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The psychology of organizational and social sustainability
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作者 Wei-Tau LEE Hao ZHANG +1 位作者 Kenneth H FUNK II 《工程管理前沿:英文版》 2019年第3期336-350,共15页
This paper presents 12 dimensions of work with the aim of providing further understanding of the relationship between work and the psychological wellbeing of workers.Previous research has indicated that these dimensio... This paper presents 12 dimensions of work with the aim of providing further understanding of the relationship between work and the psychological wellbeing of workers.Previous research has indicated that these dimensions are significant in establishing such a relationship,which is essential to creating good work.These dimensions are also influential in their effect on the psychological state of workers and are translated specifically into actionable items in the workplace.A hypothe?tical system model is developed to relate these dimensions to one another,to workers,and to organizations.This set of dimensions also serves as a basis for further development of work design and evaluation tools. 展开更多
关键词 WORK design WORK dimensions PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS GOOD WORK
Two Divergent Cases of Protracted Humanitarian Aid Operations:The World Bank and UNRWA(1949-2017) 预览
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作者 Nitza Nachmias 《文化与宗教研究:英文版》 2019年第5期227-250,共24页
The refugee convention of 1951^1 defined a refugee as“someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to the well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race,religion,nationalit... The refugee convention of 1951^1 defined a refugee as“someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to the well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race,religion,nationality membership in particular social group,or political opinion.”The convention also lays down basic minimum standards for the treatment of refugees,without prejudice to States granting more favorable treatment to refugees.Such rights include access to courts,to primary education,to work,and the provision for documentation,including refugee travel documents in passport forms”.None of these conditions have been applied to the Palestinian refugees.Following Israel’s war of independence in 1948-49,about 800,000 Palestinians became refugees mainly in Jordan,Syria,Lebanon,and Egypt,where their descendants still live.UNRWA was created in 1949 as a“fire extinguisher”to provide the refugees in these four States with short-term survival assistance.UNRWA’s original mandate was for three years,assuming that the refugees will soon be absorbed by the countries of their refuge.This hope never materialized,and almost 70 years later,the third and fourth generation of Palestinians are still being considered by UNRWA as“refugees”.Our research shows that flows in UNRWA’s working principles have resulted in the prolonging of the problem,and the hindering of its resolution.A comparison with the World Bank’s assistance programs proves that UNRWA’s programs are clearly part of the problem and not part of the solution. 展开更多
关键词 UNRWA(United Nations Relief and WORK Agency for the PALESTINIAN Refugees) WORK Bank HUMANITARIAN Assistance REFUGEE REFUGEE ID card RESETTLEMENT
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Zero-Hours and Other Very Atypical Forms of Employment Contracts in European and International Regulation 预览
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作者 Vincenzo Ferrante 《美中法律评论:英文版》 2019年第1期1-11,共11页
