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Dual Burden of Malnutrition among Primary School Children in Myanmar 认领
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作者 Moh Moh Hlaing Mya Ohnamr +6 位作者 Sandar Tun Thidar Khine Wah Wah Win Su Su Hlaing Hla Phyo Linn Khin Hnin Wint Phyu Nyein Nyein Win 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2021年第2期115-123,共9页
<b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Background: </span></b><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The dis... <b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Background: </span></b><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The distribution of childhood nutritional diseases is shifting from a predominance of under nutrition to a dual burden of under-and over nutrition in low and </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">middle income</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> countries. Rapid economic development and urbanization </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">lead</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> to an increase in overweight and obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. The co-existence of under-and </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">over nutrition</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> is </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">double</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> burden and this is a public health challenge for </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">community</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Objective: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">To find out the nutritional status of primary school children. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Method: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The study was </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">school based</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> descriptive study and conducted during November 2014 to February 2015 in basic primary schools, basic middle schools and basic high schools in </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">urban</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> and rural area of Yangon, Mandalay, Taungyi and Mawlamyaing. A total of (2937) Grade IV and Grade V students were measured for weight, height and 592 students were measured for haemoglobin by standard equipment and standard procedure. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The overall prevalence</span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">s</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> of stunting, wasti 展开更多
关键词 Dual Burden MALNUTRITION Primary School Children
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Child Deafness in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experience of Two ENT Services in Casamance, South of Senegal 认领
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作者 Tchiengang K. Junie Ndadi Moustapha Ndiaye +8 位作者 Nirina Andry Randriamalala Adou Abdallah Witti Isabelle Joké Coly Hawa Mamadou Watt Siga Evelyne Diom Bay Karim Diallo Abdelaziz Raji 《耳鼻喉(英文)》 2021年第2期92-101,共10页
<strong>Introduction:</strong> Hearing impairment is the most common sensory deficit at birth. It is a public health problem because of the repercussions on the communication development, on the education ... <strong>Introduction:</strong> Hearing impairment is the most common sensory deficit at birth. It is a public health problem because of the repercussions on the communication development, on the education and subsequent social integration of the child. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiological, clinical, audiometric and etiological profiles of child deafness in Casamance, South of Senegal. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This was a retrospective multicenter study, which extended a period of 7 years from January 1<sup>st</sup>, 2012 to December 31<sup>st</sup>, 2019. All children aged between 1 to 18 years old and received during their first ENT consultations at the regional and PEACE hospital in Ziguinchor were included. <strong>Results:</strong> One hundred and seventy-eight records of children were collected during this period, that is a prevalence of 1.30%. The average age was 9 years old. Conductive hearing loss was found in 68% of patients, followed by reception hearing deafness in 24%. The deafness was acquired in the majority of cases (93%) and the predominant etiology was infectious. However, the cause was unknown in 7.51% of cases. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Child deafness is common in Casamance and is most often underdiagnosed. The acquired forms are the most common, hence the importance of early detection after a rigorous family investigation. 展开更多
