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Changes in neurological and pathological outcomes in a modified rat spinal cord injury model with closed canal 预览
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作者 Xin Sun Xing-Zhen Liu +4 位作者 Jia Wang Hai-Rong Tao Tong Zhu Wen-Jie Jin Kang-Ping Shen 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期697-704,共8页
Most animal spinal cord injury models involve a laminectomy,such as the weight drop model or the transection model.However,in clinical practice,many patients undergo spinal cord injury while maintaining a relatively c... Most animal spinal cord injury models involve a laminectomy,such as the weight drop model or the transection model.However,in clinical practice,many patients undergo spinal cord injury while maintaining a relatively complete spinal canal.Thus,open spinal cord injury models often do not simulate real injuries,and few previous studies have investigated whether having a closed spinal canal after a primary spinal cord injury may influence secondary processes.Therefore,we aimed to assess the differences in neurological dysfunction and pathological changes between rat spinal cord injury models with closed and open spinal canals.Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups.In the sham group,the tunnel was expanded only,without inserting a screw into the spinal canal.In the spinal cord injury with open canal group,a screw was inserted into the spinal canal to cause spinal cord injury for 5 minutes,and then the screw was pulled out,leaving a hole in the vertebral plate.In the spinal cord injury with closed canal group,after inserting a screw into the spinal canal for 5 minutes,the screw was pulled out by approximately 1.5 mm and the flat end of the screw remained in the hole in the vertebral plate so that the spinal canal remained closed;this group was the modified model,which used a screw both to compress the spinal cord and to seal the spinal canal.At 7 days post-operation,the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scale was used to measure changes in neurological outcomes.Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to assess histopathology.To evaluate the degree of local secondary hypoxia,immunohistochemical staining and western blot assays were applied to detect the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α(HIF-1α)and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF).Compared with the spinal cord injury with open canal group,in the closed canal group the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scores were lower,cell morphology was more irregular,the percentage of morphologically normal neurons was lower,the percentages of HIF-1α-and VEGF-immunorea 展开更多
关键词 Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scores CLOSED SPINAL CANAL HIF-1α hypoxia MODEL nerve regeneration open SPINAL CANAL rat secondary INJURY SPINAL cord INJURY VEGF
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脊髓损伤组织匀浆通过甲酰基肽受体2促进神经元突起的生长 预览
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作者 张良 刘明永 +6 位作者 刘鹏 薛鑫 陈宗锋 张良民 张健 郭乔楠 赵建华 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2020年第1期106-111,共6页
背景:前期研究观察到神经干细胞新分化的神经元表达甲酰基肽受体2,并证实甲酰基肽受体2能促进神经干/祖细胞迁移,诱导向神经元分化。脊髓损伤组织中存在甲酰基肽受体2配体,然而不同的配体与甲酰基肽受体2结合可能导致不同、甚至相反的... 背景:前期研究观察到神经干细胞新分化的神经元表达甲酰基肽受体2,并证实甲酰基肽受体2能促进神经干/祖细胞迁移,诱导向神经元分化。脊髓损伤组织中存在甲酰基肽受体2配体,然而不同的配体与甲酰基肽受体2结合可能导致不同、甚至相反的生物学效应。目的:探讨脊髓损伤产生的配体与甲酰基肽受体2作用后对神经元突起生长的影响。方法:采用酶消化法提取胎鼠大脑皮质神经元;制备SD大鼠脊髓损伤模型,提取损伤脊髓组织匀浆。①实验分组1:观察甲酰基肽受体2激活对神经元突起的影响,分组如下:对照组、甲酰基肽受体2阻断剂组(即添加WRW4)、脊髓匀浆组、脊髓匀浆+WRW4组;②实验分组2:观察甲酰基肽受体2激活后AKT和ERK信号通路阻断对神经元突起的影响,分组如下:对照组、AKT和ERK信号通路阻断剂组(即添加Ly294002+PD98059)、脊髓匀浆组、脊髓匀浆+Ly294002+PD98059组。神经元细胞贴壁24 h后,按上述分组处理7 d,免疫荧光染色共聚焦显微镜观察脊髓匀浆激活甲酰基肽受体2对神经元突起的影响;按上述分组处理30 min,Western blotting检测磷酸化蛋白水平;按上述分组处理24 h,Western blotting检测F-actin水平,观察在甲酰基肽受体2特异性阻断剂WRW4存在的情况下,对MAPK和PI3K/Akt通路中关键蛋白磷酸化的影响。结果与结论:①脊髓损伤组织匀浆液能够使神经元突起长度、初级分枝数、分枝节点数显著增加,这种增加效应大部分被甲酰基肽受体2受体特异性阻断剂WRW4阻断;②脊髓损伤组织匀浆液能够使神经元中ERK1/2和Akt的磷酸化增加,这种效应能够被WRW4阻断;③Akt信号通路阻断剂Ly294002和Erk信号通路阻断剂PD98059能够阻断脊髓匀浆的促进作用;④脊髓损伤组织匀浆能够使F-actin表达量明显增加,这种效应能够被甲酰基肽受体2特异性阻断剂WRW4所阻断;⑤这些实验结果说明,脊髓匀浆液能够� 展开更多
关键词 脊髓损伤 脊髓损伤组织匀浆 神经元 甲酰基肽受体 轴突生长 Akt信号通路 Erk信号通路
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Effects of neural stem cell transplantation on the motor function of rats with contusion spinal cord injuries:a meta-analysis 预览
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作者 Kai Qian Tuo-Ye Xu +7 位作者 Xi Wang Tao Ma Kai-Xin Zhang Kun Yang Teng-Da Qian Jing Shi Li-Xin Li Zheng Wang 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期748-758,共11页
