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Preventing of Early School Leaving: Sport as Protective Factor 认领
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作者 Carmen Palumbo Antinea Ambretti Cristiana D’Anna 《运动科学:英文版》 2020年第1期25-31,共7页
The study aims to highlight the contribution of sport as a tool for preventing early school leaving and developing psychophysical well-being.School,territory and sports association can,with appropriate institutional p... The study aims to highlight the contribution of sport as a tool for preventing early school leaving and developing psychophysical well-being.School,territory and sports association can,with appropriate institutional partnership actions,implement training interventions in this sense.Through an analysis of the scientific literature we want to highlight the important value of sports practice especially in school age.Organized sports activities contribute to the development of skills related to socio-relational well-being.Full awareness of one’s own cognitive and social skills allows improving self-perception.Sport,therefore,becomes a tool for preventing and contrasting early school leaving,a real protective factor that limits the decrease in motivation to school attendance and favors school performance. 展开更多
关键词 SPORT SCHOOL early school leaving psychophysical well-being
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Isolation of <i>Bacillus cereus</i>in a Facility Preparing School Meals 认领
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作者 Francesca Garofalo Anna Cutarelli +6 位作者 Rita Nappi Assunta De Lella Marcella Palomba Salvatore Capo Angela Michela Immacolata Montone Loredana Biondi Federica Corrado 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2020年第3期186-193,共8页
Food safety is a fundamental requirement in mass catering, as large numbers of meals are served each day to potentially vulnerable consumers, such as children. Food Business Operators implement plans for the microbiol... Food safety is a fundamental requirement in mass catering, as large numbers of meals are served each day to potentially vulnerable consumers, such as children. Food Business Operators implement plans for the microbiological monitoring of the meals prepared and served in the catering sector, and for the swab-sampling of surfaces. From January 2018 to June 2019, our laboratory analyzed both food and swab samples from four catering facilities. Considering the EFSA 2018 data, we specifically focused on samples analyzed for Bacillus cereus. Our data substantially showed episodic contamination due to a piece of equipment that is not usually subjected to microbiological control, thus suggesting that every aspect should be scrutinized in order to identify critical points. While Bacillus cereus is widespread in nature and common in soil, it is adapted for growth in the intestinal tracts of insects and mammals. It is often present in a variety of foods, and may cause an emetic or a diarrheal type of food-associated illness. B. cereus produces several toxins. Multiplex PCR enables seven toxin genes to be detected (hblC, hblD, hblA, nheA, nheB, nheC and cytK). 展开更多
关键词 Bacillus CEREUS FOOD-BORNE Disease School Meals ENTEROTOXIN Genes
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Investigation on Low Hemoglobin and Ascaris Infection among Primary and Secondary School Students in Hohhot 认领
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作者 Wentao Liu Bowei Dong +3 位作者 Longxing Fan Jun Liu Bao’an Ning Ying Liu 《流行病学期刊(英文)》 2020年第2期115-124,共10页