关键词 DEAFNESS CHILDREN Casamance Senegal
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A Comparative Study of Ear Diseases in School Children from Lower versus Higher Socioeconomic Status 认领
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作者 Yohanna Mairiga Takwoingi Mohammed Bello Fufore +3 位作者 Abubakar Umar Gabsari Emmanuel Musa Wuni Ari Thimnu Isah Abdullahi 《耳鼻喉(英文)》 2021年第2期107-118,共12页
<strong>Background:</strong> Preventable otologic conditions have been found to be important health issues among paediatric age group. Poor socioeconomic status and inappropriate management services in dev... <strong>Background:</strong> Preventable otologic conditions have been found to be important health issues among paediatric age group. Poor socioeconomic status and inappropriate management services in developing countries lead to various complications despite the fact that most of these diseases are self-limiting. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of ear diseases in school children of high and low socioeconomic status in Yola, Nigeria. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study was conducted in March 2017 in two primary schools (private and public) in Yola among 6 - 8 years old pupils. Approval for the study was obtained from Federal Medical Centre, Yola and consent was obtained from the parents/guardians and the school authorities. Using a health questionnaire, a brief ENT history was obtained from children in years 1 and 2 of each school. Otoscopic examination, audiometry and tympanometry were then carried out. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 20. <strong>Results:</strong> One hundred and three children were studied. The age range was 6 - 8 with mean age of 6.8 ± 0.9 and 53 (51.5%) boys. Fifty-two (50.5%) were from public school (low socio-economic class) and 51 (49.5%) from private (high social class). Wax was the most common ear condition encountered affecting 37 (35.9%) children, and the number was similar in both groups. Otitis media with effusion (OME) was encountered in seven children evenly split between the two groups showing a point incidence of 6.8%. There was hearing loss in 13 (12.6%) children, and this was also similar in the two groups. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Wax impaction was the commonest otologic disease encountered. Our study also showed a point incidence of 6.8% for OME, but there was no statistical difference between the two groups, and neither was there any statistically significant difference between the two groups in any of the other diseases encountered. 展开更多
关键词 Children Glue-Ear Hearing Loss Social Status WAX
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A Qualitative Study on the Negative Emotions of Mothers during Chemotherapy of Their Children with Malignant Brain Tumors 认领
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作者 Zhihuan Zhou Lan Bai Qinqin Zhao 《癌症治疗(英文)》 2021年第1期1-9,共9页
<strong>Objective:</strong> <span><span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">To explore the negative emotions of mothers during ch... <strong>Objective:</strong> <span><span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">To explore the negative emotions of mothers during chemotherapy of their children with malignant brain tumors. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Methods: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The phenomenological method for qualitative studies was adopted;convenience sampling was used to conduct semi-structured interviews to the mothers of 9 children with malignant brain tumors who received chemotherapy from June 2019 to December 2019;the Colaizzi 7-step analytical method was implemented to collate and analyze the original data. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">The results were summarized into six subjects: stressed, exhausted because of trying to control everything </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">in home care, prone to excessive care, financially burdened, desperate for</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> knowledge of patient care, and desperate for psychosocial support. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Conclusions: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Understanding the real experiences and inner feelings of mothers during</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> chemotherapy of their children with malignant brain tumors is helpful for medi</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">cal staff to learn about the psychological distress and needs of mothers of</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> children with malignant brain tumors, so as to give them psychological support and even social support, and help the mothers and the families of children with malignant brain tumors get through a special period.</span></span></span></span> 展开更多
