组逐级抽取杭州市≥15岁常住居民,采用全球成人烟草调查(中国)问卷对居民吸烟、二手烟暴露和戒烟情况进行调查,采用多因素Logistic回归模型分析居民现在吸烟和戒烟的影响因素。结果发放调查问卷1440份,回收有效问卷1434份,回收有效率为99.58%。现在吸烟359人,占25.03%;现在每日吸烟333人,占23.22%;现在吸烟者日均吸烟量中位数为15支,开始每日吸烟年龄中位数为21岁;二手烟暴露670人,占62.33%;戒烟成功137人,占27.62%。多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,男性(OR=73.459,95%CI:38.970~138.458)、≥50岁(OR:1.646~2.632,95%CI:1.020~4.710)、小学文化程度(OR=3.267,95%CI:1.586~6.732)、高中/中专文化程度(OR=1.902,95%CI:1.109~3.261)、二手烟危害知识高分组(OR=2.485,95%CI:1.735~3.559)与现在吸烟有统计学关联;男性(OR=64.454,95%CI:29.031~138.691)、50~<60岁组(OR=0.281,95%CI:0.095~0.827)和小学文化程度(OR=0.211,95%CI:0.053~0.841)与戒烟有统计学关联。结论杭州市15岁及以上居民现在吸烟率为25.03%,二手烟暴露率为62.23%;性别、年龄和文化程度均与现在吸烟和戒烟有统计学关联。 展开更多
关键词 吸烟 二手烟 戒烟
Knowledge Attitude and Practice about Water-Pipe Smoking among Saudi Population 认领
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作者 Reema Fahad Abdulrahman Alnumair Amal Hussain Mohammed Ali Hussam Ahmed Mohammed Alghamdi 《生物科学与医学(英文)》 2020年第3期58-72,共15页
Water pipe smoking has been practiced extensively for about 400 years. Water pipe smoking is common in the Saudi Arabia. Water-pipe smoking exposes smokers to high levels of tobacco and toxins. An observational and cr... Water pipe smoking has been practiced extensively for about 400 years. Water pipe smoking is common in the Saudi Arabia. Water-pipe smoking exposes smokers to high levels of tobacco and toxins. An observational and cross-sectional survey carried among 1170 participants to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice about water-pipe smoking among Saudi population. Data was collected and obtained by the online questionnaire that has been created in Google form and then published in different social media platforms over a period from September 2019 to November 2019. The data were entered in Excel and analyzed in EpiInfo7 statistical software to get descriptive statistics. Results: About 70% were females and 30% male, 43% of them are university students with 83% in the age group of the 18 - 25 high participants. Low knowledge of Carbon monoxide poisoning effects = 78%, While 54% of the participants showed low knowledge about infectious disease transmitted by water-pipe. The Knowledge about water pipe contents and carbon monoxide poisoning was low. Further efforts will be necessary to increase the level of awareness among participants in Saudi Arabia regarding water pipe contents and carbon monoxide poisoning. 展开更多
关键词 KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE PRACTICE Water-Pipe SMOKING SAUDI
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2018年郑州市成年居民吸烟及戒烟现况分析 认领
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作者 李建彬 郭向娇 +3 位作者 武恩平 王艳红 祁辉 刘建勋 《中国健康教育》 北大核心 2020年第4期318-321,共4页
目的了解郑州市18岁以上成年居民吸烟和戒烟流行现状,为进一步开展控烟工作提供参考依据。方法于2018年9—10月采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法对郑州市18岁及以上常住居民6809人进行个人问卷调查。根据郑州市2010年普查人口进行加权调整,通... 目的了解郑州市18岁以上成年居民吸烟和戒烟流行现状,为进一步开展控烟工作提供参考依据。方法于2018年9—10月采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法对郑州市18岁及以上常住居民6809人进行个人问卷调查。根据郑州市2010年普查人口进行加权调整,通过SAS 9.4分析不同特征人群的吸烟和戒烟行为。结果经加权调整,郑州市18岁及以上成年居民现在吸烟率和每日吸烟率分别为19.14%(95%CI:18.08~20.25)和15.83%(95%CI:14.86~16.86)。不同性别、年龄组和文化程度居民的现在吸烟率和每日吸烟率差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。戒烟率、成功戒烟率、打算戒烟率分别为21.10%(95%CI:18.96~23.41)、12.95%(95%CI:11.25~14.87)和39.26%(95%CI:36.22~42.40)。不同地区、年龄组和文化程度居民的成功戒烟率和打算戒烟率差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05)。结论郑州市成人男性吸烟率高,戒烟者成功戒烟率低且近期有戒烟意向者较少,应采取综合措施加强控烟工作。 展开更多
关键词 吸烟 戒烟 烟草控制 郑州
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Parental Educational Attainment and Relatives’ Substance Use of American Youth: Hispanics’ Diminished Returns 认领