Introduction: Anemia and Ascaris infection are important indicators to reflect the health status of students. In this study, by investigating the current situation of low hemoglobin and positive rate of Ascaris eggs o... Introduction: Anemia and Ascaris infection are important indicators to reflect the health status of students. In this study, by investigating the current situation of low hemoglobin and positive rate of Ascaris eggs of primary and secondary school students in Hohhot, the health status of local primary and secondary school students is actually reflected. Objectives: To understand the prevalence of Low Hemoglobin and Ascaris infection among primary and secondary school students in Hohhot in 2015 and to give some suggestions on the health status of primary and secondary school students in Hohhot. Study Design: This project uses a cross-sectional study to investigate the distribution of disease and health status of primary and middle school students in Hohhot at a specific time, and to provide a clue to the cause of the hypothesis test. Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 4 districts, 4 counties and 1 flag in Hohhot, a total of 36 primary and secondary schools for sample survey. Cyanine HiCN and smear method is to detect hemoglobin and ascaris eggs positive. Results: In 2015, the positive rate of low hemoglobin in primary and secondary school students was 21.45% in urban and rural areas, 33.17% in urban and rural areas, 43.69% in rural areas, 13.59% in ascaris eggs, 10.69% in urban and rural areas, 7.81% in rural areas. There are geographical differences and gender differences between cities, urban-rural junctions and rural areas (p Conclusion: The prevalence of low hemoglobin in primary and secondary school students in Hohhot is high in rural areas. The detection rate of ascaris egg positive rate in the city is high. Monitoring, publicity and education should continue to be strengthened. 展开更多
关键词 Primary and SECONDARY SCHOOL Students LOW HEMOGLOBIN ASCARIS Infection POSITIVE Rate
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学校场域视角下农村中小学体育发展的现状与对策 认领
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作者 杨飞 《当代体育科技》 2020年第16期100-100,102,共2页
随着社会的发展与进步,目前健康已成社会的焦点话题,尤其是如何促进青少年体育发展。在城市中小学不断进行体育教育发展的同时,农村中小学又存在哪些原因导致体育发展止步不前。本文在场域视角下,采用文献分析法、实地考察法,对农村中... 随着社会的发展与进步,目前健康已成社会的焦点话题,尤其是如何促进青少年体育发展。在城市中小学不断进行体育教育发展的同时,农村中小学又存在哪些原因导致体育发展止步不前。本文在场域视角下,采用文献分析法、实地考察法,对农村中小学校场域进行调查研究,切实地分析阻碍农村中小学体育发展的原因,并提出相应的对策,为发展实践提供理论借鉴。 展开更多
关键词 学校 场域 农村 中小学
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Effect of Health Education on Knowledge Attitude Practice towards Malaria among Basic Schools Pupils in Taiz 认领
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作者 Belquis A. Farea Ali M. Assabri +2 位作者 Adel N. Aljasari Arwa A. Farea Nahid A. Baktayan 《健康(英文)》 2020年第9期1299-1317,共19页
<p align="justify"> <span style="font-family:Verdana;"></span><strong>Background:</strong> Malaria is one of the main health problems in Yemen. Health education is ess... <p align="justify"> <span style="font-family:Verdana;"></span><strong>Background:</strong> Malaria is one of the main health problems in Yemen. Health education is essential for the control of diseases such as malaria. School-age children represent 25% of Yemen’s population. Schools children can convey the knowledge and skills that they acquire at school to the community, thus increasing general community awareness about malaria. Aim to determine the impact of school-based malaria education intervention on knowledge, attitude and practice of school children towards malaria prevention and control. <strong>Methods: </strong>We conducted a community-based trial, intervention and non-intervention comparison (exposed & non-exposed), in four randomly selected districts (rural and urban) of Taiz governorate. This study was conducted in four districts of Taiz governorate. The study population was 2130 pupils of grade 6, 7, and 8 in primary schools, chosen from four randomly selected districts;two of them were rural and the others urban. Four schools and their pupils (1065 pupils) were chosen for the study and assigned as an intervention group and four schools with their pupils (1065) were chosen for the study and assigned as a non-intervention (1065 pupils). Data were collected using questioner in intervention and non-intervention schools (three months apart). The major intervention activities included lectures about malaria, distribution of educational materials. χ<sup>2</sup> was used to analyze differences. <strong>Results: </strong>Health education activities in schools were associated with the increased knowledge of malaria symptoms and methods of prevention. The mean knowledge of malaria symptoms is higher in the intervention schools 4.4 ± 1.9, compared with 2.1 ± 1.4 in the non-intervention group. With statistically significant difference (P < 0.001), also the positive attitude and practice toward malaria was higher to be (48%) in the intervention group;compared with (35%) in the non-intervention group the di 展开更多