关键词 CHILDREN Brain Tumor MOTHER Negative Emotions Qualitative Study
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Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment Characteristics of Acute Respiratory Infections in Children and New Developments in Laboratory Testing 认领
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作者 Yueliao Ma Lingyu Lu Qiangcai Mai 《儿科学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期114-124,共11页
Acute respiratory tract infection</span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> (ARTI) in children is the most common infectious disease in childhood,... Acute respiratory tract infection</span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> (ARTI) in children is the most common infectious disease in childhood, and its pathogens include viruses, bacteria and fungi, mycoplasma, chlamydia and rickettsia. In recent years, with the continuous development of pathogen detection methods, the diagnosis and treatment of acute respiratory infections has received more and more clinical attention. The clinical diagnosis and treatment characteristics of acute respira</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">tory infections in children and the research of clinical laboratory detection </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">methods have also been continuously developed. The author collected refer</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">ences to review the clinical features and new developments in laboratory</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> testing of acute respiratory tract infection in children. 展开更多
关键词 CHILDREN Respiratory Tract Infections PATHOGENS Laboratory Testing ACUTE
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Evaluating Obesity Index among Children with Developmental Disorders 认领
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作者 Keiko Kasagi 《护理学期刊(英文)》 2021年第2期57-64,共8页
The prevalence of obesity not only among adults but also among children has been increasing globally. Furthermore, obese children reportedly go on to be obese in adulthood. Obesity is likely to cause lifestyle-related... The prevalence of obesity not only among adults but also among children has been increasing globally. Furthermore, obese children reportedly go on to be obese in adulthood. Obesity is likely to cause lifestyle-related diseases not only in able-bodied individuals but also in disabled children. Specific cognitive behavior observed in disabled children often hinders the provision of lifestyle guidance, such as nutritional and physical exercise instructions. To prevent such situations, early identification of obesity is required to improve lifestyle habits through diet and exercise in disabled children. This study included 285 children with developmental disorders. To assess a childhood obesity index, three obesity-related parameters were compared: the degree of obesity in school health, which has been used to evaluate the health of school children in Japan;abdominal circumference, which is useful for predicting visceral fat obesity;and the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), which reflects visceral fat and physique. The abdominal circumference was significantly dependent on age. The degree of obesity and WHtR did not show a significant association with age. WHtR was significantly associated with the degree of obesity in school health. The WHtR is easily calculated as compared to the degree of index in school health which needs rather complicated calculations depending on age and age-specific coefficients. The study findings suggest that WHtR might be an easy-to-use obesity index comparable to the degree of obesity in school health in children with developmental disorders. 展开更多
关键词 Obesity Index Waist-to-Height Ratio Children with Development Disorders
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论《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》之完善——以美欧儿童网络隐私保护立法的比较和借鉴为视角 认领
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作者 华劼 《重庆邮电大学学报:社会科学版》 2021年第1期56-63,共8页
由国家互联网信息办公室起草颁布的《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》于2019年10月1日正式实施,这是我国第一部保护未成年人网络个人信息的专门法。《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》借鉴了美国《儿童在线隐私保护法》和欧盟《通用数据保护条例... 由国家互联网信息办公室起草颁布的《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》于2019年10月1日正式实施,这是我国第一部保护未成年人网络个人信息的专门法。《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》借鉴了美国《儿童在线隐私保护法》和欧盟《通用数据保护条例》的基本原则,被国外观察者视为中国版本的《儿童在线隐私保护法》。本文在分析《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》出台的立法背景和比较法环境的基础上,探索《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》所借鉴的美欧儿童个人信息保护主要原则,并通过探讨2019年美国启动《儿童在线隐私保护法》新一轮修订所征求到的建议,提出进一步完善我国《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》的方案。 展开更多
关键词 儿童 隐私 个人信息 在线服务 《儿童个人信息网络保护规定》
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Serum Zinc Levels and Immune Status of Children with Persistent Diarrhea Following Oral Zinc Supplementation 认领
