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The Content of Modern Landscape Architecture Discipline and Its Forming Process 预览
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作者 Xi Chen Dawei Xu +1 位作者 Safa Fadelelseed Lianying Li 《地球与环境科学(英文)》 2019年第1期49-52,共4页
Modem landscape architecture discipline is not an emerging discipline.It has a very long history.After a long period of multidisciplinary integra-tion,it has formed a modem landscape architecture.In recent years,with ... Modem landscape architecture discipline is not an emerging discipline.It has a very long history.After a long period of multidisciplinary integra-tion,it has formed a modem landscape architecture.In recent years,with the development of society,the problems of environmental problems and economic structural imbalances have become more and more prominent and serious.Therefore,modern landscape architecture is also facing tremendous changes and is at the crossroads of discipline development.This paper analyzes and discusses the content and formation of modem landscape architecture,and points out the characteristics and importance of landscape architecture. 展开更多
关键词 LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE DISCIPLINE DISCIPLINE development HISTORY Characteristics ERA Chinese style 21st CENTURY
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Shape grammars as a reverse engineering method for the morphogenesis of architectural facade design
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作者 Buthayna Eilouti 《建筑学研究前沿(英文版)》 CSCD 2019年第2期191-200,共10页
The field of shape grammars spans 47 years,but its potential in the practice and education of art,architecture,and engineering remains far from being utilized.Similarly,while reverse engineering in some engineering di... The field of shape grammars spans 47 years,but its potential in the practice and education of art,architecture,and engineering remains far from being utilized.Similarly,while reverse engineering in some engineering disciplines is well-established,its implementation in architectural design remains under-represented.By combining the two domains,this paper develops a novel method that merges the power of shape grammars as a parsing tool in reverse engineering to decode the morphogenesis of visual compositions in architectural design.The merged power is demonstrated by decoding the formal language of a faqade design of a case study,in which seemingly few simple rules can derive surprisingly complex compositions.The rules of the language can then be used to reconstruct parts of the case facade.Most shape grammars in the architectural literature are applied on formal historical precedents,but the subject of morphological analysis in this paper is contemporary and has a style that exhibits non-orthogonal configurations,which initially appear far from being standardized or subjected to regulatory tectonic rules.The faqade derivation grammar is explained and resynthesized in various computations to explore emergent articulations that display its predictive,synthetic,and generative powers in addition to typical analytic ones. 展开更多
关键词 Shape GRAMMARS FACADE ENGINEERING Contemporary ARCHITECTURE Saudi ARCHITECTURE DESIGN computation Formal language Making GRAMMARS REVERSE ENGINEERING Forward ENGINEERING
建构建筑的“新地域主义” 预览
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作者 丁俊 过伟敏 《南京艺术学院学报:美术与设计》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期92-99,I0003共9页