关键词 Community-Based Trial Heath Education School Children Intervention and Non-Intervention Impact of Health Education Campaign MALARIA Taiz Yemen
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论学校的任务——基于现象学的视角 认领 被引量:1
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作者 彭杰 《华东师范大学学报:教育科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第1期60-72,共13页
学校是特殊的制度化场所,它具有与教和学相关的、特殊的行动逻辑。学校的任务不仅在于社会功能的再生产以及社会化,也不仅在于将社会问题转化到教育领域。相反,在与其他社会领域和实践的积极关系之中,学校中教育行动的自身逻辑本身就具... 学校是特殊的制度化场所,它具有与教和学相关的、特殊的行动逻辑。学校的任务不仅在于社会功能的再生产以及社会化,也不仅在于将社会问题转化到教育领域。相反,在与其他社会领域和实践的积极关系之中,学校中教育行动的自身逻辑本身就具有生产性。首先,在制度论的视角下,黑格尔将学校界定为独立制度化的、人为组织的教育实践发生的场所。在学校中存在一种与其他社会领域、机构和实践相区别的特殊的教育行动逻辑。其次,在教育理论和教化理论的视角下,马丁努斯·朗格威尔(Martinus Langeveld)将学校教育实践描述为人为的、富有技巧的教学行动,在其中教育行动发生以前以及教育领域以外的问题被转化到一种时间、空间和社会的教育语境中。第三,欧根·芬克(Eugen Fink)基于社会理论的视角,将学校实践界定为,在富有权力的、冲突性的、多元主义的(后)民主条件下的相互咨询和探究。 展开更多
关键词 学校 学校理论 教育 学习 任务 民主 现象学
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Premature Boarding and Human Capital Accumulation for Rural Pupils:Evidence from School Consolidations 认领
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作者 侯海波 吴要武 宋映泉 《中国经济学人:英文版》 2020年第2期92-108,共17页
From 2001 to 2012,many local governments in China closed down village teaching sites for primary school students in the first and second grades,consolidating them into larger township schools more distant from village... From 2001 to 2012,many local governments in China closed down village teaching sites for primary school students in the first and second grades,consolidating them into larger township schools more distant from village students’homes.School closure and consolidation are particularly striking in China’s central and western regions,where swathes of rural labor migrated to cities for jobs.As a result,numerous primary school pupils are forced to study at boarding schools in the first and second grades,which is considered as too early for pupils to live without parental care.This paper employs survey data from 137 township schools with boarding qualifications collected by a project team consisting of researchers from the China Institute for Educational Finance Research(CIEFR)of Peking University,the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences(IPLE-CASS)and the Capital University of Economics and Business(CUEB).By matching the home-school distance with village teaching site information as the proxy variable for the school consolidation policy,this paper evaluates the policy's impact on the likelyhood of premature boarding for primary school pupils,as well as the impact on their human capital accumulation.Our study finds that the creation of teaching sites makes it less likely for primary school pupils to board at school.Premature boarding impedes children’s human capital accumulation,and the harmful effect is particularly striking for children lacking pastoral teachers,raised by grandparents and from families above average income levels,as well as girls. 展开更多
关键词 SCHOOL CONSOLIDATION primary SCHOOL students PREMATURE BOARDING INSTRUMENTAL variable human CAPITAL
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Impact of Health Education on KAP towards Malaria among Basic Schools Pupils in Taiz Governorate. Republic of Yemen 2013: Pre and Post Intervention Study 认领
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作者 Belquis A. Farea Abdullah A. Muharram +3 位作者 Nahid A. Baktayan Ali M. Assabri Arwa A. Farea Methaq A. Alsada 《健康(英文)》 2020年第4期324-333,共10页