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作者 Yufen Jiang Kedar Mandal Hongzhu Lu 《长江医药(英文)》 2021年第1期33-42,共10页
<strong>Background:</strong> Persistent diarrhea (PD) is a common disease in childhood worldwide. Clinical studies suggested that zinc supplementation is useful in most PD children. However, the relationsh... <strong>Background:</strong> Persistent diarrhea (PD) is a common disease in childhood worldwide. Clinical studies suggested that zinc supplementation is useful in most PD children. However, the relationship between the zinc and immune status of the PD children has not been reported. <strong>Objective:</strong> To examine serum zinc levels and immune status in 6 to 24 months old children with PD before and after 120 days of oral zinc supplementation and to evaluate the effects of zinc supplementation on serum zinc levels and immune status in PD children. <strong>Methods:</strong> A case control study was carried. Fifty-eight children aged 6 to 24 months with PD were enrolled. 58 patients were divided into two groups, zinc group (28 cases) and control group (30 cases). Laboratory investigation of serum zinc levels, Lymphocyte subsets (CD3+%, CD4+%, CD8+% and CD4+/CD8+ ratio) and immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA and IgM) levels was carried out in all these patients once at enrollment and again after 120 days of treatment. <strong>Results:</strong> Before treatment, the serum zinc concentration was 4.37 ± 1.23 μmol/L in zinc group and 4.42 ± 1.45 μmol/L in control group (<em>P</em> > 0.05). However, after treatment, the serum zinc concentrations in the zinc group were significantly higher (8.81 ± 2.56 μmol/L), as compared to the control group (4.12 ± 1.02 μmol/L) (<em>P</em> < 0.05). Regarding immune status, Lymphocyte subsets CD3+%, CD4+%, CD8+% and CD4+/CD8+ ratio and IgG, IgA and IgM levels of all the children with PD were measured once at enrollment and again after 120 days of treatment. There were no significant differences between the zinc and the control groups in CD3+%, CD4+%, CD8+% and CD4+/CD8+ ratios (<em>P</em> > 0.05) before giving treatment. However, after 120 days of treatment, in the zinc group there was a significant rise in CD4+% (53.60 ± 5.78). The CD4 was significantly higher in the zinc group as compared to the control group (44.73 ± 4.39) (<em>P</em> < 0.05). Besides CD4+%, the CD4+/CD8+ rat 展开更多
关键词 Persistent Diarrhea CHILDREN ZINC Immune Status
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我院住院患儿口服片剂分剂量使用调查分析 认领
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作者 王婷 张志华 +1 位作者 何莉梅 刘伟玲 《儿科药学杂志》 CAS 2021年第2期39-43,共5页
目的:分析我院住院病区口服片剂分剂量使用情况。方法:调取我院2018年9月至2019年8月全院单剂量分包医嘱,获得分剂量医嘱数前20位的口服片剂,根据分剂量医嘱百分率、常用剂量及其医嘱百分率获得建议规格。依据建议规格重新核算理论分剂... 目的:分析我院住院病区口服片剂分剂量使用情况。方法:调取我院2018年9月至2019年8月全院单剂量分包医嘱,获得分剂量医嘱数前20位的口服片剂,根据分剂量医嘱百分率、常用剂量及其医嘱百分率获得建议规格。依据建议规格重新核算理论分剂量医嘱百分率,以评价建议规格是否符合临床实际需求。结果:我院现有的20种常用分剂量口服片剂中,14种药品现有规格不符合临床实际需求,其中3种药品有批准的儿童适宜剂型,3种药品有批准的建议规格,4种药品无批准的儿童适宜剂型或更小剂量规格。结论:儿童适宜剂型及规格缺乏,为减少分剂量使用现象,需要政府、医药企业及医院各方共同努力。 展开更多
关键词 片剂 分剂量 儿童 合理用药 住院患儿
Impact of COVID19 on Routine Immunization: A Cross-Sectional Study in Senegal 认领
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作者 Amadou Sow Modou Gueye +6 位作者 Djibril Boiro Idrissa Demba Ba Abou Ba Aliou Thiongane Papa Moctar Faye Amadou Lamine Fall Ousmane Ndiaye 《疫苗(英文)》 2021年第1期1-6,共6页
<strong>Introduction:</strong> The COVID 19 pandemic has prompted the world to implement drastic prevention methods based on limiting population movements that have an impact on public health policies such... <strong>Introduction:</strong> The COVID 19 pandemic has prompted the world to implement drastic prevention methods based on limiting population movements that have an impact on public health policies such as vaccination. The objective of this work was to evaluate the impact of these prevention measures on routine vaccination in hospitals since the advent of the pandemic in Senegal. <strong>Methodology:</strong> This is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out in August 2020 in the vaccination unit of the Abass NDAO hospital centre. We compared data from the vaccination unit during the period from March to August of the last three years (2018, 2019 and 2020). The parameter studied was the number of vaccine doses administered for the different periods according to the expanded programme of immunization. <strong>Results:</strong> For the vaccines administered in the sixth week in April, the number of doses was 36 in 2018, 29 in 2019 and 15 in 2020, i.e. a 50% drop compared to March. In July the number of doses administered was 40 in 2018, 35 in 2019 and 15 in 2020, a reduction of 42% compared to 2019. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Measures to fight this pandemic should not make us forget routine vaccination, especially in our resource-constrained countries. It is essential to continue vaccination for children and to identify children who have missed vaccine doses for catch-up. 展开更多
