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新时代劳动者对公平正义要求的日益增长与应对 预览
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作者 朱维龙 《山东工会论坛》 2019年第3期48-53,共6页
公平正义是新时代中国特色社会主义的内在要求。随着我国社会主要矛盾的转化,劳动者对公平正义的要求日益增长。充分了解、尊重和实现劳动者对公平正义的要求,对于切实保护劳动者权益、构建和谐劳动关系具有深远意义。当前,劳动者对公... 公平正义是新时代中国特色社会主义的内在要求。随着我国社会主要矛盾的转化,劳动者对公平正义的要求日益增长。充分了解、尊重和实现劳动者对公平正义的要求,对于切实保护劳动者权益、构建和谐劳动关系具有深远意义。当前,劳动者对公平正义的要求集中体现在劳动分配、社会保障和市民化待遇等方面。作为劳动关系三方主体,政府、工会和企业要强化公平正义意识,着力构筑突出权利公平、分配公平和规则公平的劳动者权益保障体系,不断满足广大劳动者对公平正义的要求。 展开更多
关键词 劳动者 公平正义 分配公平 劳动者权益保障 和谐劳动关系
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新时代工会院校在职工学历教育中的作用 预览
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作者 楚洪涛 《职大学报》 2019年第3期122-124,共3页
随着新型工业化的推进和经济结构的不断调整,建设一支高素质、高技能的产业工人队伍,已经成为我国社会经济转型发展的重要任务之一,也是实现供给侧结构性改革的关键。长春市作为我国东北老工业基地重要中心城市,拥有庞大的产业工人队伍... 随着新型工业化的推进和经济结构的不断调整,建设一支高素质、高技能的产业工人队伍,已经成为我国社会经济转型发展的重要任务之一,也是实现供给侧结构性改革的关键。长春市作为我国东北老工业基地重要中心城市,拥有庞大的产业工人队伍,为了有效的应对高层次、专业化职工队伍供给短缺,破解企业创新能力不足的难题,长春职工大学在长春市总工会的领导和部署下,学习先进经验,立足本市,在职工队伍学历和素质建设方面进行了有益的探索,对于构建和谐劳动关系,促进长春经济的振兴发展,发挥了积极作用。 展开更多
关键词 工会院校 职工 学历教育
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荆门市某化工厂工人眼化学伤临床分析
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作者 万金兰 康斌 《职业与健康》 CAS 2019年第11期1570-1572,共3页
目的探讨荆门市某化工厂工人眼化学伤的发病特点及防治策略。方法回顾性分析2014年1月—2018年1月到荆门市中医医院眼科就诊的荆门市某化工厂工人眼化学伤132例(217眼)。分析其病情分级、眼化学伤性质、就诊时间、现场冲洗时间以及不同... 目的探讨荆门市某化工厂工人眼化学伤的发病特点及防治策略。方法回顾性分析2014年1月—2018年1月到荆门市中医医院眼科就诊的荆门市某化工厂工人眼化学伤132例(217眼)。分析其病情分级、眼化学伤性质、就诊时间、现场冲洗时间以及不同并发症的发生等特点,分析防治策略。结果眼化学伤中轻度126眼(占58.1%),中度78眼(占35.9%),重度13眼(占6%);碱烧伤118眼(占54.4%),酸烧伤99眼(占45.6%);化学伤发生后未在1 h内就诊者并发症多见;眼部并发症的发生与患者现场冲洗时间的时长无明显关系。结论荆门市某化工厂工人眼化学伤的发病具有自身特点,加强安全宣传教育、化学伤后正确冲洗和及时就诊是预防并发症发生的有效措施。 展开更多
关键词 化学伤 工人 流行病学
制造业工人饮酒行为影响因素及对其生命质量的影响
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作者 叶斯阳 陈政友 邱奕冰 《中国职业医学》 CAS 北大核心 2019年第1期55-60,共6页
目的分析制造业工人饮酒行为影响因素及对其生命质量的影响。方法采用分层整群抽样法,抽取594名制造业工人为研究对象,采用《饮酒行为调查表》《国际体力活动短问卷》《简明健康状况调查问卷》调查其饮酒、体力活动现况和生命质量。结... 目的分析制造业工人饮酒行为影响因素及对其生命质量的影响。方法采用分层整群抽样法,抽取594名制造业工人为研究对象,采用《饮酒行为调查表》《国际体力活动短问卷》《简明健康状况调查问卷》调查其饮酒、体力活动现况和生命质量。结果研究对象的总体饮酒率为32.2%(191/594)。多元Logistic回归分析结果显示,男性工人发生饮酒行为的风险高于女性工人(P<0.01),吸烟工人发生饮酒行为的风险高于不吸烟工人(P<0.01),中和高体力活动水平工人发生饮酒行为的风险均高于低活动水平工人(P<0.01)。多元线性回归分析结果显示,在调整性别、年龄、婚姻状况、教育程度、月收入、户籍、工龄、倒班、每周工时、行业类型、吸烟、体力活动水平等混杂因素的影响后,饮酒未对工人的生理或心理生命质量造成影响(P>0.05)。结论性别、吸烟和体力活动可能是影响制造业工人饮酒行为的重要因素;饮酒可能不影响制造业工人生命质量。 展开更多
关键词 制造业 工人 饮酒 健康状况 影响因素 生命质量
2016年衡阳市某氟化盐工厂作业工人氟接触水平检测结果分析
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作者 石启炜 《河南预防医学杂志》 2019年第8期568-569,601共3页
目的了解氟化盐工厂作业工人氟接触水平,预防工业性氟中毒。方法于2016年5月对衡阳市某氟化盐工厂48名作业人员按《工业性氟病诊断标准》(GBZ 5-2002)离子选择电极法检测尿氟,与对照组27人比较。用t检验、F检验对数据进行统计学处理分... 目的了解氟化盐工厂作业工人氟接触水平,预防工业性氟中毒。方法于2016年5月对衡阳市某氟化盐工厂48名作业人员按《工业性氟病诊断标准》(GBZ 5-2002)离子选择电极法检测尿氟,与对照组27人比较。用t检验、F检验对数据进行统计学处理分析。结果该厂作业人员尿氟含量(2.78±1.86)mg/L高于对照组(1.20±0.509)mg/L,两者差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);男性、女性尿氟含量分别为(2.84±1.98)mg/L和(2.40±0.38)mg/L;不同性别、年龄组间无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论说明尿氟含量与工作时氟接触密切相关。应加强防护和宣传教育,减低作业人员体内氟负荷。 展开更多
关键词 衡阳 氟化盐 作业工人 氟接触
2015—2017年安徽省接触重点职业病危害因素劳动者职业健康检查结果 被引量:1
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作者 胡迅嘉 陈葆春 +2 位作者 胡琼 宋远超 查晚生 《职业与健康》 CAS 2019年第5期590-593,共4页