In the effort to develop a comprehensive approach to better and good jobs, it is a topic of hot debate as to whether the introduction (temporarily or on a permanent basis) of statutory legislation―different from the ... In the effort to develop a comprehensive approach to better and good jobs, it is a topic of hot debate as to whether the introduction (temporarily or on a permanent basis) of statutory legislation―different from the general law applying to subordinate workers―may encourage employers and employees to operate within the formal economy and in the context of regular contracts of employment. The essay analyzes from a comparative point of view not the traditional forms of non-standard employment, but those special working arrangements, that may involve very short hours (“marginal” part time: generally, fewer than 15 hours per week) or no predictable fixed hours, and those according to which the employer has no obligation to provide a set number of hours of work. The conclusion is that extremely atypical forms of work appear to give an answer to the challenges of the market labor of the urban economies of the 21st century, but that special legal provisions are needed to guarantee individual right to fair wages and to protect personal life of employees. 展开更多
关键词 shadow economy undeclared WORK INFORMAL employment WORK on a casual basis PART-TIME workers job ON-CALL equal treatment mini-jobs
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Interpretation of China’s Central Economic Work Conference 预览
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《中国对外贸易:英文版》 2019年第1期42-45,共4页
China’s Central Economic Conference is always a tone-setting meeting that reviews the current economic situations and sets macro-economic policies for the coming year.The 2018 Central Economic Conference,which was he... China’s Central Economic Conference is always a tone-setting meeting that reviews the current economic situations and sets macro-economic policies for the coming year.The 2018 Central Economic Conference,which was held during December 19 to 21,2018,reviewed the economic work of 2018,analyzed the current economic situations and made arrangements for the economic work in 2019. 展开更多
关键词 WORK of WORK the WHICH that for
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An investigation of principles for promoting intermediate ESL students’ speaking fluency within a spoken communicative language teachingclassroom 预览
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作者 张夏郡 《校园英语》 2019年第23期3-5,共3页
Classroom activities(pair work, small group work and whole class group) as principles for promoting students’ speaking fluency and second language learning outcomes are widely used in communicative language teaching(... Classroom activities(pair work, small group work and whole class group) as principles for promoting students’ speaking fluency and second language learning outcomes are widely used in communicative language teaching(CLT) classrooms. Under these circumstances, students have various opportunities to practice speaking by getting involved in different kind of interaction activities;therefore, exploring students’ attitudes toward practicing speaking in these activities is crucial for teachers and learners, as this can encourage students to take an active role in the classroom, and therefore contribute to fluent speaking and better learning outcomes. This study aims to investigate the principles for promoting intermediate ESL students’ speaking fluency within a communicative language teaching classroom, concentrating on exploring students’ attitudes toward practicing speaking in pair work, small group work and the whole class group. 展开更多
关键词 pair WORK small GROUP WORK whole class GROUP SPEAKING FLUENCY
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Puritan Credos’ Influence upon the New England Colonies in the Middle 17^th Century 预览
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作者 曾毅 《校园英语》 2019年第9期254-255,共2页
During the time from 1630s through 1660s, puritan tenets of divine authority、covenants with God to practise his wills、 social order and hard work had influenced the development of the New England colonies in a way t... During the time from 1630s through 1660s, puritan tenets of divine authority、covenants with God to practise his wills、 social order and hard work had influenced the development of the New England colonies in a way that was radical or adaptive to the capitalist trend rising from the 14th century. With respect to the political development, the "Principle of Divine Authority" nurtured theocracy. 展开更多
关键词 the from work time with HARD that With
