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肛肠外科术后常见并发症中医辨证论治的应用体会研究 认领
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作者 赵志伟 《中国社区医师》 2021年第3期133-134,共2页
目的:研究将中医辨证论治应用于肛肠外科术后常见并发症的作用与效果。方法:选取2018年2月-2020年2月实施肛肠外科手术的患者54例,术后均出现不同类型的常见并发症;随机分为两组,各27例。针对不同类型的并发症,对照组实施常规治疗,观察... 目的:研究将中医辨证论治应用于肛肠外科术后常见并发症的作用与效果。方法:选取2018年2月-2020年2月实施肛肠外科手术的患者54例,术后均出现不同类型的常见并发症;随机分为两组,各27例。针对不同类型的并发症,对照组实施常规治疗,观察组实施中医辨证论治,比较两组治疗效果。结果:观察组治疗总有效率(96.30%)明显高于对照组(77.78%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:中医辨证论治应用于肛肠外科术后出现并发症的患者,能够获得更为理想的治疗效果。 展开更多
关键词 肛肠外科 治疗 并发症 效果 中医辨证论治 手术
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鼻部超短波对儿童慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的治疗效果 认领
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作者 郑书希 《中国继续医学教育》 2021年第1期141-144,共4页
目的探究分析鼻部超短波治疗儿童慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的治疗效果。方法选取本院收治的共计200名慢性鼻-鼻窦炎小儿患者作为试验研究对象,将所有的患者按照电脑随机分配的方式分为对照组和观察组,其中对照组人数共计100名,在临床上采用常规传... 目的探究分析鼻部超短波治疗儿童慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的治疗效果。方法选取本院收治的共计200名慢性鼻-鼻窦炎小儿患者作为试验研究对象,将所有的患者按照电脑随机分配的方式分为对照组和观察组,其中对照组人数共计100名,在临床上采用常规传统治疗方式进行,观察组人数共计100名,在临床上主要采用鼻部超短波治疗方式进行。对比两组患者在整体的治疗效果,患者的满意度、患者术后的并发症发生情况等。结果患者在治疗完成之后,观察组的整体鼻-鼻窦炎治疗效果显著高于对照组,完全治愈的患者共计55名,部分治愈患者共计42名,治愈率达到了97%,而对照组患者完全治愈患者32名,部分治愈患者32名,治愈率为64%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),同时从观察组的治疗满意度以及术后并发症方面来看,观察组患者显著高于对照组,且差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论在当前阶段针对小儿鼻-鼻窦炎来说,通过实施有效的鼻部超短波方式相比于常规治疗方式具有更高的治疗价值,同时治疗安全性显著提升,降低了临床并发症的发生。 展开更多
关键词 鼻部超短波 治疗方式 鼻窦炎 小儿患者 对比分析 治疗效果
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文章速递Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Invade the Tracheal Prominence: A Case Report and Literature Review 认领
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作者 Kaiwen He Haitao Huang +2 位作者 Shaomu Chen Yu Feng Haitao Ma 《临床医学病理报告(英文)》 2021年第1期8-16,共9页
<strong>Background: </strong>Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) refers to a salivary gland neoplasm. Tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma that invades the tracheal prominence is a relatively rare tumor among thor... <strong>Background: </strong>Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) refers to a salivary gland neoplasm. Tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma that invades the tracheal prominence is a relatively rare tumor among thoracic diseases.<strong> Objective: </strong>To explore the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and future development of tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma (TACC). <strong>Methods:</strong> With asymptomatic invasion of the tracheal prominence, a case of tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma with asymptomatic invasion of the tracheal prominence was reported. The clinical management process and surgical methods were introduced, and related literature was reviewed and summarized. <strong>Results: </strong>The patient was admitted due to tracheal augmentation mass for half a month. Chest CT at admission displayed the soft tissue density shadow behind the tracheal augmentation process. After the completion of other examinations, tracheal tumor resection and tracheal reconstruction were performed. Postoperative routine pathology exhibited that it was TACC and without inguinal lymph node metastasis. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> TACC is a low-grade tracheal tumor with low incidence, delayed clinical manifestations and lack of specificity as well. CT and bronchoscopy are helpful for the diagnosis of suspected patients. Meanwhile, radical surgical resection is the first choice of treatment. Adjuvant therapy can improve the therapeutic effect. Targeted immunotherapy is the developing direction of treatment. 展开更多
关键词 Tracheal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Diagnosis Treatment
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文章速递Inhibitory Effect of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor on the Proliferation of Leukemia Cells and Its Anti-Tumor Pharmacology 认领
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作者 Shubo Wang 《生物科学与医学(英文)》 2021年第1期30-40,共11页
The aim of this study was to explore the inhibitory effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI) on the proliferation of leukemia cells. The two kinds of leukemia cells (human promyelocytic leukemia cell (HL-60) an... The aim of this study was to explore the inhibitory effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI) on the proliferation of leukemia cells. The two kinds of leukemia cells (human promyelocytic leukemia cell (HL-60) and human acute myelogenous leukemia cell (KG-1)) were selected for in vitro research. Besides, Chidamide, a kind of benzamide HDACI, was applied to induce and culture the HL-60 and KG-1 cells, and the anti-tumor cell proliferation activity of Chidamide on HL-60 and KG-1 was detected by the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, which was 5.6 and 6.1 in turn. The cell scratch experiment verified that Chidamide had the metastasis inhibitory effect on HL-60 and KG-1 cells. Flow cytometry was employed to measure the percentage of apoptotic cells, and it was found that the percentage of apoptotic cells was 55.6% ± 1% and 48.6% ± 1% in sequence after HL-60 and KG-1 cells were treated with Chidamide for 36 hours. The number of auto-phagosomes was determined by transmission electron microscopy showing that the number of auto-phagosomes in HL-60 and KG-1 cells was 12 ± 1 and 10 ± 1, respectively after the induction process of Chidamide. The phosphorylated histone H2AX protein (γ-H2AX) recognition antibody immunofluorescence method was adopted to determine the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage, and the positive rates of HL-60 and KG-1 cells reached 28.41% and 26.35%, respectively after Chidamide treatment. Therefore, Chidamide, as a kind of HDACI, could effectively inhibit the proliferation of leukemia cells, so that the results of this experiment had a good guiding meaning for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of leukemia. 展开更多
关键词 Tumor Cell Proliferation Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Chidamide Leukemia Treatment
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文章速递Commentary: “Ockham’s Razor” Doesn’t Apply to “Opioid” Overdose Death 认领