关键词 COVID19 VACCINATION IMPACT CHILDREN Senegal
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Effects of Palivizumab Guideline Changes on RSV Admissions in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease and Prematurity 认领
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作者 John Pham Stephen Nageotte +1 位作者 Jon Detterich Grace Kung 《心血管病(英文)》 2021年第1期34-44,共11页
<strong>Background:</strong><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidit... <strong>Background:</strong><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients with a history of prematurity and congenital heart disease (CHD). In 2014, the guidelines for Palivizumab became more restrictive for this population. We hypothesized the percentage of RSV+ admissions would increase overall and in this target group (TG) specifically.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Methods:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">We conducted a retrospective review of patients under age 2 years admitted with bronchiolitis two seasons prior to the change (Pre) and two seasons after (Post). Our TG included patients who were eligible prior to the 2014 changes but currently no longer eligible. We used chi-square analysis to answer the two main hypotheses: 1</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">)</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Percent RSV+/total bronchiolitis Pre vs Post and 2</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">)</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Percent of TG/RSV+ Pre vs Post.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> 1283 patients (546 pre, 737 post) were admitted with the diagnosis of RSV between 2012-2016, 866 actually tested positive for RSV (367 Pre, 499 Post). There was no significant difference in the number of total patients admitted with RSV (Pre = 67.2%, Post = 67.7%) or in our TG (Pre 7.1% vs Post 8.2%). TG overall had a more complicated course: longer length of stay, median 5 days, IQR 2</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">12 vs 3 days, IQR 1</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span 展开更多
关键词 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics Children Congenital Heart Disease Guidelines Infants PALIVIZUMAB PREMATURITY Respiratory Syncytial Virus
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Accidental Ingestion of Petroleum in Children at the University Hospital of Brazzaville 认领
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作者 Engoba Moyen Daniel Kazi Menga +2 位作者 Verlem Bomelefa-Bomel Armel Landry Batchi-Bouyou Georges Moyen 《儿科学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期1-8,共8页
<strong>Introduction:</strong> <span><span><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Petroleum ingestion is a health pro... <strong>Introduction:</strong> <span><span><span style="font-family:;" "=""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Petroleum ingestion is a health problem in Africa and can be responsible for significant mortality. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Objectives: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Improving the management </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">of accidental petroleum ingestion in children, describe the socio-demographic</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> characteristics, clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary profile of children hospitalized for accidental ingestion of petroleum and identify the factors asso</span><span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">ciated with the occurrence of petroleum pneumopathy. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Patients and Me</span></b></span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">thods: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study with retrospective collection from January 2016 to December 2015, </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">i.e.</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> in 24 months in the Pediatric Intensive Care and Infant Pediatrics departments at the University Hospital of Brazzaville. We included children who accidentally ingested petroleum. The variables studied were epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic, radiological and evolutionary. The statistical tests used were Pearson’s Chi</span><sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;">2</span></sup><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> and Odds ratio. The materiality threshold was set at 5%. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> Out of 8013 children hospitalized, 78 (1%) had accidentally ingested petroleum, including 49 (62.8%) boys and 29 (37.3%) girls with an average age of 20 months. They were between 13 and 30 months old n = 44 (56.4%). The mothers were between 25 and 35 years old n = 49 (62.8%), no profession n = 31 (39.7%) and secondary </span><span 展开更多