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作者 Shervin Assari Cleopatra H. Caldwell Mohsen Bazargan 《生物科学与医学(英文)》 2020年第2期122-134,共13页
Background: Research on Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) has shown higher than expected substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) in middle-class Hispanic and Black youth and adults. In theory, some of ... Background: Research on Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) has shown higher than expected substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) in middle-class Hispanic and Black youth and adults. In theory, some of this more than expected risk might be due to the high substance use problem of their social networks. Objectives: To better understand the role of social networks as an explanatory mechanism behind higher than expected substance use among middle-class Hispanic and Black youth, this study tested MDRs of parental educational attainment on substance use involvement of biological relatives in Hispanic and Black middle-class youth. We compared ethnic groups for effects of parental educational attainment on substance use involvement of biological relatives among American youth. Methods: The current longitudinal study used waves 1 and wave 4 data of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health-Adolescents (PATH;2013-2018) study. The sample included 4264 nationally representative American youth who were followed for 4 years. The independent variable was parental educational attainment. The dependent variable was substance use involvement of biological relatives. Age, gender, and marital status of the family were the covariates. Ethnicity was the moderator. Linear regression was used to analyze the data. Results: Parental educational attainment was inversely associated with substance use involvement of biological relatives in the pooled sample (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.13 - 1.63 for high school graduation and OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.53 - 0.80 for college graduation). Hispanic ethnicity showed statistically significant interactions with parental educational attainment (OR = 2.26, 95% CI = 1.49 - 3.44 for high school graduation and OR = 2.98, 95% CI = 1.80 - 4.93 for college graduation), suggesting that the protective effect of parental educational attainment against substance use involvement of biological relatives is smaller for Hispanic youth than for non-Hispanic youth. Conclusions: While high parental educat 展开更多
关键词 Population Groups ETHNICITY SOCIOECONOMIC Status SOCIOECONOMIC Position Education SMOKING Tobacco Use
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Impacts of Preoperative Smoking and Smoking Cessation Time on Preoperative Peripheral Blood Inflammatory Indexes and Postoperative Hospitalization Outcome in Male Patients with Lung Cancer and Surgery Treatment 认领
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作者 Longming Xu Shuiping Dai Yunxia Zuo 《中国医学科学杂志:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2020年第2期170-178,共9页