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作者 John F. Peppin Joseph V. Pergolizzi Jr. +1 位作者 Eugene Vortsman Robert B. Raffa 《生物科学与医学(英文)》 2021年第1期98-104,共7页
Polysubstance Abuse (PSA) greatly complicates an attempt to implicate a single drug as sole cause of an overdose death. Since PSA now occurs in the majority of cases of drug overdoses, many or most overdose deaths are... Polysubstance Abuse (PSA) greatly complicates an attempt to implicate a single drug as sole cause of an overdose death. Since PSA now occurs in the majority of cases of drug overdoses, many or most overdose deaths are polysubstance overdose deaths. And since many of the substances involved in a polysubstance Overdose Death (POD) are Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants, many of which can cause overdose death themselves, or synergistically with opioids, it is somewhat puzzling that prescription opioids have been singled out as the cause of these deaths—without reference to PSA. This is particularly puzzling in light of the fact that the issues of PSA and POD have been recognized and discussed in the literature since at least the 1960’s and before. We therefore here consider the question: are we facing an “opioid” crisis or, instead, a “polysubstance crisis”? And we wonder if the issue has been over-simplified, to the detriment of the individuals affected, and to society more broadly. There is a need for an “agnostic” respiratory stimulant that can reverse polysubstance-induced respiratory depression. 展开更多
关键词 Opioid Overdose Polysubstance Use Polysubstance Overdose Treatment
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文章速递Ossified Subdural Chronic Hematoma: Two Cases Report and Literature Review 认领
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作者 K. Quenum O. H. Fatigba +3 位作者 O. Coulibaly Y. P. Houndje C. Tchegnonsi B. Quenum 《现代神经外科学进展(英文)》 2021年第1期29-33,共5页
Ossified subdural chronic hematoma (OSCH) is a rare disease that accounts 0.3% to 2% of subdural chronic hematoma which is common. The surgical management depends on his clinical expression. The aim of this study is t... Ossified subdural chronic hematoma (OSCH) is a rare disease that accounts 0.3% to 2% of subdural chronic hematoma which is common. The surgical management depends on his clinical expression. The aim of this study is to highlight the surgical procedure because the management of this type of lesion has no consensus. The authors reported two cases of OSCH which were successfully excised with good outcomes. Taking care during the procedure of dissection from parenchyma is the key for this surgery. 展开更多
关键词 Ossified Subdural Chronic Hematoma Calcified Subdural Chronic Hematoma Chronic Hematoma Surgical Treatment
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文章速递Spontaneous External Digestive Fistula of Tuberculosis Origin, Medical Treatment: About a Case at the Timbuktu Hospital 认领
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作者 Oumar Ongoïba Idrissa Tounkara +4 位作者 Thiam Souleymane Charles Dara Jacques Saye Karim Dao Djibril Kassogué 《外科学(英文)》 2021年第1期17-22,共6页