关键词 Accidental Ingestion PETROLEUM Pneumopathy CHILDREN University Hospital of Brazzaville
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儿童身体健康量子检测仪设计研究 认领
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作者 戴安迪 杨晓扬 朱泓萍 《工业设计》 2021年第1期153-154,共2页
目前,儿童的营养健康检测状况不容乐观,他们的健康问题难以直接获得医生的指导和健康咨询,且儿童的营养状况亟待改善。因此本文探讨儿童身体健康量子检测仪设计的意义及原则,并赋予实践,希望减轻儿童在医疗检测时产生的心理压力,提升儿... 目前,儿童的营养健康检测状况不容乐观,他们的健康问题难以直接获得医生的指导和健康咨询,且儿童的营养状况亟待改善。因此本文探讨儿童身体健康量子检测仪设计的意义及原则,并赋予实践,希望减轻儿童在医疗检测时产生的心理压力,提升儿童医疗检测的便捷性,方便观察和改善儿童营养状况,为今后的相关产品设计提供一定的借鉴。 展开更多
关键词 儿童 身体健康量子检测仪 设计
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Evaluating the Impact of a Pilates Intervention on Physical Function in Children with Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder: A Study Protocol Using Single-Case Experimental Design 认领
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作者 Elizabeth A. Hornsby Leanne M. Johnston 《儿科学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期55-70,共16页
<strong>Background:</strong> <span><span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Pilates has been shown to be an effective interventi... <strong>Background:</strong> <span><span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Pilates has been shown to be an effective intervention for adults with musculoskeletal conditions with only a few examples available in the li</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">terature for children. As musculoskeletal pain is a major symptom expe</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">rienced by children with Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD), they may benefit from practicing Pilates to improve postural alignment, strength and motor control to effectively distribute movement load and decrease adverse load through involved joints. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Method:</span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> This study aims to evaluate the impact of a Physiotherapy-led Pilates intervention on school aged children with HSD and the benefits of this approach on pain, physical function and quality of life when delivered in a community-based model of care. A single-case experimental design (SCED) that incorporates a multiple baseline design will be used. Children with HSD, aged from 8 to 12 years, will commence concurrently in this study. Participants will undergo multiple assessments through all phases of the study which incorporates an A-B-A withdrawal design. The initial baseline period will be randomised from 5 to 7 weeks duration, then participants will enter the intervention period for 8 weeks followed by a withdrawal period of 5 weeks. The Physiotherapy-led Pilates intervention will consist of individual, 45 minute bi-weekly sessions, performed on both mat and the Pilates Reformer with an additional home program of mat exercises performed weekly. The study hypotheses are that children will show: 1) a decrease in pain;2) an increase in their physical function as measured by muscle strength, postural control, fatigue and physical activity levels;and 3) an improvement in their Health Related Quality of Life in the domains of physical, emotional, social and school functioning. </s 展开更多
关键词 PILATES PAIN Physical Function HYPERMOBILITY CHILDREN
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Invasive <i>Haemophilus influenzae</i>Type b (Hib) Infections in Children in the Pediatric Department of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré(UH-GT) 认领
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作者 B. Maiga A. A. Diakité +21 位作者 K. Sacko M. Sylla M. Maiga M. E. Cissé A. Dembélé F. Traoré D. Konaté F. L. Diakité L. Sidibé A. K. Doumbia O. Coulibaly P. Togo A. Touré K. Traoré L. Maiga A. Ibrahim H. Diall A. Doumbia H. Konare S. Sagara M. Niakaté A. Cissouma 《儿科学期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期100-107,共8页
<strong>Introduction</strong><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><strong>: </strong></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">According to Mali’s National ... <strong>Introduction</strong><span style="font-family:Verdana;"><strong>: </strong></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">According to Mali’s National Immunization Center, the</span><span style="font-family:""> <i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Hae</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">mophilus influenzae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> b (Hib) vaccine coverage rate was 90% in 2015. Our</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> work aimed to study invasive bacterial infections due to </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Haemophilus influenzae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> type b in children aged 0</span></span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">- 15 years hospitalized in the pediatrics department </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">of the UH-GT</span></span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Method: </span></b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">We carried out a retrospective descriptive study</span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> from January 2017 to December 2018 (</span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">i</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">.