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Aberrant Resting-State Functional Connectivity in the Default Mode Network in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder Patients with and without Psychotic Symptoms
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作者 Yuan Zhong Chun Wang +5 位作者 Weijia Gao Qian Xiao Dali Lu Qing Jiao Linyan Su Guangming Lu 《神经科学通报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第4期581-590,共10页
Mood disorders/psychosis have been associated with dysfunctions in the default mode network(DMN).However,the relative contributions of DMN regions to state and trait disturbances in pediatric bipolar disorder(PBD)rema... Mood disorders/psychosis have been associated with dysfunctions in the default mode network(DMN).However,the relative contributions of DMN regions to state and trait disturbances in pediatric bipolar disorder(PBD)remain unclear.The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mechanisms of PBD through brain imaging and explore the influence of psychotic symptoms on functional alterations in PBD patients.Twenty-nine psychotic and 26 non-psychotic PBD patients,as well as 19 age-and sex-matched healthy controls underwent a restingstate functional MRI scan and the data were analyzed by independent component analysis.The DMN component from the fMRI data was extracted for each participant.Spearman's rank correlation analysis was performed between aberrant connectivity and clinical measurements.The results demonstrated that psychotic PBD was characterized by aberrant DMN connectivity in the anterior cingulate cortex/medial prefrontal cortex,bilateral caudate nucleus,bilateral angular gyri,and left middle temporal gyrus,while non-psychotic PBD was not,suggesting further impairment with the development of psychosis.In summary,we demonstrated unique impairment in DMN functional connectivity in the psychotic PBD group.These specific neuroanatomical abnormalities may shed light on the underlying pathophysiology and presentation of PBD. 展开更多
关键词 Pediatric bipolar disorder DEFAULT mode RESTING-STATE fMRI Functional CONNECTIVITY PSYCHOTIC SYMPTOM
Precision Higgs physics at the CEPC
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作者 安芬芬 白羽 +70 位作者 陈春晖 陈新 陈振兴 Joao Guimaraes da Costa 崔振崴 方亚泉 付成栋 高俊 高艳彦 高原宁 葛韶锋 顾嘉荫 郭方毅 郭军 韩涛 韩爽 何红建 何显柯 何小刚 胡继峰 徐士杰 金山 荆茂强 Susmita Jyotishmati Ryuta Kiuchi 郭家铭 赖培筑 李博扬 李聪乔 李刚 李海峰 李亮 李数 李通 李强 梁浩 梁志均 廖立波 刘波 刘建北 刘涛 刘真 娄辛丑 马连良 Bruce Mellado 莫欣 Mila Pandurovic 钱剑明 钱卓妮 Nikolaos Rompotis 阮曼奇 Alex Schuy 单连友 史静远 史欣 苏淑芳 王大勇 王锦 王连涛 王贻芳 魏彧骞 许悦 杨海军 杨迎 姚为民 于丹 张凯栗 张照茹 赵明锐 赵祥虎 周宁 《中国物理C:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第4期5-44,共40页
The discovery of the Higgs boson with its mass around 125 GeV by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations marked the beginning of a new era in high energy physics.The Higgs boson will be the subject of extensive studies of th... The discovery of the Higgs boson with its mass around 125 GeV by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations marked the beginning of a new era in high energy physics.The Higgs boson will be the subject of extensive studies of the ongoing LHC program.At the same time,lepton collider based Higgs factories have been proposed as a possible next step beyond the LHC,with its main goal to precisely measure the properties of the Higgs boson and probe potential new physics associated with the Higgs boson.The Circular Electron Positron Collider(CEPC)is one of such proposed Higgs factories.The CEPC is an e^+e^- circular collider proposed by and to be hosted in China.Located in a tunnel of approximately 100 km in circumference,it will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240 GeV as the Higgs factory.In this paper,we present the first estimates on the precision of the Higgs boson property measurements achievable at the CEPC and discuss implications of these measurements. 展开更多
关键词 CEPC HIGGS BOS on HIGGS BOSON properties HIGGS BOSON COUPLINGS HIGGS FACTORY effective field theory EFT
OSBPL2-disrupted pigs recapitulate dual features of human hearing loss and hypercholesterolaemia
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作者 Jun Yao Huasha Zeng +11 位作者 Min Zhang Qinjun Wei Ying Wang Haiyuan Yang Yajie Lu Rongfeng Li Qiang Xiong Lining Zhang Zhibin Chen Guangqian Xing Xin Cao Yifan Dai 《遗传学报:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第8期379-387,共9页
Oxysterol binding protein like 2(OSBPL2), an important regulator in cellular lipid metabolism and transport, was identified as a novel deafness-causal gene in our previous work. To resemble the phenotypic features of ... Oxysterol binding protein like 2(OSBPL2), an important regulator in cellular lipid metabolism and transport, was identified as a novel deafness-causal gene in our previous work. To resemble the phenotypic features of OSBPL2 mutation in animal models and elucidate the potential genotypephenotype associations, the OSBPL2-disrupted Bama miniature(BM) pig model was constructed using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing, somatic cell nuclear transfer(SCNT) and embryo transplantation approaches, and then subjected to phenotypic characterization of auditory function and serum lipid profiles. The OSBPL2-disrupted pigs displayed progressive hearing loss(HL) with degeneration/apoptosis of cochlea hair cells(HCs) and morphological abnormalities in HC stereocilia, as well as hypercholesterolaemia. High-fat diet(HFD) feeding aggravated the development of HL and led to more severe hypercholesterolaemia. The dual phenotypes of progressive HL and hypercholesterolaemia resembled in OSBPL2-disrupted pigs confirmed the implication of OSBPL2 mutation in nonsydromic hearing loss(NSHL) and contributed to the potential linkage between auditory dysfunction and dyslipidaemia/hypercholesterolaemia. 展开更多
