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The Identity of nds in Ancient Egypt
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作者 郭小瑞 郭丹形 《世界史研究:英文版》 2019年第1期20-35,共16页
nds as a civilian group,completed the formation of the group through self-identity and the public recognition was as an external feedback of their self-awareness awakening.The life-or-death moment promoted the nds s g... nds as a civilian group,completed the formation of the group through self-identity and the public recognition was as an external feedback of their self-awareness awakening.The life-or-death moment promoted the nds s group cohesion and inspired their group survival consciousness.Therefore,the study of nds can be a good breakthrough and reference for the study of other commoner groups in ancient Egypt. 展开更多
关键词 NDS The Identity SOCIAL Group Self-identity SELF-AWARENESS Public Recognition INTERGROUP Relationship rhyt swa.w hwrw SOCIAL Structure SOCIAL Mobility SOCIAL UNREST SELF-PRESERVATION
Forty-Year Development of Social Assistance System in China: Review and Outlook 预览
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作者 Lin Mingang Wu Lingwei(Translator) 《当代社会科学(英文)》 2019年第4期1-12,共12页
This paper reviews the forty-year development of the social assistance system in China and discovers that under the leadership of the Chinese government, the basic framework of the social assistance system has taken s... This paper reviews the forty-year development of the social assistance system in China and discovers that under the leadership of the Chinese government, the basic framework of the social assistance system has taken shape and become a proud image of China’s social security system’s reform and development. The development of the social assistance system in China demonstrates the bottom-line thinking of state governance and its multi-tiered, cross-sector and community-focused characteristics. At its present stage of growth the social assistance system is actively developing multiple means of assistance and will be based on the objective of “supporting the vulnerable.” 展开更多
关键词 SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEM SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SUBJECT SOCIAL security SYSTEM SUPPORTING the VULNERABLE
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Enhancing the competitiveness and sustainability of social enterprises in Hong Kong: A three-dimensional analysis
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作者 Sidney Leung Phyllis Mo +2 位作者 Howard Ling Yanto Chandra So Sum Ho 《中国会计学刊:英文版》 2019年第2期157-176,共20页
Running a social enterprise(SE) is more difficult than running a small or medium-sized enterprise because SEs have to achieve both economic sustainability as business enterprises and their social mission for the benef... Running a social enterprise(SE) is more difficult than running a small or medium-sized enterprise because SEs have to achieve both economic sustainability as business enterprises and their social mission for the benefit of society.After a few years of operation, many SEs fail or struggle for survival. In this study, we examine some of the factors that affect an SE’s profitability, financial management, and business planning and management. Based on in-depth interviews with 22 social enterprises in Hong Kong, we find that SEs with the dual investment objectives of social mission and financial return are more sustainable and competitive than SEs with social impact as their sole objective. Furthermore, SEs managed by non-owner managers have better financial planning and performance than those managed by owner managers. In addition, SEs with an oversight/advisory committee are more competitive and have better management practices than those without such a committee. Our findings have policy implications for government, SEs, funding bodies, and non-profit organizations to enhance and promote the development of the social enterprise sector. 展开更多
关键词 SOCIAL enterprises CORPORATE GOVERNANCE SUSTAINABILITY SOCIAL mission ADVISORY committee SOCIAL enterprise performance
Effects of social capital on the health quality of the rural elderly in Xihaigu,China: a hierarchical linear model analysis 预览
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作者 Yang Lu 《中国人口资源与环境:英文版》 2019年第2期184-195,共12页
Based on the analysis and measurement of the social capital and the health quality and structure of the elderly people,this paper examined the effects of social capital on the health quality of the elderly as well as ... Based on the analysis and measurement of the social capital and the health quality and structure of the elderly people,this paper examined the effects of social capital on the health quality of the elderly as well as its composition.The examination was conducted by applying a hierarchical linear model (HLM) and using survey data obtained in the Xihaigu area of Ningxia Province in 2017.The empirical results showed that individual social capital had a significant influence on the health of the rural elderly,but the impacts were different on its composition.Village social capital should improve both the physical and mental health quality of the elderly through building mutual trust and promoting stability,unity and a harmonious living environment.In addition,factors such as mode of habitation,diet,medical approaches,intergenerational interactions,and village geographical location also affect the health quality of the elderly. 展开更多
