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Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Machines: Influences, Consequences, and Dilemmas in Human Care 预览
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作者 Joseph Andrew Pepito Brian A. Vasquez Rozzano C. Locsin 《健康(英文)》 2019年第7期932-949,共18页
In the field of robotics and in the health sciences, transitions have been occurring in the control of robots operating with predetermined logic and rules. Robotics in health care are influencing human caring dynamics... In the field of robotics and in the health sciences, transitions have been occurring in the control of robots operating with predetermined logic and rules. Robotics in health care are influencing human caring dynamics in many ways such as enhancing dependency and surrender to machine technologies. Situations such as these are charged with possibilities of legal liabilities triggered by influences and consequences of advancing robotic technology dependency. The purpose of this paper is to identify, describe, and explain legal issues and/or dilemmas centered on robotics in healthcare while providing engaging opportunities to limit consequent legalities thus forming beneficial human health care outcomes. Laying bare these liabilities will provide critically informative data that can foster proactive encounters which can or may deter health care liabilities while ensuring quality healthcare outcomes. An attempt is made to re-conceptualize how to view agency, causality, liability responsibility, culpability, and autonomy for the new age of autonomous robots. While it is still not clear how this would turn out, a clear framing of the problem is the first step in the project. 展开更多
关键词 Artificial INTELLIGENCE AUTONOMOUS MACHINES DILEMMAS in Human Care NURSING
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A Clustering Approach for Customer Billing Prediction in Mall: A Machine Learning Mechanism 预览
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作者 Sriramakrishnan Chandrasekaran Abhishek Kumar 《电脑和通信(英文)》 2019年第3期55-66,共12页
Machine learning implementations are being done in a long way in science and technology and especially in medical stream. In this article, we are focusing on machine learning implementation on mall customers and based... Machine learning implementations are being done in a long way in science and technology and especially in medical stream. In this article, we are focusing on machine learning implementation on mall customers and based on their income and how they can invest in the purchase in a mall. This explains the features like Customer ID, gender, age, income, and spending score. There, we mentioned a score in purchasing the goods in the mall. In this scenario, we are implementing clustering mechanisms, and here we apply the dataset of mall customers which is a public dataset and create clusters related to the customer purchase. We implement machine learning models for the prediction of whether the visited customer will purchase any product or not. For this kind of works, we require many of the inputs like the features mentioned in the paper. To maintain the features, we require a model with machine learning capability. We are performing K-Means clustering and Hierarchical clustering mechanisms, and finally, we implement a confusion matrix to achieve and identify the highest accuracy in those two algorithms. Here, we consider machine learning mechanisms to predict the category of the customer about whether they can buy a product or not based on the independent variables. This work presents you a simple machine learning prediction model based on which we can predict the category of the customer based on clustering. Before clustering, we don’t know to what group they belong to. But after clustering, we can identify the category that data node belongs to. In this article, we are mentioning the process of determining the employee based information using machine learning clustering mechanisms. 展开更多
关键词 CLUSTERING Machine Learning CATEGORY Technology Hierarchical K-Means
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Influence of Bitumen Emulsion Spray on Pavement Performance 预览