地域主义成为中国现代建筑面貌趋同趋势下的热门话题之一。文章通过分析地域主义的相关概念发现,地域主义具备开放、多元、动态的特征;通过梳理地域主义的历史提出,地域主义和国际主义存在相互转化的现象,因而地域主义是一种策略,而并... 地域主义成为中国现代建筑面貌趋同趋势下的热门话题之一。文章通过分析地域主义的相关概念发现,地域主义具备开放、多元、动态的特征;通过梳理地域主义的历史提出,地域主义和国际主义存在相互转化的现象,因而地域主义是一种策略,而并不具备不变的本质。在此基础上,对批判的地域主义和风土建筑两个概念进行分析并试图建构一种新的地域主义,它综合二者的优势,在现代文明的理性框架下,摒弃风格化的地域主义方式。具体而言体现在三个方面:哲学基础上回归现象学的本质;设计伦理上重视利益相关者的意见;设计观念上尊重技术进步并挖掘在地传统营造技艺。最终以开放包容的方式丰富地域主义不断发展的内涵。 展开更多
关键词 建筑 地域主义 批判的地域主义 风土建筑
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Scalable Distributed File Sharing System: A Robust Strategy for a Reliable Networked Environment in Tertiary Institutions 预览
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作者 Emmanuel N. Ekwonwune Bright U. Ezeoha 《通讯、网络与系统学国际期刊(英文)》 2019年第4期49-58,共10页
The bane of achieving a scalable distributed file sharing system is the centralized data system and single server oriented file [sharing] system. In this paper, the solution to the problems in a distributed environmen... The bane of achieving a scalable distributed file sharing system is the centralized data system and single server oriented file [sharing] system. In this paper, the solution to the problems in a distributed environment is presented. Thus, inability to upload sizeable files, slow transportation of files, weak security and lack of fault tolerance are the major problems in the existing system. Hence, the utmost need is to build a client-server network that runs on two or more server systems in order to implement scalability, such that when one server is down, the other(s) would still hold up the activities within the network. And to achieve this reliable network environment, LINUX network operating system is recommended among others as a preferred platform for the synchronization of the server systems, such that every user activity like sending of internal memos/mails, publication of academic articles, is replicated;thereby, achieving the proposed result. Hence, Scalable Distributed File Sharing System provides the robustness required to having a reliable intranet. 展开更多
关键词 DISTRIBUTED SYSTEM Architecture FILES Sharing DISTRIBUTED File SYSTEM Replication Reliability TRANSPARENCY Data Access Interfaces FAULT Detection FAULT Tolerance Cache Consistency SCALABILITY
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Impact of Technology and Innovation on Adaptation of Architectonic Tradition for a Sustainable Future in the Middle East 预览
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作者 Isra’a S. Fardous Amar Bennadji 《土木工程与建筑:英文版》 2019年第4期273-281,共9页
Over the last three decades,the Middle East(ME)region has experienced rapid economic and infrastructure transformation.Most of the dwelling places have fully adopted western architectural trends ignoring both the cult... Over the last three decades,the Middle East(ME)region has experienced rapid economic and infrastructure transformation.Most of the dwelling places have fully adopted western architectural trends ignoring both the cultural and environmental fundamentals of the region.The paper is incorporated with a Ph.D.research,it is cognizant of the fact that socio-demographics has changed over the years.Large cities in the region have experienced massive population growth which has made traditional architectural(TA)less suitable.This study is focused on identifying how recent innovation and technologies can be used in the adaptation of architectonic traditions.Seeking to identify how the inherent sustainability characteristics of TA can be integrated with modern architectural studies for cultural relevant and sustainable dwellings in the ME.An investigation in houses in Riyadh City,Saudi Arabia where the climate is mostly hot and arid will serve as the case study for this research because of its