关键词 The ELDERLY HEALTH QUALITY individual SOCIAL CAPITAL village SOCIAL CAPITAL
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Considerations on the Relationship Between Violence, Social Fear, and Urban Transformations 预览
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作者 Joao Vitor Schmutzler Abrahao Francisco Ramos de Farias Lobélia da Silva Faceira 《美中教育评论:B》 2019年第1期34-40,共7页
The purpose of this paper is to reflect on violence, social fear, and urban transformations in order to elicit some discussions about the relationship between these phenomena and their possible repercussions in the li... The purpose of this paper is to reflect on violence, social fear, and urban transformations in order to elicit some discussions about the relationship between these phenomena and their possible repercussions in the life of the social actors that inhabit the cities. In this way, we intend to initiate our reflection by deconstructing the binary character of violence in relation to the conceptual framework already known, proposing an approach to its characteristic, that is, to conceive it as a movement. We also intend to explain the feeling of fear as a mechanism of survival, its social particularity of orchestration and its implications in the lives of the urban social actors. Furthermore, we aim at explaining the urban transformations that are closely linked to the metropolises, highlighting their peculiarities and their consequences in order to emphasize the impacts on their inhabitants. In this way, we intend to conclude this study with some considerations regarding the interactions between these three phenomena that are strongly interrelated with life in the great metropolises. 展开更多
关键词 VIOLENCE SOCIAL FEAR SOCIAL MEMORY CITY
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Role of conspecifics and personal experience on behavioral avoidance of contaminated flowers by bumblebees
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作者 Bertrand Fouks Emily G. Robb H. Michael G. Lattorff 《动物学报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第4期447-455,共9页
Pollinators use multiple cues whilst foraging in eluding direct cues from flowers and in direct cues from other pollinators. The use of indirect social cues is common in social in sects, such as honeybees and bumblebe... Pollinators use multiple cues whilst foraging in eluding direct cues from flowers and in direct cues from other pollinators. The use of indirect social cues is common in social in sects, such as honeybees and bumblebees, where a social environment facilitates the ability to use such cues. Bumblebees use cues to forage on flowers according to previous foraging experiences. Flowers are an essential food source for pollinators but also pose a high risk of parasite infection through the shared use of flowers leading to parasite spillover. Nevertheless, bumblebees have evolved behavioral defense mechanisms to limit parasite infection by avoiding contaminated flowers. Mechanisms underlying the avoidance of contaminated flowers by bumblebees are poorly understood. Bumblebees were recorded having the choice to forage on non-contaminated flowers and flowers contaminated by a trypan osome gut parasite, Crithidia bombi. The use of different treatments with presence or absence of con specifics on both con taminated and non-contami nated flowers allowed to investigate the role of social visual cues on their pathogen avoidance behavior. Bumblebees are expected to use social visual cues to avoid contaminated flowers. Our study reveals that the presence of a con specific on flowers either con taminated or not does not help bumblebee foragers avoiding contaminated flowers. Nevertheless, bumblebees whereas gaining experie nee tend to avoid their con specific when placed on contami nated flower and copy it whe n on the non-contami nated flower. Our experime nt suggests a detrime ntal impact of floral see nt on disease avoidanee behavior. 展开更多
关键词 HOST-PARASITE in teractions SOCIAL learning POLLINATORS inadvertent SOCIAL information BEHAVIORAL immunity copying behavior
Improving the System of Historic and Cultural Heritage Protection Through Social Participation: Based on the Practice of Guangdong
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作者 Yuan Qifeng Cai Tianshu +1 位作者 Li Caige(译) Mao Qizhi(校) 《城市规划:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第1期65-75,共11页