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作者 John Richardson Connor Campbell 《交通与运输工程:英文版》 2019年第4期165-170,共6页
Bitumen emulsion sprays have an important part to play in the achievement of durable,efficient road pavement construction.Clearly,spraying of bond coats or tack coats at the interface of the bound layers should improv... Bitumen emulsion sprays have an important part to play in the achievement of durable,efficient road pavement construction.Clearly,spraying of bond coats or tack coats at the interface of the bound layers should improve the likelihood of full bond and of resistance to the entry of water through the layers,both of which are needed to meet the design objectives and for the pavement to continue to function properly.BS 594987 recommends bond coats,which are typically polymer modified bitumen emulsion,as best practice and their use is prevalent for the whole range of paved areas in the UK.Recent work examines the effect of different rates of spread of bitumen emulsion sprays on interlayer adhesion and permeability,and attempts to ascertain whether there are optimum quantities to obtain the desired effects. 展开更多
关键词 BOND COAT BITUMEN EMULSION road PAVEMENT permeability
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Physiochemical Composition of Fig Seed Oil from Turkey 预览
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作者 Nazan Güven Ali Gokyer +8 位作者 Aysenur Koc Naime Nur Temiz Seher Selvi Beril Koparal Burcak Deniz Dedeoglu Sidika Büyükhelvacigil Oztürk Hale Feyza Büyükhelvacigil Ramazan Büyükhelvacigil Ceren Erman 《药剂与药理学:英文版》 2019年第10期541-545,共5页
Fig (Ficus carica Linn (Moraceae)) is a deciduous tree that grows in tropical and subtropical zones [1]. Ficus carica has a broad spectrum of pharmacological activity and is widely used in traditional medicine. Resear... Fig (Ficus carica Linn (Moraceae)) is a deciduous tree that grows in tropical and subtropical zones [1]. Ficus carica has a broad spectrum of pharmacological activity and is widely used in traditional medicine. Research has found its use in more than 40 areas. Some of these are gastrointestinal, endocrine, respiratory, reproductive system disorders [2]. The fig seed oil contains alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which is highly beta-sitosterol and herbal omega [3]. It can be used as a supplement in the treatment of diseases such as cardiovascular disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, and diabetes. Fig seed oil can be a good choice for skin hydration when used externally. In our study, the fig seed oil was analyzed by gas and liquid chromatography. In this study where linoleic acid (C18:2) and linolenic acid (C20:0) ratios found in fig seed oil composition were evaluated, the health benefits of two fatty acids were discussed based on the literature. 展开更多
关键词 FICUS CARICA FIG SEED oil linoleic ACID linolenic ACID FIG
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Influence of Bitumen Emulsion Spray on Pavement Performance 预览
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作者 John Richardson Connor Campbell 《交通与运输工程:英文版》 2019年第3期138-143,共6页
Bitumen emulsion sprays have an important part to play in the achievement of durable,efficient road pavement construction.Clearly,spraying of bond coats or tack coats at the interface of the bound layers should improv... Bitumen emulsion sprays have an important part to play in the achievement of durable,efficient road pavement construction.Clearly,spraying of bond coats or tack coats at the interface of the bound layers should improve the likelihood of full bond and of resistance to the entry of water through the layers,both of which are needed to meet the design objectives and for the pavement to continue to function properly.BS 594987 recommends bond coats,which are typically polymer modified bitumen emulsion,as best practice and their use is prevalent for the whole range of paved areas in the UK.Recent work examines the effect of different rates of spread of bitumen emulsion sprays on interlayer adhesion and permeability,and attempts to ascertain whether there are optimum quantities to obtain the desired effects. 展开更多
关键词 BOND COAT BITUMEN EMULSION road PAVEMENT permeability
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楼宇经济服务标准化实践探索