Objective:To judge the efficacies of neural stem cell(NSC)transplantation on functional recovery following contusion spinal cord injuries(SCIs).Data sources:Studies in which NSCs were transplanted into a clinically re... Objective:To judge the efficacies of neural stem cell(NSC)transplantation on functional recovery following contusion spinal cord injuries(SCIs).Data sources:Studies in which NSCs were transplanted into a clinically relevant,standardized rat model of contusion SCI were identified by searching the PubMed,Embase and Cochrane databases,and the extracted data were analyzed by Stata 14.0.Data selection:Inclusion criteria were that NSCs were used in in vivo animal studies to treat contusion SCIs and that behavioral assessment of locomotor functional recovery was performed using the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan lo-comotor rating scale.Exclusion criteria included a follow-up of less than 4 weeks and the lack of control groups.Outcome measures:The restoration of motor function was assessed by the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale.Results:We identified 1756 non-duplicated papers by searching the aforementioned electronic databases,and 30 full-text articles met the inclusion criteria.A total of 37 studies reported in the 30 articles were included in the meta-analysis.The meta-analysis results showed that transplanted NSCs could improve the motor function recovery of rats following contusion SCIs,to a moderate extent(pooled standardized mean difference(SMD)=0.73;95%confidence interval(CI):0.47–1.00;P<0.001).NSCs obtained from different donor species(rat:SMD=0.74;95%CI:0.36–1.13;human:SMD=0.78;95%CI:0.31–1.25),at different donor ages(fetal:SMD=0.67;95%CI:0.43–0.92;adult:SMD=0.86;95%CI:0.50–1.22)and from different origins(brain-derived:SMD=0.59;95%CI:0.27–0.91;spinal cord-derived:SMD=0.51;95%CI:0.22–0.79)had similar efficacies on improved functional recovery;however,adult induced pluripotent stem cell-derived NSCs showed no significant efficacies.Furthermore,the use of higher doses of transplanted NSCs or the administration of immunosuppressive agents did not promote better locomotor function recovery(SMD=0.45;95%CI:0.21–0.70).However,shorter periods between the contusion induction and the NSC tr 展开更多
关键词 Basso Beattie and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale CELL TRANSPLANTATION META-ANALYSIS motor functional recovery NEURAL regeneration NEURAL stem CELL NEURAL stem CELL TRANSPLANTATION rat model SPINAL CONTUSION SPINAL cord injury
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Unfolded protein response in myelin disorders 预览
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作者 Wensheng Lin Sarrabeth Stone 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期636-645,共10页
Activation of the unfolded protein response in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress preserves cell viability and function under stressful conditions.Nevertheless,persistent,unresolvable activation of the unfolded ... Activation of the unfolded protein response in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress preserves cell viability and function under stressful conditions.Nevertheless,persistent,unresolvable activation of the unfolded protein response can trigger apoptosis to eliminate stressed cells.Recent studies show that the unfolded protein response plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various disorders of myelin,including multiples sclerosis,Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease,Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease,vanishing white matter disease,spinal cord injury,tuberous sclerosis complex,and hypoxia-induced perinatal white matter injury.In this review we summarize the current literature on the unfolded protein response and the evidence for its role in the pathogenesis of myelin disorders. 展开更多
关键词 AXON ER multiples SCLEROSIS MYELIN OLIGODENDROCYTE Schwann cell spinal cord injury UPR
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过表达胶质细胞神经营养因子基因转染骨髓间充质干细胞移植治疗脊髓损伤 预览
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作者 黄成 刘元兵 +3 位作者 戴永平 王亮亮 崔益华 杨建东 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2020年第7期1037-1045,共9页
背景:胶质细胞神经营养因子(glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor,GDNF)在诱导骨髓间充质干细胞(bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells,BMSCs)体外定向分化及促进脊髓损伤大鼠神经功能恢复过程中起到重要作用。目的:观察过表达G... 背景:胶质细胞神经营养因子(glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor,GDNF)在诱导骨髓间充质干细胞(bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells,BMSCs)体外定向分化及促进脊髓损伤大鼠神经功能恢复过程中起到重要作用。目的:观察过表达GDNF基因的BMSCs分化情况及其促进脊髓损伤大鼠神经功能恢复的潜在分子机制。方法:①以重组目的基因腺病毒转染BMSCs并分为Ad-GDNF-GFP转染组、Ad-GFP转染组、未转染组,免疫荧光鉴定各组细胞神经元特异性烯醇化酶及微管相关蛋白2的表达,Western blot检测各组细胞GDNF、Wnt3a、Wnt7a蛋白表达。②以改良Allen法制备大鼠脊髓损伤模型,将造模成功的45只SD大鼠随机分为3组,分别以过表达GDNF基因BMSCs(GDNF-BMSCs)、BMSCs、PBS移植至脊髓损伤局部。移植后4周采用BBB评分法评估大鼠运动功能恢复情况,苏木精-伊红染色观察脊髓形态变化,免疫组化检测损伤局部神经元特异性烯醇化酶、突触素Ⅰ及胶质纤维酸性蛋白表达,Western blot检测损伤局部Bcl-2、肿瘤坏死因子α蛋白表达。结果与结论:①Ad-GDNF-GFP转染组BMSCs可向神经元样细胞形态转变并表达神经元特异性烯醇化酶、微管相关蛋白2;Wnt3a、Wnt7a蛋白表达量显著高于Ad-GFP转染组、未转染组;②移植后4周,GDNF-BMSCs移植组大鼠BBB评分明显提高、脊髓空洞面积显著缩小。GDNF-BMSCs移植组脊髓损伤局部胶质纤维酸性蛋白、肿瘤坏死因子α表达量显著低于BMSCs移植组及PBS移植组,而神经元特异性烯醇化酶、突触素Ⅰ及Bcl-2表达量显著高于BMSCs移植组、PBS移植组;③结果表明,Wnt信号通路参与过表达GDNF基因BMSCs向成熟神经元分化过程,移植后通过降低脊髓损伤局部炎症反应、减少细胞凋亡及胶质瘢痕形成、促进轴突再生,提高BMSCs移植治疗脊髓损伤的疗效。 展开更多
关键词 胶质细胞源性神经营养因子 骨髓间充质干细胞 细胞分化 WNT信号通路 脊髓损伤
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电刺激联合神经营养素3可促进脊髓损伤大鼠内源性神经干细胞的增殖和分化 预览
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作者 张培根 衡孝来 +3 位作者 解迪 王进 马靖琳 康学文 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2020年第7期1076-1082,共7页