Background: Malaria is one of the main health problems in Yemen. School-age children represent 25% of Yemen’s population and an increased proportion of these children are going to school. Schools provide a good entry... Background: Malaria is one of the main health problems in Yemen. School-age children represent 25% of Yemen’s population and an increased proportion of these children are going to school. Schools provide a good entry point for community malaria prevention and control. Aim: To assess the impact of HE campaign towards malaria prevention and control. Methods: We conducted a community-based trial (pre-post intervention study), in two randomly selected districts (rural and urban) of Taiz governorate. The sample size was calculated using Epi Info version7 to be 1065 pupils from 6th - 8th grades in randomly selected basic schools. Data was collected using questionnaire before and after the intervention (three months apart). χ2 was used to analyze differences. Results: Health education activities in schools were associated with the increased knowledge of malaria symptoms and methods of prevention from 24.5% to be 60.2% among pre and post intervention respectively, with statistically significant difference (p Conclusions and Recommendation: Health education intervention in schools had a positive impact on the knowledge and attitude of pupils. We recommend conducting health education activities to improve the role of school pupils in malaria prevention. 展开更多
关键词 Component Formatting Style Styling COMMUNITY-BASED Trial HEATH EDUCATION School Children IMPACT of Health EDUCATION Campaign
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Blood Pressure Profile of Apparently Healthy Primary School Children in Delta State, Nigeria: Impact of Social Factors and Anthropometric Variables 认领
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作者 Obinna Ajaegbu Bertilla Uzoma Ezeonwu +2 位作者 Clifford Okike Uzoamaka Vivian Muoneke Henrietta Uchenna Okafor 《儿科学期刊(英文)》 2020年第3期576-585,共10页
<strong>Background:</strong><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Systemic hypertension in children is one of the rising public health problem... <strong>Background:</strong><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Systemic hypertension in children is one of the rising public health problems because of its attendant significant morbidity and mortality. Despite the rising prevalence of this problem, it is often under-reported as most of the attention has been focused on hypertension in adults with not much concerted effort made in tackling this problem in children. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Aim:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> This study is aimed at determining the prevalence of hypertension and possible risk factors for its development and their relationship to hypertension among healthy primary school children in Asaba, Delta State. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Subjects and Methods</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 400 primary school students in Asaba. Variables such as weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), and blood pressure were measured using standard methods and the children categorized for hypertension and obesity using the Fourth Task Force Report and WHO BMI chart respectively. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Result: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The overall prevalence of hypertension was 3.5% and pre-hypertension 12.5%. The prevalence of hypertension increased from 2.4% in childhood to 12.5% in mid adolescents. Of the 14 subjects with hypertension, 12.5% were obese while 14.3% were overweight. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure of subjects in public schools was higher than their counterparts in private schools. Prevalence of hypertension in children was independent of the socioeconomic status and the type of school attended by the children unlike obesity and presence of proteinuria which appeared to be influenced by these variables. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Conclusion: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Hypertension was observed to be com 展开更多
关键词 HYPERTENSION Children Blood Pressure SCHOOL
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Prevalence of Myopia in Preschool and School Children in the Municipality of Prishtina in Kosovo 认领
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作者 Shoshi Flaka Hoxha-Shoshi Mire +2 位作者 Shoshi Fitore Shoshi Fjolla Shoshi Avdyl 《眼科学期刊(英文)》 2020年第1期33-43,共11页