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作者 李小雯 卢学辉 +1 位作者 文萌川 任雁 《中国标准化:英文版》 2018年第6期60-65,共6页
关键词 标准化 创新实践 经济 服务 驱动力 开发
人本主义照明城市照明中人本主义的重要性——利用光作为社会工具来构建感知,情感和体验
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作者 Dario Maccheroni 陈威(翻译) 《照明设计》 2018年第4期36-41,共6页
灯光作为夜间的过滤器(filter),帮助人们探索城市空间,建立个体和夜晚环境的联系,塑造我们感知周围世界的方式。在照明设计中,我们经常会面临技术的抉择或者经济的选择创新与经济利益的两难之选。虽然目前对于光污染问题的关注不断增加... 灯光作为夜间的过滤器(filter),帮助人们探索城市空间,建立个体和夜晚环境的联系,塑造我们感知周围世界的方式。在照明设计中,我们经常会面临技术的抉择或者经济的选择创新与经济利益的两难之选。虽然目前对于光污染问题的关注不断增加,但是诸如“越多越好”的理论(虽然常常是出于安全考虑.)仍然占据主导地位,也加剧了城市光污染的问题,甚至使城市出现了各类奇怪的照明效果和畸形的解决方案。这些方案和效果往往忽视了人与城市环境的交互,甚至不考虑城市历史、城市特征和最重要的夜间自然条件等因素,仿佛只有当建筑物拔地而起,灯光照亮街道之时,才真正满足了城市居民的需求。 展开更多
关键词 城市照明 人本主义 感知 城市光污染 工具 社会 用光 情感
Applying Sustainability and Ethics in Forest Management and Community Livelihoods: A Case Study from Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Kenya 预览
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作者 Musingo T. E. Mbuvi Leila Ndalilo Aden Hussein 《林学期刊(英文)》 2018年第4期532-552,共21页
Efforts to manage forests continue to be enhanced equally as emergence of investments in community livelihoods whose benefits are inequitable. Lit-erature review, focus group discussion and key informant interviews sh... Efforts to manage forests continue to be enhanced equally as emergence of investments in community livelihoods whose benefits are inequitable. Lit-erature review, focus group discussion and key informant interviews showed that Arabuko Sokoke Forest has been managed under different management regimes;stakeholders have increased from singular to multiple with each stakeholder’s interests hinged on different conservation theories and ethical principles, despite that well-meaning facilitation, laws and policies, unsustainable and un-ethical scenarios abound. Extreme scenarios of a poor mother being denied firewood for lighting, warming and cooking food in order to conserve biodiversity. These are both right and wrong, a fluidity requiring situation specific sustainability and ethical justification. A discourse guided by the sustainable development goals provides a mechanism for moderating the diverse interests and helps bring harmony and synergies among all stakeholders for the common good without compromising the ecological functions of the forests thus ensuring sustainability. 展开更多
关键词 FOREST Equitable Livelihoods SUSTAINABILITY and ETHICS
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Performing Reliable Early Leak Detection on Storage Tank Terminals:Retrofitting of Existing Facilities and New Buildings 预览
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作者 Raul Risi 《材料科学与工程:中英文B版》 2018年第5期188-194,共7页
Liquid leak detection may represent a challenge for Oil&Gas operators,as indicated by operational feed-back and independent studies.Despite the availability of many different leak detection technologies,some syste... Liquid leak detection may represent a challenge for Oil&Gas operators,as indicated by operational feed-back and independent studies.Despite the availability of many different leak detection technologies,some systems may either fail to detect spills or generate frequent false alarms.In particular,possible soil contamination from pre-existing leaks and pollution carry-over by rain water is difficult to filter out by a leak sensing system.Typical case of false alarms relates to punctual sensors installed upstream the drain valve within the storage tank bunds,monitoring possible presence of leaks in rain water.Besides old soil contamination,other criteria should also be considered when selecting a spill detection technology,such as asset type to be monitored(storage tank,pipeline,…),system accuracy(minimum detectable quantity,ability to localize the leak),detection time,reliability over time,capital,installation and operating costs.The paper will include an evaluation of different external leak detection technologies with respect to the above-mentioned criteria,pointing out the capabilities and limitations of each system.Focus will be placed on reliability of leak monitoring systems in challenging environments.A new generation of digital,reusable sensing cables and probes,as well as the impact of sensitivity for different applications,will be discussed.Since leak sensor installation environment(positioning,adoption of special precautions,…)may significantly affect the system performance,different above ground and underground configurations will be presented,both for new builds and existing facilities. 展开更多