目的 通过对2015—2017年安徽省重点职业病监测结果进行分析,了解安徽省接触重点职业病危害因素劳动者健康状况,为制定针对性的职业病防治策略提供依据。方法 通过安徽省职业健康检查机构与中国疾病预防控制系统中职业病与职业卫生信息... 目的 通过对2015—2017年安徽省重点职业病监测结果进行分析,了解安徽省接触重点职业病危害因素劳动者健康状况,为制定针对性的职业病防治策略提供依据。方法 通过安徽省职业健康检查机构与中国疾病预防控制系统中职业病与职业卫生信息监测系统收集相关数据,并对数据进行统计分析。结果 2015—2017年安徽省分别收集个案卡数92 360、116 630和168 936例,高血压人数分别为18 809例(23.43%)、15 630例(16.67%)和21 534例(16.76%),尘肺样改变人数分别为401例(0.73%)、454例(0.93%)和404例(0.69%),白细胞异常人数分别为340例(5.55%)、630例(5.24%)和478例(3.85%),中性粒细胞异常人数分别为104例(1.83%)、433例(3.60%)和293例(2.36%),血小板异常人数分别为63例(1.02%)、102例(0.85%)和94例(0.76%),血铅异常人数分别为90例(2.53%)、772例(7.15%)和599例(4.53%),双耳高频平均听阈检查异常人数分别为2 656例(8.20%)、4 276例(7.62%)和5 858例(7.23%)。结论 2015—2017年安徽省重点职业病监测个案卡收集数量不断增加,接受职业健康检查劳动者特征有所变化,接触重点职业病危害因素劳动者血压、肺部变化、血常规、尿常规及双耳高频平均听阈等指标需要持续关注。 展开更多
关键词 重点职业病 劳动者 职业健康检查
Economic Transition
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作者 Michael Zakkour 《北京周报:英文版》 2019年第6期34-35,共2页
Stock traders in New York,factory workers in Shenzhen,freight companies in Seoul,technology and retail companies in Hangzhou and luxury fashion executives in Paris all have one thing in common.The state of the Chinese... Stock traders in New York,factory workers in Shenzhen,freight companies in Seoul,technology and retail companies in Hangzhou and luxury fashion executives in Paris all have one thing in common.The state of the Chinese economy matters to them. 展开更多
关键词 NEW YORK workers PARIS
Immigration to the US: The Insidious Health Risk Factor 预览
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作者 Camille Clarke Maud Joachim-Célestin +2 位作者 Brenda Rea Marisol Lara Susanne B. Montgomery 《健康科学:英文版》 2019年第4期233-238,共6页
US Latinos experience higher rates of obesity than their non-Latino counterparts. Factors associated with immigration, including length of residence in the United States, are associated with an increased risk of obesi... US Latinos experience higher rates of obesity than their non-Latino counterparts. Factors associated with immigration, including length of residence in the United States, are associated with an increased risk of obesity. Latino community health workers (CHWs) work closely with communities, and are in an ideal position to provide insight on the underlying mechanisms of the Latino obesity epidemic. Focus groups were conducted with 15 CHWs and thematic analyses were performed to explore elements associated with obesity among Latino immigrants. Emergent themes included: reduction in physical activity due to less walkable spaces, more transportation options, and busier schedules in the United States. Interviewees also identified a sudden increase in access to unhealthy food and an abrupt reduction in access to, and affordability of, healthy food choices upon immigration. Culturally appropriate interventions to increase awareness of these factors and neutralize their effects among early Latino immigrants are recommended. 展开更多
关键词 IMMIGRANT HEALTH LIFESTYLE OBESITY community HEALTH workers qualitative research
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2011-2017年核电系统工作人员首次职业健康检查情况分析
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作者 马纪英 毕静 +4 位作者 冯文艇 王薇 郑红菊 李倩兰 肖罗敏 《中国辐射卫生》 2019年第3期235-238,共4页