In the literature, the management of enterocutaneous fistula of tuberculosis origin is rare. The aim of this work was to report a case of external digestive fistula of tuberculosis origin in a 10-year-old girl in nort... In the literature, the management of enterocutaneous fistula of tuberculosis origin is rare. The aim of this work was to report a case of external digestive fistula of tuberculosis origin in a 10-year-old girl in northern Mali in a situation of armed conflict. She was a 10-year-old patient who was admitted to our general surgery ward for external digestive fistula evolving for more than (4) four years, at admission the general. The karnofsky index was at 40%, she could not sit or hold a cup to drink water. A 3 cm enterocutaneous fistula deafened foul-smelling liquid stools, on clinical examination, the conjunctivas were pale, the lips were dry, the eyes were sunk in the eye sockets, the ribs visible from a distance. The paraclinical aspects (<em>Itra-Dermo-Reaction</em> (IDR) to <em>tubercria</em>, anatomopathology) were positive, specifying the place of medical treatment and evolution under medical treatment. Digestive fistula of tuberculosis origin is a rare condition in surgical settings. 展开更多
关键词 Spontaneous External Digestive Fistula Non-Surgical Treatment Timbuktu
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文章速递The Evaluation Characteristics of Type B Aortic Intramural Hematoma and Ten Years Treatment Outcomes 认领
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作者 Jinguo Zhu Hongbo Hu 《心血管病(英文)》 2021年第1期58-68,共11页
<strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Type B aortic</span><b&... <strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Type B aortic</span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">intramural hematoma (IMH-B) is recognized as a subset of aortic dissection. The evolution of uncomplicated IMH-B is very difficult to predict. How and when to deal with this disease is unclear. The present study constructed two models to explore this problem. One is the</span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">morphology evolution model, which explored the risk factors and predictors for the IMH-B patients. Another is the predictive model confirmed the predictors and the time for invasive treatment of uncomplicated IMH-B patients.</span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Objective: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">To explore the evolution predictors and detect the time for invasive treatment of uncomplicated IMH-B patients.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Methods: </span></b><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The</span><b></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">morphology evolution model demonstrated that all 81 patients were diagnosis with CTA images. The initial and follow-up data were retrospectively studied. The evolution data were collection and measurement from initial and follow-up CTA images data. The predictive model showed that predictors of progression were detected with cox regression analysis.</span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">All 81IMH-B patients were followed-up ranged from 1.2 to 36 months (median, 22 months). 