</span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">e</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">. 2 years) among children aged 0</span></span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span style="font-family:""> </span><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Verdana;">15 years and hospitalized for </span><i><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Haemophilus influenzae</span></i><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> type b infection confirmed by culture (blood culture, Cerebro-spinal Fluid, and pleural and skin fluid).</span></span><span style="font-family:""> </span><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">Results</span></b><b><span style="font-family:Verdana;">: </span></b><span style="font-family:""><span style="font-family:Ve 展开更多
关键词 Invasive Bacterial Infections Haemophilus influenzae b CHILDREN Pediatrics
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Efficacy Analysis of Glucocorticoids in the Treatment of Allergic Purpura in Tibetan Children 认领
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作者 Xiangyu Zhang Zhaxi Nima +3 位作者 Shunde Zhang Wangdui Suona Ciren Pubu Shengyou Yu 《临床医学国际期刊(英文)》 2021年第1期14-22,共9页
<strong>Background:</strong> Henoch Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is a common immune-related allergic disease in children. It is very important to understand the clinical features of this disease for doctors. &l... <strong>Background:</strong> Henoch Schonlein Purpura (HSP) is a common immune-related allergic disease in children. It is very important to understand the clinical features of this disease for doctors. <strong>Objective:</strong> To explore the clinical efficacy of glucocorticoids in the treatment of HSP in Tibetan children at high altitude, and to analyze the possible causes of HSP in children at high altitude. The risk factors of the disease provide a reference for the treatment of HSP in children in high altitude areas. <strong>Methods:</strong> Selecting January 2015 to November 2020, 88 children diagnosed with Henoch-Schonlein Purpura in the outpatient and inpatient departments of the People’s Hospital of Bomi County, Tibet Autonomous Region were the subjects of the study. Its gender, age of onset, season of onset, predisposing factors, allergy history, first symptoms, clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, etc., perform retrospective analysis. <strong>Results: </strong>Among 88 children with allergic purpura, 55 were boys, accounting for 62.5%, and 33 were girls, accounting for 37.5%. Men have more cases than women. All have clinical manifestations of purpura of the skin, among which 35 cases have obvious triggers, of which the above there were 26 cases of respiratory infections, 6 cases of dietary factors, and 3 cases of contact with allergic substances. Simple skin type: 18 cases, accounting for 20.45%;Abdominal type: 6 cases, accounting for 6.82%;2 male cases, accounting for 33.33%;4 female cases, accounting for 66.67%;Articular type: 8 cases, accounting for 33.33%;Renal type: 2 cases, accounting for 2.27%;54 cases of mixed type, accounting for 61.36%. After glucocorticoids, the rashes disappeared, no any adverse reactions. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Allergic purpura in children is more common in school-age children, and upper respiratory tract infection is the main predisposing factor. Skin purpura is the main clinical manifestation, often associated with lower extremity joint swelling a 展开更多
关键词 PLATEAU TIBETAN CHILDREN GLUCOCORTICOIDS Allergic Purpura
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Assessment of the Efficacy Therapeutic Milk in Prevention the Complications of Sever Acute Malnutrition in Children 6 - 59 Months at Therapeutic Feeding Center in Public Hospitals in Hodeida City—Yemen 认领
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作者 Hanaa Abduh Heba Mohsen Ebrah Nadia Abdlrahim Khogali Salih 《食品与营养科学(英文)》 2021年第1期54-63,共10页