The early historic and cultural heritage protection is regarded as the responsibility of the government, and is promoted by the government, protection experts, planners, and a few other elites. These bodies constitute... The early historic and cultural heritage protection is regarded as the responsibility of the government, and is promoted by the government, protection experts, planners, and a few other elites. These bodies constitute a top-down historic and cultural heritage protection system based on their cultural consciousness. In the social transition of market-oriented reform and property right reform, due to the profit-driven demands of individuals, enterprise, and development-oriented government, the protection system was gradually differentiated and a lot of 'protective development' practices emerged. With the advent of the post-industrial era, based on the need for cultural identity, the historic and cultural heritage protection began to get attention from third-party organizations, community residents, and even the public, who launched 'bottom-up' social participation. Therefore, this paper, based on social governance theory, takes the development of civil cultural conservation organizations in Guangdong as the research object, explores how to construct a society participation network in Guangdong, and discusses the influence and limitation of the network in promoting the historic and cultural heritage protection. The paper puts forward the idea of improving the system of historic and cultural heritage protection through social participation. 展开更多
关键词 HISTORIC and CULTURAL HERITAGE protection system SOCIAL PARTICIPATION civil CULTURAL conservation organization SOCIAL network GOVERNANCE
From moral leadership to positive work behaviors: the mediating roles of value congruence and leader-member exchange
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作者 Yuanjie Bao Chaoping Li 《中国工商管理研究前沿:英文版》 2019年第1期1-18,共18页
Limited empirical investigation has been devoted to understanding the multipleeffect mechanisms of moral leadership, especially the relationship between mediators. Drawing from both social learning and social exchange... Limited empirical investigation has been devoted to understanding the multipleeffect mechanisms of moral leadership, especially the relationship between mediators. Drawing from both social learning and social exchange theories, this study examines whether value congruenee and leader-member exchange (LMX) mediate the effect of moral leadership on followers' positive work behaviors. Using two-wave survey data from 395 Chinese employees, the results indicate that both value congruence and LMX act as mediators in the relationship between moral leadership and positive work behaviors. Furthermore, a sequential mediation link from moral leadership to value congruenee, then to LMX, and finally to positive work behaviors was established. Theoretical and practical implications are further discussed. 展开更多
关键词 Moral leadership Value CONGRUENCE Leader-member EXCHANGE (LMX) POSITIVE WORK BEHAVIORS SOCIAL learning SOCIAL EXCHANGE
Who Should Be Invited to My Party:A Size-Constrained k-Core Problem in Social Networks
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作者 Yu-Liang Ma Ye Yuan +3 位作者 Fei-Da Zhu Guo-RenWang Jing Xiao Jian-Zong Wang 《计算机科学技术学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第1期170-184,共15页
In this paper,we investigate the problem of a size-constrained k-core group query (SCCGQ)in social networks, taking both user closeness and network topology into consideration.More specifically,SCCGQ intends to find a... In this paper,we investigate the problem of a size-constrained k-core group query (SCCGQ)in social networks, taking both user closeness and network topology into consideration.More specifically,SCCGQ intends to find a group of h users that has the highest social closeness while being a k-core.SCCGQ can be widely applied to event planning,task assignment,social analysis,and many other fields.In contrast to existing work on the k-core detection problem,which aims to find a k-core in a social network,SCCGQ not only focuses on k-core detection but also takes size constraints into consideration.Although the conventional k-core detection problem can be solved in linear time,SCCGQ has a higher complexity.To solve the problem of SCCGQ,we propose a Blast Scatter (BS)algorithm,which appoints the query node as the center to begin outward expansions via breadth search.In each outward expansion,BS finds a new center through a greedy strategy and then selects multiple neighbors of the center.To speed up the BS algorithm,we propose an advanced search algorithm,called Bounded Extension (BE).Specifically,BE combines an effective social distance pruning strategy and a tight upper bound of social closeness to prune the search space considerably.In addition,we propose an offiine social-aware index to accelerate the query processing.Finally,our experimental results demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of our proposed algorithms on large real-world social networks. 展开更多
关键词 group QUERY k-core SOCIAL analysis SOCIAL network
Social Work and Social Welfare from a Multidisciplinary Perspective -- A Challenge for Researchers 预览