关键词 OSBPL2 Bama MINIATURE PIG HEARING loss HYPERCHOLESTEROLAEMIA
Using big data to track marine oil transportation along the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road
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作者 CHENG Liang YAN ZhaoJin +3 位作者 XIAO YiJia CHEN YanMing ZHANG FangLi LI ManChun 《中国科学:技术科学英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第4期677-686,共10页
China’s designation of the "21 st-century Maritime Silk Road"(MSR)region is of extraordinary significance to its maritime rights,transportation security,and socio-economic development.We developed a technic... China’s designation of the "21 st-century Maritime Silk Road"(MSR)region is of extraordinary significance to its maritime rights,transportation security,and socio-economic development.We developed a technical framework allowing the use of "big data" derived from the Automatic Identification System(AIS,an automatic ship-tracking network)for two purposes:the accurate mapping of oil tanker trajectories and the creation of heat maps showing the relative use of oil tanker routes and marine shipping chokepoints.We then applied these methods to 1.5 billion AIS records collected within the MSR in 2014 to statistically identify and analyze busy routes,areas,and chokepoints in this strategic region.Our results demonstrate that the proposed framework can provide an effective analysis of oil movements based on large-scale AIS datasets,helping researchers and policy makers better understand the footprint and strategic implications of maritime oil transportation in the MSR region. 展开更多
关键词 21st-century MARITIME SILK Road(MSR) MARITIME oil TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION chokepoints heat map automatic identification system(AIS)
Application of next-generation sequencing technology to precision medicine in cancer: joint consensus of the Tumor Biomarker Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology 预览
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作者 Xuchao Zhang Zhiyong Liang +47 位作者 Shengyue Wang Shun Lu Yong Song Ying Cheng Jianming Ying Weiping Liu Yingyong Hou Yangqiu Li Yi Liu Jun Hou Xiufeng Liu Jianyong Shao Yanhong Tai Zheng Wang Li Fu Hui Li Xiaojun Zhou Hua Bai Mengzhao Wang You Lu Jinji Yang Wenzhao Zhong Qing Zhou Xuening Yang Jie Wang Cheng Huang Xiaoqing Liu Xiaoyan Zhou Shirong Zhang Hongxia Tian Yu Chen Ruibao Ren Ning Liao Chunyan Wu Zhongzheng Zhu Hongming Pan Yanhong Gu Liwei Wang Yunpeng Liu Suzhan Zhang Tianshu Liu Gong Chen Zhimin Shao Binghe Xu Qingyuan Zhang Ruihua Xu Lin Shen Yilong Wu 《癌症生物学与医学:英文版》 CAS CSCD 2019年第1期189-204,共16页
Next-generation sequencing(NGS) technology is capable of sequencing millions or billions of DNA molecules simultaneously.Therefore, it represents a promising tool for the analysis of molecular targets for the initial ... Next-generation sequencing(NGS) technology is capable of sequencing millions or billions of DNA molecules simultaneously.Therefore, it represents a promising tool for the analysis of molecular targets for the initial diagnosis of disease, monitoring of disease progression, and identifying the mechanism of drug resistance. On behalf of the Tumor Biomarker Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology(CSCO) and the China Actionable Genome Consortium(CAGC), the present expert group hereby proposes advisory guidelines on clinical applications of NGS technology for the analysis of cancer driver genes for precision cancer therapy. This group comprises an assembly of laboratory cancer geneticists, clinical oncologists, bioinformaticians,pathologists, and other professionals. After multiple rounds of discussions and revisions, the expert group has reached a preliminary consensus on the need of NGS in clinical diagnosis, its regulation, and compliance standards in clinical sample collection. Moreover, it has prepared NGS criteria, the sequencing standard operation procedure(SOP), data analysis, report, and NGS platform certification and validation. 展开更多
关键词 Next-generation sequencing TECHNOLOGY CANCER CONSENSUS
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Cytotoxic and antibacterial polyketide-indole hybrids synthesized from indole-3-carbinol by Daldinia eschscholzii
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作者 Liping Lin Nan Jiang +3 位作者 Huimin Wu Yaning Mei Jie Yang Renxiang Tan 《药学学报:英文版》 CSCD 2019年第2期369-380,共12页
Two skeletally undescribed polyketide-indole hybrids(PIHs), named indolchromins A and B,were generated from indole-3-carbinol(I3 C) in the fungal culture(Daldinia eschscholzii). The indolchromin structures were elucid... Two skeletally undescribed polyketide-indole hybrids(PIHs), named indolchromins A and B,were generated from indole-3-carbinol(I3 C) in the fungal culture(Daldinia eschscholzii). The indolchromin structures were elucidated mainly by their 1 D and 2 D NMR spectra with the former confirmed by the single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Each indolchromin alkaloid was chirally separated into four isomers, whose absolute configurations were assigned by comparing the recorded circular dichroism(CD) spectra with the electronic CD(ECD) curves computed for all optional stereoisomers. Furthermore, the indolchromin construction pathways in fungal culture were clarified through enzyme inhibition, precursor feeding experiment, and energy calculation. The cascade reactions,including decarboxylative Claisen condensation catalyzed by 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase(AONS),C(sp3)-H activation, double bond migration, and Michael addition, all undergone compatibly during the fungal cultivation. In an MIC range of 1.3–8.6 μmol/L,(2 S,4 R)-and(2 R,4 S)-indolchromin A and(2 R,4 S)-indolchromin B are inhibitory against Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Veillonella sp.,Bacteroides fragilis, and Streptococcus pyogenes.(2 R,4 S)-Indolchromin A and(2 S,4 S)-indolchromin B were cytotoxic against the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 with IC50 values of 27.9 and131.2 nmol/L, respectively, with the former additionally active against another human breast cancer cell line MCF-7(IC5094.4 nmol/L). 展开更多