目的分析核电系统工作人员的健康状况,为制定科学合理的管理制度提供一定的健康资料。方法选择2011-2017年在我院进行职业健康检查的部分核电系统工作人员为研究对象,分析7年间员工的健康状况。结果2011-2017年期间首次职业健康检查的... 目的分析核电系统工作人员的健康状况,为制定科学合理的管理制度提供一定的健康资料。方法选择2011-2017年在我院进行职业健康检查的部分核电系统工作人员为研究对象,分析7年间员工的健康状况。结果2011-2017年期间首次职业健康检查的核电系统工作人员中未检出疑似职业病人员,检出职业禁忌证人员共527人,全部结论均未见异常人员170人,每年95%以上的工作人员均检出其他疾病或异常结果,且7年内的变化差异均有统计学意义。职业禁忌证检出人数中构成比最高的为放射线作业人员,但检出率最高的为高气压作业人员。异常率比较高的体检项目主要有眼科、血常规、心电图、肝胆胰脾B超、纯音测听、肝功能、血脂及耳鼻喉常规检查。结论核电系统工作人员的健康状况确实存在着一定的问题,应该引起行业管理部门的高度重视,进一步加强对该系统工作人员的健康监护。 展开更多
关键词 核电系统 工作人员 职业健康检查
战后同蒲铁路工人的薪资困境 预览
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作者 胡鑫 《山西档案》 2019年第1期20-31,共12页
同蒲铁路是近代山西历史上最为重要的铁路干线之一。抗日战争胜利后,残缺不全的同蒲铁路重要性日渐下降,其铁路工人在战争、政治倾轧、通货膨胀等因素的交互作用下艰难生存,薪资困境是其生存中最致命的一环。围绕着薪资问题,同蒲铁路工... 同蒲铁路是近代山西历史上最为重要的铁路干线之一。抗日战争胜利后,残缺不全的同蒲铁路重要性日渐下降,其铁路工人在战争、政治倾轧、通货膨胀等因素的交互作用下艰难生存,薪资困境是其生存中最致命的一环。围绕着薪资问题,同蒲铁路工人与当权者展开了一场并不激进的较量,这场较量的过程正是抗战胜利后阎锡山政权与其直接治下铁路工人关系的一个反映,同时也是国民党政权失败前的一个面相。 展开更多
关键词 同蒲铁路 工人 薪资困境
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劳务派遣关系中用工单位惩戒权权力边界的释疑 预览
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作者 孙全富 《河北科技师范学院学报:社会科学版》 2019年第2期59-65,共7页
劳务派遣关系中,劳动者因劳动实践给用工单位造成损失的,基于其过错程度用工单位有权给予相应处罚。区别于劳动关系中的用人单位,法律的缺位致使用工单位在对劳动者实施惩戒时,需要明确惩戒权的法理依据,为其适用寻找法律空间。基于劳... 劳务派遣关系中,劳动者因劳动实践给用工单位造成损失的,基于其过错程度用工单位有权给予相应处罚。区别于劳动关系中的用人单位,法律的缺位致使用工单位在对劳动者实施惩戒时,需要明确惩戒权的法理依据,为其适用寻找法律空间。基于劳动者合法权益的保护,有必要从权力的主体、客体、内容三方面对用工单位实施的惩戒权进行一定程度的限制。同时,在外部救济层面上,又应为劳动者提供有效的法律救济途径。 展开更多
关键词 惩戒权 用工单位 劳务派遣 劳动者
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Practice of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among health care providers in a tertiary health centre in a semi-urban setting
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作者 Ibrahim Aliyu Godpower Chinedu Michael +4 位作者 Haliru Ibrahim Zainab FIbrahim Umma Idris Bashir Mariat Zubayr Halima Umar Ibrahim 《急性病杂志(英文版)》 2019年第4期160-164,共5页
Objectives: To assess the basic knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among health workers in a tertiary health facility in a semi-rural county. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross sectional study involvi... Objectives: To assess the basic knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among health workers in a tertiary health facility in a semi-rural county. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross sectional study involving health care professionals was performed in Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria from April to July 2017. A purposive sampling method was adopted for subject selection. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was distributed;this included knowledge on basic life support;participation in basic life supportand outcomes. It was adopted from the American Heart Association guidelines for CPR and emergency cardiac care. Results: One hundred and two respondents were recruited (40 doctors and 62 nurses). There were 50 males (49%) and 52 females (51%). Their age ranged from 23 to 54 years with mean of (34.9± 7.4) years. Only 20% of the respondents were aware of circulation, airway and circulation in adult resuscitation;however, 61.0% of all respondents were aware of airway, breathing and circulation of resuscitation in