Introduction: Myopia is the refractive anomaly of the eye in which the conjugate focus of the retina is at some finite point in front of the eye, when the eye is not accommodating. Myopia is else known as short-sighte... Introduction: Myopia is the refractive anomaly of the eye in which the conjugate focus of the retina is at some finite point in front of the eye, when the eye is not accommodating. Myopia is else known as short-sightedness and is considered as one of the most frequent causes of reduced vision especially in adolescents. Adolescence is one of the life periods when most cases are diagnosed with myopia. Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify myopia in pre-school and school children (3 - 9 years old in Prishtina), to determine the prevalence of myopia among other refractive anomalies in cases included in the study;compare the prevalence of myopia in this population in Prishtina to other countries in the world;determine the effect of hereditary and socio-economic factors on the prevalence of myopia;and determine the degrees of myopia in our cases included in our study. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 1027 pre-school children and pupils from 4 schools in Prishtina, aged 3 - 9 years old, who were screened for refractive anomalies, with a special focus on the incidence of myopia in this age group. The data were collected by screening children in the institutions of pre-school and primary school education, including 2 primary schools and two kindergarten during a two-year period 2010-2012 in Prishtina. Results: On the screening of pre-school and school children for refractive anomalies, were included 1027 subjects of ages 3 - 9 years old. Of the 1027 children screened 536 (52.2%) were male and 491 (47.8%) were female. Statistically, the prevalence of refractive anomalies in the total population studied is significant based on the resulting value (P Conclusions: The Prishtina study is a report of prevalence of myopia among pre-school and school-age children in the municipality. The study reveals that refractive error and myopia were significantly common finding among the study group, and the prevalence was found to be even higher in children within the school age-group. The number o 展开更多
关键词 MYOPIA PREVALENCE Refractive ANOMALIES School Children Refractive Errors
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从学派到文派:婺学与婺州文派的形成 认领
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作者 熊恺妮 《湖北理工学院学报:人文社会科学版》 2020年第3期64-67,共4页
南宋时期,婺州学派主要包括以朱熹为代表的朱学、以吕祖谦为代表的吕学、以陈亮为代表的事功学。婺学的发展瓶颈与婺人的崇文倾向催生了婺州文派,主要成员黄溍、柳贯、吴莱、宋濂、王袆、戴良、胡翰、苏伯衡、方孝孺、王绅等交游密切,... 南宋时期,婺州学派主要包括以朱熹为代表的朱学、以吕祖谦为代表的吕学、以陈亮为代表的事功学。婺学的发展瓶颈与婺人的崇文倾向催生了婺州文派,主要成员黄溍、柳贯、吴莱、宋濂、王袆、戴良、胡翰、苏伯衡、方孝孺、王绅等交游密切,继承了婺学传统,形成了相同的散文理论与相近的创作风格,并在散文创作上取得了突出的成就。 展开更多
关键词 学派 文派 婺学 婺州文派
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Comparative Analyses of Height Growth Velocities of School Boys in South Korea and Japan in the Past 50 Years 认领
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作者 Hiroshi Mori 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2020年第7期659-668,共10页
The paper compares the height growth velocities of male schoolchildren in South Korea and Japan over the period 1961-2018. Growth in height was measured with the same birth cohorts, not by comparing mean height of asc... The paper compares the height growth velocities of male schoolchildren in South Korea and Japan over the period 1961-2018. Growth in height was measured with the same birth cohorts, not by comparing mean height of ascending ages in the same year. Starting from a lower economic base and mean height in the 1960s, high school males aged 17 in South Korea became 3 cm taller in mean height than their Japanese peers in the mid-2000s versus 2 - 3 cm shorter in the 1960s through 1970s. Children in Japan ceased to grow taller by the end of the 1980s, not because they quit taking more animal-sourced foods, meat and milk, but because they had drastically steered away from fruit and vegetables in their diets since the end of the 1970s. Having largely converged economically with Japan, South Korean children ceased to grow any taller in the mid-2000s. More