Objectives To investigate the effects of preoperative smoking and smoking cessation time on preoperative peripheral blood inflammatory indexes and postoperative hospitalization outcomes in male patients with lung canc... Objectives To investigate the effects of preoperative smoking and smoking cessation time on preoperative peripheral blood inflammatory indexes and postoperative hospitalization outcomes in male patients with lung cancer and surgery therapy.Methods We retrospectively enrolled 637 male patients who underwent curative-intent lung cancer resection between January 2014 and December 2016.Patients were classified as the current smokers,the never smokers,and the ex-smokers based on their smoking history,and the ex-smokers were allocated into five subgroups according to their smoking cessation times(CeT):CeT W6 weeks,6weeks<CeT W lyear,lyear<CeT<5years,5years<CeT<lOyears,CeT>10years.The preoperative peripheral blood white blood cells(WBCs),albumin,neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR),platelet to lymphocyte ratio(PLR),intraoperative blood loss,30-day mortality,in-hospital days,hospitalization costs,intensive care un辻(ICU),admission days and placement time of closed thoracic drainage tube were compared among difTerent groups.Results There were significant differences in WBC(F=S.275,P<0.001)and albumin(F=2,470,P<0.05)among patients of current smokers,ex-smokers with different smoking cessation time,and never-smokers.The blood WBC count in current smokers(7.7 X 109/L)was significantly higher than that in ex・smokers(7.0 X 109/L)and never-smokers(5.9 X 109/L)(t=-2.145,P<0.05;t=-6.073,P<0.01,respectively).The level of peripheral blood albumin in current smokers(41.1 g/L)was lower than that in ex・smokers(42.1 g/L)and neve—smokers(43.2 g/L)(t=2.323,P<0.05;t=3.995,P<0.01,respectively).The level of peripheral blood NLR in current smokers(3.7)was higher than that in ex-smokers(3.1)and never smokers(2.8)(t—-1.836,P<0.05;t=-2.889,P<0.01,respectively).There was no significant difference in WBC,albumin and NLR among five subgroups of different smoking cessation time.No significant difference was observed in intraoperative blood loss,30-day mortality,hospitalization costs,hospital stay,ICU stay and placement time of closed thorac 展开更多
关键词 SMOKING smoking cessation lung cancer surgical treatment inflammatory factors .postoperative outcomes
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A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Lifestyle Factors Affecting Laypeople’s Allocation of a Scarce Medical Resource 认领
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作者 Agathe Nguyen Huynh Adrian Furnham Alastair McClelland 《健康(英文)》 2020年第2期141-157,共17页
This study investigates how lifestyle factors affect laypeople’s allocation of a scarce medical resource and explores cross-cultural differences in ethical decision-making between the UK, France and Switzerland. A to... This study investigates how lifestyle factors affect laypeople’s allocation of a scarce medical resource and explores cross-cultural differences in ethical decision-making between the UK, France and Switzerland. A total of 193 participants completed an online questionnaire in which they had to rate the profiles of 16 hypothetical patients in terms of priority for access to kidney dialysis. Each profile was a unique combination of the following lifestyle factors: smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption, weight and amount of physical activity. As predicted, it was found that non-smokers were favoured over smokers, moderate drinkers over heavy drinkers, normal weight patients over obese patients and frequent exercisers over infrequent exercisers. However, contrary to our predictions, no cross-cultural differences were evident. The potential impact of these findings with respect to the formulation of guidelines for allocating scarce medical resources is discussed. 展开更多
关键词 ALLOCATION Kidney DIALYSIS SMOKING Alcohol Weight ADDICTION