背景:由于外源性神经干细胞的获取有限,且容易产生免疫排斥以及伦理问题等严重制约其向临床转化,因此如何激活内源性神经干细胞并促进其生长增殖、分化,成为近期科研工作者究的热点。目的:探讨电刺激联合神经营养素3对大鼠脊髓损伤后内... 背景:由于外源性神经干细胞的获取有限,且容易产生免疫排斥以及伦理问题等严重制约其向临床转化,因此如何激活内源性神经干细胞并促进其生长增殖、分化,成为近期科研工作者究的热点。目的:探讨电刺激联合神经营养素3对大鼠脊髓损伤后内源性神经干细胞增殖及向神经元分化的作用。方法:将96只SD大鼠随机分为假手术组、脊髓损伤组、电刺激组、电刺激+神经营养素3组,每组24只。假手术组仅暴露脊髓,其他3组大鼠应用改良Allen法建立脊髓损伤模型,造模后给予相应措施进行干预。造模后7,14,21,28 d时,以BBB评分评价大鼠后肢运动功能,电生理学检查运动诱发电位潜伏期;造模后28 d取材,进行苏木精-伊红染色观察脊髓病理变化,免疫组化染色观察内源性神经干细胞的增殖和分化情况。实验方案经兰州大学第二医院医学伦理委员会批准。结果与结论:①与假手术组相比,脊髓损伤组大鼠的BBB评分明显降低(P<0.01),脊髓组织可见大量炎症细胞浸润,并存在多个空洞;与脊髓损伤组相比,电刺激组、电刺激+神经营养素3组大鼠后肢功能开始逐渐恢复,电刺激+神经营养素3组BBB评分明显高于电刺激组(P<0.05),上述病理损伤变化明显改善;②脊髓损伤组7,14d及电刺激组大鼠7 d时双后肢运动诱发电位潜伏期均未测出,电刺激组、电刺激+神经营养素3组21,28 d时运动诱发电位潜伏期较模型组缩短(P<0.05),电刺激+神经营养素3组潜伏期缩短更显著(P<0.05);③BrdU和Nestin阳性细胞数、微管相关蛋白2的表达:电刺激+神经营养素3组>电刺激组>脊髓损伤组;胶质纤维酸性蛋白的表达:脊髓损伤组>电刺激组>电刺激+神经营养素3组。结果表明脊髓损伤大鼠经电刺激及神经营养素3干预后,促进内源性神经干细胞增殖和向神经元分化,病理损伤明显减轻,后肢运动功能显著改善。 展开更多
关键词 脊髓损伤 内源性神经干细胞 电刺激 神经营养素3 细胞增殖 细胞分化 运动功能
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Effects of miR-219/miR-338 on microglia and astrocyte behaviors and astrocyte-oligodendrocyte precursor cell interactions 预览
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作者 Lan Huong Nguyen William Ong +3 位作者 Kai Wang Mingfeng Wang Dean Nizetic Sing Yian Chew 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期739-747,共9页
MiR-219 and miR-338(miR-219/miR-338)are oligodendrocyte-specific microRNAs.The overexpression of these miRs in oligodendrocyte precursor cells promotes their differentiation and maturation into oligodendrocytes,which ... MiR-219 and miR-338(miR-219/miR-338)are oligodendrocyte-specific microRNAs.The overexpression of these miRs in oligodendrocyte precursor cells promotes their differentiation and maturation into oligodendrocytes,which may enhance axonal remyelination after nerve injuries in the central nervous system(CNS).As such,the delivery of miR-219/miR-338 to the CNS to promote oligodendrocyte precursor cell differentiation,maturation and myelination could be a promising approach for nerve repair.However,nerve injuries in the CNS also involve other cell types,such as microglia and astrocytes.Herein,we investigated the effects of miR-219/miR-338 treatment on microglia and astrocytes in vitro and in vivo.We found that miR-219/miR-338 diminished microglial expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppressed astrocyte activation.In addition,we showed that miR-219/miR-338 enhanced oligodendrocyte precursor cell differentiation and maturation in a scratch assay paradigm that re-created a nerve injury condition in vitro.Collectively,our results suggest miR-219/miR-338 as a promising treatment for axonal remyelination in the CNS following nerve injuries.All experimental procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee(IACUC),Nanyang Technological University(approval No.A0309 and A0333)on April 27,2016 and October 8,2016. 展开更多
关键词 central nervous system electrospinning gene SILENCING GLIA hydrogel MYELINATION nanofibers oligodendroglial POLYCAPROLACTONE spinal cord injury
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Therapeutic effect of regulating autophagy in spinal cord injury: a network meta-analysis of direct and indirect comparisons 预览
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作者 Duo Zhang Di Zhu +4 位作者 Fang Wang Ji-Chao Zhu Xu Zhai Yuan Yuan Chen-Xi Li 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期1120-1132,共13页
Objective:An increasing number of studies indicate that autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury,and that regulating autophagy can enhance recovery from spinal cord injury.However,th... Objective:An increasing number of studies indicate that autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury,and that regulating autophagy can enhance recovery from spinal cord injury.However,the effect of regulating autophagy and whether autophagy is detrimental or beneficial after spinal cord injury remain unclear.Therefore,in this study we evaluated the effects of autophagy regulation on spinal cord injury in rats by direct and indirect comparison,in an effort to provide a basis for further research.Data source:Relevant literature published from inception to February 1,2018 were included by searching Wanfang,CNKI,Web of Science,MEDLINE(OvidSP),PubMed and Google Scholar in English and Chinese.The keywords included"autophagy","spinal cord injury",and"rat".Data selection:The literature included in vivo experimental studies on autophagy regulation in the treatment of spinal cord injury(including intervention pre-and post-spinal cord injury).Meta-analyses were conducted at different time points to compare the therapeutic effects of promoting or inhibiting autophagy,and subgroup analyses were also conducted.Outcome measure:Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scores.Results:Of the 622 studies,33 studies of median quality were included in the analyses.Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scores were higher at 1 day(MD=1.80,95%CI:0.81-2.79,P=0.0004),3 days(MD=0.92,95%CI:0.72-1.13,P<0.00001),1 week(MD=2.39,95%CI:1.85-2.92,P<0.00001),2 weeks(MD=3.26,95%CI:2.40-4.13,P<0.00001),3 weeks(MD=3.13,95%CI:2.51-3.75,P<0.00001)and 4 weeks(MD=3.18,95%CI:2.43-3.92,P<0.00001)after spinal cord injury with upregulation of autophagy compared with the control group(drug solvent control,such as saline group).Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scores were higher at 1 day(MD=6.48,95%CI:5.83-7.13,P<0.00001),2 weeks(MD=2.43,95%CI:0.79-4.07,P=0.004),3 weeks(MD=2.96,95%CI:0.09-5.84,P=0.04)and 4 weeks(MD=4.41,95%CI:1.08-7.75,P=0.01)after spinal cord injury with downregulation of autophagy compared with the control group.Indirect comparison of upr 展开更多