importantly, it was discovered in this study that successive cohorts in South Korea started to fall gradually but steadily in height growth velocity from 1<sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;">st</span></sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;"> graders in middle school, aged 12 years to 3</span><sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;">rd</span></sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;font-size:12px;"> graders in high school, </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">and </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">aged 17 years, to be once again 3 cm below their Japanese peers in the early-2010s. Analysis of Korea Household Expenditure Surveys classified by age groups of household head, decomposed by the author, revealed that children under 20 years of age in South Korea began to steer away from fruit and, particularly, vegetables in their at-home consumption in the mid-1990s, to average only 15% of the level of older adults in their 50s in the mid-2010s. These results lend supports to the importance of fruit and vegetables as determinants in height and its growth velocities in two genetically similar nations over time and stages of ec 展开更多
关键词 Height School Boys Growth Velocities Birth Cohort South Korea JAPAN Vegetables and Fruit
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A Literature Review regarding Cervical Cancer Prevention Targeting Junior and Senior High School Students 认领
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作者 Tomoko Nakamura Ayako Sasaki 《健康(英文)》 2020年第8期932-942,共11页
<strong>Objective:</strong> To understand the state of education for the prevention of cervical cancer and trends in research. The subject of cervical cancer prevention will be examined. <strong>Meth... <strong>Objective:</strong> To understand the state of education for the prevention of cervical cancer and trends in research. The subject of cervical cancer prevention will be examined. <strong>Method:</strong> Articles from the ICHUSHI Web version 5, CiNii, and PubMed databases for the period from 2009-2019 were used. Search terms used were cervical cancer, HPV/human papillomavirus, prevention, public awareness, and education.<strong> Results:</strong> 17 articles (9 Japanese and 8 English) were analyzed. The majority of students had heard of cervical cancer but did not know of the link between it and HPV. Vaccinated individuals were significantly more likely to have deeper knowledge regarding cervical cancer and HPV. Various factors affect the vaccination rate. These include knowledge of HPV and cervical cancer, age, ethnicity, the organization or location which administers the vaccine, how to breach the subject, finances, and the opinions of friends and family. In particular, consultations with parents lead to mothers recognizing the importance of the vaccine. By way of educational intervention, opinions have grown more positive about advancing awareness, being vaccinated, and having cervical cancer screenings for the future.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>The prevention of cervical cancer requires support and fostering the judgement based on sufficient awareness and adequate education. What we need is educational intervention rooted firmly in the current societal climate aimed not only at students, but at their parents as well. 展开更多
关键词 Cervical Cancer Prevention Junior and Senior High School Students
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文章速递Contraception: School Knowledge and Practical Attitudes in the Urban Commune of Segou, Mali 认领
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作者 Tidiani Traoré Cheickna Sylla +9 位作者 Kassoum Sidibé Babou Traoré Sylvain Guindo Adama Coulbaly Seydouna A. Beye Seydou Z. Dao Famakan Kané Youssouf Traoré Ibrahima Téguété Moustaph Touré 《妇产科期刊(英文)》 2020年第10期1370-1380,共11页