strong history in TA coupled with proliferation of western architecture.Research will utilize a qualitative data because it is inclusive of situational descriptions,events and observed behaviors.It will enable findings based from the participants view to cultural existence and change,and meanings important to them.Moreover,researcher will rely on the themes as the main backbone on what the study is trying to bring out.Thus,will ensure findings end up with what is appreciated for environmental housing application not only based on climate control but also based on other psychological and visual components. 展开更多
关键词 Environmental TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE thermal COMFORT transitional ARCHITECTURE and WELL-BEING
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交汇黑土,不辍百年--哈工大建筑学人的规格与功夫 预览
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作者 孙澄 董慰 《世界建筑》 2019年第5期10-13,120共5页
作为我国最早开设的建筑学科之一,哈工大建筑学科肇始于1920年哈尔滨中俄工业学校,先后经历“俄式教学”“日式教学”“苏化教学”和新中国的建筑教育阶段,形成独特、鲜明的建筑教育特色,在中国近、现代化建设,特别是在东北建设和东北... 作为我国最早开设的建筑学科之一,哈工大建筑学科肇始于1920年哈尔滨中俄工业学校,先后经历“俄式教学”“日式教学”“苏化教学”和新中国的建筑教育阶段,形成独特、鲜明的建筑教育特色,在中国近、现代化建设,特别是在东北建设和东北振兴中做出卓越贡献。文章凝练哈尔滨工业大学百年建筑学科的国际化基因、务真求实的教育传统、传承拓新的特色方向和扎根东北的家国情怀4个方面的特色,整体展现了哈工大建筑学科和建筑学人的规格与功夫。 展开更多
关键词 哈尔滨工业大学 建筑学 建筑教育 国际化 “规格严格 功夫到家”
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A Creative Approach to Reducing Ambiguity in Scenariobased Software Architecture Analysis
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作者 Xi-Wen Wu Chen Li +1 位作者 Xuan Wang Hong-Ji Yang 《国际自动化与计算杂志:英文版》 EI CSCD 2019年第2期248-260,共13页
In software engineering, a scenario describes an anticipated usage of a software system. As scenarios are useful to understand the requirements and functionalities of a software system, the scenario-based analysis is ... In software engineering, a scenario describes an anticipated usage of a software system. As scenarios are useful to understand the requirements and functionalities of a software system, the scenario-based analysis is widely used in various tasks, especially in the design stage of software architectures. Although researchers have proposed various scenario-based approaches to analyse software architecture, there are still limitations in this research field, and a key limitation is that scenarios are typically not formally defined and thus may contain ambiguities. As these ambiguities may lead to defects, it is desirable to reduce them as many as possible. In order to reduce ambiguity in scenario-based software architecture analysis, this paper introduces a creative computing approach to scenario-based software requirements analysis. Our work expands this idea in three directions. Firstly, we extend an architecture description language (ADL)-based language- Breeze/ADL to model the software architecture. Secondly, we use a creative rule - combinational rule (CR) to combine the vector clock algorithm for reducing the ambiguities in modelling scenarios. Then, another creative rule - transformational rule (TR) is employed to help to transform our Breeze/ADL model to a popular model - unified modelling language (UML) model. We implement our approach as a plugin of Breeze, and illustrate a running example of modelling a poetry to music system in our case study. Our results show the proposed creative approach is able to reduce ambiguities of the software architecture in practice. 展开更多
关键词 Creative computing vector CLOCK algorithm scenario-based analysis of SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE sequence DIAGRAM Breeze/ ARCHITECTURE description language (ADL)
综合电子战体系结构评估方法 预览
