期刊文献+
共找到3篇文章
< 1 >
每页显示 20 50 100
乌兰布和沙漠灌溉农田深层渗漏特征与水量平衡
1
作者 梁海荣 李佳陶 +5 位作者 李艳丽 赵英铭 冯伟 程一本 于思佳 杨文斌 《中国沙漠》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第4期187-194,共8页
中国干旱区分布着大面积的灌溉农田,改造沙漠(包括戈壁)为灌溉农田仍为治沙的重要途径,深层渗漏是地表水温过程及优化灌溉制度的重要参数。针对乌兰布和沙漠熟化的灌溉农田,保留50 cm的耕作层熟化土壤,分别客换50~150 cm砂土、壤土和黏... 中国干旱区分布着大面积的灌溉农田,改造沙漠(包括戈壁)为灌溉农田仍为治沙的重要途径,深层渗漏是地表水温过程及优化灌溉制度的重要参数。针对乌兰布和沙漠熟化的灌溉农田,保留50 cm的耕作层熟化土壤,分别客换50~150 cm砂土、壤土和黏土,配置成为3种土壤类型样地,实时监测了当地农民对农田的实际灌溉量与灌水量、土壤含水率及深层渗漏量。结果表明:(1)2017年4月17日的单次灌水量118.64 mm后,砂土、壤土、黏土样地150 cm深层出现渗漏的时间分别为灌溉后的13、72、257 h。(2)单次灌水量118.64 mm的15 d后,砂土、壤土、黏土样地150 cm深层渗漏量分别为110.87、12.2、0.8 mm。(3)2017年生长季内(4月1日至10月30日)5次灌溉水总量为641.53 mm时,渗漏水总量为砂土449.60 mm、壤土270.60 mm;土壤的蓄水量变化为砂土-48.79 mm、壤土-35.32 mm。(4)砂土、壤土和黏土的渗漏水量差异是影响灌溉水量和频率的重要因素。 展开更多
关键词 乌兰布和沙漠 干旱区 灌溉农田 深层渗漏量 水量平衡
SWAT Model Prediction of Phosphorus Loading in a South Carolina Karst Watershed with a Downstream Embayment 预览
2
作者 Devendra M. Amatya Manoj K. Jha +2 位作者 Thomas M. Williams Amy E. Edwards Daniel R. Hitchcock 《环境保护(英文)》 2013年第7期75-90,共16页
The SWAT model was used to predict total phosphorus (TP) loadings for a 1555-ha karst watershed—Chapel Branch Creek (CBC)—which drains to a lake via a reservoir-like embayment (R-E). The model was first tested for m... The SWAT model was used to predict total phosphorus (TP) loadings for a 1555-ha karst watershed—Chapel Branch Creek (CBC)—which drains to a lake via a reservoir-like embayment (R-E). The model was first tested for monthly streamflow predictions from tributaries draining three potential source areas as well as the downstream R-E, followed by TP loadings using data collected March 2007-October 2009. Source areas included 1) a golf course that received applied wastewater, 2) urban areas, highway, and some agricultural lands, and 3) a cave spring draining a second golf course along with agricultural and forested areas, including a substantial contribution of subsurface water via karst connectivity. SWAT predictions of mean monthly TP loadings at the first two source outlets were deemed reasonable. However, the predictions at the cave spring outlet were somewhat poorer, likely due to diffuse variable groundwater flow from an unknown drainage area larger than the actual surface watershed, for which monthly subsurface flow was represented as a point source during simulations. Further testing of the SWAT model to predict monthly TP loadings at the R-E, modeled as a completely mixed system, resulted in their over-predictions most of the months, except when high lake water levels occurred. The mean monthly and annual flows were calibrated to acceptable limits with the exception of flow over-prediction when lake levels were low and surface water from tributaries disappeared into karst connections. The discrepancy in TP load predictions was attributed primarily to the use of limited monthly TP data collected during baseflow in the embayment. However, for the 22-month period, over-prediction of mean monthly TP load (34.6 kg/mo) by 13% compared to measured load (30.6 kg/mo) in the embayment was deemed acceptable. Simulated results showed a 42% reduction in TP load due to settling in the embayment. 展开更多
关键词 Water Quality Models Lake Marion RUNOFF Groundwater (Baseflow) Losing STREAMS Deep PERCOLATION SETTLING Rate
在线阅读 免费下载
Contemporary Global Issue of Rising Water Scarcity for Agriculture: The Quest for Effective and Feasible Soil Moisture and Free-Water Surface Conservation Strategies 预览
3
作者 Sunday E. Obalum Gloria I. Ezenne +1 位作者 Yoshinori Y. Watanabe Toshiyuki Wakatsuki 《水资源与保护(英文)》 2011年第3期166-175,共10页
There is the need to take seriously the task of conserving soil moisture in agricultural fields and free-water surfaces in reservoirs, especially in recent years of climate change. Many strategies exist for achieving ... There is the need to take seriously the task of conserving soil moisture in agricultural fields and free-water surfaces in reservoirs, especially in recent years of climate change. Many strategies exist for achieving this task and improving the productivity of arable soils. These strategies traditionally come under biological and physical or mechanical measures. Some other relatively new techniques operate neither on physical nor on biological principle. All these measures which operate on different principles frequently overlap. The principles involved, together with the prospects and constraints of the key techniques of conserving soil moisture found in the literature, are reviewed in this paper. Among other considerations, the effectiveness and/or practicability of any one of the techniques depend upon soil type, topography, climate, scale of production, level of technology, and socio-economic status. Such agronomic practices as conservation tillage and live vegetation mulch that maintain infiltration rates often appear to be more beneficial in the long run than engineering structures, especially those that lead to blocking of waterways on the soil surface. However, this review reveals that none of the soil moisture conservation strategies could be credited as universally applicable. Consequently, an integrated approach to soil water management and conservation, where feasible, is considered more appropriate. This is because the different principles involved in the techniques identified to be compatible would readily complement and strengthen one another. Such a multi-mechanistic approach is expected to result in improved efficacy in conserving water resources in soils and open reservoirs. 展开更多
关键词 EFFECTIVE Rainfall EVAPOTRANSPIRATION Rate Deep PERCOLATION LOSSES to SEEPAGE Integrated Soil Moisture Conservation Strategies
在线阅读 免费下载
上一页 1 下一页 到第
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