关键词 Polyketide-indole HYBRIDS INDOLE-3-CARBINOL Daldinia eschscholzii 8-Amino-7-oxononanoate synthase Decarboxylative CLAISEN condensation ANTIBACTERIAL Anticancer
Effects of neural stem cell transplantation on the motor function of rats with contusion spinal cord injuries:a meta-analysis 预览
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作者 Kai Qian Tuo-Ye Xu +7 位作者 Xi Wang Tao Ma Kai-Xin Zhang Kun Yang Teng-Da Qian Jing Shi Li-Xin Li Zheng Wang 《中国神经再生研究:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2020年第4期748-758,共11页
Objective:To judge the efficacies of neural stem cell(NSC)transplantation on functional recovery following contusion spinal cord injuries(SCIs).Data sources:Studies in which NSCs were transplanted into a clinically re... Objective:To judge the efficacies of neural stem cell(NSC)transplantation on functional recovery following contusion spinal cord injuries(SCIs).Data sources:Studies in which NSCs were transplanted into a clinically relevant,standardized rat model of contusion SCI were identified by searching the PubMed,Embase and Cochrane databases,and the extracted data were analyzed by Stata 14.0.Data selection:Inclusion criteria were that NSCs were used in in vivo animal studies to treat contusion SCIs and that behavioral assessment of locomotor functional recovery was performed using the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan lo-comotor rating scale.Exclusion criteria included a follow-up of less than 4 weeks and the lack of control groups.Outcome measures:The restoration of motor function was assessed by the Basso,Beattie,and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale.Results:We identified 1756 non-duplicated papers by searching the aforementioned electronic databases,and 30 full-text articles met the inclusion criteria.A total of 37 studies reported in the 30 articles were included in the meta-analysis.The meta-analysis results showed that transplanted NSCs could improve the motor function recovery of rats following contusion SCIs,to a moderate extent(pooled standardized mean difference(SMD)=0.73;95%confidence interval(CI):0.47–1.00;P<0.001).NSCs obtained from different donor species(rat:SMD=0.74;95%CI:0.36–1.13;human:SMD=0.78;95%CI:0.31–1.25),at different donor ages(fetal:SMD=0.67;95%CI:0.43–0.92;adult:SMD=0.86;95%CI:0.50–1.22)and from different origins(brain-derived:SMD=0.59;95%CI:0.27–0.91;spinal cord-derived:SMD=0.51;95%CI:0.22–0.79)had similar efficacies on improved functional recovery;however,adult induced pluripotent stem cell-derived NSCs showed no significant efficacies.Furthermore,the use of higher doses of transplanted NSCs or the administration of immunosuppressive agents did not promote better locomotor function recovery(SMD=0.45;95%CI:0.21–0.70).However,shorter periods between the contusion induction and the NSC tr 展开更多
关键词 Basso Beattie and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale cell transplantation META-ANALYSIS motor functional recovery neural regeneration neural stem cell neural stem cell transplantation rat model spinal contusion spinal cord injury
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Clinical characteristics and outcomes of hypersensitivity pneumonitis: a population-based study in China
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作者 Li-Jing Wang Hou-Rong Cai +2 位作者 Yong-Long Xiao Yang Wang Meng-Shu Cao 《中华医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第11期1283-1292,共10页
Backgrounds:Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an immune-mediated interstitial lung disease (ILD) that develops in response to the inhalation of various antigens. The clinical pathologies are very complex and undete... Backgrounds:Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an immune-mediated interstitial lung disease (ILD) that develops in response to the inhalation of various antigens. The clinical pathologies are very complex and undetermined. The clinical features and outcomes of HP have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence, clinical features, and outcomes of HP patients and construct a simple clinical model for diagnosing chronic HP (CHP). Methods: The cohort study included 101 patients with HP admitted to the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2009 to December 2017. The patients were categorized into acute HP (AHP, n = 72) and CHP (n = 29) groups according to the updated international criteria. The clinical, imaging, treatment, and follow-up data were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were followed up until December 31,2017. Statistical analysis was performed, and a clinical scoring system for CHP was constructed by SPSS 20.0 software. Results: The incidence of HP was 2.4% in ILD inpatients in our center. Patients in the CHP group were older =-2.212, P = 0.029), had more smokers (x^2 = 8.428, P = 0.004), and longer duration of symptoms (t =-4.852, P < 0.001) than those in the AHP group. Weight loss, crackles, digital clubbing, and cyanosis were more common in the CHP group than those in the AHP group (x^2 = 5.862, P < 0.001;x^2 = 8.997, P = 0.003;x^2 = 11-939, P = 0.001;and x^2 = 4.025, P = 0.045, respectively). On chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), reticular patterns, traction bronchiectasis, and accompanying honeycombing were more common in CHP cases than those in AHP cases (x^2 = 101.000, P < 0.001;x^2 = 32.048, P < 0.001;a n d /2 = 36.568,P < 0.001, respectively). The clinical scoring system for CHP was established based on the clinical variables (age [A], duration of symptoms [D], smoking history [S], unidentified exposure [U], and chest HRCT [C];ADSUC)(area under the curve 0.935, 95% confidence interval: 0.883-0.987, P < 0.001). Eleven patients (15.3%) in t 展开更多