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作者 刘湘德 黄旭岑 邓小龙 《电子信息对抗技术》 2019年第1期35-40,共6页
基于综合电子战向网络化、协同化方向发展的背景,分析了综合电子战体系结构的特点,对评估方法进行了探索,提出了综合电子战体系结构建模方法和评估指标体系,并给出了不同类型的单项指标评估方法和体系结构综合评估方法,最后对体系结构... 基于综合电子战向网络化、协同化方向发展的背景,分析了综合电子战体系结构的特点,对评估方法进行了探索,提出了综合电子战体系结构建模方法和评估指标体系,并给出了不同类型的单项指标评估方法和体系结构综合评估方法,最后对体系结构时效性评估指标进行了实例分析,为电子战体系结构分析研究提供了参考。 展开更多
关键词 综合电子战 体系结构 评估方法 体系结构建模
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Art and technology interactions in Islamic and Check fa Christian context: Historical approach to architectural globalization
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作者 Maziar Asefi Safa Salkhi Khasraghi Ana Pereira Roders 《建筑学研究前沿(英文版)》 CSCD 2019年第1期66-79,共14页
Efficie nt in teracti on betwee n art and tech no logy en abled Islamic architecture to actively experience early globalization, but today's separation between these domains and technological hegemony have present... Efficie nt in teracti on betwee n art and tech no logy en abled Islamic architecture to actively experience early globalization, but today's separation between these domains and technological hegemony have presented challenges to Islamic architecture. Accordingly, this research was aimed at illuminating art and technology interactions in Islamic architecture during early globalization when it flourished along with Christian architecture. To this end, logical reasoning and qualitative data an alysis were performed in parallel on 12 chai ns of mostly worshipone nted artworks, such as mosques and churches. The results indicated that art and tech no logy interactions in Islamic and Christian architecture were underlain by the same nature and seque ntial pattern of begi nning from primitive tech no logy and endi ng with inn ovative technology (art). The cultural and technological value of these architectural styles eventually crossed geographical boundaries. Therefore, the beneficial interactions between art and technology enabled Islamic and Christian architecture to participate in globalization through the con veya nee of their value to other regi ons eve n as d if fere nces existed in the measures implemented for such transmission. 展开更多
关键词 Art-technology interacti ons ARCHAIC GLOBALIZATION ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE Latent Pattern
关于伪满时期日本在东北地区建筑防寒保温措施的研究——以《满洲建筑杂志》为研究对象
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作者 曲艺 周文 卜什 《中外建筑》 2019年第8期65-68,共4页
伪满洲国时期,日本为了长期殖民,在中国东北地区开展了广泛的建设活动。受地域特征影响,这个时期日本所修建的建筑并不同于其国内的建筑风格,尤其是在防寒保温措施方面,有了新的研究与发展。对于这些,《满洲建筑杂志》里的诸多文章都有... 伪满洲国时期,日本为了长期殖民,在中国东北地区开展了广泛的建设活动。受地域特征影响,这个时期日本所修建的建筑并不同于其国内的建筑风格,尤其是在防寒保温措施方面,有了新的研究与发展。对于这些,《满洲建筑杂志》里的诸多文章都有详细的描述。本文运用关键词分析法,对《满洲建筑杂志》中的相关文章进行整理分析,进而探究伪满时期日本在东北地区关于建筑防寒措施的应用及主要关注点。 展开更多
关键词 伪满时期 东北地区 建筑 防寒保温 满洲建筑杂志
拉丁美洲风景园林实践全景概览 预览
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作者 简妮·梅迪娜册里·迪亚兹 阿曼多·阿古利亚·姆古亚 +1 位作者 吴焕(译) 梅丽莎·佩索阿(校) 《风景园林》 2019年第2期27-31,共5页
介绍拉丁美洲风景园林的沿革,总结不同历史时期建筑和风景园林设计对自然景观的干预,展现拉丁美洲的自然向人工环境演变的过程:首先是前哥伦布时期保留的古文明宇宙观与自然的关系;其次是欧洲帝国殖民时期对主要的城市以及风景园林带来... 介绍拉丁美洲风景园林的沿革,总结不同历史时期建筑和风景园林设计对自然景观的干预,展现拉丁美洲的自然向人工环境演变的过程:首先是前哥伦布时期保留的古文明宇宙观与自然的关系;其次是欧洲帝国殖民时期对主要的城市以及风景园林带来的影响;最后,描绘了20世纪初的现代风景园林师对场所的重视和文化识别性特征的探索,并向读者介绍了数位具有代表性的拉丁美洲风景园林设计师。 展开更多
关键词 建筑学 风景园林 自然 文化
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博雅教育视野下建筑学专业人才培养模式改革初探——以厦门工学院为例 预览
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作者 陈佳挺 刘妍 《建筑与装饰》 2019年第3期187-188,共2页
人才培养方案是学校人才培养工作的总纲领,文章基于博雅教育的理念,阐述了博雅教育与传统教育的比较,以厦门工学院为例,介绍了厦门工学院建筑学专业人才培养方案改革的制定情况,从多个视角展示了该培养方案在教学模块、学分设置、课程... 人才培养方案是学校人才培养工作的总纲领,文章基于博雅教育的理念,阐述了博雅教育与传统教育的比较,以厦门工学院为例,介绍了厦门工学院建筑学专业人才培养方案改革的制定情况,从多个视角展示了该培养方案在教学模块、学分设置、课程体系、教学大纲、创新能力培养、学科竞赛、实践环节等方面的探索和举措。 展开更多