The aim was to describe aspects of students’ knowledge of sexuality and contraception and their sexual behaviour in schools in Ségou, Mali. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"&g... The aim was to describe aspects of students’ knowledge of sexuality and contraception and their sexual behaviour in schools in Ségou, Mali. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Materials and Methods:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> This was a one-pass cross-sectional survey with reasoned choice at the first level and random choice at the second level over a 3-month period from January 2013 to March 2013. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> The majority of the students involved in our study reside in the commune of Ségou, 90.4%. The average age of our students was 18. The female sex was the most represented in our study with 59.7%. The majority of students had casual sex at 60.3% and 70.9% irregularly. The change of sexual partner affected 47.9% of schoolchildren. Of our sexually active students, 72.6% had sexual partners and 37.4% had more than 2 partners. The main sources of information are respectively the media with 72.1% followed by teachers with 12.9% and friends with 09.7%. Among the most well-known contraceptive methods, condoms rank first with 72.6%, followed by injectable with 72.0%. 70.6% of the population had not yet used a contraceptive method at first sexual intercourse and in 72.9% of cases was condoms. The most cited source of contraceptive supply is pharmacy with 49.5% followed by family planning centres and maternity wards at 16.2% and shops at 16.2%. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Conclusion</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: The referral of young people to approved health facilities for contraception could prevent them from risky sexual behaviours. 展开更多
关键词 Teenagers Youth School Environment Contraception Sexuality
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文章速递Enabling Proactive Management of School Dropouts Using Neural Network 认领
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作者 Khamisi Kalegele 《软件工程与应用(英文)》 2020年第10期245-257,共13页
<div style="text-align:justify;"> <span style="font-family:Verdana;">The growing need to use Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies in addressing challenges in education sectors of d... <div style="text-align:justify;"> <span style="font-family:Verdana;">The growing need to use Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies in addressing challenges in education sectors of developing countries is undermined by low awareness, limited skill and poor data quality. One particular persisting challenge, which can be addressed by AI, is school dropouts whereby hundreds of thousands of children drop annually in Africa. This article presents a data-driven approach to proactively predict likelihood of dropping from schools and enable effective management of dropouts. The approach is guided by a carefully crafted conceptual framework and new concepts of average absenteeism, current cumulative absenteeism and dropout risk appetite. In this study, a typical scenario of missing quality data is considered and for which synthetic data is generated to enable development of a functioning prediction model using neural network. The results show that, using the proposed approach, the levels of risk of dropping out of schools can be practically determined using data that is largely available in schools. Potentially, the study will inspire further research, encourage deployment of the technologies in real life, and inform processes of formulating or improving policies.</span> </div> 展开更多
关键词 Dropout Machine Learning School Management
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冰雪校园计划的理解偏差与执行 认领
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作者 王麟 李清华 曹荣芳 《体育科技文献通报》 2020年第3期11-12,共2页
对于冰雪运动进校园这一计划的实施,存在一定的理解分歧。本文针对这一情况,对冰雪运动进入校园理解过窄、打擦边球,对于理解误区进行了解释,并分别从资源分布、文化自信、发展动力及发展路径等方面进行论述,以期为冰雪运动进校园,更好... 对于冰雪运动进校园这一计划的实施,存在一定的理解分歧。本文针对这一情况,对冰雪运动进入校园理解过窄、打擦边球,对于理解误区进行了解释,并分别从资源分布、文化自信、发展动力及发展路径等方面进行论述,以期为冰雪运动进校园,更好地在校园发展起到抛砖引玉的效果。 展开更多
关键词 冰雪运动 学校 概念 理解误区
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广州市2014—2018年学校传染病突发公共卫生事件分析 认领 被引量:1
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作者 李意兰 陈纯 +6 位作者 刘艳慧 冯晶 景钦隆 李美霞 李铁钢 张周斌 杨智聪 《中国热带医学》 CAS 2020年第1期35-38,共4页