关键词 HYPERSENSITIVITY PNEUMONITIS Chronic INTERSTITIAL lung disease FIBROSIS
Effects of Niaoduqing Particles(尿毒清颗粒)on Delaying Progression of Renal Dysfunction:A Post-trial,Open-Label,Follow-up Study
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作者 ZHENG Ying WANG Nian-song +24 位作者 LIU Yu-ning HE Li-qun JIAN Gui-hua LIU Xu-sheng NI Zhao-hui CHENG Xiao-hong LIN Hong-li ZHOU Wen-hua WANG Ya-ping FANG Jing-ai HE Ya-ni YANG Hong-tao ZHAO Li-juan DING Hart-lu WANG Li-hua YU Ren-huan LI Wen-ge YE Zhi-ming GUO Wang ZHAN Yong-li MAO Hui-juan HU Zhao YAO Chen CAI Guang-yan CHEN Xiang-mei 《中国结合医学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期168-174,共7页
Objective:To follow up the participants of the randomized clinical trial "Efficacy and Safety of Niaoduqing Particles(尿毒清颗粒) for Delaying Moderate-to-Severe Renal Dysfunction", and assess the long-term ... Objective:To follow up the participants of the randomized clinical trial "Efficacy and Safety of Niaoduqing Particles(尿毒清颗粒) for Delaying Moderate-to-Severe Renal Dysfunction", and assess the long-term effects of Niaoduqing Particles on delaying the progression of renal dysfunction. Methods: Participants, who had previously been randomly assigned to receive Niaoduqing Particles or placebo for 24 weeks(146 cases in each group), were invited to follow-up and all were administered Niaoduqing Particles 5 g thrice daily and 10 g before bedtime for 24 weeks. The primary endpoints were changes in baseline serum creatinine(Scr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate(e GFR) after completion of the open-label treatment period. Results: After the double-blind period, the median(interquartile range) changes in Scr were 1.1(–13.0–24.1) and 11.7(–2.6–42.9) μmol/L for the Niaoduqing Particle and placebo groups, respectively(P=0.008), and the median changes in e GFRs were –0.2(–4.3–2.7) and –2.21(–5.7–0.8) mL·min^-1·1.73 m^-2, respectively(P=0.016). There were significant differences in the double-blind period changes in renal function between groups. After the open-label period, the median changes in Scr were 9.0(–10.0–41.9) and 17.5(–6.0–50.0) μmol/L for the Niaoduqing Particle and placebo groups according to baseline grouping, respectively(P=0.214), and the median changes in eGFRs were –2.3(–6.4–1.9) and –3.7(–7.5–1.1) mL·min^-1·1.73 m^-2, respectively(P=0.134). There were no statistical differences in the open-label period changes in renal function between groups. The eGFR reduction of participants who accepted Niaoduqing Particle treatment for 48 weeks was projected to 2.5 m L·min^-1·1.73 m^-2 per year. Conclusions: Niaoduqing Particles appear to have long-term efficacy for patients with moderate-to-severe renal dysfunction. Although there was no statistical difference, the early use of Niaoduqing Paticles seems to ameliorate the worsening of renal function. 展开更多
关键词 chronic kidney disease moderate-to-severe renal dysfunction NIAODUQING PARTICLES post-trial follow-up Chinese medicine
Consensus on the digestive endoscopic tunnel technique 预览
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作者 Ning-Li Chai Hui-Kai Li +45 位作者 En-Qiang Linghu Zhao-Shen Li Shu-Tian Zhang Yu Bao Wei-Gang Chen Philip WY Chiu Tong Dang Wei Gong Shu-Tang Han Jian-Yu Hao Shui-Xiang He Bing Hu1 Bing Hu2 Xiao-Jun Huang Yong-Hui Huang Zhen-Dong Jin Mouen A Khashab James Lau Peng Li Rui Li De-Liang Liu Hai-Feng Liu Jun Liu Xiao-Gang Liu Zhi-Guo Liu Ying-Cai Ma Gui-Yong Peng Long Rong Wei-Hong Sha Pateek Sharma Jian-Qiu Sheng Shui-Sheng Shi Dong Wan Seo Si-Yu Sun Gui-Qi Wang Wen Wang Qi Wu Hong Xu Mei-Dong Xu Ai-Ming Yang Fang Yao Hong-Gang Yu Ping-Hong Zhou Bin Zhang Xiao-Feng Zhang Ya-Qi Zhai 《世界胃肠病学杂志:英文版》 SCIE CAS 2019年第7期744-776,共33页
With the digestive endoscopic tunnel technique(DETT),many diseases that previously would have been treated by surgery are now endoscopically curable by establishing a submucosal tunnel between the mucosa and musculari... With the digestive endoscopic tunnel technique(DETT),many diseases that previously would have been treated by surgery are now endoscopically curable by establishing a submucosal tunnel between the mucosa and muscularis propria(MP).Through the tunnel,endoscopic diagnosis or treatment is performed for lesions in the mucosa,in the MP,and even outside the gastrointestinal(GI)tract.At present,the tunnel technique application range covers the following:(1)Treatment of lesions originating from the mucosal layer,e.g.,endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection for oesophageal large or circular early-stage cancer or precancerosis;(2)treatment of lesions from the MP layer,per-oral endoscopic myotomy,submucosal tunnelling endoscopic resection,etc.;and(3)diagnosis and treatment of lesions outside the GI tract,such as resection of lymph nodes and benign tumour excision in the mediastinum or abdominal cavity.With the increasing number of DETTs performed worldwide,endoscopic tunnel therapeutics,which is based on DETT,has been gradually developed and optimized.However,there is not yet an expert consensus on DETT to regulate its indications,contraindications,surgical procedure,and postoperative treatment.The International DETT Alliance signed up this consensus to standardize the procedures of DETT.In this consensus,we describe the definition,mechanism,and significance of DETT,prevention of infection and concepts of DETTassociated complications,methods to establish a submucosal tunnel,and application of DETT for lesions in the mucosa,in the MP and outside the GI tract(indications and contraindications,procedures,pre-and postoperative treatments,effectiveness,complications and treatments,and a comparison between DETT and other operations). 展开更多