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黑龙江省18岁及以上常住居民吸烟和戒烟现状分析 认领
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作者 闫世春 边黎明 +3 位作者 周雪 靳林 崔晓明 李阳春 《中国初级卫生保健》 2020年第4期58-61,共4页
目的了解黑龙江省18岁及以上常住居民吸烟和戒烟行为状况,为制定烟草控制措施提供科学依据。方法利用2015黑龙江省成人慢性病和营养监测项目调查数据进行统计分析。结果2015年黑龙江省18岁及以上居民现在吸烟率为26.23%,男性明显高于女... 目的了解黑龙江省18岁及以上常住居民吸烟和戒烟行为状况,为制定烟草控制措施提供科学依据。方法利用2015黑龙江省成人慢性病和营养监测项目调查数据进行统计分析。结果2015年黑龙江省18岁及以上居民现在吸烟率为26.23%,男性明显高于女性,不同性别居民现在吸烟率比较差异有统计学意义(χ^2=858.29,P<0.05);现在吸烟率在城乡中的差异无统计学意义(χ^2=0.11,P>0.05);开始每日吸烟的平均年龄为19.96岁,男性养成规律吸烟习惯早于女性,戒烟率为13.75%,不同性别居民戒烟率差异无统计学意义(χ^2=2.05,P>0.05),戒烟率在城乡中的差异无统计学意义(χ^2=3.21,P>0.05);成功戒烟率为10.66%,男性成功戒烟率高于女性,不同性别居民成功戒烟率差异有统计学意义(χ^2=5.52,P<0.05);成功戒烟率在城乡中的差异无统计学意义(χ^2=1.34,P>0.05)。结论黑龙江省目前烟草使用现象仍然较为普遍,成年男性吸烟率较高,戒烟和成功戒烟率水平低。 展开更多
关键词 常住居民 吸烟 戒烟 黑龙江
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2015年河北省18岁及以上居民吸烟与戒烟行为现状调查 认领
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作者 赵晶晶 张帆 +4 位作者 史卫卫 高金钗 孙纪新 张新亮 曹亚景 《中国慢性病预防与控制》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第6期418-422,427,共6页
目的了解2015年河北省18岁及以上居民吸烟与戒烟行为现状,为下一步制定控烟方案提供科学依据。方法于2015年采用多阶段整群随机抽样方法,抽取河北省13个慢性病及其危险因素监测点的8162名18岁及以上居民为调查对象,问卷调查吸烟与戒烟... 目的了解2015年河北省18岁及以上居民吸烟与戒烟行为现状,为下一步制定控烟方案提供科学依据。方法于2015年采用多阶段整群随机抽样方法,抽取河北省13个慢性病及其危险因素监测点的8162名18岁及以上居民为调查对象,问卷调查吸烟与戒烟相关情况。采用SPSS 24.0进行χ2检验和方差分析。结果本次调查共纳入有效研究对象8159人,2015年河北省≥18岁人群加权后现在吸烟率为28.19%,男性现在吸烟率(52.90%)高于女性(3.42%),农村(30.01%)高于城市(25.92%)。加权后现在每日吸烟率为24.63%,其中男性(46.60%)高于女性(2.60%),农村(26.15%)高于城市(22.73%)。每日吸烟者开始吸烟的平均年龄为20.05岁,男性(19.89岁)早于女性(22.76岁);每日吸烟者日均吸烟量为16.42支。18岁及以上男性吸烟者中,戒烟率为13.52%,成功戒烟率为9.14%,打算戒烟率为32.10%。18岁及以上非吸烟者的二手烟暴露率为56.57%。结论河北省成人吸烟率较高,尤其是年轻男性,开始吸烟年龄早,成功戒烟率低,在今后控烟工作中应重点关注该人群,制定针对性的控烟措施,以提高河北省控烟工作成效。 展开更多
关键词 吸烟 戒烟 现状调查
冠心病吸烟患者戒烟干预方法的研究进展 认领
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作者 乔莉 丁四清 +2 位作者 郑凤 沈志莹 马桂月 《中国护理管理》 CSCD 北大核心 2020年第4期627-631,共5页
吸烟是威胁冠心病患者预后的主要危险因素之一,戒烟是有效预防患者发生心血管不良事件、成本低且获益大的措施。医务人员有必要通过有效手段,加强对冠心病吸烟患者的临床戒烟干预,提高患者戒烟成功率,促进患者康复。本文综述了冠心病吸... 吸烟是威胁冠心病患者预后的主要危险因素之一,戒烟是有效预防患者发生心血管不良事件、成本低且获益大的措施。医务人员有必要通过有效手段,加强对冠心病吸烟患者的临床戒烟干预,提高患者戒烟成功率,促进患者康复。本文综述了冠心病吸烟患者相关的戒烟干预方法和措施,旨在了解目前戒烟干预实施的现状和效果,为医务人员帮助患者戒烟提供方法和思路。 展开更多
关键词 吸烟 冠心病 戒烟 干预 研究进展
Menopausal Symptoms in Japanese Nurses: Differences between Smokers and Non-Smokers 认领
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作者 Yukie Matsuura Kazuyo Matsuzaki Toshiyuki Yasui 《健康(英文)》 2020年第5期474-485,共12页
This study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire to clarify the differences in menopausal symptoms between smokers and non-smokers in Japanese nurses and the relationship between job-related stress and... This study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire to clarify the differences in menopausal symptoms between smokers and non-smokers in Japanese nurses and the relationship between job-related stress and smoking. The proportion of smokers was 10.3%. Smokers are more likely than non-smokers to have menopausal symptoms such as heart beating quickly or strongly, difficulty in sleeping, loss of interested in most things and night sweat. The scores for anxiety and vasomotor factors in smokers were significantly higher than non-smokers in the postmenopausal stage. Support to stop smoking should be provided before menopausal transition. 展开更多
关键词 SMOKING MENOPAUSAL SYMPTOMS Nurses
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Semen Quality in the General Population of Bulgaria 认领
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作者 Vladislav Dobrinov Desislava Tacheva +3 位作者 Magdalena Rangelova Milena Dobreva Gergana Georgieva Iavor Vladimirov 《妇产科期刊(英文)》 2020年第1期1-12,共12页