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作者 Nicola Mucci, M.D., Ph.D 《社会工作与社会福利(英文)》 2019年第1期1-3,共3页
In 2008, a deep economic crisis started in the US and rapidly spread around the world. The financial and economic crisis, called “The Great Recession”, continues in many countries today and has been considered as th... In 2008, a deep economic crisis started in the US and rapidly spread around the world. The financial and economic crisis, called “The Great Recession”, continues in many countries today and has been considered as the most severe recession in the history of US (after “The Great Depression”). The crisis brought very fast growth in unemployment and it is foreseeable that it will be long lasting and that recovery will be very slow. Hence, such economic change obviously had a significant impact on workers worldwide. 展开更多
关键词 SOCIAL WORK SOCIAL WELFARE MULTIDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
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Internal business communication through social media:A case study of a university specialized in business education 预览
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作者 Hicham Ait Salem 《发展与教育心理学进展(英文)》 2019年第1期67-71,共5页
In present era,usage of social media is very common. This study used interview questionnaire to explore employees’ behaviors and beliefs towards usage of social media and further its role and importance as an interna... In present era,usage of social media is very common. This study used interview questionnaire to explore employees’ behaviors and beliefs towards usage of social media and further its role and importance as an internal communication tool in Zhejiang Gongshang University,Hangzhou,China. Ten employees of university from different departments were interviewed about their views regarding different factors related to use of social media and further its role as an internal communication tool. It was found that the most frequently used social media were WeChat and QQ. ZJGSU University employees believed that social media were convenient,instant medium for communication (sharing pictures and videos) and they may enhance flow and effectiveness of internal communication in ZJGSU. The study found that although employees generally have a good perception about social media but there is need for improvement for either adopting a proper enterprise social media or proper utilization ofWeChat for effective internal communication. As the sample size in this study was small so it limits generalization and external validity of the findings,yet its focus on the different factors and benefits of using social media integrates to its originality with the thought that social media may help enhance the flow and effectiveness of internal communication in an organization. 展开更多
关键词 SOCIAL MEDIA INTERNAL COMMUNICATION SOCIAL RESPONSE
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Practice and Thinking of Grid Management to Promote Crime Prevention and Control in Urban Community 预览
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作者 Ding Huanxiang 《学术界》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期207-216,共10页
Grid management in the field of social management is beneficial to excavate resource information,smooth information transmission,realize information sharing,deal with emergency events in time,and make trend judgement ... Grid management in the field of social management is beneficial to excavate resource information,smooth information transmission,realize information sharing,deal with emergency events in time,and make trend judgement so as to facilitate the situation control.In the field of community crime prevention,the introduction of grid management can become the integration and disposal platform of community crime prevention and control(CCPC)information in the urban community,an important means of CCPC in urban community,and also helps to construct the cooperation mechanism of CCPC in urban community.However,it needs a continuous summary,perfection and reasonable position in practice.Therefore,in order to improve community network management for the promotion of community crime prevention,we must integrate it into the process of community governance,uphold the rights of community autonomy,and adhere to the principle of system efficiency.In order to better prevent community crime,two links should be grasped,that is,to understand correctly the relationship between social management and social governance in community crime prevention,and to attach importance to the role of good social policy in community crime prevention. 展开更多
关键词 community CRIME prevention and control(CCPC) GRIDDING practice&improvement SOCIAL GOVERNANCE SOCIAL policy
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Social Vulnerability(Re-)Assessment in Context to Natural Hazards: Review of the Usefulness of the Spatial Indicator Approach and Investigations of Validation Demands
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作者 Alexander Fekete 《国际灾害风险科学学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期220-232,共13页