关键词 DIGESTIVE ENDOSCOPIC TUNNEL technique ENDOSCOPIC SUBMUCOSAL TUNNEL dissection Per-oral ENDOSCOPIC MYOTOMY SUBMUCOSAL TUNNELLING ENDOSCOPIC resection Gastrointestinal tract
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Dense matter with eXTP
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作者 Anna L. Watts WenFei Yu +73 位作者 Juri Poutanen Shu Zhang Sudip Bhattacharyya Slavko Bogdanov Long Ji Alessandro Patruno Thomas E. Riley Pavel Bakala Altan Baykal Federico Bernardini Ignazio Bombaci Edward Brown Yuri Cavecchi Deepto Chakrabarty Jérome Chenevez Nathalie Degenaar Melania Del Santo Tiziana Di Salvo Victor Doroshenko Maurizio Falanga Robert D. Ferdman Marco Feroci Angelo F. Gambino MingYu Ge Svenja K. Greif Sebastien Guillot Can Gungor Dieter H. Hartmann Kai Hebeler Alexander Heger Jeroen Homan Rosario Iaria Jean in 't Zand Oleg Kargaltsev Aleksi Kurkela XiaoYu Lai Ang Li XiangDong Li ZhaoSheng Li Manuel Linares FangJun Lu Simin Mahmoodifar Mariano Méndez M. Coleman Miller Sharon Morsink Joonas Nattila Andrea Possenti Chanda Prescod-Weinstein JinLu Qu Alessandro Riggio Tuomo Salmi Andrea Sanna Andrea Santangelo Hendrik Schatz Achim Schwenk LiMing Song Eva v Srámková Benjamin Stappers Holger Stiele Tod Strohmayer Ingo Tews Laura Tolos Gabriel Torok David Tsang Martin Urbanec Andrea Vacchi RenXin Xu YuPeng Xu Silvia Zane GuoBao Zhang ShuangNan Zhang WenDa Zhang ShiJie Zheng Xia Zhou 《中国科学:物理学、力学、天文学英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第2期28-44,共17页
In this White Paper we present the potential of the Enhanced X-ray Timing and Polarimetry (eXTP) mission for determining the nature of dense matter;neutron star cores host an extreme density regime which cannot be rep... In this White Paper we present the potential of the Enhanced X-ray Timing and Polarimetry (eXTP) mission for determining the nature of dense matter;neutron star cores host an extreme density regime which cannot be replicated in a terrestrial laboratory. The tightest statistical constraints on the dense matter equation of state will come from pulse profile modelling of accretion-powered pulsars, burst oscillation sources, and rotation-powered pulsars. Additional constraints will derive from spin measurements, burst spectra, and properties of the accretion flows in the vicinity of the neutron star. Under development by an international Consortium led by the Institute of High Energy Physics of theChinese Academy of Sciences, the eXTP mission is expected to be launched in the mid 2020s. 展开更多
关键词 NEUTRON X-rays DENSE MATTER EQUATION of STATE
Observation of e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ(?)0K?e+e?→Ds+Dˉ(?)0K?and study of the P-wave DsDs mesons
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作者 麦迪娜 M.N.Achasov +143 位作者 S.Ahmed M.Albrecht M.Alekseev A.Amoroso 安芬芬 安琪 白羽 O.Bakina R.Baldini Ferroli 班勇 K.Begzsuren D.W.Bennett J.V.Bennett N.Berger M.Bertani D.Bettoni F.Bianchi I.Boyko R.A.Briere 蔡浩 蔡啸 A.Calcaterra 曹国富 S.A.Cetin J.Chai 常劲帆 W.L.Chang G.Chelkov 陈刚 陈和生 陈江川 陈玛丽 陈申见 陈元柏 成伟帅 G.Cibinetto F.Cossio 代洪亮 代建平 A.Dbeyssi D.Dedovich 邓子艳 A.Denig I.Denysenko M.Destefanis F.De Mori 丁勇 董超 董静 董燎原 董明义 豆正磊 杜书先 范荆州 方建 房双世 方易 R.Farinelli L.Fava F.Feldbauer G.Felici 封常青 M.Fritsch 傅成栋 付颖 高清 高鑫磊 高原宁 高勇贵 高榛 B.Garillon I.Garzia A.Gilman K.Goetzen 龚丽 龚文煊 W.Gradl M.Greco 谷立民 顾旻皓 顾珊 顾运厅 郭爱强 郭立波 郭如盼 郭玉萍 A.Guskov Z.Haddadi 韩爽 郝喜庆 F.A.Harris 何康林 F.H.Heinsius T.Held 衡月昆 侯治龙 胡海明 胡继峰 胡涛 胡誉 黄光顺 黄金书 黄性涛 黄晓忠 黄智玲 N.Huesken T.Hussain W.Ikegami Andersson W.Imoehl M.Irshad 纪全 姬清平 季晓斌 季筱璐 姜侯兵 江晓山 蒋兴雨 焦健斌 焦铮 金大鹏 金山 金毅 T.Johansson N.Kalantar-Nayestanaki 康晓珅 M.Kavatsyuk 柯百谦 I.K.Keshk T.Khan A.Khoukaz P.Kiese R.Kiuchi R.Kliemt L.Koch O.B.Kolcu B.Kopf M.Kuemmel M.Kuessner A.Kupsc M.Kurth W.Kühn J.S.Lange P.Larin L. 《中国物理C:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第3期5-16,共12页
Studies of e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ(?)0K?e+e?→Ds+Dˉ(?)0K?and the PP-wave charmed-strange mesons are performed based on an e+e?e+e?collision data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 567 pb?1 collected with ... Studies of e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ(?)0K?e+e?→Ds+Dˉ(?)0K?and the PP-wave charmed-strange mesons are performed based on an e+e?e+e?collision data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 567 pb?1 collected with the BESIII detector at s√=4.600s=4.600 GeV.The processes of e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ?0K?e+e?→Ds+Dˉ?0K?and D+sDˉˉˉˉ0K?Ds+Dˉ0K?are observed for the first time and are found to be dominated by the modes D+sDs1(2536)?Ds+Ds1(2536)?and D+sD?s2(2573)?Ds+Ds2?(2573)?,respectively.The Born cross sections are measured to beσB(e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ?0K?)=(10.1±2.3±0.8)σB(e+e?→Ds+Dˉ?0K?)=(10.1±2.3±0.8)pb andσB(e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ0K?)=(19.4±2.3±1.6)σB(e+e?→Ds+Dˉ0K?)=(19.4±2.3±1.6)pb,and the products of Born cross section and the decay branching fraction are measured to beσB(e+e?→D+sDs1(2536)?+c.c.)?σB(e+e?→Ds+Ds1(2536)?+c.c.)?B(Ds1(2536)?→Dˉˉˉˉ?0K?)=(7.5±1.8±0.7)B(Ds1(2536)?→Dˉ?0K?)=(7.5±1.8±0.7)pb andσB(e+e?→D+sD?s2(2573)?+c.c.)?B(D?s2(2573)?→Dˉˉˉˉ0K?)=σB(e+e?→Ds+Ds2?(2573)?+c.c.)?B(Ds2?(2573)?→Dˉ0K?)=(19.7±2.9±2.0)(19.7±2.9±2.0)pb.For the Ds1(2536)?Ds1(2536)?and D?s2(2573)?Ds2?(2573)?mesons,the masses and widths are measured to be M(Ds1(2536)?)=(2537.7±0.5±3.1)MeV/c2M(Ds1(2536)?)=(2537.7±0.5±3.1)MeV/c2,Γ(Ds1(2536)?)=(1.7±1.2±0.6)Γ(Ds1(2536)?)=(1.7±1.2±0.6)MeV,and M(D?s2(2573)?)=M(Ds2?(2573)?)=(2570.7±2.0±1.7)MeV/c2,(2570.7±2.0±1.7)MeV/c2,Γ(D?s2(2573)?)=(17.2±3.6±1.1)Γ(Ds2?(2573)?)=(17.2±3.6±1.1)MeV.The spin-parity of the D?s2(2573)?Ds2?(2573)?meson is determined to be JP=2+JP=2+.In addition,the processes e+e?→D+sDˉˉˉˉ(?)0K?e+e?→Ds+Dˉ(?)0K?are searched for using the data samples taken at four(two)center-of-mass energies between 4.416(4.527)and 4.575 GeV,and upper limits at the 90%confidence level on the cross sections are determined. 展开更多