children. Furthermore, only 10% of the respondents were aware of the correct steps of single rescuer resuscitation. Their knowledge was poor about chest compression and ventilation for both adult and children resuscitation. The overall knowledge score ranged from 0.0% to 100% with mean knowledge score of (21.2±18.6)%. The date of last training about CPR had no relationship with the knowledge scores (χ ^2=2.951, P=0.300). The cadre of the respondents (doctors and nurses) had no relationship with their knowledge score (χ^2=0.100, P=0.633 for doctors and nurses;χ^2=7.074, P=0.225 for doctors cadre;χ^2=3.868, P=0.677 for nurses cadre) respectively. Conclusions: The knowledge about CPR among health workers is poor;furthermore, the last date of training about CPR and the cadre of staffs have no relationship with knowledge of CPR. 展开更多
关键词 CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION HEALTH workers Knowledge
男性铁路职工颈动脉斑块形成的危险因素分析 预览
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作者 颜翠兰 毛玲 袁斐 《中国卫生标准管理》 2019年第17期7-9,共3页
目的探讨在我院健康体检的男性铁路职工人群中颈动脉斑块形成的相关危险因素,为健康人群心脑血管疾病的早期预防提供参考。方法纳入2018年1-12月在我院进行健康体检选有颈动脉彩超项目的男性铁路职工300例,根据颈动脉超声检查结果,将有... 目的探讨在我院健康体检的男性铁路职工人群中颈动脉斑块形成的相关危险因素,为健康人群心脑血管疾病的早期预防提供参考。方法纳入2018年1-12月在我院进行健康体检选有颈动脉彩超项目的男性铁路职工300例,根据颈动脉超声检查结果,将有斑块的178例纳入斑块组,无斑块的122例纳入非斑块组,搜集两组人群中的一般检查资料及血脂、血糖和同型半胱氨酸,进行多因素Logistic回归分析。结果两组性别、年龄、身体质量指数(Body Mass Index,BMI)、甘油三脂(Triglyceride,TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(High Density Lipoprotein,HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(Low Density Lipoprotein,LDL-C)、总胆固醇(Cholesterol,CHOL)、尿酸(Uricemia,UA)、肌酐(Creatinine,CRE)比较无显著差异(P>0.05);两组吸烟、合并糖尿病、空腹血糖(Fasting blood glucose,FBG)、糖化血红蛋白(Haemoglobin A1c,HbA1c)、收缩压(Systolic blood pressure,SBP)、舒张压(Diastolic blood pressure,DBP)和高同型半胱氨酸(Homocysteine,Hcy)升高比较有显著差异(P<0.05或P<0.01)。多因素Logistic回归分析发现吸烟、合并糖尿病和Hcy升高是淄博市健康体检人群颈动脉斑块的独立危险因素(P<0.05)。结论吸烟、血糖和Hcy升高是男性铁路职工颈动脉斑块形成的主要危险因素。 展开更多
关键词 男性 铁路 职工 颈动脉斑块 超声检查 危险因素
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Epidemiology and immunodiagnostics of Strongyloides stercoralis infections among migrant workers in Malaysia
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作者 Norhidayu Sahimin Yvonne A.L.Lim +4 位作者 Rahmah Noordin Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus Norsyahida Arifin Jerzy Marian Behnke Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain 《亚太热带医药杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第6期250-257,共8页
Objective: To investigate the status of Strongyloides(S.) stercoralis infections among migrant workers in Malaysia for the first time and identify risk factors.Methods: Four diagnostic methods were employed for the de... Objective: To investigate the status of Strongyloides(S.) stercoralis infections among migrant workers in Malaysia for the first time and identify risk factors.Methods: Four diagnostic methods were employed for the detection of S. stercoralis including microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) using a commercial kit, ELISA using the rSs1a antigen and polymerase chain reaction(PCR). Low and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors(i.e. manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic service) were tested on a voluntary basis. Results: The overall seroprevalence of S. stercoralis from 483 workers employing the ELISA commercial kit for IgG was 35.8%(n=173;95% CI: 31.5%-40.1%) whereas seroprevalence using the rSs1a-ELISA was 13.0%(n=63;95% CI: 10.0%-16.0%). Cross tabulation between the ELISA commercial kit and rSs1a-ELISA showed that only 6.4%(n=31;95% CI: 4.2%-8.6%) of the samples were positive in both tests. Microscopic examination of all 388 fecal samples were negative;however subsequent testing by a nested PCR against DNA from the same samples successfully amplified DNA from three male subjects(0.8%;3/388). Male workers, India and Myanmar nationality, food service occupation and those living in the hostel were statistically significant with seroprevalence(P<0.005). Conclusion: This is the first report on the epidemiology of S. stercoralis infections among the migrant workers in Malaysia. Our results highlight the importance of using appropriate diagnostic tools for detection. The presence of anti-S. stercoralis antibodies in the study population calls for improvements in personal hygiene and sanitation standards among migrant workers in Malaysia through control strategies including health education campaigns and programs aimed at increasing awareness and healthy behaviors. 展开更多
关键词 STRONGYLOIDES stercoralis MIGRANT workers MICROSCOPIC examination SEROLOGICAL analysis PCR
地方高校工勤人员绩效考核探索 预览
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作者 裴祉鉴 《科教文汇》 2019年第24期9-10,共2页
工勤技能岗位是地方高校岗位设置中的重要组成部分,是地方高校不可或缺的技术岗位,是保证高校正常运转不可缺少的力量。文章从目前地方高校工勤队伍现状出发,结合我校实际现状,找出问题,分析原因,提出了地方高校工勤技能岗位绩效考核的... 工勤技能岗位是地方高校岗位设置中的重要组成部分,是地方高校不可或缺的技术岗位,是保证高校正常运转不可缺少的力量。文章从目前地方高校工勤队伍现状出发,结合我校实际现状,找出问题,分析原因,提出了地方高校工勤技能岗位绩效考核的方案,提出了以创新、实干为主旨的工作实际业绩考核机制,进一步鼓励工勤人员辛勤劳动、诚实劳动、创造性劳动,为建设一支知识型、技能型、创新型工勤队伍提供了保障。 展开更多
关键词 地方高校 工勤人员 绩效考核
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Zero-Hours and Other Very Atypical Forms of Employment Contracts in European and International Regulation 预览
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作者 Vincenzo Ferrante 《美中法律评论:英文版》 2019年第1期1-11,共11页
In the effort to develop a comprehensive approach to better and good jobs, it is a topic of hot debate as to whether the introduction (temporarily or on a permanent basis) of statutory legislation―different from the ... In the effort to develop a comprehensive approach to better and good jobs, it is a topic of hot debate as to whether the introduction (temporarily or on a permanent basis) of statutory legislation―different from the general law applying to subordinate workers―may encourage employers and employees to operate within the formal economy and in the context of regular contracts of employment. The essay analyzes from a comparative point of view not the traditional forms of non-standard employment, but those special working arrangements, that may involve very short hours (“marginal” part time: generally, fewer than 15 hours per week) or no predictable fixed hours, and those according to which the employer has no obligation to provide a set number of hours of work. The conclusion is that extremely atypical forms of work appear to give an answer to the challenges of the market labor of the urban economies of the 21st century, but that special legal provisions are needed to guarantee individual right to fair wages and to protect personal life of employees. 展开更多