关键词 博雅教育 建筑学 人才培养方案
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A Survey on Graph Processing Accelerators:Challenges and Opportunities
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作者 Chuang-Yi Gui Long Zheng +4 位作者 Bingsheng He Cheng Liu Xin-Yu Chen Xiao-Fei Liao Hai Jin 《计算机科学技术学报:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第2期339-371,共33页
Graph is a well known data structure to represent the associated relationships in a variety of applications,e.g.,data science and machine learning.Despite a wealth of existing efforts on developing graph processing sy... Graph is a well known data structure to represent the associated relationships in a variety of applications,e.g.,data science and machine learning.Despite a wealth of existing efforts on developing graph processing systems for improving the performance and/or energy efficiency on traditional architectures,dedicated hardware solutions,also referred to as graph processing accelerators,are essential and emerging to provide the benefits significantly beyond what those pure software solutions can offer.In this paper,we conduct a systematical survey regarding the design and implementation of graph processing accelerators.Specifically,we review the relevant techniques in three core components toward a graph processing accelerator:preprocessing,parallel graph computation,and runtime scheduling.We also examine the benchmarks and results in existing studies for evaluating a graph processing accelerator.Interestingly,we find that there is not an absolute winner for all three aspects in graph acceleration due to the diverse characteristics of graph processing and the complexity of hardware configurations.We finally present and discuss several challenges in details,and further explore the opportunities for the future research. 展开更多
关键词 GRAPH processing ACCELERATOR domain-specific ARCHITECTURE performance energy EFFICIENCY
建筑工程项目建设全过程造价管理研究 预览
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作者 帅强 《中小企业管理与科技》 2019年第31期12-13,共2页
在建筑工程行业中,企业必须合理地管控与分配建筑工程项目中的人力、物力以及财力等相关成本,强化工程造价管理的效果。基于此,论文主要对建筑工程项目建设的全过程造价管理进行了研究,以期为相关人士提供帮助。
关键词 建筑 工程 项目 全过程造价 管理
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沈阳故宫大政殿独特建筑规制下的人文内涵考略 预览 被引量:1
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作者 张欣 《沈阳大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第3期387-390,共4页
介绍了努尔哈赤建都赫图阿拉城、迁都辽阳、再迁都沈阳的历史背景及迁都原因。认为沈阳故宫大政殿独特的八角亭式"殿帐"规制沿袭了作为渔猎民族的女真人生活、外出行猎或征战的习惯,蕴含满族统治者的开国文化。大政殿有"... 介绍了努尔哈赤建都赫图阿拉城、迁都辽阳、再迁都沈阳的历史背景及迁都原因。认为沈阳故宫大政殿独特的八角亭式"殿帐"规制沿袭了作为渔猎民族的女真人生活、外出行猎或征战的习惯,蕴含满族统治者的开国文化。大政殿有"殿"无"宫",属杂式宫殿建筑,其独特规制体现了努尔哈赤巩固征战成果、入主中原的战略意图,也体现了满蒙"亲如一家"的民族政策,是集满、蒙、汉等多民族文化于一体的庄严殿堂,在中外宫殿建筑史上独树一帜,具有重要的文物价值。 展开更多
关键词 沈阳故宫 大政殿 建筑 人文 努尔哈赤
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Future Internet: trends and challenges
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作者 Jiao ZHANG Tao HUANG +1 位作者 Shuo WANG Yun-jie LIU 《信息与电子工程前沿:英文版》 SCIE EI CSCD 2019年第9期1185-1194,共10页
Traditional networks face many challenges due to the diversity of applications,such as cloud computing,Internet of Things,and the industrial Internet.Future Internet needs to address these challenges to improve networ... Traditional networks face many challenges due to the diversity of applications,such as cloud computing,Internet of Things,and the industrial Internet.Future Internet needs to address these challenges to improve network scalability,security,mobility,and quality of service.In this work,we survey the recently proposed architectures and the emerging technologies that meet these new demands.Some cases for these architectures and technologies are also presented.We propose an integrated framework called the service customized network which combines the strength of current architectures,and discuss some of the open challenges and opportunities for future Internet.We hope that this work can help readers quickly understand the problems and challenges in the current research and serves as a guide and motivation for future network research. 展开更多