关键词 AUTOPHAGY Basso Beattie and Bresnahan scores indirect comparison META-ANALYSIS nerve regeneration neural regeneration neurological function rat models REGULATION spinal cord injury strategy analysis
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Neurological recovery and antioxidant effects of resveratrol in rats with spinal cord injury:a meta-analysis 预览
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作者 Bao-Ping Xu Min Yao +4 位作者 Zhen-Jun Li Zi-Rui Tian Jie Ye Yong-Jun Wang Xue-Jun Cui 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第3期482-490,共9页
Objective:To critically assess the neurological recovery and antioxidant effects of resveratrol in rat models of spinal cord injury.Data sources:Using“spinal cord injury”,“resveratrol”and“animal experiment”as th... Objective:To critically assess the neurological recovery and antioxidant effects of resveratrol in rat models of spinal cord injury.Data sources:Using“spinal cord injury”,“resveratrol”and“animal experiment”as the main search terms,all studies on the treatment of spinal cord injury in rats by resveratrol were searched for in PubMed,EMBASE,MEDLINE,Web of Science,Science Direct,China National Knowledge Infrastructure,Wanfang,VIP,and SinoMed databases by computer.The search was conducted from their inception date to April 2017.No language restriction was used in the literature search.Data selection:The methodological quality of each study was assessed by the initial Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable recommendations.Two reviewers independently selected studies according to the title,abstract and full text.The risk of bias in the included studies was also evaluated.Meta-analyses were performed with Review Manager 5.3 software.Outcome measures:Neurological function was assessed by the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scale score,inclined plane score and Gale’s motor function score.Molecular-biological analysis of antioxidative effects was conducted to determine superoxide dismutase levels,malondialdehyde levels,nitric oxide synthase activity,nitric oxide levels,xanthine oxidase and glutathione levels in spinal cord tissues.Results:The methodological quality of the 12 included studies was poor.The results of meta-analysis showed that compared with the control group,resveratrol significantly increased the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scale scores after spinal cord injury(n=300,mean difference(MD)=3.85,95%confidence interval(CI)[2.10,5.59],P<0.0001).Compared with the control group,superoxide dismutase levels were significantly elevated(n=138,standardized mean difference(SMD)=5.22,95%CI[2.98,7.45],P<0.00001),but malondialdehyde levels were significantly diminished(n=84,SMD=–3.64,95%CI[–5.84,–1.43],P=0.001)in the spinal cord of the resveratrol treatment group.Conclusions:Resveratrol promoted neurologi 展开更多
关键词 ANTIOXIDATION META-ANALYSIS NEUROLOGICAL recovery PHARMACOTHERAPY RATS RESVERATROL spinal cord injury systematic review
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Three-dimensional bioprinting collagen/silk fibroin scaffold combined with neural stem cells promotes nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury 预览
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作者 Ji-Peng Jiang Xiao-Yin Liu +9 位作者 Fei Zhao Xiang Zhu Xiao-Yin Li Xue-Gang Niu Zi-Tong Yao Chen Dai Hui-You Xu Ke Ma Xu-Yi Chen Sai Zhang 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第5期959-968,共10页
Many studies have shown that bio-scaffolds have important value for promoting axonal regeneration of injured spinal cord.Indeed,cell transplantation and bio-scaffold implantation are considered to be effective methods... Many studies have shown that bio-scaffolds have important value for promoting axonal regeneration of injured spinal cord.Indeed,cell transplantation and bio-scaffold implantation are considered to be effective methods for neural regeneration.This study was designed to fabricate a type of three-dimensional collagen/silk fibroin scaffold (3D-CF) with cavities that simulate the anatomy of normal spinal cord.This scaffold allows cell growth in vitro and in vivo.To observe the effects of combined transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and 3D-CF on the repair of spinal cord injury.Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: sham (only laminectomy was performed),spinal cord injury (transection injury of T10 spinal cord without any transplantation),3D-CF (3D scaffold was transplanted into the local injured cavity),and 3D-CF + NSCs (3D scaffold co-cultured with NSCs was transplanted into the local injured cavity.Neuroelectrophysiology,imaging,hematoxylin-eosin staining,argentaffin staining,immunofluorescence staining,and western blot assay were performed.Apart from the sham group,neurological scores were significantly higher in the 3D-CF + NSCs group compared with other groups.Moreover,latency of the 3D-CF + NSCs group was significantly reduced,while the amplitude was significantly increased in motor evoked potential tests.The results of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging showed that both spinal cord continuity and the filling of injury cavity were the best in the 3D-CF + NSCs group.Moreover,regenerative axons were abundant and glial scarring was reduced in the 3D-CF + NSCs group compared with other groups.These results confirm that implantation of 3D-CF combined with NSCs can promote the repair of injured spinal cord.This study was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of People’s Armed Police Force Medical Center in 2017 (approval No.2017-0007.2). 展开更多
关键词 3D BIOPRINTING COLLAGEN diffusion tensor IMAGING functional recovery magnetic resonance IMAGING nerve REGENERATION NEURAL REGENERATION NEURAL stem cell SCAFFOLD silk fibroin spinal cord injury
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Protective effect of rhodioloside and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells infected with HIF-1-expressing adenovirus on acute spinal cord injury 预览
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作者 Xiao-Qin Ha Bo Yang +3 位作者 Huai-Jing Hou Xiao-Ling Cai Wan-Yuan Xiong Xu-Pan Wei 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期690-696,共7页
Rhodioloside has been shown to protect cells from hypoxia injury,and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells have a good effect on tissue repair.To study the effects of rhodioloside and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells o... Rhodioloside has been shown to protect cells from hypoxia injury,and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells have a good effect on tissue repair.To study the effects of rhodioloside and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on spinal cord injury,a rat model of spinal cord injury was established using the Infinite Horizons method.After establishing the model,the rats were randomly divided into five groups.Rats in the control group were intragastrically injected with phosphate buffered saline(PBS)(5μL).PBS was injected at 6 equidistant points around 5 mm from the injury site and at a depth of 5 mm.Rats in the rhodioloside group were intragastrically injected with rhodioloside(5 g/kg)and intramuscularly injected with PBS.Rats in the mesenchymal stem cell(MSC)group were intramuscularly injected with PBS and intramuscularly with MSCs(8×10^6/mL in a 50-μL cell suspension).Rats in the Ad-HIF-MSC group were intragastrically injected with PBS and intramuscularly injected with HIF-1 adenovirus-infected MSCs.Rats in the rhodioloside+Ad-HIF-MSC group were intramuscularly injected with MSCs infected with the HIF-1 adenovirus and intragastrically injected with rhodioloside.One week after treatment,exercise recovery was evaluated with a modified combined behavioral score scale.Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Pischingert’s methylene blue staining were used to detect any histological or pathological changes in spinal cord tissue.Levels of adenovirus IX and Sry mRNA were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and used to determine the number of adenovirus and mesenchymal stem cells that were transfected into the spinal cord.Immunohistochemical staining was applied to detect HIF-1 protein levels in the spinal cord.The results showed that:(1)compared with the other groups,the rhodioloside+Ad-HIF-MSC group exhibited the highest combined behavioral score(P<0.05),the most recovered tissue,and the greatest number of neurons,as indicated by Pischingert’s methylene blue staining.(2)Compared with the PBS group,HIF-1 pro 展开更多
关键词 acute spinal cord injury ADENOVIRUS ADENOVIRUS gene IX bone MARROW mesenchymal stem cells combined behavioral score scale HIF-1α NERVE regeneration NERVE repair RHODIOLA rosea SRY
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Heterogeneity in the regenerative abilities of central nervous system axons within species:why do some neurons regenerate better than others? 预览
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作者 William Rodemer Jianli Hu +1 位作者 Michael E.Selzer Michael I.Shifman 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期996-1005,共10页