Background: With the accumulating evidence of semen difference between distinct populations we decided to conduct a population-based prospective study to assess the reproductive capabilities of the Bulgarian males. Ob... Background: With the accumulating evidence of semen difference between distinct populations we decided to conduct a population-based prospective study to assess the reproductive capabilities of the Bulgarian males. Objective: To evaluate the semen parameters in men from the general population of Bulgaria. To analyze the effects of BMI (Body mass index) and tobacco smoking on semen characteristics. Methods: 482 males without history of reproductive problems were included for the purpose of this study. The duration of our study was from April to May in 2016 and April in 2017. The volunteers were subdivided based on their smoking status and on their BMI. After semen collection, a conventional semen analysis was carried out manually by trained embryologists in an andrology laboratory according to WHO recommendations. The results were statistically analyzed and presented with their mean values. Result(s): After semen analysis we report a mean of 3.29 ml for semen volume, 40.68 × 106/ml for spermatozoa concentration, 128.38 × 106 for total sperm count, 52.54% of total motile spermatozoa in the ejaculate and a mean percentage of morphologically normal sperm standing at 9.6%. We did not find a negative effect of tobacco smoking on semen quality;however higher BMI is associated with lower sperm concentration per ml. Discussion and Conclusion(s): This is the first contemporary study, assessing semen quality in Bulgarians. The results obtained here show the lower quality of semen in Bulgaria, compared to other countries. No statistical differences were found between the semen quality of nonsmokers and smokers. Higher BMI was found to be associated with lower sperm concentration per milliliter. 展开更多
关键词 MALE INFERTILITY SEMEN Analysis SPERM Concentration Body Mass Index TOBACCO SMOKING
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Infertility in Men with Varicocele: The Role of Age, Smoking and Alcohol Intake 认领
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作者 Luca Coppeta Anna Neri +4 位作者 Maria Nicotra Vincenzo Gentile Claudio Spina Adalgisa Pietropolli Fulvia Gloria-Bottini 《健康(英文)》 2020年第3期231-239,共9页
Previous studies have focused on the damaging effects of smoking and alcohol on sperm parameters;however, some of these studies have failed to find a significant correlation between these variables. Herein we have inv... Previous studies have focused on the damaging effects of smoking and alcohol on sperm parameters;however, some of these studies have failed to find a significant correlation between these variables. Herein we have investigated the relationship of infertility with smoking and/or alcohol consumption in one hundred and thirty-six men with varicocele, admitted consecutively to the Outpatients Department of Infertility at the University of Rome La Sapienza (Italy) between 2005-2007. The sample size was small because we have selected couples with both marital infertility lasting for more than two years and the male partner with varicocele. Statistical analyses were carried out using the software of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). We showed a highly significant association of infertility with alcohol consumption. As the mean value was 32 years, comparing men of age less than or equal to 32 years and men of