关键词 Liquid LEAK detection ADDRESSABLE system storage TANK PIPELINE
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Incremental age-related one-year MACCE after acute myocardial infarction in the drug-eluting stent era (from KAMIR-NIH registry) 预览
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作者 Dae-Won Kim Sung-Ho Her +15 位作者 Ha Wook Park Kiyuk Chang Wook Sung Chung Ki Bae Seung Myung Ho Jeong Hyo-Soo Kim Hyeon Cheoi Gwon In Whan Seong Kyung Kuk Hwang Shung Chull Chae Kwon-Bae Kim Young Jo Kim Kwang Soo Cha Seok Kyu Oh Jei Keon Chae Ji-Hoon Jung 《老年心脏病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2018年第9期574-584,共11页
ObjectivesTo 评估年龄相关的一个年专业在在尖锐心肌的梗塞(AMI ) 的经皮的冠的干预(一种总线标准) 以后的不利 cardiocerebrovascular 事件(MACCE ) 。我们从在 2011 年 11 月之间的健康(KAMIR-NIH ) 的朝鲜尖锐心肌的梗塞登记公民 In... ObjectivesTo 评估年龄相关的一个年专业在在尖锐心肌的梗塞(AMI ) 的经皮的冠的干预(一种总线标准) 以后的不利 cardiocerebrovascular 事件(MACCE ) 。我们从在 2011 年 11 月之间的健康(KAMIR-NIH ) 的朝鲜尖锐心肌的梗塞登记公民 Institue 在 13,104 个 AMI 病人全部的 AMI.MethodsA 以后分析了在年龄和一个年 MACCE 之间的协会, 2015 年 12 月根据年龄被分类进四个组(组我, < 60 年, n = 4199;组 II, 60-70 年, n = 2577;组织 III;70-80 年, n = 2774;组 IV, 80 年, n = 1018 ) 。病人们为 MACCE 合成的一个年被分析(心脏的死亡,心肌的梗塞,目标容器 revascularization,脑血管的事件) 在 AMI.ResultsThe 一个年以后,在 AMI 的 MACCE 是 3.5%( 组我) , 6.3%( 组 II ) , 9.6%( 组 III ) 并且 17.6%( 组 IV ) 。在为使参数惊讶的调整以后,分析结果证明有 AMI 的病人有一个年 MACCE 的增长风险[组 II,调整危险比率(aHR )= 1.224, 95% CI:0.965-1.525, P = 0.096;组 III, aHR = 1.316, 95% CI:1.037-1.671, P = 0.024;组 IV, aHR = 1.975, 95% CI:1.500-62.601, P < 0.001 ) 与相比组我。特别,心脏的死亡在玩的主要结束点合成在这效果的一个主要角色(组 II, aHR = 1.335, 95% CI:0.941-1.895, P = 0.106;组 III, aHR = 1.575, 95% CI:1.122-2.210, P = 0.009;组 IV, aHR = 2.803, 95% CI:1.937-4.054, P < 0.001 ).ConclusionsDespite 在 AMI 为一种总线标准推进了技术和药,年龄仍然在临床的结果施加强大的影响。小心的途径,甚至在发达心病学的现代时代被需要为在 AMI 干预年老人口。 展开更多
关键词 年龄相关 梗塞 心肌 总线标准 AMI AHR 调制解调器 III
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Outpatient Experience of Human Caring Scale (OEHC-Scale): Improvement by Delphi Method 预览
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作者 Chun-yan GUAN Yi-lan LIU +8 位作者 Hui HUANG Xia YANG Juan-juan XU Xin-qiao FU De-ying HU Cai-hong LU Zhi-guo ZHANG Juan XU Peng HAN 《当代医学科学(英文)》 SCIE CAS 2018年第2期360-371,共12页
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Thriving Theme Parks in China 预览
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作者 Alice Yang 《中国对外贸易:英文版》 2018年第4期48-49,共2页
Walt Disney’s USD 5.5 billion theme park in China had a really successful year after opening in June 2016.According to its annual financial report,the Shanghai theme park had already gained profit in its first full y... Walt Disney’s USD 5.5 billion theme park in China had a really successful year after opening in June 2016.According to its annual financial report,the Shanghai theme park had already gained profit in its first full year of operations,much better than what its American headquarters had expected.“That’s an extraordinary achievement.I’m not sure we’ve ever done that.It’s a mark none of its resorts has been able to hit in the last 30 years,”said Chief Executive Officer Bob Iger.“After the first year,I’m pleased to say that prospects are really strong for continued success and continued growth,”he added. 展开更多
关键词 Disney’s USD CHIEF EXECUTIVE Officer BOB Iger
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Application of Non-Selective Herbicides in the Pre-Harvest of Wheat Damages Seed Quality 预览
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作者 Glauber Mon?on Fipke Thomas Newton Martin +5 位作者 Ubirajara Russi Nunes vandro Ademir Deak Jessica Deolinda Leivas Stecca José Eduardo Minussi Winck Luiz Fernando Teleken Grando Anderson da Costa Rossato 《美国植物学期刊(英文)》 2018年第1期107-123,共17页