While social vulnerability assessments(SVA)use spatial indicators and indices that have become state of the art, they also receive substantial critique. This article analyzes, by means of a literature review of 63 art... While social vulnerability assessments(SVA)use spatial indicators and indices that have become state of the art, they also receive substantial critique. This article analyzes, by means of a literature review of 63 articles, if and in which aspects such an indicator approach is regarded as useful by scientific studies. The findings indicate a need for more research on the validation and justification of indicators. This article supports the conceptual development of SVA by adding to reflection about advancements and applications, but also shortcomings. The main advancement area discussed is validation and the demand for establishing benchmark criteria for vulnerability. Based on this, longitudinal monitoring of vulnerability and validation studies are conceivable based on existing SVA, but these efforts demand more conceptual development. 展开更多
关键词 DISASTER risk INDICATOR selection Social VULNERABILITY index VALIDATION criteria VULNERABILITY indicators
青少年社会工作者能力建设:指标体系与核心任务 预览
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作者 刘斌志 《青少年研究与实践》 2019年第3期45-50,99,共7页
党的十八大以来,青少年工作逐步纳入党和国家现代化治理的战略部署,青少年社会工作者队伍建设也得到快速健康发展,但和新形势下青少年多元发展的需求之间依然存在较大差距,尤其是在核心能力建设方面较为薄弱。在专业化的青少年服务中,... 党的十八大以来,青少年工作逐步纳入党和国家现代化治理的战略部署,青少年社会工作者队伍建设也得到快速健康发展,但和新形势下青少年多元发展的需求之间依然存在较大差距,尤其是在核心能力建设方面较为薄弱。在专业化的青少年服务中,社会工作者的核心能力体现为价值、知识及技巧三个维度,具体包括尊重接纳价值、优势复原理念、偏差越轨理论、青少年福利政策,以及青少年辅导、社会预防和个案管理等技术。根据党和国家相关战略规划,可以分别通过顶层设计、学科建设、行业规范、路径依赖和社会支持来提升青少年社会工作者的制度化、专业化、标准化、职业化和社会化水平。 展开更多
关键词 青少年社会工作 社会工作者 核心能力 指标体系 核心任务
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Assessing Social Vulnerability to Flood Hazards in the Dutch Province of Zeeland
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作者 Ryan H.Kirby Margaret A.Reams +3 位作者 Nina S.N.Lam Lei Zou Gerben G.J.Dekker D.Q.P.Fundter 《国际灾害风险科学学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期233-243,共11页
The 2007 European Union Floods Directive encouraged member nations to pursue a more integrated view of flood risks and management strategies, taking into account social vulnerabilities of residents. To date, most floo... The 2007 European Union Floods Directive encouraged member nations to pursue a more integrated view of flood risks and management strategies, taking into account social vulnerabilities of residents. To date, most flood-risk analyses conducted by the Dutch government have focused on physical risk. This study utilizes fine-scale data to construct a social vulnerability index for 147 districts of the Dutch province of Zeeland, located in the Southwestern Delta and the scene of widespread devastation following the 1953 North Sea Flood. Factor analysis of 25 indicators of social vulnerability selected from related research in Europe and the United States results in seven factors explaining roughly 66% of the total variance. These factors of social vulnerability in Zeeland are urban density,low-income households, recent population change, female gender, train access, and self-employed and service-sector employment. The index was constructed using the toploading variable in each of these factors, with weights determined by the variance explained by each factor.Scores range from a low of 0.20 in Schore, municipality of Kapelle, to the highest score of 0.64 in Oudelandse Hoeve of Terneuzen. The most vulnerable districts are located in South Zeeland, with eight of the 10 found in Terneuzen.The majority of less vulnerable districts are located in Zeeland’s central region. 展开更多
关键词 Factor analysis FLOOD hazards Netherlands Social VULNERABILITY index SOUTHWEST DELTA Zeeland
Slang feature extraction by analysing topic change on social media 预览
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作者 Kazuyuki Matsumoto Fuji Ren +2 位作者 Masaya Matsuoka Minoru Yoshida Kenji Kita 《智能技术学报》 2019年第1期64-71,共8页
Recently,the authors often see words such as youth slang,neologism and Internet slang on social networking sites(SNSs)that are not registered on dictionaries.Since the documents posted to SNSs include a lot of fresh i... Recently,the authors often see words such as youth slang,neologism and Internet slang on social networking sites(SNSs)that are not registered on dictionaries.Since the documents posted to SNSs include a lot of fresh information,they are thought to be useful for collecting information.It is important to analyse these words(hereinafter referred to as‘slang’)and capture their features for the improvement of the accuracy of automatic information collection.This study aims to analyse what features can be observed in slang by focusing on the topic.They construct topic models from document groups including target slang on Twitter by latent Dirichlet allocation.With the models,they chronologically the analyse change of topics during a certain period of time to find out the difference in the features between slang and general words.Then,they propose a slang classification method based on the change of features. 展开更多