关键词 FUTURE Internet NETWORK ARCHITECTURE SERVICE customized NETWORK
地方高校国际化教学中建筑类专业团队建设的研究 预览
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作者 安婳娟 陆海 《建筑与文化》 2019年第12期31-33,共3页
以培养留学生为目标的国际化教学由于教学对象以及教学环境的特殊性,其专业团队的建设具有一定的难度。文章以地方高校为切入点,从中国高校普遍面临的问题入手,就在国际化教学中如何建设建筑类课程的专业教学团队提出具体的优化方法与途... 以培养留学生为目标的国际化教学由于教学对象以及教学环境的特殊性,其专业团队的建设具有一定的难度。文章以地方高校为切入点,从中国高校普遍面临的问题入手,就在国际化教学中如何建设建筑类课程的专业教学团队提出具体的优化方法与途径,并希冀能以此提高学生的学习质量,提升教师的整体素养,推动学科及专业建设。 展开更多
关键词 地方高校 国际化 专业团队 建筑学
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广东建筑对租界风格构造的延续 预览
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作者 李立 《城市建筑》 2019年第14期101-102,共2页
中西两方从古至今发展的建筑风格存在很大的差异,一定时期、地域内建筑设计的思想与技术也往往各具其植根于传统的继承和发展历程,并体现在各自的设计实践中。本文对广东传统建筑发展的特点和意义与欧洲的建筑理念进行对比,探索并总结... 中西两方从古至今发展的建筑风格存在很大的差异,一定时期、地域内建筑设计的思想与技术也往往各具其植根于传统的继承和发展历程,并体现在各自的设计实践中。本文对广东传统建筑发展的特点和意义与欧洲的建筑理念进行对比,探索并总结了西方列强的入侵对广东建筑体系发展的影响、对广东地区建筑的发展方向引导,以及西式建筑受当地文化影响的变形。 展开更多
关键词 近代 建筑 广东 租界
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装配式建筑设计研究分析 预览
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作者 纪翔 张鑫浩 吴琳 《建材世界》 2019年第2期110-112,共3页
20世纪有人提出装配式建筑设计,发展至20世纪60年代装配式建筑出现。随着时代的进步,技术的发展,建造房屋也可以机械化生产,成批成套地生产制造。装配式建筑只要将所需构件运到工地进行拼装即可,具有成本低、效率高等特点。现代装配式... 20世纪有人提出装配式建筑设计,发展至20世纪60年代装配式建筑出现。随着时代的进步,技术的发展,建造房屋也可以机械化生产,成批成套地生产制造。装配式建筑只要将所需构件运到工地进行拼装即可,具有成本低、效率高等特点。现代装配式建筑具有设计标准化、生产工厂化、施工装配化、装修一体化、管理信息化等特征,是建造方式的重大变革。论文就现代装配式建筑设计进行分析,并提出装配式建筑的设计要点。 展开更多
关键词 装配式 建筑 设计 要点
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Business Process Dynamic Reengineering Technology Based on Mode 预览
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作者 Ming Ding Shuling Zhang Chen Zhang 《北京理工大学学报:英文版》 EI CAS 2019年第2期344-355,共12页
To ensure the efficiency and quality of complex business process design,a mode-based dynamic business process reengineering approach is proposed in this paper.Firstly,the composition of business process is divided int... To ensure the efficiency and quality of complex business process design,a mode-based dynamic business process reengineering approach is proposed in this paper.Firstly,the composition of business process is divided into five levels.Business process modes from three levels of mission,content and resource are defined,and the transition relationships between modes are given.Secondly,the architecture model of business process is defined based on the architecture analysis and design language(AADL).The dynamic reengineering framework and implementation procedure are designed.Finally,the AADL architecture models are analyzed and verified to evaluate the business process performance,and a blueprint for reengineering is formulated.Under the guidance of the blueprint,the detailed design and development of attributes such as business processes,activities,resources and cost are completed.Case studies are presented to validate that the mode analysis and dynamic reengineering approach based on the AADL architecture is able to improve the efficiency,reliability and reusability of business process design. 展开更多
关键词 BUSINESS process MODE ARCHITECTURE analysis and design LANGUAGE DYNAMIC REENGINEERING
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