Pre-harvest desiccation in order to minimize the time of exposure to abiotic factors after physiological maturity is a practice used in the production of quality seeds. The aim of this work was to evaluate the physica... Pre-harvest desiccation in order to minimize the time of exposure to abiotic factors after physiological maturity is a practice used in the production of quality seeds. The aim of this work was to evaluate the physical, physiological and sanitary quality of wheat seeds from plants that received non-selective herbicide application at pre-harvest. For this, the treatments were applied on pre-harvest culture. A completely randomized design was applied. We use the herbicides (glufosinate-ammonium, glyphosate and paraquat), phenological stages of herbicide application (Z-83, Z-85, Z-87, Z-92) and additional treatment (without application). The routine tests that express the physical, physiological and sanitary integrity of seeds were evaluated. For herbicide treatments, there was an 8% and 26% reduction in germination under laboratory conditions for BRS Parrudo and Sinuelo, respectively. Soil emergence was 14% higher for the control treatment, not statistically different for the Z-87 and Z-92 stages and also for the herbicides glufosinate-ammonium and glyphosate for both cultivars. The application of non-selective herbicides on wheat pre-harvest impairs the physical and physiological quality and promotes faster deterioration. Vigor is reduced under stress conditions by cold test and accelerated aging. There is no influence on seed sanity. 展开更多
关键词 Glufosinate-Ammonium GLYPHOSATE PARAQUAT Triticum AESTIVUM (L)
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Double Cystic Duct Not Detected by Imaging But Diagnosed on Intraoperative Dissection in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Case Report, Hatwan Hospital-Sulaimani Province-Kurdistan-Iraq 预览
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作者 Hiwa O. Ahmed Amir Murad Khodadad 《临床医学病理报告(英文)》 2017年第3期89-93,共5页
The incidence rate of bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been changed for many years. This may be because of biliary tree abnormalities, as variation in cystic duct anatomy is quite common. O... The incidence rate of bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been changed for many years. This may be because of biliary tree abnormalities, as variation in cystic duct anatomy is quite common. One of the extremely rare anomalies is a double cystic duct. An old lady underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones. Without any clue for this anomaly in preoperative checkup, we found two cystic ducts during the laparoscopy. Operation completed laparoscopically, with smooth early and later postoperative checkups till now. 展开更多
关键词 DOUBLE CYSTIC Duct INTRAOPERATIVE Diagnosis BILE Tree Injury
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什么是学校眼保健全面实施计划 预览
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作者 Hasan Minto May Ho 魏莹莹 《实用防盲技术》 2017年第4期139-141,共3页
教育能够改变个人的生活,促进社会的变革。儿童在学校学习成绩的好坏,与他们的健康水平,包括视觉健康之间有着密切的联系。这反过来又影响到儿童未来的生活质量与经济生产力。学校的眼睛健康项目给上学儿童们提供了一个独一无二的机会,... 教育能够改变个人的生活,促进社会的变革。儿童在学校学习成绩的好坏,与他们的健康水平,包括视觉健康之间有着密切的联系。这反过来又影响到儿童未来的生活质量与经济生产力。学校的眼睛健康项目给上学儿童们提供了一个独一无二的机会,使他们能拥有全面的眼睛健康服务。 展开更多
关键词 学校 眼保健 生活质量 眼睛健康 学习成绩 健康水平 视觉健康 健康项目
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The Effect of Sulfur-Containing Humic Acid on Yield and Nutrient Uptake in Olive Fruit 预览
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作者 Atoosa Danyaei Sara Hassanpour +2 位作者 Mohammad Ali Baghaee Maryam Dabbagh Mehrdad Babarabie 《生态学期刊(英文)》 2017年第4期279-288,共10页
The combined application of organic and mineral fertilizers can be a proper way of nutrition management to increase the yield and quality and to mitigate environmental impacts of chemicals and the pertaining costs. Th... The combined application of organic and mineral fertilizers can be a proper way of nutrition management to increase the yield and quality and to mitigate environmental impacts of chemicals and the pertaining costs. The impact of different rates of sulfur-containing humic acid was studied on yield and nutrient uptake of the fruits of olive “Zard” three-year-old trees in a trial based on a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications in Shariati College of Tehran, Iran. The studied treatment was sulfur-containing humic acid at four rates of 0, 20, 25 and 30 kg&sdot;ha&minus;1, which was applied at two stages. The highest fresh weight, dry weight, chlorophyll b, carotenoid, N and Cu contents were related to humic acid rate of 20 kg&sdot;ha&minus;1. The highest fruit length, chlorophyll a and total chlorophyll were observed in control. The highest K, Fe and Mn contents were obtained from plants treated with 30 kg&sdot;ha&minus;1 humic acid. Plants treated with 25 kg&sdot;ha&minus;1 exhibited the highest P and Zn contents. All in all, the application of sulfur-containing humic acid at different rates had favorable impacts on quantitative and qualitative traits of olive fruits. 展开更多