关键词 cross section P-WAVE D_s MESONS resonance parameters spin-parity BESIII
Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (nasal type) presenting as a perianal abscess: A case report 预览
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作者 Yan-Ni Liu Yong Zhu +9 位作者 Jia-Jun Tan Guang-Shu Shen Shu-Liang Huang Chun-Gen Zhou Shao-Hua Huangfu Rui Zhang Xiao-Bo Huang Ling Wang Qi Zhang Bin Jiang 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第8期992-1000,共9页
BACKGROUND Extranodal natural killer (NK) T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type is a rare subtype of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by vascular damage and necrosis. The lesions usually present in the nasa... BACKGROUND Extranodal natural killer (NK) T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type is a rare subtype of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by vascular damage and necrosis. The lesions usually present in the nasal cavity and adjacent tissues, however, the disease originates from the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract in 25% of cases. Since rectal involvement in ENKTL is rare, rectal symptoms in the course of ENKTL are often misdiagnosed and considered to be related to benign diseases such as rectal fistula or perianal abscess. CASE SUMMARY We report the case of a 24-year-old Han Chinese female who initially presented with a perianal abscess that was subsequently diagnosed as nasal type ENKTL. Due to typical perianal pain, perianal abscess was diagnosed and surgical incision and drainage were performed. After recurrent, severe anal hemorrhages leading to hypovolemic shock and multiple surgeries, a diagnosis of ENKTL was made. The patient’s condition gradually deteriorated, and she died shortly after initiation of chemotherapy. CONCLUSION Systemic and neoplastic diseases should be included in the differential diagnosis of any potentially benign perianal abscess complicated with recurrent hemorrhages. 展开更多
关键词 EXTRANODAL natural KILLER T-CELL LYMPHOMA PERIANAL ABSCESS LYMPHOMA Rectal involvement Case report
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Accretion in strong field gravity with eXTP
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作者 Alessandra De Rosa Phil Uttley +99 位作者 LiJun Gou Yuan Liu Cosimo Bambi Didier Barret Tomaso Belloni Emanuele Berti Stefano Bianchi Ilaria Caiazzo Piergiorgio Casella Marco Feroci Valeria Ferrari Leonardo Gualtieri Jeremy Heyl Adam Ingram Vladimir Karas FangJun Lu Bin Luo Giorgio Matt Sara Motta Joseph Neilsen Paolo Pani Andrea Santangelo XinWen Shu JunFeng Wang Jian-Min Wang YongQuan Xue YuPeng Xu WeiMin Yuan YeFei Yuan Shuang-Nan Zhang Shu Zhang Ivan Agudo Lorenzo Amati Nils Andersson Cristina Baglio Pavel Bakala Altan Baykal Sudip Bhattacharyya Ignazio Bombaci Niccoló Bucciantini Fiamma Capitanio Riccardo Ciolfi Wei K. Cui Filippo D'Ammando Thomas Dauser Melania Del Santo Barbara De Marco Tiziana Di Salvo Chris Done Michal Dovvciak Andrew C. Fabian Maurizio Falanga Angelo Francesco Gambino Bruce Gendre Victoria Grinberg Alexander Heger Jeroen Homan Rosario Iaria JiaChen Jiang ChiChuan Jin Elmar Koerding Manu Linares Zhu Liu Thomas J. Maccarone Julien Malzac Antonios Manousakis Frédéric Marin Andrea Marinucci Missagh Mehdipour Mariano Méndez Simone Migliari Cole Miller Giovanni Miniutti Emanuele Nardini Paul T. O'Brien Julian P. Osborne Pierre Olivier Petrucci Andrea Possenti Alessandro Riggio Jerome Rodriguez Andrea Sanna LiJing Shao Malgosia Sobolewska Eva Sramkova Abigail L. Stevens Holger Stiele Giulia Stratta Zdenek Stuchlik Jiri Svoboda Fabrizio Tamburini Thomas M. Tauris Francesco Tombesi Gabriel Torok Martin Urbanec Frederic Vincent QingWen Wu Feng Yuan Jean J. M. in 't Zand Andrzej A. Zdziarski XinLin Zhou 《中国科学:物理学、力学、天文学英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第2期45-73,共29页
In this paper we describe the potential of the enhanced X-ray Timing and Polarimetry (eXTP) mission for studies related to accretion flows in the strong field gravity regime around both stellar-mass and supermassive b... In this paper we describe the potential of the enhanced X-ray Timing and Polarimetry (eXTP) mission for studies related to accretion flows in the strong field gravity regime around both stellar-mass and supermassive black-holes. eXTP has the unique capability of using advanced “spectral-timing-polarimetry” techniques to analyze the rapid variations with three orthogonal diagnostics of the flow and its geometry, yielding unprecedented insight into the inner accreting regions, the effects of strong field gravity on the material within them and the powerful outflows which are driven by the accretion process. 展开更多
关键词 X-RAY BLACK HOLES PHYSICS ACCRETION
Observatory science with eXTP