26 patients accepted invasive treatment (24 underwent TEVAR and 2 underwent Surgery)</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">55 patients received medical treatment. Invasive treatment (IT) group overall events </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">are </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">1</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">/</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">26 (3.8%)</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">;</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> medical treatment</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">(MT) group overall events </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">are </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">33</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">/</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">55 (60.0%)</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">;</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> IT group</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">vs.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">MT group</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">:</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> p < 0.001</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Moreover,</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">we found that most events related aorta occurred within 30 days. Multivariate Cox regression analysis MDAD (hazard ratio, 3.58;95% CI, 1.25</span><span style="font-family:;" "=""></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">5.78;p < 0.001), MDAHT (hazard ratio, 4.26;95% CI, 0.85</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">7.84;p < 0.001), and IMH with PAU (hazard ratio, 3.58;95% CI, 1.02</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">5.63;p < 0.001) were confirmed as the independent predictors. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Conclusions: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">MDAD > 45 mm, MDAHT > 10</span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">mm, and IMH with PAU may be the important predictors for uncomplicated IMH-B patients. Most adverse aorta related events occurred within 30 days. It would be careful follow-up, closely observe for these patients within 30 days, and take necessary treatment strategies in time.</span> 展开更多
关键词 IMH-B Aortic Related Events Treatment Strategies
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汽油发动机尾气的售后治理措施 认领
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作者 王志欣 代长安 张博乾 《时代汽车》 2021年第2期176-177,共2页
汽油发动机尾气主要成分是CO、HC、NOx等,汽车尾气的治理是一个系统工程,在汽车服务领域对尾气的治理一般形成了规律性的治理方案和措施,尾气诊断仪能够实时检测汽车的污染物排放数据,同时还引导一线维修人员有针对性的治理尾气,实现了... 汽油发动机尾气主要成分是CO、HC、NOx等,汽车尾气的治理是一个系统工程,在汽车服务领域对尾气的治理一般形成了规律性的治理方案和措施,尾气诊断仪能够实时检测汽车的污染物排放数据,同时还引导一线维修人员有针对性的治理尾气,实现了售后领域的维修过程、维修质量一系列的如实记载和跟踪,对提升服务质量和企业内部员工的技术素质起到了很好的设备保证,从汽车售后领域控制了汽车污染物的排放。 展开更多
关键词 尾气 HC CO NO_X CO_2 治理
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提高克罗恩病早诊早治水平改善疗效和预后 认领
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作者 葛文松 《中华消化病与影像杂志:电子版》 2021年第1期28-30,共3页