age over 32 years, this association is present only in men of age less than or equal to 32 years. A discriminant analysis with infertility as dependent variable and age, alcohol consumption and smoking habit as independent variables has shown a significant discrimination only in men of age less than or equal to 32 years. The most important contribution to this discrimination was given by alcohol followed by age while contribution from smoking was small. Our analyses suggest that alcohol consumption contributes to infertility in men of age less than or equal to 32 years whereas smoking does not. 展开更多
关键词 Age ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION INFERTILITY SMOKING VARICOCELE
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2014-2015年中国40岁及以上慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者戒烟状况 认领
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作者 樊静 丛舒 +6 位作者 王宁 吕学莉 王宝华 包鹤龄 冯雅靖 王临虹 方利文 《中华流行病学杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第7期1021-1027,共7页
目的了解我国≥40岁慢性阻塞性肺疾病(慢阻肺)患者的戒烟情况,为慢阻肺的防控提供科学依据。方法将2014-2015年中国居民慢性阻塞性肺疾病监测中支气管舒张试验后测试FEV1/FVC<70%的调查对象作为慢阻肺患者,其中5791名通过询问调查发... 目的了解我国≥40岁慢性阻塞性肺疾病(慢阻肺)患者的戒烟情况,为慢阻肺的防控提供科学依据。方法将2014-2015年中国居民慢性阻塞性肺疾病监测中支气管舒张试验后测试FEV1/FVC<70%的调查对象作为慢阻肺患者,其中5791名通过询问调查发现的现在吸烟和曾经吸烟的患者被纳入分析。应用复杂抽样调整方法,估计慢阻肺患者中的戒烟率、戒烟比、成功戒烟率、曾经或现在每日吸烟者中成功戒烟的比例与现在吸烟者中尝试戒烟的比例。结果我国≥40岁吸烟慢阻肺患者的戒烟率是25.0%,成功戒烟率是19.1%,戒烟比为23.1%,曾经或现在每日吸烟者中成功戒烟的比例为17.6%。戒烟率和戒烟比均为城镇高于乡村(P<0.05),并随着年龄的增大而升高(P<0.05);知晓吸烟是慢阻肺危险因素的患者,其戒烟率和戒烟比高于不知晓的患者(P<0.05);吸烟量越小,气流受限严重程度越重,戒烟率和戒烟比越高(P<0.05)。结论我国慢阻肺患者的戒烟率和戒烟比较低,应加强慢阻肺患者戒烟的健康教育,促进医务人员在患者诊疗过程中积极开展戒烟劝诫并提供多种戒烟途径,最终提高慢阻肺患者戒烟的成功率。 展开更多
关键词 慢性阻塞性肺疾病 吸烟 戒烟
Stability Analysis of Chain, Mild and Passive Smoking Model 认领
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作者 Abeer A. Alshareef H. A. Batarfi 《美国计算数学期刊(英文)》 2020年第1期31-42,共12页
In this paper, the global stability of free smoking equilibrium point was evaluated and presented graphically. The linear stability of a developed mathematical model illustrates the effect on the population of chain, ... In this paper, the global stability of free smoking equilibrium point was evaluated and presented graphically. The linear stability of a developed mathematical model illustrates the effect on the population of chain, mild and passive smokers. MATLAB programming was used to simulate the solutions, the reproduction number R0 and the nature of the equilibria. 展开更多
关键词 SMOKING MODEL STABILITY Analysis Global STABILITY and LYAPUNOV Method Qualitative Behavior Passive SMOKERS
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社区稳定期慢性阻塞性肺疾病病人与同龄老年人平衡功能比较 认领
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作者 陈湘 郭爱敏 《护理研究》 北大核心 2020年第8期1327-1331,共5页
[目的]探讨社区稳定期慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)病人平衡功能与同龄老年人的差异,并分析影响COPD病人平衡功能的相关因素。[方法]便利抽取2019年3月-9月在北京市某社区卫生服务中心全科门诊就诊的COPD病人72例为观察组,选取年龄匹配的老年... [目的]探讨社区稳定期慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)病人平衡功能与同龄老年人的差异,并分析影响COPD病人平衡功能的相关因素。[方法]便利抽取2019年3月-9月在北京市某社区卫生服务中心全科门诊就诊的COPD病人72例为观察组,选取年龄匹配的老年人48例为对照组,采用Berg平衡量表(BBS)、计时起立-行走测试(TUG)和单腿站立测试(OLST)对其平衡功能进行评估。[结果]观察组BBS、TUG和OLST分别为(53.50±3.20)分、(8.80±1.82)s、[23.10(39.45)]s,对照组分别为(55.25±1.31)分、(7.61±1.07)s、[32.13(34.52)]s,两组比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.001或P<0.05)。不同年龄、用药数量、慢性病种类和是否吸烟的COPD病人平衡功能比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。[结论]COPD病人与同龄老年人相比,平衡功能显著下降,护理人员应重视社区COPD病人的平衡功能,早期评估并采取针对性干预措施。 展开更多
关键词 慢性阻塞性肺疾病 平衡功能 影响因素 年龄 用药数量 慢性病 吸烟
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中国中老年妇女吸烟、饮酒行为与抑郁症状相关性分析 认领