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作者 Jean J. M. in 't Zand Enrico Bozzo +103 位作者 JinLu Qu Xiang-Dong Li Lorenzo Amati Yang Chen Immacolata Donnarumma Victor Doroshenko Stephen A. Drake Margarita Hernanz Peter A. Jenke Thomas J. Maccarone Simin Mahmoodifar Domitilla de Martino Alessandra De Rosa Elena M. Rossi Antonia Rowlinson Gloria Sala Giulia Stratta Thomas M. Tauris Joern Wilms XueFeng Wu Ping Zhou Iván Agudo Diego Altamirano Jean-Luc Atteia Nils A. Andersson M. Cristina Baglio David R. Ballantyne Altan Baykal Ehud Behar Tomaso Belloni Sudip Bhattacharyya Stefano Bianchi Anna Bilous Pere Blay Jo ao Braga S?ren Brandt Edward F. Brown Niccolò Bucciantini Luciano Burderi Edward M. Cackett Riccardo Campana Sergio Campana Piergiorgio Casella Yuri Cavecchi Frank Chambers Liang Chen Yu-Peng Chen Jérome Chenevez Maria Chernyakova ChiChuan Jin Riccardo Ciolfi Elisa Costantini Andrew Cumming Antonino D'Aì Zi-Gao Dai Filippo D'Ammando Massimiliano De Pasquale Nathalie Degenaar Melania Del Santo Valerio D'Elia Tiziana Di Salvo Gerry Doyle Maurizio Falanga XiLong Fan Robert D. Ferdman Marco Feroci Federico Fraschetti Duncan K. Galloway Angelo F. Gambino Poshak Gandhi MingYu Ge Bruce Gendre Ramandeep Gill Diego Gotz Christian Gouiffès Paola Grandi Jonathan Granot Manuel Güdel Alexander Heger Craig O. Heinke Jeroen Homan Rosario Iaria Kazushi Iwasawa Luca Izzo Long Ji Peter G. Jonker Jordi José Jelle S. Kaastra Emrah Kalemci Oleg Kargaltsev Nobuyuki Kawai Laurens Keek Stefanie Komossa Ingo Kreykenbohm Lucien Kuiper Devaky Kunneriath Gang Li En-Wei Liang Manuel Linares Francesco Longo FangJun Lu Alexander A. Lutovinov Denys Malyshev Julien Malza 《中国科学:物理学、力学、天文学英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第2期97-138,共42页
In this White Paper we present the potential of the enhanced X-ray Timing and Polarimetry (eXTP) mission for studies related toObservatory Science targets. These include flaring stars, supernova remnants, accreting wh... In this White Paper we present the potential of the enhanced X-ray Timing and Polarimetry (eXTP) mission for studies related toObservatory Science targets. These include flaring stars, supernova remnants, accreting white dwarfs, low and high mass X-raybinaries, radio quiet and radio loud active galactic nuclei, tidal disruption events, and gamma-ray bursts. eXTP will be excellentlysuited to study one common aspect of these objects: their often transient nature. Developed by an international Consortium ledby the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Science, the eXTP mission is expected to be launched in themid 2020s. 展开更多
关键词 space research instruments nuclear ASTROPHYSICS flare stars ACCRETION and ACCRETION disks mass loss and stellar winds cataclysmic BINARIES X-RAY BINARIES supernova REMNANTS active galactic nuclei X-RAY BURSTS gamma-ray BURSTS gravitational waves
Primary neuroendocrine tumor in the presacral region: A case report 预览
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作者 Rui Zhang Yong Zhu +11 位作者 Xiao-Bo Huang Chris Deng Min Li Guang-Shu Shen Shu-Liang Huang Shao-Hua Huangfu Yan-Ni Liu Chun-Gen Zhou Ling Wang Qi Zhang Youping Deng Bin Jiang 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第14期1884-1891,共8页
BACKGROUND Primary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the presacral region are extremely rare, some of which are caused by other primary tumors or metastatic rectal carcinoids. Nevertheless, cases of NETs have been incre... BACKGROUND Primary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the presacral region are extremely rare, some of which are caused by other primary tumors or metastatic rectal carcinoids. Nevertheless, cases of NETs have been increasing in recent years. This report describes the first primary neuroendocrine tumor in the presacral region that was found at our hospital within the last five years. CASE SUMMARY The patient was identified as a 36-year-old woman with a presacral mass and pelvic floor pain. A digital rectal examination revealed a presacral mass with unclear margins and obvious tenderness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a 57 mm × 29 mm presacral lump. An ultrasound-guided needle biopsy confirmed a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor. No other primary or metastatic tumors were found. CONCLUSION Comprehensive consideration of our case report and literature reported by others suggests that a conclusive diagnosis of NETs should be based on computed tomography/MRI and pathological examinations. The treatment of primary NETs in the presacral region mainly relies on surgical procedures with follow-up. 展开更多
关键词 NEUROENDOCRINE TUMOR Presacral BIOPSY Case report
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Nonreciprocal properties of 1D magnetized plasma photonic crystals with the Fibonacci sequence
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作者 马宇 张浩 +2 位作者 章海锋 刘婷 李文煜 《等离子体科学与技术:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第1期5-12,共8页
In this paper, the nonreciprocal properties of a novel kind of 1D magnetized plasma photonic crystals(MPPCs) with the Fibonacci sequence are investigated. The isolation of the proposed 1D MPPCs is also used to analyze... In this paper, the nonreciprocal properties of a novel kind of 1D magnetized plasma photonic crystals(MPPCs) with the Fibonacci sequence are investigated. The isolation of the proposed 1D MPPCs is also used to analyze the nonreciprocal properties. Compared to the conventional 1D MPPCs with periodic structure, the nonreciprocal performance can be significantly improved.The effects of several parameters of the proposed 1D MPPCs on the nonreciprocal properties are studied by the transfer matrix method, which includes the incident angle, order of the Fibonacci sequence, plasma frequency, plasma cyclotron frequency and plasma filling factor. The obtained results show that the nonreciprocal propagation properties can be improved by increasing the values of the plasma cyclotron frequency and incident angle, but they will worsen by blindly increasing the order of the Fibonacci sequence, plasma frequency and filling factor of plasma.The peaks of transmittance also are obviously reduced. In addition, the value of isolation will increase with increasing the incident angle, order of Fibonacci sequence, plasma frequency and plasma filling factor. However, when the plasma cyclotron frequency is increased, the value of isolation will be increased at lower frequencies, but is almost unchanged at higher frequencies. 展开更多