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战国女性的工作 预览
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作者 张丽 《陇东学院学报》 2019年第3期39-41,共3页
战国是中国历史上的大变革时期,女性的工作已经不仅仅局限于家庭内部的家务劳动,还要承担国家责任,女性充任的社会角色在扩大。战国变法运动使"男耕女织"的小农经济成为立国基础,个体家庭经济开始独立。妇女的纺织劳动不仅要... 战国是中国历史上的大变革时期,女性的工作已经不仅仅局限于家庭内部的家务劳动,还要承担国家责任,女性充任的社会角色在扩大。战国变法运动使"男耕女织"的小农经济成为立国基础,个体家庭经济开始独立。妇女的纺织劳动不仅要满足家庭需要,还要上缴赋税,并作为商品在市场流通,因而具有了社会性。不仅如此,妇女还作为军事后备力量被编入军队。同时,由于民间自由经济的发展,妇女还为商、为巫、为倡,这些活动日益民间化、世俗化,已经初步具有职业特征。 展开更多
关键词 战国女性 纺织劳动 工作
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Research on the Management System of Airline Dispatch in the Flight Operation 预览
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作者 WEI Yiming 《国际英语教育研究:英文版》 2019年第2期66-68,共3页
In the modem development,the aircraft has become one of the main tools for people's daily travel and the development of the social industry,which promotes the development of the civil aviation.In the composition o... In the modem development,the aircraft has become one of the main tools for people's daily travel and the development of the social industry,which promotes the development of the civil aviation.In the composition of airlines,dispatch is one of the representatives of the important work,and we should establish an effective management system.Under the function of this system,to do a good job in the air dispatch is not only conducive to guaranteeing the normal operation of flights,but is also conducive to further promoting the development of the civil aviation industry.In this regard,this paper focuses on the discussion and study of the management system of the air dispatch in the flight operation. 展开更多
关键词 Air DISPATCH WORK FLIGHT operation management system RESEARCH
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热力学第一定律的相对性原理 预览
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作者 张建军 李丛 +3 位作者 常英立 杨树瑚 贾凌春 宋戈 《教育教学论坛》 2019年第43期62-64,共3页
在不同的惯性系看来热力学系统的能量可以不同,对外做功也可以不同,但热力学第一定律都成立。这就是热力学第一定律的相对性原理。利用这一原理,文章成功地解析了如下难题——包有绝热材料的运动容器逐渐减速停下,容器中的气体温度会升... 在不同的惯性系看来热力学系统的能量可以不同,对外做功也可以不同,但热力学第一定律都成立。这就是热力学第一定律的相对性原理。利用这一原理,文章成功地解析了如下难题——包有绝热材料的运动容器逐渐减速停下,容器中的气体温度会升高吗?结论是不会的,温度将保持不变。另外,对于气体向真空的自由膨胀,人们通常选参照系相对于容器静止(设此参照系为惯性系),得出的结论是理想气体向真空自由膨胀温度不变。如果参照系相对于容器做匀速直线运动(此参照系也是惯性系),如何说明原结论仍成立,文章也有精彩的论述。 展开更多
关键词 平动能量 热运动能量 温度
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Complementary parametric probit regression and nonparametric classification tree modeling approaches to analyze factors affecting severity of work zone weather-related crashes 预览
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作者 Ali Ghasemzadeh Mohamed M. Ahmed 《现代交通学报:英文版》 2019年第2期129-140,共12页
Identifying risk factors for road traffic injuries can be considered one of the main priorities of transportation agencies. More than 12,000 fatal work zone crashes were reported between 2000 and 2013. Despite recent ... Identifying risk factors for road traffic injuries can be considered one of the main priorities of transportation agencies. More than 12,000 fatal work zone crashes were reported between 2000 and 2013. Despite recent efforts to improve work zone safety, the frequency and severity of work zone crashes are still a big concern for transportation agencies. Although many studies have been conducted on different work zone safety-related issues, there is a lack of studies that investigate the effect of adverse weather conditions on work zone crash severity. This paper utilizes probit–classification tree, a relatively recent and promising combination of machine learning technique and conventional parametric model, to identify factors affecting work zone crash severity in adverse weather conditions using 8 years of work zone weatherrelated crashes (2006–2013) in Washington State. The key strength of this technique lies in its capability to alleviate the shortcomings of both parametric and nonparametric models. The results showed that both presence of traffic control device and lighting conditions are significant interacting variables in the developed complementary crash severity model for work zone weather-related crashes. Therefore, transportation agencies and contractors need to invest more in lighting equipment and better traffic control strategies at work zones, specifically during adverse weather conditions. 展开更多