Some neurons,especially in mammalian peripheral nervous system or in lower vertebrate or in vertebrate central nervous system(CNS)regenerate after axotomy,while most mammalian CNS neurons fail to regenerate.There is a... Some neurons,especially in mammalian peripheral nervous system or in lower vertebrate or in vertebrate central nervous system(CNS)regenerate after axotomy,while most mammalian CNS neurons fail to regenerate.There is an emerging consensus that neurons have different intrinsic regenerative capabilities,which theoretically could be manipulated therapeutically to improve regeneration.Population-based comparisons between"good regenerating"and"bad regenerating"neurons in the CNS and peripheral nervous system of most vertebrates yield results that are inconclusive or difficult to interpret.At least in part,this reflects the great diversity of cells in the mammalian CNS.Using mammalian nervous system imposes several methodical limitations.First,the small sizes and large numbers of neurons in the CNS make it very difficult to distinguish regenerating neurons from non-regenerating ones.Second,the lack of identifiable neurons makes it impossible to correlate biochemical changes in a neuron with axonal damage of the same neuron,and therefore,to dissect the molecular mechanisms of regeneration on the level of single neurons.This review will survey the reported responses to axon injury and the determinants of axon regeneration,emphasizing non-mammalian model organisms,which are often under-utilized,but in which the data are especially easy to interpret. 展开更多
关键词 axonal regeneration identifiable neurons intrinsic factors LAMPREY Mauthner cell Müller cell neuronal death non-mammalian model organisms spinal cord injury zebrafish
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Effect of docosahexaenoic acid on the recovery of motor function in rats with spinal cord injury:a meta-analysis 预览
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作者 Zi-Rui Tian Min Yao +4 位作者 Long-Yun Zhou Yong-Jia Song Jie Ye Yong-Jun Wang Xue-Jun Cui 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第3期537-547,共11页
Objective:Studies have shown that docosahexaenoic acid(DHA)has a beneficial effect in the treatment of spinal cord injury.A meta-analysis was used to study the effect of DHA on the neurological recovery in the rat spi... Objective:Studies have shown that docosahexaenoic acid(DHA)has a beneficial effect in the treatment of spinal cord injury.A meta-analysis was used to study the effect of DHA on the neurological recovery in the rat spinal cord injury model,and the relationship between the recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury and the time and method of administration and the dose of DHA.Data source:Published studies on the effect of DHA on spinal cord injury animal models from seven databases were searched from their inception to January 2019,including PubMed,MEDLINE,EMBASE,the China National Knowledge Infrastructure,Wanfang,VIP,and SinoMed databases.The search terms included“spinal cord injury”“docosahexaenoic acid”,and“rats”.Data selection:Studies that evaluated the influence of DHA in rat models of spinal cord injury for locomotor functional recovery were included.The intervention group included any form of DHA treatment and the control group included treatment with normal saline,vehicle solution or no treatment.The Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation’s risk of bias assessment tool was used for the quality assessment of the included studies.Literature inclusion,quality evaluation and data extraction were performed by two researchers.Meta-analysis was then conducted on all studies that met the inclusion criteria.Statistical analysis was performed on the data using RevMan 5.1.2.software.Outcome measures:The primary outcome measure was the score on the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scale.Secondary outcome measures were the sloping plate test,balance beam test,stair test and grid exploration test.Results:A total of 12 related studies were included,3 of which were of higher quality and the remaining 9 were of lower quality.The highest mean Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan scale score occurred at 42 days after DHA treatment in spinal cord injury rats.At 21 days after treatment,the mean difference in Basso,Beattie,Bresnahan scores between the DHA group and the control group was the most 展开更多
关键词 DHA docosahexaenoic ACID FATTY ACID META-ANALYSIS MOTOR FUNCTION MOTOR FUNCTION RECOVER polyunsaturated FATTY ACID PUFA spinal cord injury systematic review
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Taking central nervous system regenerative therapies to the clinic:curing rodents versus nonhuman primates versus humans 预览
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作者 Magdalini Tsintou Kyriakos Dalamagkas Nikos Makris 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第3期425-437,共13页
The central nervous system is known to have limited regenerative capacity.Not only does this halt the human body’s reparative processes after central nervous system lesions,but it also impedes the establishment of ef... The central nervous system is known to have limited regenerative capacity.Not only does this halt the human body’s reparative processes after central nervous system lesions,but it also impedes the establishment of effective and safe therapeutic options for such patients.Despite the high prevalence of stroke and spinal cord injury in the general population,these conditions remain incurable and place a heavy burden on patients’families and on society more broadly.Neuroregeneration and neural engineering are diverse biomedical fields that attempt reparative treatments,utilizing stem cells-based strategies,biologically active molecules,nanotechnology,exosomes and highly tunable biodegradable systems(e.g.,certain hydrogels).Although there are studies demonstrating promising