克罗恩病的早诊早治是一个复杂而有挑战的临床问题。克罗恩病的早诊早治对于疗改善效和预后,促进疾病缓解、减少并发症、预防复发、提高生活质量都有非常重要意义。结合临床表现、内镜、病理、实验室、影像等资料综合判断是早期诊断的... 克罗恩病的早诊早治是一个复杂而有挑战的临床问题。克罗恩病的早诊早治对于疗改善效和预后,促进疾病缓解、减少并发症、预防复发、提高生活质量都有非常重要意义。结合临床表现、内镜、病理、实验室、影像等资料综合判断是早期诊断的重要手段,早期积极治疗力争黏膜愈合是改善克罗恩病疗效和预后的重要途径。 展开更多
关键词 克罗恩病 诊断 治疗
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口腔黏膜瘙痒症的病因与治疗 认领
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作者 陶慧骞 但红霞 《国际口腔医学杂志》 CAS 2021年第1期119-124,共6页
口腔黏膜瘙痒症是发生于口内1处或多处黏膜的一种可引发搔抓欲望的不愉快感觉,引发舌部舔舐、咬嚼、用手搔抓,导致瘙痒—搔抓恶性循环,在一定程度上影响着患者的正常生活。口腔黏膜瘙痒症的发病原因复杂多样,可由口腔内的多种因素引发,... 口腔黏膜瘙痒症是发生于口内1处或多处黏膜的一种可引发搔抓欲望的不愉快感觉,引发舌部舔舐、咬嚼、用手搔抓,导致瘙痒—搔抓恶性循环,在一定程度上影响着患者的正常生活。口腔黏膜瘙痒症的发病原因复杂多样,可由口腔内的多种因素引发,也与多种口腔外的因素相关。随着民众口腔保健意识的加强,每年因口腔黏膜瘙痒而就诊的患者逐年增加。为了增进口腔医生对这一特殊症状的了解,提高相关疾病的诊疗效率,本文就口腔黏膜瘙痒症的病因与治疗作一综述。 展开更多
关键词 口腔黏膜 瘙痒 病因 治疗
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222例隐性及显性脐带脱垂临床分析 认领
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作者 孙美玉 姜伟 王冬颖 《当代医学》 2021年第3期70-72,共3页
目的探讨隐性及脐带脱垂的高危因素、诊断及治疗方法。方法回顾性分析2013年11月至2019年5月沈阳市妇婴医院222例患者的临床资料,归纳、分析其高危因素、诊断方法、治疗及新生儿预后。结果189隐性脐带脱垂患者中135例具有高危因素,33例... 目的探讨隐性及脐带脱垂的高危因素、诊断及治疗方法。方法回顾性分析2013年11月至2019年5月沈阳市妇婴医院222例患者的临床资料,归纳、分析其高危因素、诊断方法、治疗及新生儿预后。结果189隐性脐带脱垂患者中135例具有高危因素,33例显性脐带脱垂患者中30例具有高危因素。产前主要通过内诊、产前胎心异常及超声检查诊断发现脐带脱垂。隐性脐带脱垂患者剖宫产175例,助产分娩6例,待产出院随访8例;1例患者来院时已胎死宫内,1例患者放弃胎儿引产。显性脐带脱垂剖宫产24例,助产分娩9例;所有活产儿均预后良好。结论所有患者均有发生隐性脐带脱垂的可能,具有高危因素,尤其多个高危因素的患者更应提高警惕,高危脐带脱垂患者破膜后,出现分娩预兆及胎心异常时应警惕脐带脱垂发生,不同情况患者应采取不同处理方式。 展开更多
关键词 脐带脱垂 高危因素 诊断 治疗
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Alpl基因影响骨髓间充质干细胞治疗溃疡性结肠炎 认领
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作者 张立书 刘安琪 +3 位作者 何小宁 金岩 李蓓 金钫 《中国组织工程研究》 CAS 北大核心 2021年第25期3970-3975,共6页
背景:骨髓间充质干细胞移植治疗溃疡性结肠炎已取得显著疗效,但是其具体作用机制尚未完全阐明。目的:观察并探讨Alpl基因对骨髓间充质干细胞治疗溃疡性结肠炎的影响。方法:①饲养并繁殖Alpl~(+/-)小鼠与野生型小鼠,进行基因型鉴定;②体... 背景:骨髓间充质干细胞移植治疗溃疡性结肠炎已取得显著疗效,但是其具体作用机制尚未完全阐明。目的:观察并探讨Alpl基因对骨髓间充质干细胞治疗溃疡性结肠炎的影响。方法:①饲养并繁殖Alpl~(+/-)小鼠与野生型小鼠,进行基因型鉴定;②体外培养Alpl~(+/-)小鼠和野生型小鼠的骨髓间充质干细胞,观察细胞生长情况,成骨分化实验和流式细胞仪检测细胞表面标记物进行干细胞鉴定;③将24只C57BL/6小鼠随机分为正常组、模型对照组、野生型小鼠骨髓间充质干细胞治疗组、Alpl~(+/-)小鼠骨髓间充质干细胞治疗组,后3组给予3%葡聚糖硫酸钠水溶液饲喂7 d诱导小鼠溃疡性结肠炎模型,2个治疗组小鼠在喂葡聚糖硫酸钠溶液第3天和第5天时分别尾静脉注射野生型小鼠或Alpl~(+/-)小鼠来源的骨髓间充质干细胞,第10天处死取结肠组织;④记录每日体质量变化并计算疾病活动指数,比较结肠长度,苏木精-伊红染色观察比较结肠黏膜的组织学变化。结果与结论:①基因型鉴定结果示杂合子为双条带,与美国杰克逊实验室提供的预测结果一致,提示成功繁育Alpl~(+/-)小鼠;②两组细胞均能形成红棕色的成骨结节,且均表达间充质干细胞表面标记物CD146和CD73,但相较于野生型来源骨髓间充质干细胞,Alpl~(+/-)小鼠来源骨髓间充质干细胞形态多样,缺乏边界清晰的长梭形细胞;③与模型对照组小鼠相比,2个治疗组小鼠肠炎症状和病理变化均减轻,但野生型小鼠骨髓间充质干细胞组的治疗效果明显优于Alpl~(+/-)小鼠骨髓间充质干细胞组;④结果提示,骨髓间充质干细胞移植能够治疗葡聚糖硫酸钠诱导的溃疡性结肠炎,且Alpl基因半敲除抑制骨髓间充质干细胞对溃疡性结肠炎的治疗效果。 展开更多
关键词 干细胞 骨髓间充质干细胞 溃疡性结肠炎 基因敲除 碱性磷酸酶 治疗 小鼠
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Syt-7—恶性肿瘤治疗的新靶点 认领
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作者 陈蔓 吴双 +1 位作者 郭术楠 汪庚明 《沈阳医学院学报》 2021年第1期72-74,共3页
突触结合蛋白(突触素,Synaptotagmins,Syts)是一类在突触小泡和嗜铬细胞颗粒中丰富的膜内在蛋白质。在哺乳动物细胞中已发现16种亚型,它们分布广泛且功能复杂。有研究表明,Syt-7可以调节囊泡运输、细胞衰老、突触易化等生理活动过程。... 突触结合蛋白(突触素,Synaptotagmins,Syts)是一类在突触小泡和嗜铬细胞颗粒中丰富的膜内在蛋白质。在哺乳动物细胞中已发现16种亚型,它们分布广泛且功能复杂。有研究表明,Syt-7可以调节囊泡运输、细胞衰老、突触易化等生理活动过程。本文主要阐述Syt-7在非小细胞肺癌、结直肠癌、骨肉瘤、脑胶质细胞瘤等恶性肿瘤中的研究进展,这可能会成为恶性肿瘤治疗的新靶点。 展开更多
关键词 Syt-7 恶性肿瘤 治疗
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马蹄病的诊治体会 认领
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作者 张森 柳旭伟 +3 位作者 杨靖宇 卢博敏 卡米力·依提 巴合达提·革命江 《畜牧兽医杂志》 2021年第1期83-84,86,共3页