关键词 ADVERSE WEATHER Work zone Safety CRASH characteristics PROBIT model Decision tree
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简析国有企业如何有效开展纪检监察工作 预览
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作者 韦世德 《中小企业管理与科技》 2019年第6期117-118,共2页
我国国有企业是国民经济的支柱,在国民经济的关键领域和重要部门中处于支配地位,在促进社会经济发展、科技创新、“走出去”发展战略中,发挥着重大作用。但是,党的十八大以来,随着党中央“打虎、拍蝇”反腐力度的不断加大,国企成为反腐... 我国国有企业是国民经济的支柱,在国民经济的关键领域和重要部门中处于支配地位,在促进社会经济发展、科技创新、“走出去”发展战略中,发挥着重大作用。但是,党的十八大以来,随着党中央“打虎、拍蝇”反腐力度的不断加大,国企成为反腐的主战场之一。在国企反腐败斗争中,众多国企高管应声落马,可见,在新形势下加强国有企业纪检监察工作迫在眉睫。 展开更多
关键词 国有企业 纪检监察 工作
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MgNet: A unified framework of multigrid and convol utional neural net work
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作者 Juncai He Jinchao Xu 《中国科学:数学英文版》 SCIE CSCD 2019年第7期1331-1354,共24页
We develop a unified model, known as MgNet, that simultaneously recovers some convolutional neural networks (CNN) for image classification and multigrid (MG) methods for solving discretized partial differential equati... We develop a unified model, known as MgNet, that simultaneously recovers some convolutional neural networks (CNN) for image classification and multigrid (MG) methods for solving discretized partial differential equations (PDEs). This model is based on close connections that we have observed and uncovered between the CNN and MG methodologies. For example, pooling operation and feature extraction in CNN correspond directly to restriction operation and iterative smoothers in MG, respectively. As the solution space is often the dual of the data space in PDEs, the analogous concept of feature space and data space (which are dual to each other) is introduced in CNN. With such connections and new concept in the unified model, the function of various convolution operations and pooling used in CNN can be better understood. As a result, modified CNN models (with fewer weights and hyperparameters) are developed that exhibit competitive and sometimes better performance in comparison with existing CNN models when applied to both CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100 data sets. 展开更多
关键词 convolutional NEURAL network MULTIGRID UNIFIED FRAMEWORK net WORK ARCHITECTURE
Sustainable Leadership and Work Environment: Improving Human Potentials 预览
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作者 Sara HADDOU AMAR 《人力资源管理和服务》 2019年第1期60-64,共5页
Sustainable leadership matters, spreads and lasts. It is shared responsibility, that does not unduly deplete human or financial resources, and that cares for avoids exerting negative damage on the surrounding educatio... Sustainable leadership matters, spreads and lasts. It is shared responsibility, that does not unduly deplete human or financial resources, and that cares for avoids exerting negative damage on the surrounding educational and community environment. In fact, sustainability does not simply mean whether something can last. It addresses how particular initiatives can be developed without compromising the development of others in the surrounding environment, now and in the future[1]. Sustainable leadership is one of the most valued characteristics that employers and stakeholders are looking for, especially in this new fast changing market. Having a good Leadership sense is essential for the success of a company and for its collaborative working environment. Leadership is usually linked with sustained learning, success, diversity, capacity and maintaining a continuous development of other team members and coworkers. However, various authors are debating and discussing how we define good and sustainable leadership and what we expect from a leader to do, but few of them are raising the question how we can build and create leaders?. We present in this paper an overview of leadership definition and the challenges set by this important and complex concept. We propose a vision based on four pillars to create an adequate environment to build leaders. We present and describe our perspective on what we need to provide and establish as a company or a community in order to create an effective team of leaders in the perspective of the new requirements of the market and the expectations of companies. 展开更多