关键词 SNSs SOCIAL MEDIA
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The social impact of ride-hailing services 预览
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作者 林楚乔 《留学》 2019年第12期76-77,共2页
Nowadays,sharing economy-based companies are gradually increasing their influence on our daily lives:we hire drivers on apps like Didi and Uber to pick us up instead of waiting for taxis.As P2P companies increase thei... Nowadays,sharing economy-based companies are gradually increasing their influence on our daily lives:we hire drivers on apps like Didi and Uber to pick us up instead of waiting for taxis.As P2P companies increase their influence in the public services sector,the government rationally diverts more of its attention towards regulating the quality and service of these companies. 展开更多
关键词 SOCIAL IMPACT ride-hailing SERVICES COMPANIES
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Analysis on the Mode of Supply of Social Housing for Youth in Taiwan: A Case Study of New Taipei City in 2019 预览
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作者 KUO Chinyu 《景观研究:英文版》 2019年第4期131-136,共6页
This study explores the framework of developmental welfare through means of literature review and case study, analyzes the mode of supply of social housing for youth in New Taipei City of Taiwan, with a view to provid... This study explores the framework of developmental welfare through means of literature review and case study, analyzes the mode of supply of social housing for youth in New Taipei City of Taiwan, with a view to providing a reference for the inclusive and sustainable social housing mode in Taiwan. 展开更多
关键词 Sustainable development NEW Urban AGENDA DEVELOPMENTAL WELFARE Social INCLUSION
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Targeted knockout of duox causes defects in zebrafish growth, thyroid development, and social interaction
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作者 Jong-Su Park Tae-Ik Choi +4 位作者 Oc-Hee Kim Ted Inpyo Hong Woo-Keun Kim Won-Jae Lee Cheol-Hee Kim 《遗传学报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第2期101-104,共4页
Reactive oxygen species(ROS) are believed to be inevitable and toxic by-products produced during cellular respiration. However,several lines of evidence show that diverse extracellular signals can activate ROS product... Reactive oxygen species(ROS) are believed to be inevitable and toxic by-products produced during cellular respiration. However,several lines of evidence show that diverse extracellular signals can activate ROS production and provide important function for various biological processes. 展开更多
关键词 KO In TARGETED KNOCKOUT of duox CAUSES DEFECTS in zebrafish growth THYROID DEVELOPMENT and social interaction
Research and Application of Distributed Data Mining Method for Improving Rural Power Grid Enterprises in Production and Operation Status Evaluation 预览
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作者 Gao Xiu-yun Xiang Wen Fang Jun-long 《东北农业大学学报:英文版》 CAS 2019年第2期87-96,共10页
With the reform of rural network enterprise system,the speed of transfer property rights in rural power enterprises is accelerated.The evaluation of the operation and development status of rural power enterprises is d... With the reform of rural network enterprise system,the speed of transfer property rights in rural power enterprises is accelerated.The evaluation of the operation and development status of rural power enterprises is directly related to the future development and investment direction of rural power enterprises.At present,the evaluation of the production and operation of rural network enterprises and the development status of power network only relies on the experience of the evaluation personnel,sets the reference index,and forms the evaluation results through artificial scoring.Due to the strong subjective consciousness of the evaluation results,the practical guiding significance is weak.Therefore,distributed data mining method in rural power enterprises status evaluation was proposed which had been applied in many fields,such as food science,economy or chemical industry.The distributed mathematical model was established by using principal component analysis(PCA)and regression analysis.By screening various technical indicators and determining their relevance,the reference value of evaluation results was improved.Combined with statistical program for social sciences(SPSS)data analysis software,the operation status of rural network enterprises was evaluated,and the rationality,effectiveness and economy of the evaluation was verified through comparison with current evaluation results and calculation examples of actual grid operation data. 展开更多
关键词 RURAL power GRID PRODUCTION and management distributed data mining STATISTICAL program for SOCIAL sciences(SPSS19)
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