关键词 HUMIC Acid OLIVE SULFUR YIELD
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On the Quantum Entanglement Reinterpretation Using the Time as Real Instantaneous Signal Field 预览
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作者 Elsadig Naseraddeen 《现代物理(英文)》 2017年第6期853-891,共39页
In relativistic mechanics the time-like vector characterize the motion in spacetime with speed faster than the speed of light in vacuum c in which the line element ds2=c2dt2-dx2-dx2-dz2 is less than zero (where is inf... In relativistic mechanics the time-like vector characterize the motion in spacetime with speed faster than the speed of light in vacuum c in which the line element ds2=c2dt2-dx2-dx2-dz2 is less than zero (where is infinitesimal change in time, and are infinitesimal change in space), thus the time in relativistic mechanics can instantaneously flow [1], however in quantum mechanics although the time is treated as unobservable parameter (without any Hermitian observable operator have engine-value equivalent to time) any two physical quantity described by two non-commuting observable operatorsand fulfill , the knowledge of one immediately produce the knowledge of the other [2], thus in quantum mechanics if two particles interacted in finite temporal epoch and then separated in space the gaining of knowledge by the local measurement of physical quantity runs on one them (for example the measurement of spin direction of one particle using Stern-Gerlach experiment) immediately produce the knowledge of the complementary physical quantity of the other particle (for example the opposite spin direction of the other particle), this simply called quantum entanglement the concept that so much advanced after publication of the Jon Bell’s 1964 celebrated paper [3] in which he illustrated that we can add parameters to quantum mechanics to determine the results of individual measurements, without changing the statistical predictions, and then he conclude “there must be a mechanism whereby the setting of one measuring device can influence the reading of another instrument, however remote. Moreover, the signal involved must propagate instantaneously so that such a theory could not be Lorentz invariant”. The question now what these signals that can propagate instantaneously? The answer in this paper will be the time signals field which is defined for each constituent matter particle M and at each space point P as the measure of the total length of all occupation and leaving epochs of P by M which is representing a sequence func 展开更多
关键词 REAL-TIME STATE REAL-TIME DIGITAL STATE REAL-TIME Transition STATE Entanglement Translation DIGITAL Levels Calculus of Fluctuations Fluctuation Tensor FIELD Collinear SPACE Coplanar SPACE
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IoTFLiP: IoT-based flipped learning platform for medical education 预览
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作者 Maqbool Ali Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal +7 位作者 Muhammad Asif Razzaq Jawad Khan Sungyoung Lee Muhammad Idris Mohammad Aazam Taebong Choi Soyeon Caren Han Byeong Ho Kang 《数字通信与网络:英文版》 2017年第3期188-194,共7页
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Bio-ecology of malaria vectors in an endemic area,Southeast of Iran 被引量:1
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作者 Masoud Yeryan Hamid Rreza Basseri +3 位作者 Ahamd Ali Hanafi-Bojd Ahmad Raeisi Hamideh Edalat Reza Safari 《亚太热带医药杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2016年第1期29-35,共7页