关键词 MAGNETIZED plasma PHOTONIC CRYSTALS transfer MATRIX method nonreciprocal properties QUASI-PERIODIC structure ISOLATION
Evidence for the decays of ∧c^+→∑^+η and ∑^+η’
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作者 麦迪娜 M.N.Achasov +146 位作者 S.Ahmed M.Albrecht M.Aleksee A.Amoroso 安芬芬 安琪 白羽 O.Bakina R. Baldini Ferroli 班勇 K.Begzsuren D.W.Bennett J.V.Bennett N.Berger M.Bertani D.Bettoni F.Bianchi I.Boyko R.A.Briere 蔡浩 蔡啸 O.Cakir A.Calcaterra 曹国富 S.A.Cetin J.Chai 常劲帆 W.L.Chang G.Chelkov 陈刚 陈和生 陈江川 陈玛丽 陈平亮 陈申见 陈元柏 成伟帅 G.Cibinetto F.Cossio 代洪亮 代建平 A.Dbeyssi D.Dedovich 邓子艳 A.Denig I.Denysenko M.Destefanis F.De Mori 丁勇 董超 董静 董燎原 董明义 豆正磊 杜书先 段鹏飞 范荆州 方建 房双世 方易 R.Farinelli L.Fava S.Fegan F.Feldbauer G.Felici 封常青 M.Fritsch 傅成栋 付颖 高清 高鑫磊 高原宁 高勇贵 高榛 B.Garillon I.Garzia A.Gilman K.Goetzen 龚丽 龚文煊 W.Gradl M.Greco 谷立民 顾旻皓 顾运厅 郭爱强 郭立波 郭如盼 郭玉萍 A.Guskov Z.Haddadi 韩爽 郝喜庆 F.A.Harris 何康林 F.H.Heinsius T.Held 衡月昆 侯治龙 胡海明 胡继峰 胡涛 胡誉 黄光顺 黄金书 黄性涛 黄晓忠 黄智玲 T.Hussain N.Hu sken W.Ikegami Andersson M.Irshad 纪全 姬清平 季晓斌 季筱璐 江晓山 蒋兴雨 焦健斌 焦铮 金大鹏 金山 金毅 T.Johansson A.Julin N.Kalantar-Nayestanaki 康晓珅 M.Kavatsyuk 柯百谦 I.K.Keshk T.Khan A.Khoukaz P.Kiese R.Kiuchi R.Kliemt L.Koch O.B.Kolcu B.Kopf M.Kornicer M.Kuemmel M.Kuessner A.Kupsc M.Kurth W.Kuhn J.S.Lange P.Larin L.La 《中国物理C:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第8期15-23,共9页
We study the hadronic decays of ∧c^+ to the final states ∑^+η and ∑^+η, using an e^+e^- annihilation data sample of 567 pb^-1 taken at a center-of-mass energy of 4.6 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII col... We study the hadronic decays of ∧c^+ to the final states ∑^+η and ∑^+η, using an e^+e^- annihilation data sample of 567 pb^-1 taken at a center-of-mass energy of 4.6 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider. We find evidence for the decays ∧^+→∑^+η and ∑^+η' and with statistical significance of and , respectively. Normalizing to the reference decays ∧^+→∑^+π^0 and ∑^+ω, we obtain the ratios of the branching fractions B(∧C^+→∑^+η)/V(∧^→∑^+π^0)and B(∧C^+→∑^+η)/B(∧C^+→∑^+ω)to be and , respectively. The upper limits at the 90% confidence level are set to be B(∧C^→∑^+η)/V(∧^+→∑^+π^0)<0.58 and B(∧C^+→∑^+η)/B(∧C^+→∑^+ω)<1.2. Using BESIII measurements of the branching fractions of the reference decays, we determine B(∧C^+→∑^+η)=(0.41±019±0.05)%(<0.68%) and B(∧C^+→∑^+η)=(1.34+0.53+0.19)%(<1.9%). Here, the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. The obtained branching fraction of ∧C^+→∑^+η is consistent with the previous measurement, and the branching fraction of ∧C^+→∑^+η is measured for the first time. 展开更多
关键词 charmed BARYON ∧c^+ DECAYS branching FRACTIONS
Prevalence and Rates of New Diagnosis and Missed Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus among 35-74-year-old Residents in Urban Communities in Southwest China 预览
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作者 CAO Xin YANG Min +7 位作者 HUANG Xiao Bo TAN Xue Ling LIU Ya HUO Nan CHEN Ming Sheng TANG Wei Wei MA Xiao XU Rong Hua 《生物医学与环境科学:英文版》 SCIE CAS CSCD 2019年第9期704-709,共6页
The high prevale nee of diabetes has become a major public health issue worldwide[1],particularly in middle-and low-income coun tries[2].The prevale nee of diabetes in China,the largest developing country,has more tha... The high prevale nee of diabetes has become a major public health issue worldwide[1],particularly in middle-and low-income coun tries[2].The prevale nee of diabetes in China,the largest developing country,has more than quadrupled in recent decades,and many cases of diabetes are undiagnosed.The problem with missed diabetes diagnoses is a challenge faced both by China and the rest of the world[4]. 展开更多
关键词 DIABETES DIABETES INCOME
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Crystallographic and magnetic properties of van derWaals layered FePS3 crystal
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作者 解其云 吴敏 +4 位作者 陈丽敏 白刚 邹文琴 王伟 何亮 《中国物理B:英文版》 SCIE EI CAS CSCD 2019年第5期202-205,共4页
The crystallographic and magnetic properties are presented for van der Waals antiferromagnetic FePS3.High-quality single crystals of millimeter size have been successfully synthesized through the chemical vapor transp... The crystallographic and magnetic properties are presented for van der Waals antiferromagnetic FePS3.High-quality single crystals of millimeter size have been successfully synthesized through the chemical vapor transport method.The layered structure and cleavability of the compound are apparent,which are beneficial for a potential exploration of the interesting low dimensional magnetism,as well as for incorporation of FePS3 into van der Waals heterostructures.For the sake of completeness,we have measured both direct current (dc) and alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibility.The paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic transition occurs at approximately TN -115 K.The effective moment is larger than the spin-only effective moment,suggesting that an orbital contribution to the total angular momentum of the Fe^2+ could be present.The ac susceptibility is independent of frequency,which means that the spin freezing effect is excluded.Strong anisotropy of out-of-plane and in-plane susceptibility has been shown,demonstrating the Ising-type magnetic order in FePS3 system. 展开更多
关键词 FePS3 VAN der WAALS CRYSTALS single CRYSTAL ANTIFERROMAGNETISM
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