Severe acute malnutrition with medical complications is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children under the age of 5 years. Which can be management by given Therapeutic milk, it is availa... Severe acute malnutrition with medical complications is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children under the age of 5 years. Which can be management by given Therapeutic milk, it is available only at inpatient center at hospitals. When staff and mother managed adequately, the therapeutic milk has highly effective in treating severe malnutrition and prevent any complications </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">that </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">can be developing</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">.</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> So, this study aims to Assess of the Efficacy of Therapeutic milk in Prevention Complications of Severe acute malnutrition 6 - 59 months at therapeutic feeding center. Descriptive, Cross-Sectional, Hospital</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">-</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">based study design was used to conduct the study. The study was carried out at Organization of AL Thora public Hospital at Hodeida city in Yemen. Total coverage 200 children 6 - 59 months of age have Sever Acute Malnutrition with complication which was 14 medical complications and admitted at Therapeutics Feeding Center. Three research tools which used for data collection. The structured face to face Interview questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, and the Structure Observation Check list. The results showed that, the obvious reduction of complication when the Comparison at admission, 1st week and 2nd week are (40.9% to 18% to 7.6%). There is highly statistically significant relationship between the therapeutic feeding which </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">was </span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">given, resolution the complication at 1st week and 2nd week at p < 0.05. Majority of the Sever acute malnutrition children are discharge</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;">d</span><span style="font-family:Verdana;"> to Outpatient therapeutic to complete nutritional program. The study concluded that the therapeutic milk whic 展开更多
关键词 Hodeida MALNUTRITION TFC SAM Complication Children Therapeutic Milk
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儿童与成人急性B淋巴细胞白血病免疫表型的差异分析 认领
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作者 王孝会 陈芳 +3 位作者 王绍坤 张赫楠 全铋 张继红 《现代肿瘤医学》 CAS 2021年第2期289-292,共4页
目的:对儿童和成人急性B淋巴细胞白血病(B-ALL)免疫表型存在的差异进行分析,探讨不同年龄段B-ALL分型特征和临床意义。方法:以260例儿童和127例成人B-ALL患者为研究对象,使用流式细胞术对患者初发时骨髓标本进行免疫表型检测,分析抗原... 目的:对儿童和成人急性B淋巴细胞白血病(B-ALL)免疫表型存在的差异进行分析,探讨不同年龄段B-ALL分型特征和临床意义。方法:以260例儿童和127例成人B-ALL患者为研究对象,使用流式细胞术对患者初发时骨髓标本进行免疫表型检测,分析抗原表达情况。结果:在全部B-ALL患者中B系抗原阳性率高的抗原有CD19,CD22,CD79a,分别达到了100%,99.73%,99.19%;而成熟B系抗原CD20和cIgM阳性率为31.27%和21.29%,阳性率较低。CD10的阳性率为94.88%,在成人组和儿童组中存在明显差异,儿童组明显高于成人组(P<0.05)。造血干/祖细胞抗原CD34、HLA-DR、CD38、cTdT阳性率分别为76.82%、98.38%、98.92%和92.72%,其中儿童患者CD34明显低于成人患者(P<0.05)。髓系相关抗原CD33、CD13和CD15的表达最常见,分别达20.49%、20.49%、7.01%,其中CD33和CD15在儿童组中阳性率明显低于成人组(P<0.05)。结论:免疫分型对儿童与成人B-ALL的诊断和微小残留病检测方案选择具有重要意义。 展开更多
关键词 急性B淋巴细胞白血病 儿童 成人 免疫表型
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槐杞黄颗粒辅助治疗系统性红斑狼疮复发患儿疗效及对免疫功能的影响 认领
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作者 李智超 郭夏 +1 位作者 王石 尹微 《实用医学杂志》 CAS 北大核心 2021年第4期525-529,共5页
目的探讨槐杞黄颗粒辅助治疗系统性红斑狼疮(systemic lupus erythematosus,SLE)复发患儿的临床疗效。方法将152例SLE复发患儿均分为两组,对照组给予SLE常规治疗,观察组在此基础上增加槐杞黄颗粒治疗,治疗12周后比较临床疗效、抗核抗体(... 目的探讨槐杞黄颗粒辅助治疗系统性红斑狼疮(systemic lupus erythematosus,SLE)复发患儿的临床疗效。方法将152例SLE复发患儿均分为两组,对照组给予SLE常规治疗,观察组在此基础上增加槐杞黄颗粒治疗,治疗12周后比较临床疗效、抗核抗体(antinuclear antibody,ANA)滴度阳性率、24 h Upro水平及血清炎症因子、机体细胞免疫功能、SLEDAI评分变化,随访6个月,比较两组SLE复发率。结果观察组总有效率明显高于对照组(P<0.05);治疗后,观察组ANA滴度阳性率、24 h Upro及血清IL⁃10水平明显低于对照组;观察组IL⁃2水平明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。治疗后观察组CD3+、CD4+及CD4+/CD8+均高于治疗前和对照组(P<0.05)。治疗后两组SLEDAI评分均降低,观察组明显低于对照组(P<0.05)。随访6个月,观察组SLE复发率低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论槐杞黄颗粒辅助治疗可有效提高SLE复发患儿临床疗效,减轻患儿机体炎症反应,提高其免疫功能,降低SLE活动度,且复发率低,值得临床推广。 展开更多
关键词 系统性红斑狼疮 儿童 复发 槐杞黄颗粒 免疫功能 临床疗效
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肺炎支原体肺炎合并胸腔积液相关因素分析 认领
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作者 殷剑松 万瑜 +5 位作者 张力文 马亮 薛菲 周城羽 冷凯强 黄志英 《实用临床医药杂志》 CAS 2021年第3期54-58,共5页
目的探讨儿童肺炎支原体肺炎(MPP)合并胸腔积液的相关影响因素。方法将386例MMP患儿根据影像学检查结果分为观察组(合并胸腔积液)168例和对照组(无胸腔积液)218例。分析MPP合并胸腔积液的危险因素;观察2组间实验室检查各项指标变化。结... 目的探讨儿童肺炎支原体肺炎(MPP)合并胸腔积液的相关影响因素。方法将386例MMP患儿根据影像学检查结果分为观察组(合并胸腔积液)168例和对照组(无胸腔积液)218例。分析MPP合并胸腔积液的危险因素;观察2组间实验室检查各项指标变化。结果观察组年龄高于对照组,热程、住院时间、大环内酯类使用时间长于对照组,糖皮质激素使用例数多于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组白细胞(WBC)计数、中性粒细胞(N)百分比、C反应蛋白(CRP)、红细胞沉降率(ESR)、降钙素原(PCT)、免疫球蛋白A(IgA)、免疫球蛋白G(IgG)均高于对照组,血清总蛋白(TP)、白蛋白(AP)均低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。ESR、PCT及TP水平是MPP合并胸腔积液的独立危险因素(P<0.05)。结论儿童MPP合并胸腔积液具有多种相关影响因素,年龄增加、ESR和PCT升高、TP降低提示患儿胸腔积液发生风险增加。 展开更多
关键词 儿童 肺炎支原体 肺炎 胸腔积液 相关因素
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