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作者 郭丹 王曦影 梁小云 《中国公共卫生》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第4期578-583,共6页
目的探索吸烟、饮酒行为对中国中老年妇女抑郁症状的影响,为改善中老年妇女抑郁状况提供政策依据和干预措施。方法选用2013和2015年中国健康与养老追踪调查(CHARLS)数据,采用10项流调中心抑郁量表(CES-D10)评估中老年妇女的抑郁症状,运... 目的探索吸烟、饮酒行为对中国中老年妇女抑郁症状的影响,为改善中老年妇女抑郁状况提供政策依据和干预措施。方法选用2013和2015年中国健康与养老追踪调查(CHARLS)数据,采用10项流调中心抑郁量表(CES-D10)评估中老年妇女的抑郁症状,运用logistic模型分析吸烟、饮酒行为对中老年妇女抑郁症状的影响。结果本研究中基线5 532名无抑郁症状的中老年妇女2年后出现抑郁症状1 405例,抑郁症状发生率为25.40%,农村(29.25%)高于城镇(19.93%)。Logistic分析结果显示,与不吸烟的中老年妇女相比,吸烟者(OR=1.23,95%CI=0.95~1.60)和戒烟者(OR=0.70,95%CI=0.47~1.08)发生抑郁症状的风险无显著增加;与不饮酒的中老年妇女相比,每周饮酒者(OR=1.16,95%CI=0.90~1.52)与偶尔饮酒者(OR=1.03,95%CI=0.83~1.29)发生抑郁症状的风险无显著增加。按居住地对中老年妇女进行分层后发现,居住在城镇的中老年妇女,吸烟者(OR=1.53,95%CI=1.01~2.32)发生抑郁症状的风险高于不吸烟者;居住在农村的中老年妇女,相比不吸烟者,吸烟者(OR=1.10,95%CI=0.78~1.57)和戒烟者(OR=0.77,95%CI=0.46~1.29)发生抑郁症状的风险无显著性差异。无论是居住在农村还是城镇,相比不饮酒者而言,每周饮酒和偶尔饮酒的中老年妇女发生抑郁症状的风险无显著变化。结论中国中老年妇女抑郁症状发生率较高,农村高于城市。应加强中老年妇女的健康教育,告诫其减少吸烟,同时加强中老年妇女的心理干预,为提高中老年妇女的身心健康提供保障。 展开更多
关键词 中老年妇女 吸烟 饮酒 抑郁症状
湖州地区农村居民口腔黏膜疾病的流行病学调查 认领
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作者 王忠华 盛美春 郑重阳 《中国现代医生》 2020年第14期132-135,共4页
目的了解湖州地区农村居民口腔黏膜疾病的流行情况及相关危险因素。方法选取2018年4月~2019年4月湖州地区农村居民1000例为调查对象,对所有入选者行口腔黏膜健康状况检查,分析诱发口腔黏膜病的危险因素。结果经调查共有86例(8.60%)患有... 目的了解湖州地区农村居民口腔黏膜疾病的流行情况及相关危险因素。方法选取2018年4月~2019年4月湖州地区农村居民1000例为调查对象,对所有入选者行口腔黏膜健康状况检查,分析诱发口腔黏膜病的危险因素。结果经调查共有86例(8.60%)患有口腔黏膜病,共检出10种口腔黏膜疾病,其中萎缩性舌炎22例、扁平苔藓9例、阿弗他口腔溃疡16例、沟纹舌7例、口角炎1例、唇炎1例、白斑1例、地图舌4例、灼口综合征7例、创伤性溃疡18例。30~49岁组、50~70岁组、>70岁组的口腔黏膜病总发生率均高于<30岁组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);30~49岁组、50~70岁组、>70岁组组间两两相比,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);女性口腔黏膜疾病发生率略高于男性,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);单因素分析显示,病例组在性别、吸烟、饮酒方面与对照组相比,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);病例组在年龄、受教育程度、喜食辣食、食用蔬菜水果频率、生活压力方面与对照组相比,差异具有统计意义(P<0.05);经Logistic多因素分析显示,年龄>50岁、受教育程度在初中及以下、喜食辣食、生活压力、喜食烫食是诱发口腔黏膜病的危险因素(OR>1,P<0.05);经常或每天食用蔬菜水果是口腔黏膜病的保护因素(OR<1,P<0.05)。结论湖州地区农村居民口腔黏膜疾病发生率较高,发病与受教育程度、喜食辣食、喜食烫食、食用蔬菜水果频率、生活压力等有关,临床应积极采取预防措施。 展开更多
关键词 口腔黏膜疾病 流行病学 发病率 吸烟
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The Effect of the Interaction between Price and Time Preference on Cigarette Consumption among Pregnant Women 认领
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作者 Yan Song 《中国经济学前沿:英文版》 2020年第2期211-246,共36页
In this study,I explore smoking behavior among pregnant U.S.women using the 1979 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth.The key aspect of this study is the availability of smoking participation data befor... In this study,I explore smoking behavior among pregnant U.S.women using the 1979 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth.The key aspect of this study is the availability of smoking participation data before and during pregnancy.I consider the probabilities of smoking cessation while pregnant as the outcome.I find that pregnant women who smoke are less responsive to price changes when they are more future-oriented.Women who are more present-oriented are more likely to smoke and consume more cigarettes given that they smoke more than those who are future-oriented.Moreover,those who discount the future more heavily are more sensitive to the money price of cigarettes than those who are more future-oriented.I focus on the role of time preference and the interaction between time preference and price in determining these outcomes. 展开更多
关键词 cigarette consumption PRICE pregnant women Probit model INTERACTION smoking cessation time preference
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