Objective:To determine some bio-ecological aspects of malaria vectors in Jask County,where is targeted for malaria elimination in the national program.Methods:Mosquitoes were collected monthly during 2013-2014 using d... Objective:To determine some bio-ecological aspects of malaria vectors in Jask County,where is targeted for malaria elimination in the national program.Methods:Mosquitoes were collected monthly during 2013-2014 using different collection methods.Subsequently,ELISA test was used to detect the human blood index of mosquitoes.The susceptibility status of Anopheles stephensi was evaluated against the diagnostic dosages of seven WHO recommended insecticides.Results:A total of 3 650 female and 4 736 Anopheles larvae were collected including Anopheles stephensi,Anopheles culicifacies s.l.,Anopheles dthali.Anopheles fluviatilis s.l.,Anopheles moghulensis and Anopheles turkhodi species.Anopheles stephensi was the dominant collected species on human baits and indoors with high rate of unfed and gravid specimens in internal and external window traps.Human blood index was calculated as 14.3%for this species.It was also found to be resistant to DDT and Dieldrin.Conclusions:The collected species had a wide range of habitats,and resting behaviors.With regarding to the presence of most important malaria vectors in Jask.control of the disease may be so complicated;as based on the weather condition it can be transmitted during the whole year,except for cold months.With this strong potential of transmission,existing population movements in the area may lead to imported cases of malaria and local outbreak(s).So,more specific studies on malaria vectors in high risk areas of Jask County are recommended. 展开更多
关键词 MALARIA ECOLOGY ANOPHELES STEPHENSI INSECTICIDE resistance Southern Iran
Epidemiological status of malaria in Iran,2011-2014
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作者 Faezeh Norouzinejad Ahmad Raeisi +1 位作者 Abbas norouzinejad Fatemeh Ghaffari 《亚太热带医药杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2016年第11期1033-1039,共7页
Objective:To determine the status and epidemiological aspects of malaria in Iran in favor of gaining a better understanding of the national control of malaria.Methods:This epidemiological study examined the status of ... Objective:To determine the status and epidemiological aspects of malaria in Iran in favor of gaining a better understanding of the national control of malaria.Methods:This epidemiological study examined the status of malaria from 2011 to 2014 in Iran.Data were collected from the Ministry of Health’s protocol for controlling and eliminating malaria,which is currently in use.This malaria information reporting system is automated in all Iranian provinces and cities,and all information is submitted online to the center for communicable disease control in the Ministry of Health.Information about malaria is available for researchers to evaluate.Results:The incidence rates decreased from 2011 to 2014.There were 4.76,2.12,1.80,and 1.59 per 100 000 people,respectively from 2011 to 2014.During the four-year period(2011-2014),the highest numbers of cases occurred in those aged 16-25 years,by age,and in men,by sex.Most of the cases were workers and located in rural areas.An average 52.58%of cases were Iranian.The highest incidence rates from 2011 to 2014 were located in Sistan and Baluchestan province.There were 89.94,43.9,38.3,and 30.66 per 100 000 people.The highest numbers of malaria cases were recorded in the cities Sarbaz,Nickshahr,and Chabahar in Sistan and Baluchestan province and Bandar Abbas,Bandar Jask,and Bandar Lengeh in Hormozgan province.During the four-year period,57.05%of cases were caused by imported factors.The majority of cases were related to the trophozoite lifecycle of parasites.Regarding surveillance,there was inactive care in the majority of cases.Vivax malaria was the most prevalent.Conclusions:Despite the recendy declining trend in reported cases,the expansion of local transmission,especially in areas with cross-border travel,is very worrying.Improved malaria control interventions can be effective for elimination of malaria in Iran;these can include programs to control border travel and focused interventions for high incidence areas and high-risk groups such as rural residents,men,workers,and peop 展开更多
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