马的肢蹄病主要是马的四肢或者蹄部发生软组织损伤、化脓、炎症等,临床主要表现为马的跛行,运动障碍等。马的肢蹄发生疾病时,如果不及时进行处理和治疗,将造成马的运动障碍,进而淘汰,尤其是对于一些赛马以及运动型马的影响更大。本论文... 马的肢蹄病主要是马的四肢或者蹄部发生软组织损伤、化脓、炎症等,临床主要表现为马的跛行,运动障碍等。马的肢蹄发生疾病时,如果不及时进行处理和治疗,将造成马的运动障碍,进而淘汰,尤其是对于一些赛马以及运动型马的影响更大。本论文对2例典型马蹄病的发病情况、临床的检查、治疗情况、发病原因分析以及预防措施导等进行了详细的阐述。 展开更多
关键词 蹄病 诊断 治疗 预防
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Transcranial direct current stimulation for auditory verbal hallucinations:a systematic review of clinical trials 认领
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作者 Samaneh Rashidi Myles Jones +3 位作者 Eric Murillo-Rodriguez Sergio Machado Youguo Hao Ali Yadollahpour 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2021年第4期666-671,共6页
Transcranial direct current stimulation(tDCS)has been reportedly beneficial for different neurodegenerative disorders.tDCS has been reported as a potential adjunctive or alternative treatment for auditory verbal hallu... Transcranial direct current stimulation(tDCS)has been reportedly beneficial for different neurodegenerative disorders.tDCS has been reported as a potential adjunctive or alternative treatment for auditory verbal hallucination(AVH).This study aims to review the effects of tDCS on AVH in patients with schizophrenia through combining the evidence from randomized clinical trials(RCTs).The databases of PsycINFO(2000–2019),PubMed(2000–2019),EMBASE(2000–2019),CINAHL(2000–2019),Web of Science(2000–2019),and Scopus(2000–2019)were systematically searched.The clinical trials with RCT design were selected for final analysis.A total of nine RCTs were eligible and included in the review.Nine RCTs were included in the final analysis.Among them,six RCTs reported a significant reduction of AVH after repeated sessions of tDCS,whereas three RCTs did not show any advantage of active tDCS over sham tDCS.The current studies showed an overall decrease of approximately 28%of AVH after active tDCS and 10%after sham tDCS.The tDCS protocols targeting the sensorimotor frontal-parietal network showed greater treatment effects compared with the protocols targeting other regions.In this regard,cathodal tDCS over the left temporoparietal area showed inhibitory effects on AVHs.The most effective tDCS protocol on AVHs was twice-daily sessions(2 mA,20-minute duration)over 5 consecutive days(10 sessions)with the anode over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the cathode over the left temporal area.Some patient-specific and diseasespecific factors such as young age,nonsmoking status,and higher frequencies of AVHs seemed to be the predictors of treatment response.Taken together,the results of tDCS as an alternative treatment option for AVH show controversy among current literatures,since not all studies were positive.However,the studies targeting the same site of the brain showed that the tDCS could be a promising treatment option to reduce AVH.Further RCTs,with larger sample sizes,should be conducted to reach a conclusion on the 展开更多
关键词 auditory verbal hallucinations dorsolateral prefrontal cortex effective protocol randomized clinical trial schizophrenia temporoparietal area transcranial direct current stimulation treatment efficacy
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Prevention and treatment of cerebral palsy with cord blood stem cells and cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells 认领