关键词 shadow economy undeclared WORK INFORMAL employment WORK on a casual basis PART-TIME workers job ON-CALL equal treatment mini-jobs
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Hepatitis in slaughterhouse workers 预览
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作者 Hassan Tariq Muhammad Umar Kamal +5 位作者 Jasbir Makker Sara Azam Usman Ali Pirzada Vaniza Mehak Kishore Kumar Harish Patel 《世界肝病学杂志:英文版(电子版)》 2019年第1期37-49,共13页
Slaughterhouse workers (SHW) are at increased risk of hepatitis which can occur due to different organisms and should be investigated for viral, bacterial, and parasitic organisms. Slaughter house personnel including ... Slaughterhouse workers (SHW) are at increased risk of hepatitis which can occur due to different organisms and should be investigated for viral, bacterial, and parasitic organisms. Slaughter house personnel including butchers are at a higher risk of infections from cuts and blood-letting, with the possible risk of the transmission of blood-borne pathogens to their colleagues. The objective of this review is to evaluate the common etiologies of hepatitis in SHW which will assist in the assessment of these patients presenting with transaminitis. Types of Microorganisms causing hepatitis with their reservoirs, routes of transmission, laboratory diagnosis, clinical features, treatment options and preventive strategies are included in this review. Proper investigation and awareness is of utmost importance as it causes significant financial constraints derived from workers health cost and from livestock production losses when the disease is confirmed. The work up is essential because infected workers might be a source of infections to other colleagues, family and the consumers. 展开更多
关键词 HEPATITIS SLAUGHTERHOUSE workers LIVER INFECTIONS Transaminitis OCCUPATIONAL safety ABATTOIR
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HTR and GRIN2B Variant Associated with Cognition Dysfunction in Electric Workers 预览
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作者 WANG Li Feng LI Hai Juan +10 位作者 REN Cai Xia ZOU Yong QIAO Si Mo ZHI Wei Jia WANG Chang Zhen ZHAO Li DONG Ji XU Xin Ping HU Shao Hua PENG Rui Yun HU Xiang Jun 《生物医学与环境科学:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期220-225,共6页
The frequency of an extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) ranges from 3 to 3, 000 Hz. Workers who are exposed to ELF-EMF include electric power installers and repairers, power plant operators, electr... The frequency of an extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) ranges from 3 to 3, 000 Hz. Workers who are exposed to ELF-EMF include electric power installers and repairers, power plant operators, electricians, electrical fitters, other such professionals. The main work categories in an electrical company or for utility work can be defined according to the five main stages of electricity production and distribution. Studies on the central nervous system (CNS) reported depressed activity in the different neurotransmitter systems and decreased protein content in the brains of animals exposed to ELF-EMF. Some studies reported differences with respect to change in brain function after electromagnetic radiation among individuals[1]. 展开更多