preclinical results,safe clinical translation has not yet been accomplished.A key gap in clinical translation is the absence of an ideal animal or ex vivo model that can perfectly simulate the human microenvironment,and also correspond to all the complex pathophysiological and neuroanatomical factors that affect functional outcomes in humans after central nervous system injury.Such an ideal model does not currently exist,but it seems that the nonhuman primate model is uniquely qualified for this role,given its close resemblance to humans.This review considers some regenerative therapies for central nervous system repair that hold promise for future clinical translation.In addition,it attempts to uncover some of the main reasons why clinical translation might fail without the implementation of nonhuman primate models in the research pipeline. 展开更多
关键词 animal models central nervous system regeneration clinical translation exosomes HYDROGELS neural tissue engineering nonhuman PRIMATES spinal cord injury stem cells stroke
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Comparative proteomes change and possible role in different pathways of micro RNA-21a-5p in a mouse model of spinal cord injury 预览
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作者 Almaghalsa-Ziad Mohammed Hong-Xia Du +3 位作者 Hong-Liang Song Wei-Ming Gong Bin Ning Tang-Hong Jia 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第6期1102-1110,共9页
Our previous study found that microRNA-21 a-5 p(miR-21 a-5 p)knockdown could improve the recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury in a mouse model,but the precise molecular mechanism remains poorly understo... Our previous study found that microRNA-21 a-5 p(miR-21 a-5 p)knockdown could improve the recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury in a mouse model,but the precise molecular mechanism remains poorly understood.In this study,a modified Allen's weight drop was used to establish a mouse model of spinal cord injury.A proteomics approach was used to understand the role of differential protein expression with miR-21 a-5 p knockdown,using a mouse model of spinal cord injury without gene knockout as a negative control group.We found that after introducing miR-21 a-5 p knockdown,proteins that played an essential role in the regulation of inflammatory processes,cell protection against oxidative stress,cell redox homeostasis,and cell maintenance were upregulated compared with the negative control group.Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis identified enriched pathways in both groups,such as the oxidative phosphorylation pathway,which is relevant to Parkinson's disease,Huntington's disease,Alzheimer's disease,and cardiac muscle contraction.We also found that miR-21 a-5 p could be a potential biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,as miR-21 a-5 p becomes deregulated in this pathway.These results indicate successful detection of some important proteins that play potential roles in spinal cord injury.Elucidating the relationship between these proteins and the recovery of spinal cord injury will provide a reference for future research of spinal cord injury biomarkers.All experimental procedures and protocols were approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Shandong University of China on March 5,2014. 展开更多
关键词 BIOINFORMATICS biomarker inflammation micro RNA MITOCHONDRIA MOUSE pathway analysis PROTEOMICS spinal cord injury STATHMIN
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人尿源性干细胞体外向神经元样细胞诱导分化及对大鼠脊髓损伤的保护作用 预览
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作者 邓明 谢萍 +5 位作者 吴飞 马永刚 周炎 陈庆 刘世清 明江华 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2020年第1期93-98,共6页
背景:人尿源性干细胞是近年来新发现的成体干细胞,其来源不受限制,提取简便,具备良好的增殖能力及多向分化潜能,近年来已应用于泌尿系疾病中的神经功能修复,如应激性尿失禁以及膀胱输尿管返流等。目的:探索人尿源性干细胞向神经元样细... 背景:人尿源性干细胞是近年来新发现的成体干细胞,其来源不受限制,提取简便,具备良好的增殖能力及多向分化潜能,近年来已应用于泌尿系疾病中的神经功能修复,如应激性尿失禁以及膀胱输尿管返流等。目的:探索人尿源性干细胞向神经元样细胞诱导分化能力及对大鼠脊髓损伤的修复作用。方法:体外获取人尿源性干细胞后利用流式细胞仪检测其细胞表型,将人尿源性干细胞向神经元样细胞诱导后进行免疫组织化学染色鉴定。采用Allen方法制作大鼠T9节段脊髓损伤模型,24只SD大鼠被随机分为2组:脊髓损伤组和人尿源性干细胞组,每组12只。人尿源性干细胞组在脊髓损伤后第1天于损伤脊髓边缘注入2μL细胞浓度为1.0×10^11L^-1人尿源性干细胞,脊髓损伤组注入等量含体积分数为10%胎牛血清的L-DMEM培养液,于造模后第1,10,20,30天进行BBB评分,第30天取各组损伤脊髓组织分别进行Luxol Fast Blue染色、小胶质细胞/巨噬细胞染色和胶质纤维酸性蛋白染色,并计算损伤脊髓面积和胶质纤维酸性蛋白荧光强度。结果与结论:①人尿源性干细胞高表达CD29、CD90,而低表达CD45,并且在体外可向神经元样细胞诱导分化;②造模后第1,10天两组大鼠BBB评分差异无显著性意义(P>0.05),第20,30天人尿源性干细胞组BBB评分明显高于脊髓损伤组(P<0.05);③人尿源性干细胞组脊髓损伤面积明显低于脊髓损伤组(P<0.05),胶质纤维酸性蛋白染色显示人尿源性干细胞组荧光强度明显低于脊髓损伤组(P<0.05);④结果表明,人尿源性干细胞能向神经元样细胞分化,并对大鼠脊髓损伤具有修复作用。 展开更多
关键词 脊髓损伤 人尿源性干细胞 神经修复 BBB评分 胶质纤维酸性蛋白 国家自然科学基金
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嗅鞘细胞移植促进脊髓损伤模型大鼠修复损伤区组织的超微结构特征 预览
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作者 王国毓 程志坚 +2 位作者 杨宝辉 李浩鹏 贺西京 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2020年第5期699-703,共5页
背景:嗅鞘细胞移植治疗脊髓损伤是目前的研究热点,其研究主要探讨脊髓损伤后微环境的影响,嗅鞘细胞移植对脊髓损伤后脊髓超微结构的影响未见报道。目的:观察脊髓损伤后损伤部位神经细胞、轴突、髓鞘、突触和胶质瘢痕的超微结构以及嗅鞘... 背景:嗅鞘细胞移植治疗脊髓损伤是目前的研究热点,其研究主要探讨脊髓损伤后微环境的影响,嗅鞘细胞移植对脊髓损伤后脊髓超微结构的影响未见报道。目的:观察脊髓损伤后损伤部位神经细胞、轴突、髓鞘、突触和胶质瘢痕的超微结构以及嗅鞘细胞移植对大鼠损伤脊髓的保护和神经修复再生的影响。方法:实验方案经西安交通大学医学部生物医学伦理委员会批准(批准号2018-2048)。将成年健康雌性SD大鼠20只随机分成3组:空白组(4只)仅仅切除T10全部椎板及T9,T11部分椎板,未对脊髓作其他处理;DF12组(8只)切断脊髓,注射DF12培养液;嗅鞘细胞移植组(8只)切断脊髓,进行嗅鞘细胞移植。于脊髓损伤后1,7,28,56 d,对各组大鼠麻醉后取出脊髓,透射电镜观察脊髓损伤区神经细胞超微结构的变化。结果与结论:(1)与空白组比较,DF12组大鼠脊髓损伤区神经元胞体内细胞器明显减少,轴突、髓鞘和突触的超微结构发生明显的变化;嗅鞘细胞移植组损伤区的神经元胞体内细胞器明显增加,核仁明显,促进轴突、髓鞘和突触的再生,且胶质瘢痕明显较少;(2)嗅鞘细胞移植组大鼠星形胶质细胞和毛细血管周细胞的反应比较轻微;(3)结果说明,脊髓损伤后嗅鞘细胞移植可有效地保护脊髓损伤区的神经组织,促进轴突、髓鞘和突触的再生,抑制神经胶质和周围细胞的增生反应,从而使损伤后微环境有利于神经元、轴突和突触再生。 展开更多