关键词 Leasership WORKSPACE Work Environement COLLABORATION Innovation CREATIVITY
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如何研究新技术对法律制度提出的问题? ——以研究人工智能对知识产权制度的影响为例 预览
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作者 王迁 《东方法学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第5期20-27,共8页
新技术对法律制度具有不同影响.有时新技术并未带来新的法律问题,现行法在经过合理解释后完全可以适用.有时新技术只是凸显了原先存在的问题,没有产生需要研究的新问题.在研究新技术对法律制度提出的新问题时,应先确认该新问题真实存在... 新技术对法律制度具有不同影响.有时新技术并未带来新的法律问题,现行法在经过合理解释后完全可以适用.有时新技术只是凸显了原先存在的问题,没有产生需要研究的新问题.在研究新技术对法律制度提出的新问题时,应先确认该新问题真实存在,有科学证据作为支撑.对于人工智能时代个人隐私及算法的保护问题,现行法中已有回应,或者属于原先就已存在的问题.人工智能生成的内容是否可作为作品受到著作权法保护,是值得研究的新问题.但以未来将出现具有独立思维能力的强人工智能为前提,研究强人工智能发明创造的可专利性,似过于超前. 展开更多
关键词 人工智能 作品 发明创造 可专利性
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"不让一个兄弟民族掉队"--云南3个"直过民族"整族脱贫
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作者 本刊综合报道 蔺以光(图) 许成嘉(翻译) 《中国民族:英文版》 2019年第3期20-24,共5页
The Drung,De’ang and Jino, three small ethnic groups “transiting directly from primitive society to socialism ,” have bid farewell to absolute poverty based on government poverty elimination work, Yunnan province r... The Drung,De’ang and Jino, three small ethnic groups “transiting directly from primitive society to socialism ,” have bid farewell to absolute poverty based on government poverty elimination work, Yunnan province recently announced. The three groups live in rugged, remote mountains in the province and have been the subject of a government campaign that takes as its motto,“Never leave one single ethnic group behind.” 展开更多
关键词 直过民族 脱贫 云南 兄弟 HAVE LEAVE from WORK
CNMARC书目记录的关联数据转换:作品层分析
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作者 胡小菁 高红 《图书馆杂志》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期74-82,共9页
抽取作品信息对书目记录的关联数据转换具有重要意义。中文编目由于文献出版形式及编目实践的独特性,所形成的书目记录对于作品信息抽取具有特别的复杂性,尤其是对于其中的分析作品。通过总结作品信息所用CNMARC字段和常见著录方法,提... 抽取作品信息对书目记录的关联数据转换具有重要意义。中文编目由于文献出版形式及编目实践的独特性,所形成的书目记录对于作品信息抽取具有特别的复杂性,尤其是对于其中的分析作品。通过总结作品信息所用CNMARC字段和常见著录方法,提出各层次作品信息抽取与匹配的规则,原则是尽可能保证不同著录方法抽取出的作品没有差异。通过样例分析对作品抽取的结果进行讨论。 展开更多
关键词 书目记录 作品 CNMARC 关联数据
高校改进研究生教务工作的几点探讨 预览
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作者 周昶 《教育教学论坛》 2019年第42期8-9,共2页
研究生教务工作作为研究生教育工作中的重要一环,有着十分重要的意义。研究生教务人员的工作能力、工作效率、工作态度等,影响着整个研究生教育工作的开展和实施。文章从现阶段研究生教务工作中存在的主要问题入手,提出改进研究生教务... 研究生教务工作作为研究生教育工作中的重要一环,有着十分重要的意义。研究生教务人员的工作能力、工作效率、工作态度等,影响着整个研究生教育工作的开展和实施。文章从现阶段研究生教务工作中存在的主要问题入手,提出改进研究生教务工作的对策和方法,提高研究生教务工作效能,推动研究生教育蓬勃发展。 展开更多
关键词 研究生教务 工作 改进
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BRAZIL
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《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第6期8-9,共2页
Rescuers work at the site of a collapsed dam in Brumadinho Municipality on January 25.At least 65 people were killed with many more reported missing.
关键词 WORK reported PEOPLE
基于专业能力进阶制度的护理人员优化层级管理模式初探
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作者 黄玉贤 申敏 《中华医学教育探索杂志》 2019年第5期510-514,共5页
目的探讨分析基于护理专业能力进阶制度的优化层级管理模式在临床的应用效果。方法选择重庆市大足区二级及以上5家医院共500名护士作为研究对象,随机分为干预组和对照组,每组护士各250名,对照组护士采用传统管理模式,干预组护士采用基... 目的探讨分析基于护理专业能力进阶制度的优化层级管理模式在临床的应用效果。方法选择重庆市大足区二级及以上5家医院共500名护士作为研究对象,随机分为干预组和对照组,每组护士各250名,对照组护士采用传统管理模式,干预组护士采用基于专业能力进阶制度护理人员优化层级管理模式,比较分析两组护士护理能力、临床工作质量和不良事件发生率。采.用SPSS 23.0进行卡方检验和<检验。结果两组护士年龄、性别、婚姻、职称、工作年限等差异没有统计学意义(P>0.05),基线资料保持一致,具有可比性。进行优化层级管理后,干预组护士护理能力得分(82.30 ± 3.83)明显高于对照组(72.78 ±5.33);干预组护士护理工作质量得分(97.53 ±9.71)明显高于对照组(90.17 ±8.18)。对两组医院不良事件发生率进行组间比较,干预组不良事件发生率(0.9%)明显低于对照组(3.9%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论基于专业能力进阶制度的护理人员优化层级管理模式能够提升护理人员的专业能力和临床护理质量,降低不良事件发生率,为提升护理管理水平提供借鉴和参考。 展开更多
关键词 专业能力进阶 护士 护理能力 工作质量 层级管理
以立德树人为根基的高校“三全育人”工作机制建构
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作者 李科举 《中国多媒体与网络教学学报(电子版)》 2019年第5期205-206,共2页
本文对立德树人、三全育人的相关内容进行了分析,并对高校基于立德树人而开展的三全育人工作机制构建工作策略进行了详细研究,以此确保该工作机制可以良好应用,而且在应用后可以对高校人才立德树人教育工作的保质保量开展提供较多帮助。
关键词 立德树人 根基 高校 三全育人 工作 机制 建构
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