关键词 HTR and GRIN2B COGNITION DYSFUNCTION ELECTRIC Workers
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The Indonesian Women Migrant Workers: Redefinition and Termination of Sending Them Abroad 预览
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作者 Sukawarsini Djelantik 《国际关系与外交:英文版》 2019年第4期139-149,共11页
Indonesian diplomacy criticized as “to slow, too weak, and too late” to protect its migrant workers. Indonesian migrant workers that consist 80% of women, sent to fulfill the high demand for domestic workers and low... Indonesian diplomacy criticized as “to slow, too weak, and too late” to protect its migrant workers. Indonesian migrant workers that consist 80% of women, sent to fulfill the high demand for domestic workers and low level labor in Saudi Arabia and Malaysia. The qualification of workers that mostly uneducated and lack of job experience caused many social-economic issues in receiving countries. Moreover, lack of training led to problems related to violation of human and workers’ rights, even in many cases turned as the victim of human trafficking. The problems at domestic level are related to corrupt government officials, weak of bureaucracy, and lack of coordination amongst government’s institutions. In addition, the business interests of recruiting agents both at home and host countries added to complexity of issues. Problems during recruitment, preparation and sending process also caused legal, social and cultural problems that need diplomatic efforts both at bilateral and multilateral level. Due to diplomatic failure that undermined Indonesian reputation in receiving countries, in addition to unresolved domestic problems, this article proposes the Indonesian government to terminate the sending of domestic workers. Furthermore, the immigration policy needs to be reevaluates. In the future, the Indonesian government should only send legal, documented workers, with skilled or semi-skilled qualifications. 展开更多
关键词 DIPLOMACY WOMEN MIGRANT workers human rights effective DIPLOMACY negotiation
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霸权更迭、俄国革命与“庶民”意涵的变迁——重返“五四”之一 预览
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作者 罗岗 《上海大学学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期43-61,共19页
“五四”新文化运动的转向和“五四”学生爱国运动的爆发,在某种程度上都可视为“欧战”(第一次世界大战)的后果。“欧战”的后果不仅是协约国战胜同盟国,还标志着“20世纪文明”对“19世纪文明”的克服与超越。具体而言,“欧战”标志着... “五四”新文化运动的转向和“五四”学生爱国运动的爆发,在某种程度上都可视为“欧战”(第一次世界大战)的后果。“欧战”的后果不仅是协约国战胜同盟国,还标志着“20世纪文明”对“19世纪文明”的克服与超越。具体而言,“欧战”标志着“19世纪文明”的“总体危机”,“俄国革命”则成为了“20世纪文明”的起点,借用霍布斯鲍姆“短暂的20世纪”和阿锐基“漫长的20世纪”的历史分期,“欧战”的意义也许还能进一步被理解为是为资本主义的霸权更迭铺平道路,而“革命”则意味着对这种霸权更迭的“突破”。正是在这个由“战争”与“革命”构造的双重视野中,以陈独秀和李大钊为代表的《新青年》同仁们在思想上经历了“从威尔逊到列宁”的深刻转变,进而试图将“新文化”召唤出来的“新主体”,与“庶民”这一“胜利的主体”和“历史的主体”联系起来,为“后五四”时代从抽象的“人”向具体的“人民”逐渐转化奠定了基础。 展开更多
关键词 “欧战” “十四点和平计划” 俄国革命 《新青年》 庶民 劳工
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