关键词 嗅鞘细胞 脊髓损伤 神经元 轴突 髓鞘 突触 超微结构 细胞移植
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Catgut Implantation at Baliao and Xingfu One Acupuncture Point to Treat Urinary Incontinence in Patients with Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury: Three Cases Report 预览
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作者 Qingqing Li Laiming Yu +6 位作者 Hui Chen Ruzhi Zhang Qiuling Liu Maping Huang Dahui Zhang Shuqing Wu Jing Liu 《泌尿学期刊(英文)》 2019年第8期115-118,共4页
Objective: To explore the effect of catgut implantation at Baliao and Xingfu One Acupuncture point for patients with urinary incontinence secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: Three SCI patients received cat... Objective: To explore the effect of catgut implantation at Baliao and Xingfu One Acupuncture point for patients with urinary incontinence secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: Three SCI patients received catgut embedding at Baliao and Xingfu One Acupuncture point. The data of intermittent catheterization (IC) volume, intermittent catheterization frequency and the amount of using urine pad (urethral condom) were corrected. Results: Compared to the baseline data, IC volume increased and the leakage volume decreased. Conclusions: Catgut Implantation at Baliao and Xingfu One Acupuncture point is effective for patients with urinary incontinence secondary to incomplete SCI. 展开更多
关键词 Baliao and Xingfu ONE Acupuncture Point CATGUT IMPLANTATION Spinal Cord Injury URINARY INCONTINENCE
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影像学检查在无骨折脱位型颈脊髓损伤中的临床应用价值 预览
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作者 黄坤 蔡小军 《医学综述》 2019年第12期2447-2451,共5页
无骨折脱位型颈脊髓损伤(CSCIWOFD)是一种特殊类型的脊髓损伤,以颈椎过伸性损伤为主要损伤机制,患者多有颈椎管狭窄、后纵韧带骨化、黄韧带肥厚以及椎间盘突出等基础疾病,导致迟发性颈椎不稳,出现颈脊髓损伤症状加重。普通X片检查不能... 无骨折脱位型颈脊髓损伤(CSCIWOFD)是一种特殊类型的脊髓损伤,以颈椎过伸性损伤为主要损伤机制,患者多有颈椎管狭窄、后纵韧带骨化、黄韧带肥厚以及椎间盘突出等基础疾病,导致迟发性颈椎不稳,出现颈脊髓损伤症状加重。普通X片检查不能发现颈椎周围软组织损伤情况,但可反映颈椎管狭窄以及颈椎不稳等病理改变,磁共振成像对软组织有良好的分辨率,可用于评价颈椎软组织的损伤情况,并明确脊髓损伤节段。随着影像技术的不断提高,DTI技术的应用为疾病的精准诊断和预后提供了理论依据。 展开更多
关键词 脊髓损伤 无骨折脱位型颈脊髓损伤 磁共振成像 弥散张量成像
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Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries in Gold Miners in Mali: Preliminary Study on 76 Cases 预览
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作者 Oumar Coulibaly Mahamadou Dama +5 位作者 Oumar Diallo Daouda Sissoko Boubacar Sogoba Singuepiré Alpha Youssouf Sogoba Drissa Kanikomo 《神经科学国际期刊(英文)》 2019年第3期208-215,共8页
Introduction: Gold panning is the research and artisanal exploitation of gold in the auriferous areas (rivers or others). Traumatisms arising from these activities are due to severe spinal cord injury and generally af... Introduction: Gold panning is the research and artisanal exploitation of gold in the auriferous areas (rivers or others). Traumatisms arising from these activities are due to severe spinal cord injury and generally affect young people in full activity. They constitute a real social handicap in Mali and even in Africa. The aim of our study is to share our expertise in the management of these vertebro-medullary traumasin these miners who currently escape to all controls in Mali. Material and Methods: From 2013 to 2016, 76 Traumatic Spine Cord Injuries (TSCI) were treated in the department of Neurosurgery of “H&ocirc;pital du Mali”. There were 73 males (96.05%) versus 03 Females (3.95%), aged between 21 - 43 years old. Results: All of our patients were admitted with deficit differing from paraparesis to tetraplegia. According to Frankel scale, we found 59 patients with complete deficits (A grade, 77.63%), and incomplete deficits in 17 cases (12 grade B, 04 grade C, 01 grade D). The X-ray standard radiographies were done in 24 cases (31.58%) from which 02 patients had been operated with these data. CT scan centered on the injured spinal segment was performed in 74 cases (97.37%). The lumbar spine was affected in 39 cases, followed by thoracolumbar junction in 19 cases and thoracic spine in 16 cases. The cervical spine was only interested in two cases. Fractures dislocations are the most frequently lesions encountered in our series. The surgical approach was performed in 74 patients and 02 patients received conservative treatment. Conclusion: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries (TSCI) among miners are a real disaster in Mali and continue to plague thousands of families or increase the number of disabled people in our society. It is the only work, where the person concerned is making of his own grave. And according to witnesses, several miners remained at the bottom of the wells. Their prevention must first involve users by raising the awareness of local residents and traditional therapists, but also the country that mu 展开更多
关键词 SPINAL CORD INJURY Gold MALI
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