目的了解2014—2018年广州市学校传染病突发公共卫生事件发生的情况,为制定学校传染病突发公共卫生事件防控措施提供科学依据。方法采用描述性流行病学方法对2014—2018年广州市学校传染病突发公共卫生事件进行分析。结果2014—2018年... 目的了解2014—2018年广州市学校传染病突发公共卫生事件发生的情况,为制定学校传染病突发公共卫生事件防控措施提供科学依据。方法采用描述性流行病学方法对2014—2018年广州市学校传染病突发公共卫生事件进行分析。结果2014—2018年广州市共报告198起,发病7876例,罹患率2.22%。学校传染病突发公共卫生事件占广州市突发公共卫生事件总起数的50.13%,占总报告学校突发公共卫生事件的94.29%。呼吸道、肠道传染病分别占52.02%、47.98%。事件起数排在前3位的病种分别为水痘、手足口病和诺如病毒感染性腹泻。首例病例发生时间到报告时间的中位数为7.98(0.00~86.70)d,事件持续时间的中位数为17.50(0.00~93.00)d,两者呈正相关(Spearman相关系数为0.612,P<0.001)。结论学校是广州市传染病突发公共卫生事件的高发场所,应进一步加强学校呼吸道、肠道传染病防控工作。 展开更多
关键词 学校 突发公共卫生事件 传染病
Associations between near work, outdoor activity, parental myopia and myopia among school children in Aba, Nigeria 认领
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作者 Uchenna Chigozirim Atowa Samuel Otabor Wajuihian Alvin Jeffery Munsamy 《国际眼科杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2020年第2期309-316,共8页
●AIM:To assess the influence of near work,time outdoor and parental myopia on the prevalence of myopia in school children in Aba,Nigeria.●METHODS:Primary and secondary school children aged between 8 and 15 y were ra... ●AIM:To assess the influence of near work,time outdoor and parental myopia on the prevalence of myopia in school children in Aba,Nigeria.●METHODS:Primary and secondary school children aged between 8 and 15 y were randomly recruited from 12 schools in Aba.Information on family history,near work and outdoor activity was obtained using myopia risk factor questionnaire.Cycloplegic refraction was performed using autorefraction technique.Myopia was defined as spherical equivalent refraction(SER)≤-0.50 D in the poorer eye.Data were analysed for 1197(male:538 and female:659)children with full relevant data.●RESULTS:Risk of developing myopia was positively associated with parental myopia[odds ratio(OR):6.80;95%CI,2.76-16.74;P<0.01)for one myopic parent and(OR:9.47;95%CI,3.88-23.13;P<0.01)for two myopic parents,longer daily reading hour(OR:1.21;95%CI,1.03-1.42;P=0.02)and less time outdoors(OR:0.8;95%CI,0.74-0.87;P<0.01).●CONCLUSION:Parental history of myopia is the most important risk factor associated with myopia.In addition,children with both parents being myopic has increased odds of developing myopia than those with one myopic parent.It is recommended therefore,that children spend more time outdoors as this could reduce the prevalence and progression of myopia. 展开更多
关键词 MYOPIA NEAR work PARENTAL MYOPIA OUTDOOR activity SCHOOL children
1起学校诺如病毒引起的感染性腹泻暴发调查 认领
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作者 赵维芹 《预防医学论坛》 2020年第3期229-230,共2页
目的探讨学校诺如病毒感染性腹泻的传播途径和致病危险因素,为制订学校传染病防控对策提供依据。方法2019年4月通过现场流行病学调查和实验室检测,采集沂水县某中学饮用水、病人呕吐物、肛拭子和环境标本等进行致病菌培养和病毒检测。... 目的探讨学校诺如病毒感染性腹泻的传播途径和致病危险因素,为制订学校传染病防控对策提供依据。方法2019年4月通过现场流行病学调查和实验室检测,采集沂水县某中学饮用水、病人呕吐物、肛拭子和环境标本等进行致病菌培养和病毒检测。结果疫情涉及该校高中部33个班128人,男生53例,女生75例,男女为0.68∶1;住校生83例,走读生45例,住∶走为1.84∶1;高一发病71例,罹患率为7.25%(71/979),高二发病21例,罹患率为3.02%(21/696),高三发病36例,罹患率为4.47%(36/806)。实验室检测结果显示:患者(学生)诺如病毒核酸阳性3份,其中GⅡ2份,GⅠ1份,餐厅工作人员诺如病毒核酸阳性GⅡ2份,自备水井大肠菌群和菌落总数严重超标。结论该疫情是1起由诺如病毒GⅡ型感染引起的暴发疫情。 展开更多
关键词 学校 诺如病毒 暴发疫情
某市2014—2018年不同类型学校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情分析 认领
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作者 胡飞飞 张建陶 +4 位作者 陈聪 曹淦 蒋霞 郑献智 吉科一 《中国感染控制杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2020年第5期447-450,共4页
目的分析某市不同类型的学校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情,为制定相应的防控措施提供依据。方法收集该市2014年1月1日—2018年12月31日“突发公共卫生事件管理信息系统”中各类学校报告的诺如病毒感染暴发疫情,并进行流行病学分析。结果5年期... 目的分析某市不同类型的学校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情,为制定相应的防控措施提供依据。方法收集该市2014年1月1日—2018年12月31日“突发公共卫生事件管理信息系统”中各类学校报告的诺如病毒感染暴发疫情,并进行流行病学分析。结果5年期间学校共报告诺如病毒感染暴发疫情41起,报告病例2444例,罹患率为2.96%。5年间学校诺如病毒感染罹患率比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。不同类型学校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情以小学暴发疫情数最多(25起,占60.97%);大专院校罹患率最高为5.10%,不同类型学校罹患率比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。5年期间学校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情报告时间间隔为4 d,疫情持续时间为7 d;不同类型的学校疫情报告时间间隔、疫情持续时间比较,差异均具有统计学意义(均P<0.05);疫情报告时间间隔与疫情持续时间呈正相关(rs=0.73,P<0.01)。结论小学是学校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情的高发场所,大专院校诺如病毒感染暴发疫情防控工作亟待加强。 展开更多
关键词 诺如病毒 暴发 疫情 学校 预防 控制
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