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作者 Haruo Shintaku 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2021年第4期672-673,共2页
Prevention and treatment of cerebral palsy(CP)by regenerative medicine:Perinatal asphyxia is a well-known medical condition that can lead to CP.Several etiologies are involved in this process,but the primary cause is ... Prevention and treatment of cerebral palsy(CP)by regenerative medicine:Perinatal asphyxia is a well-known medical condition that can lead to CP.Several etiologies are involved in this process,but the primary cause is hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy(HIE)that is characterized by reduced blood flow and oxygen supply to the baby’s brain.CP is one of the possible consequences of this neurologic injury.Once developed,CP is difficult to treat,and the role of rehabilitation in functional recovery is still limited.The Neonatal Resuscitation Program is one of the various approaches that have been tried to date.The program has been providing training courses since 2006 for midwives and nurses in addition to physicians,and we saw a marked reduction in mortality associated with birth asphyxia just after a year of the program.However,further efforts are required to achieve 0%mortality. 展开更多
关键词 NURSE CEREBRAL treatment
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吉7井区稠油掺水集输工艺研究及应用 认领
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作者 冯小刚 叶俊华 +3 位作者 鄢雨 宋多培 李建财 王伟 《油气田地面工程》 2021年第1期25-30,共6页
吉7井区为新疆油田公司第一个稠油冷采示范区,地面集输采用井口掺水工艺,原油处理采用两段热化学大罐沉降工艺。吉7井区回掺水工艺的应用有效解决了井区稠油地面集输问题,但随着产能建设规模的扩大,南部高黏度原油区域已经开始大面积动... 吉7井区为新疆油田公司第一个稠油冷采示范区,地面集输采用井口掺水工艺,原油处理采用两段热化学大罐沉降工艺。吉7井区回掺水工艺的应用有效解决了井区稠油地面集输问题,但随着产能建设规模的扩大,南部高黏度原油区域已经开始大面积动用,稠油地面集输的可行性还需要理论研究作支撑。因此,需进一步对高黏度稠油流变性能进行深入研究,明确高黏度稠油的黏温曲线,确定高黏度原油的集输工艺,并对高含水井无法停掺的问题进行深入分析,进一步优化掺水集输工艺,降低回掺水量。通过对原油处理系统进行优化,降低了处理系统能耗,并使处理系统能力满足产液需求。 展开更多
关键词 稠油 掺水集输 降黏 处理 工艺优化
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渤海油田聚驱采出液处理设施分析对比 认领
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作者 王佳中 《天津科技》 2021年第1期70-72,共3页
渤海海域3个注聚开发油田都遇到了含聚采出液处理技术瓶颈,在采取设备改造、工艺参数优化、化学药剂优选等措施后,解决了原油处理过程中含水偏高的问题,但油田生产水过滤器维护频率高、注水水质不稳定等问题仍然困扰着油田的正常生产。... 渤海海域3个注聚开发油田都遇到了含聚采出液处理技术瓶颈,在采取设备改造、工艺参数优化、化学药剂优选等措施后,解决了原油处理过程中含水偏高的问题,但油田生产水过滤器维护频率高、注水水质不稳定等问题仍然困扰着油田的正常生产。通过对比渤海油田中心平台(CEP)和浮式生产储卸油装置(FPSO)两种开发设施的典型工艺流程,发现在新型高效生产水处理工艺技术成熟前FPSO开发模式具有一定的适应性,提出对FPSO加大含聚采出液处理相关研究及现场试验工作力度的举措。 展开更多
关键词 海上油田 中心平台 浮式生产储卸油装置 含聚采出液 处理
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儿童眶底及上颌窦前壁原始神经外胚层肿瘤/尤文氏肉瘤的临床分析 认领
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作者 焦红叶 潘晗 +4 位作者 施涛 汪小霞 周玫 陈伟 张勇 《东南国防医药》 2021年第1期17-20,共4页
目的探讨眶底及上颌窦前壁原始神经外胚层肿瘤/尤文氏肉瘤(ESFTs)这一罕见疾病的临床特点。方法报道1例儿童ESFTs的临床特征、影像学表现、病理学特征,探讨其诊断、鉴别诊断、治疗及预后,并通过文献复习了解该病早期诊断要点。结果该例... 目的探讨眶底及上颌窦前壁原始神经外胚层肿瘤/尤文氏肉瘤(ESFTs)这一罕见疾病的临床特点。方法报道1例儿童ESFTs的临床特征、影像学表现、病理学特征,探讨其诊断、鉴别诊断、治疗及预后,并通过文献复习了解该病早期诊断要点。结果该例患儿肿瘤病理上以小圆细胞为主要结构,细胞免疫组化为CD99的高表达。治疗方法为手术切除加放化疗,患者术后随访21个月未出现肿瘤复发及远处转移征象。结论头颈部肿瘤高度恶性肿瘤ESFTs影像学检查有一定的诊断意义,但是没有特异性,明确诊断主要依靠免疫组化检查。确诊后应尽可能早期手术,以免贻误治疗时机。预后较差,手术切除加放化疗能改善患者预后。 展开更多
关键词 原始神经外胚层肿瘤/尤文肉瘤 诊断 治疗
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